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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Female Wards, Feminism, And Mentorship In Mansfield Park And Jane Eyre, Miranda Mccullick Jan 2006

Female Wards, Feminism, And Mentorship In Mansfield Park And Jane Eyre, Miranda Mccullick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although a striking number of similarities exist between Jane Austen's Mansfield Park and Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, the heroines of these novels provoke very different reactions regarding their qualifications as feminist heroines. While Jane Eyre is often celebrated as one of the most highly feminist characters in the women's literature canon, many critics read Fanny Price as ultimately succumbing to and reinforcing traditional, patriarchal values. This thesis examines the ways in which these heroines' roles as female wards in a patriarchal society influence their roles as feminist heroines and evaluates them as such using the following criteria ...


Locating Representation: Ralph Waldo Emerson, John Brown, And The Manifestation Of Biography, Gregory Chad Wolfe Jan 2005

Locating Representation: Ralph Waldo Emerson, John Brown, And The Manifestation Of Biography, Gregory Chad Wolfe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work explores the synthesis of Ralph Waldo Emerson's 1838 address "History" with the life of John Brown. In his address Emerson declares that "there is no history; only biography," and from this statement the foundation for Representative Men is put in place. Although nearly 21 years separate Emerson's lecture from Brown's work in "bloody Kansas" and Harpers Ferry, Brown's warfare for abolition gave Emerson's philosophy of "biography" an identity. In keeping with the concept of "biography," Emerson's overarching principle of "Self-Reliance" often deployed philosophical forms such as "Man Thinking" and "The Hero," but ...


Teen Pregnancy In Young Adult Literature, Kristen M. Nichols Jan 2005

Teen Pregnancy In Young Adult Literature, Kristen M. Nichols

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In a study of twenty young adult novels, the following research question is addressed: How realistic is the portrayal of pregnant teens, specifically from the perspective of the pregnant and/or parenting teen, in young adult literature from 1990-2004? This study includes an analysis of the twenty novels for how choice (abortion, adoption, or parenting), gender (focusing on novels written from the male's perspective), and education (high school and college), which are influenced by socioeconomic status and ethnicity, are represented in comparison to statistics and non-fiction accounts of pregnant and parenting teens. Though the authors of these twenty young ...


"I Cannot Help Thinking Frederick's Manners Better Than His": Conduct Books And Jane Austen's Persuasion, Maria Nicole Vogler Jan 2005

"I Cannot Help Thinking Frederick's Manners Better Than His": Conduct Books And Jane Austen's Persuasion, Maria Nicole Vogler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Much research on conduct books and Jane Austen is limited to the roles and depictions of women in courtesy literature and in novels. This paper moves the focus over to Austen's portrayal of male characters in the novel Persuasion. A close reading of several eighteenth-century conduct books and of Austen's novel reveals many similarities between the texts. The hero of the novel, Captain Frederick Wentworth, is very nearly a conduct book model, and the various other men in the novel serve as contrasts against which Wentworth's conduct-book-like traits are revealed. The novel's heroine, Anne Elliot, is ...


Hard-Boiled Race: The Examination Of Racialized Space And Identity Within Walter Mosley's Devil In A Blue Dress, Zachary Ty Wiser Jan 2005

Hard-Boiled Race: The Examination Of Racialized Space And Identity Within Walter Mosley's Devil In A Blue Dress, Zachary Ty Wiser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Walter Mosley is primarily known for his Easy Rawlins series, namely the first book of the series, Devil in a Blue Dress, which is a hard-boiled detective novel. While Walter Mosley performs the functions of the hard-boiled genre in a way that would make Raymond Chandler proud, Mosley is also providing a level of social commentary that was rarely, if ever, accessible to traditional hard-boiled writers. The primary way in which Mosley expands the realm of critical commentary within the hard-boiled genre is by racializing the landscape; however, while bringing race into the hard-boiled genre is the thematic goal of ...


