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Foot And Word In Prosodic Morphology: The Arabic Broken Plural, John J. Mccarthy, Alan Prince Jan 1990

Foot And Word In Prosodic Morphology: The Arabic Broken Plural, John J. Mccarthy, Alan Prince

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

This article proposes a theory of Prosodic Domain Circumscription, by means of which rules sensitive to morphological domain may be restricted to a prosodically characterized (sub-)domain in a word or stem. The theory is illustrated primarily by a comprehensive analysis of the Arabic broken plural; it is further supported by analysis of a number of processes from other languages, yielding a formal typology of domain-circumscription effects. The results obtained here depend on, and therefore confirm, two central principles of Prosodic Morphology: (1) the Prosodic Morphology Hypothesis, which requires that templates be expressed in prosodic, not segmental terms; and (2 ...


Prosodic Morphology And Templatic Morphology, John J. Mccarthy, Alan Prince Jan 1990

Prosodic Morphology And Templatic Morphology, John J. Mccarthy, Alan Prince

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

An analysis of Arabic verb and noun templates.


Linear Order In Phonological Representation, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1989

Linear Order In Phonological Representation, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

In this article I have argued that morphological distinctions play no direct role in planar segregation, and in concert with this I have shown that planar segregation occupies a somewhat more prominent role in phonology than is sometimes conceived. In the place of the WMPH and SMPH, I present the observation that the elements on separate planes have no inherent linear order relations to one another, and I show that, in those cases where planar segregation is required, the elements on separate planes are unordered at the lexical level. Lack of inherent order is shown to be a consequence of ...


Feature Geometry And Dependency: A Review, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1988

Feature Geometry And Dependency: A Review, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

A fundamental problem in phonological theory is the fact that processes often operate on consistent subsets of the distinctive features within a segment, like the features that characterize place of articulation. Recent research has responded to this problem by proposing a hierarchical organization of the features into functionally related classes, grouped under nodes of a tree structure. This ‘geometry’ resembles earlier theories that accomplish the same thing with multivalued features. This article reviews and expands the evidence for feature geometry. Within the segment, it is argued, the major dichotomy is between a Laryngeal node and a Place node. The manners ...


Lexical Phonology And Nonconcatenative Morphology In The History Of Chaha, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1986

Lexical Phonology And Nonconcatenative Morphology In The History Of Chaha, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

A problem in the historical phonology of the Ethiopian Semitic language Chaha is examined from the point of view of lexical phonology and the theory of nonconcatenative morphology. It is argued that systematic exceptions to the devoicing of geminate obstruents are derived from the principle of Geminate Inalterability interacting with Tier Conflation and the Strict Cycle.


Ocp Effects: Gemination And Antigemination, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1986

Ocp Effects: Gemination And Antigemination, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Few putative properties of phonological organization have had as erratic a history as the Obligatory Contour Principle (hereafter the OCP). Originally proposed to account for distributional regularities in lexical tone systems (Leben 1973), its role in tone was later either modified (Leben 1978), rejected (Goldsmith 1976), or limited to the phonetic level (Goldsmith 1976 as well). The OCP has enjoyed considerably greater success in its application to nonlinear segmental phonology (McCarthy 1979), and a fairly detailed examination of its role in such nonprosodic domains is the focus of this article.


Stress Shift And Metrical Structure, John J. Mccarthy, Hamza Al-Mozainy, Robert Bley-Vroman Jan 1985

Stress Shift And Metrical Structure, John J. Mccarthy, Hamza Al-Mozainy, Robert Bley-Vroman

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Formal Problems In Semitic Phonology And Morphology, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1985

Formal Problems In Semitic Phonology And Morphology, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

This study deals with the formal character of phonological representations and rules. Two basic lines of investigation are pursued. One, the metrical, holds that there is hierarchic metrical structure within syllable structure and of stress is elaborated based on data from Tiberian Hebrew, Classical Arabic, and the modern Arabic dialects of Cairo and Damascus. The effects of syllable structure on the form and function of segmental phonological rules are adumbrated with data from Tiberian Hebrew as well. The role of metrical structure in vowel harmony also figures briefly.

The other formal line followed is prosodic. An essentially autosegmental theory of ...


Prosodic Structure In Morphology, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1984

Prosodic Structure In Morphology, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

The thesis of this paper is that morphological templates have access to a richer variety of categories than the CV tier. Although foot and syllable reduplication had been suggested previously, here I have shown the need for templates—conditions on the form of words of particular morphological types—that refer to syllables in modern Hebrew and to feet in Cupeño. In the course of the analyses I have suggested a number of technical proposals: a specific version of the prosodic hierarchy, a procedure for expansion of morphological templates containing higher-level prosodic units, and another procedure for selecting the appropriate structure ...


Speech Disguise And Phonological Representation In Amharic, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1984

Speech Disguise And Phonological Representation In Amharic, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

An autosegmental analysis of a secret language used by prostitutes in Addis Ababa.


Theoretical Consequences Of Montañes Vowel Harmony, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1984

Theoretical Consequences Of Montañes Vowel Harmony, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


A Theory Of Internal Reduplication, John J. Mccarthy, Ellen Broselow Jan 1983

A Theory Of Internal Reduplication, John J. Mccarthy, Ellen Broselow

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

A broad survey and typology of infixing reduplication.


