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University of Massachusetts Amherst

Morphology

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

1998

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Alignment And Parallelism In Indonesian Phonology, John J. Mccarthy, Abigail Cohn Jan 1998

Alignment And Parallelism In Indonesian Phonology, John J. Mccarthy, Abigail Cohn

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

In this paper, we present a complete account of word stress in Indonesian and the ways in which it interacts with affixation, limitations on root structure, PrWd juncture, syllabification, and reduplication, developing and extending the ideas and empirical material in Cohn (1989). Phenomena that had formerly been analyzed in terms of the phonology/morphology mapping, the cycle, (non-)iterative foot assignment, and morpheme-structure constraints are all subsumed under Generalized Alignment.

Parallelism leads to examination of Alignment-based alternatives to the cycle, in which the influence of morphology on prosodic structure is direct. Furthermore, several conditions are discussed where only a parallel ...


Morpheme Structure Constraints And Paradigm Occultation, John J. Mccarthy Jan 1998

Morpheme Structure Constraints And Paradigm Occultation, John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

The morpheme structure constraints of classic generative phonology impose language-particular restrictions on underlying representations. It has long been known that MSCís often duplicate the functions of rules or output constraints, and so Stampe, Prince & Smolensky, and others have proposed to eliminate them. In OT, the descriptive effects of MSC’s are obtained from rankings that compel neutralization of potential underlying distinctions. One input is said to occult the other when both map onto a common output.

This paper has focused on MSC’s that prevent alternations within a paradigm. Absence of alternation is an effect of high-ranking output-output faithfulness constraints ...


Review Of Alan S. Kaye, Ed. (1997) Phonologies Of Asia And Africa: (Including The Caucasus), John J. Mccarthy Jan 1998

Review Of Alan S. Kaye, Ed. (1997) Phonologies Of Asia And Africa: (Including The Caucasus), John J. Mccarthy

Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.