Language Instruction In The High School Classroom: An Action Research Study, Amy L. Finnegan Jan 2005

Language Instruction In The High School Classroom: An Action Research Study, Amy L. Finnegan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the role of language in an Advanced Placement Literature class consisting of high school students in the Midwest. The language strategies focused on pertain to storytelling, dialect, syntax and style, vocabulary, and narrative framework. The three literature texts explored were Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms, and Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. The research questions for this study examine the literature classroom in terms of language instruction: (1) What strategies do students use to read difficult texts? (2) What motivates students to continue reading what they ...


Hannah Crafts And The Bondwoman's Narrative: Rhetoric, Religion, Textual Influences, And Contemporary Literary Trends And Tactics, Benjamin Craig Parker Jan 2005

Hannah Crafts And The Bondwoman's Narrative: Rhetoric, Religion, Textual Influences, And Contemporary Literary Trends And Tactics, Benjamin Craig Parker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The 2002 discovery by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., of a manuscript titled The Bondwoman's Narrative, written by a woman identifying herself as Hannah Crafts, presents a unique opportunity to examine the unpolished writing of an African American woman who had been a slave. The Bondwoman's Narrative, incorporating both novelistic and seemingly autobiographical elements to present Craft's rhetorical appeals against the injustices of slavery, has many similarities with more canonical works of antebellum African American literature, including Harriet Jacobs's Incidents, Frederick Douglass's Narrative, and Harriet Wilson's Our Nig. Among the most significant of these similarities ...


Shape-Shifting: Fluctuating Patterns Of Indian Identity In Sherman Alexie's Fiction, James Patrick Webb Jan 2004

Shape-Shifting: Fluctuating Patterns Of Indian Identity In Sherman Alexie's Fiction, James Patrick Webb

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Sherman Alexie's depiction of Indian identity has paralleled his own constantly changing definition of what it means to be Indian. Alexie's early writings, The Business of Fancydancing, Old Shirts and New Skins, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven, and Reservation Blues, reflect the tragedy and despair of growing up on the Spokane/Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation. In these early writings, Alexie examines the shape of Indian identity on the reservation, where too often success is equated with mere survival. Alexie's writing then shifted to reflect the experiences of urban Indians. Alexie's Indians in ...


The Soldier's Return: Films Of The Vietnam War, Michael James Noreen Jan 2004

The Soldier's Return: Films Of The Vietnam War, Michael James Noreen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This paper takes a survey approach to films produced during and following the Vietnam War, focusing on how returning Vietnam veterans were regarded, and often betrayed, by society. This involves discussing and analyzing both films that deal directly with the combat of the Vietnam War as well as films that fall into the category of "coming home" films. Combat films discussed include Platoon, Full Metal Jacket, Hamburger Hill, and The Green Berets, and the discussion focuses on the horrors and realities of the Vietnam War that filmmakers attempted to inject into their films. After covering the chaos and destruction portrayed ...


In Cold Blood As Influential Creative Nonfiction And The Applicability Of Nonfiction In Critical Writing Instruction, Gene Lee Newgaard Jan 2004

In Cold Blood As Influential Creative Nonfiction And The Applicability Of Nonfiction In Critical Writing Instruction, Gene Lee Newgaard

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The publication in 1965 of Truman Capote's In Cold Blood re-familiarized America with the brutal slayings of a prominent rural Kansas farm family in November 1959. Since 1965, Capote's account of the murder of the Herbert Clutter family, its investigation, and the arrest, trial, conviction, and execution of two ex-convicts for the killings has been the focus of much critical examination. The author's blending of journalistic and novelistic writing styles in the book, along with his claim that it created a new genre, "the non-fiction novel," has prompted criticism from the worlds of both fiction and journalistic ...


The Imaginative Appeal Of Italo Calvino: A Study Of Three Novels, Tibor Munkacsi Jan 2004

The Imaginative Appeal Of Italo Calvino: A Study Of Three Novels, Tibor Munkacsi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis deals with the interaction between the reader and the author within the literary experience. The selected novels by Italo Calvino demonstrate the need for the reader to become part of the creative process and consequently help in recreating the text. The introductory chapter is a biographical sketch that outlines some of the reasons behind Calvino's distinctive writing style and how the experiences in his life helped to form his artistic vision. The novels selected, The Baron in the Trees, Mr. Palomar, and Invisible Cities, delineate certain aspects related to the reading experience that are suggested by the ...


