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University of Massachusetts Amherst

Morphology

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Arabic

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Pausal Phonology And Morpheme Realization, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2011

Pausal Phonology And Morpheme Realization, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

Revised December 2009

Classical Arabic has complex phonological alternations affecting words in utterance-final position, traditionally called "pause". All pausal forms end in a heavy syllable, but the ways of achieving this result are both diverse and subject to both phonological and morphological conditioning. This chapter argues that an adequate analysis of Arabic's pausal phonology requires a derivational version of Optimality Theory, called Harmonic Serialism, in which morpheme spell-out is interleaved with phonological processes.


Taking A Free Ride In Morphophonemic Learning, John J. Mccarthy Jan 2005

Taking A Free Ride In Morphophonemic Learning, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

As language learners begin to analyze morphologically complex words, they face the problem of projecting underlying representations from the morphophonemic alternations that they observe. Research on learnability in Optimality Theory has started to address this problem, and this article deals with one aspect of it. When alternation data tell the learner that some surface [B]s are derived from underlying /A/s, the learner will under certain conditions generalize by deriving all [B]s, even nonalternating ones, from /A/s. An adequate learning theory must therefore incorporate a procedure that allows nonalternating [B]s to take a «free ride» on ...