A Prosodic Account Of Arabic Broken Plurals, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1983

A Prosodic Account Of Arabic Broken Plurals, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Arabic broken plurals as infixation.


Consonantal Morphology In The Chaha Verb, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1983

Consonantal Morphology In The Chaha Verb, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

In the Gurage (Ethiopian Semitic) language Chaha, erstwhile phonological processes of palatalization and labialization have been morphologized as part of the inflectional system. Specifically, under certain morphological conditions we find palatalization of a root-final velar or coronal obstruent, labialization of the rightmost labial or velar consonant in the root, or a conjunction of these two processes. The most striking aspect of this morphological system is that the labialization and palatalization apply across the board to all copies of a reduplicated root consonant.


Phonological Features And Morphological Structure, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1983

Phonological Features And Morphological Structure, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Sound symbolism and other phenomena where individual distinctive features act as morphemes.


Dual Vowel Harmony Systems In A Montañes Spanish Dialect, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1982

Dual Vowel Harmony Systems In A Montañes Spanish Dialect, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Nonlinear Phonology: An Overview, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1982

Nonlinear Phonology: An Overview, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

The last five or six years have seen a substantial change in the nature of research into phonological theory. This change has been marked by the development of several new theoretical frameworks, for which we can use the somewhat awkward and misleading term "nonlinear phonology". In this short essay, I hope to give an introduction to the various ideas underlying nonlinear phonology, as well as to provide an outline of the mechanics of formal analysis under this rubric. Because of rigid constraints of space, I cannot do justice to every viewpoint, nor can I present full-fledged arguments. But I do ...


Prosodic Templates, Morphemic Templates, And Morphemic Tiers, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1982

Prosodic Templates, Morphemic Templates, And Morphemic Tiers, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

In recent work (McCarthy 1979, 1981; Halle and Vergnaud 1980; Harris 1980; Marantz, to appear; Yip, to appear) a new model of morphology has been emerging, one in which nonlinear phonological representations play a central role. This model, which I will refer to as “prosodic,” was originally developed in an analysis of the complex system of nonconcatenative morphology found in Semitic languages, Classical Arabic in particular. It has since been extended to other, typologically and genetically quite different sorts of phenomena. In this paper, we will see still further empirical consequences of the adoption of this theory.


Review Of A. Bell And J. B. Hooper, Eds., (1978) Syllables And Segments, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1982

Review Of A. Bell And J. B. Hooper, Eds., (1978) Syllables And Segments, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Prosodic Structure And Expletive Infixation, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1982

Prosodic Structure And Expletive Infixation, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

An analysis of English Expletive Infixation (as in fan-fuckin-tastic) in terms of a metrical theory of prosody is presented. It is shown that the major environment for Expletive Infixation—immediately before a stressed syllable—follows from independently motivated characteristics of this theory. Further support for this metrical theory is adduced from infixation in words with dactylic stress alternation and with internal stress-neutral junctures, and from the subordination of stress in forms after infixation.


A Prosodic Theory Of Nonconcatenative Morphology, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1981

A Prosodic Theory Of Nonconcatenative Morphology, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

A CV skeleton analysis of Arabic root-and-pattern morphology.


Stress, Pretonic Strengthening, And Syllabification In Tiberian Hebrew, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1981

Stress, Pretonic Strengthening, And Syllabification In Tiberian Hebrew, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Tiberian Hebrew has an unusual, deeply opaque process of word-initial gemination.


The Role Of The Evaluation Metric In The Acquisition Of Phonology, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1981

The Role Of The Evaluation Metric In The Acquisition Of Phonology, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

The Evaluation Metric of SPE, when taken seriously, produces some good results. Evidence comes from English, Spanish, and Maori.


The Representation Of Consonant Length In Hebrew, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1981

The Representation Of Consonant Length In Hebrew, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Geminate integrity in Biblical Hebrew.


A Note On The Accentuation Of Damascene Arabic, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1980

A Note On The Accentuation Of Damascene Arabic, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Three models of metrical stress assignment in the Arabic dialect of Damascus (Halle and Vergnaud 1978; McCarthy 1979a, b; Hayes 1979) are considered. On the basis of anomalies in the stressing of third person feminine singular perfective verbs with pronominal suffixes, it is shown that the mora-counting ternary foot model of McCarthy (1979a, b) is superior. In addition, support is provided for cyclic assignment of metrical structure (Kiparsky 1979).


On Stress And Syllabification, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1979

On Stress And Syllabification, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Of all the diverse properties of segmental strings, syllable structure is the one that stress rules most often refer to. In fact, they refer to a quite specific aspect of syllable structure: syllable weight. Generally, it is this distinction between heavy and light syllables that affects the placement of stress. The richness of this problem is apparent from its ramifications. First, in many languages the notion "heavy syllable" invokes a disjunction of syllables containing a long vowel or diphthong and syllables with a short vowel but closed by a consonant. Second, though heavy syllables often attract the stress, they sometimes ...


Ct, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1977

Ct, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

The special status of coronals in consonant clusters.