Historical Reinterpretations Of Race: Breaking Stereotypes, Creating Archetypes, Meaghan Mari Kozar Jan 2003

Historical Reinterpretations Of Race: Breaking Stereotypes, Creating Archetypes, Meaghan Mari Kozar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis aims to look at ways race has historically united, rather than divided, marginalized groups (specifically African Americans and Asian Americans). I am interested in ways race has shifted from a demarcation between superiority and inferiority to becoming a political and social weapon. I am interested in ways of empowering nonwhite racial identities through historical reinterpretations seeking to recognize histories of mutuality-with special attention to resistance-despite coming out of specific traditions. Thus, I investigate the construction of Carlos Bulosan's America Is in the Heart and Richard Wright's Black Boy and observe ways in which the author's ...


The Shifting Literary Approach To Nature In William Bartram, Henry David Thoreau, And Aldo Leopold: From Untamed Wilderness To Conquered And Disappearing Land, Heidi Annmarie Wall Burns Jan 2002

The Shifting Literary Approach To Nature In William Bartram, Henry David Thoreau, And Aldo Leopold: From Untamed Wilderness To Conquered And Disappearing Land, Heidi Annmarie Wall Burns

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From the eighteenth century to the twentieth century, American literature has recorded America's perception of nature as it has shifted from nature an untamed wilderness to nature a conquered and disappearing entity. In the eighteenth century, writers like William Bartram wrote of the newly founded America, which existed on the edge of a vastly untamed frontier that needed cultivating to be useful for economic growth. As a result, by the end of the eighteenth century, the untamed frontier was pushed further west as settlers subdued and conquered it. In the nineteenth century, writers like Henry David Thoreau began to ...


Two Historical Riddles Of The Old English Exeter Book, John Donald Hosler Jan 2001

Two Historical Riddles Of The Old English Exeter Book, John Donald Hosler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Contained within the Old English manuscript Exeter Cathedral Library MS. 3501, otherwise known as the Exeter Book, are 95 poetic riddles. These riddles have invited substantial study over the last 150 years, yet solutions to many of the riddles are still uncertain. This thesis examines two of these contested puzzles, Exeter Riddles 17 and 74. In his study, the author examines these two riddles through the method of Archaeo-Historicism. Such a method allows the investigation of the historical contexts surrounding each riddle, one that seeks clues outside of the verse. Once compiled, the historical evidence is used in conjunction with ...


Hearts Of Darkness And Black Holes: Metaphor In Joseph Conrad's Heart Of Darkness And Connie Willis' "Schwarzschild Radius", Brian Richard Duckwitz Jan 2001

Hearts Of Darkness And Black Holes: Metaphor In Joseph Conrad's Heart Of Darkness And Connie Willis' "Schwarzschild Radius", Brian Richard Duckwitz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Metaphor is perhaps one of the most useful tools in determining the complexity, as well as the quality, of a work of literature. Joseph Conrad's Heart of darkness, for example, is not only a well-written work, but also one with metaphors which operate on multiple levels of meaning, and are open to many different interpretations. It is possible to see, however, that not only can the metaphors be interpreted differently, but can also be seen to work in a way entirely opposite to what traditional readings would dictate. Conrad has come under much criticism by Post-Colonialists who insist that ...


"The Girl Is Kind Of Image-Like": Female Passivity In The Fiction Of Fanny Fern, Marne Sue Grinolds Jan 2000

"The Girl Is Kind Of Image-Like": Female Passivity In The Fiction Of Fanny Fern, Marne Sue Grinolds

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In each of Fanny Fern's three works of fiction (Ruth Hall, "Fanny Ford," and Rose Clark), the title character is a very passive female. In the past, this has hindered people from studying these works, since a passive character is hard to become interested in. This thesis examines exactly that feature of each of these characters and attempts to show that Fanny Fern created these characters deliberately and subversively, in an attempt to show exactly how limiting and unbelievable the ideal of the "true woman" actually was. Special attention is paid to "Fanny Ford" and Rose Clark, which have ...


The Other Side Of American Exceptionalism: Thematic And Stylistic Affinities In The Paintings Of The Ashcan School And In Mark Twain's Captain Stormfield's Visit To Heaven, Ng Lee Chua Jan 1999

The Other Side Of American Exceptionalism: Thematic And Stylistic Affinities In The Paintings Of The Ashcan School And In Mark Twain's Captain Stormfield's Visit To Heaven, Ng Lee Chua

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an attempt to analyze Mark Twain's story Captain Stormfield's Visit to Heaven as well as selected paintings from the Ashcan School in terms of American exceptionalism. In the process, I also explore the stylistic affinities that reflect the times in which the works were executed, and evaluate how the styles in turn help to enhance the themes. Like Twain's Stormfield, until recent years, works by the Ashcan artists were rarely discussed: they apparently did not fit the common perception of America as a City on a Hill, an exceptional country with exceptional people. The ...


"Not Fit To Associate With Me": Contradictions Of Race, Class, And Gender In Charlotte Brontë'S Jane Eyre, Sangeeta Parashar Jan 1999

"Not Fit To Associate With Me": Contradictions Of Race, Class, And Gender In Charlotte Brontë'S Jane Eyre, Sangeeta Parashar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre is upheld by feminist critics as a revolutionary tract that expresses strong sympathy for the powerless and condemns the brutality of colonialism, the harmfulness of upper-class exploitation, and the suppression of women within the Victorian patriarchal home. It is viewed as Bronte's attempt to liberate women from the Victorian patriarchal bourgeois ideology that enslaved and repressed their basic flesh and blood character, silencing them into asexual, passive, and domestic "Angels in the House." The assertion of women's right to work, intellectual freedom, and economic independence through the ethics of education, hard work, and ...


J.R.R. Tolkien's Depiction Of Nature Within The Lay Of The Children Of Húrin And Other Drafts Of The Tale Of Túrin Turambar, Samuel J. Gesch Jan 1998

J.R.R. Tolkien's Depiction Of Nature Within The Lay Of The Children Of Húrin And Other Drafts Of The Tale Of Túrin Turambar, Samuel J. Gesch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an investigation of several of the works of J.R.R. Tolkien. Although its main focus is on the two drafts of the alliterative poem The Lay of the Children of Húrin, other drafts of the tale itself will also be examined. These other tales are Turambar and the Fóalokë,Of Túrin Turambar, and Narn I Hin Hurin. Tolkien was linguistic and literary scholar at Oxford University. His primary interest was medieval language and literature. Although this was his trade, he is best known for his works of fantasy fiction. What I will examine in this paper ...


Unlocking A Life Split In Two But Not In Half: An Analytical And Pedagogical Examination Of Joyce Carol Oates' I Lock My Door Upon Myself, Rebecca Anne Weber Jan 1998

Unlocking A Life Split In Two But Not In Half: An Analytical And Pedagogical Examination Of Joyce Carol Oates' I Lock My Door Upon Myself, Rebecca Anne Weber

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There are many reasons why contemporary American writer Joyce Carol Oates' 1990 novella I Lock My Door Upon Myself is not taught in secondary and post-secondary classrooms. Oates' writing is frank, her voice feminist while echoing more traditional works that have broken into literary canons; however, the main reason why I Lock My Door Upon Myself is not taught is that it is a relatively new text, and, thus, ways in which to teach it have not yet been explored. There are many reasons why Oates' novella should be taught in the classroom. Her language is poetic, and her story ...


The Race For Change: An Examination Of The Literature Curriculum Of One High School, Allison K. Woodward-Chartier Jan 1997

The Race For Change: An Examination Of The Literature Curriculum Of One High School, Allison K. Woodward-Chartier

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Discussions about diversifying the literary canon have been going on for decades. Colleges and universities have seen changes in their literary curricula due to such debate; more women and people of color are being taught now more than ever. Though changes are prevalent in higher education, literary studies have yet to see the same changes at the secondary level. This descriptive study seeks to evaluate what secondary educators at one midwestern high school are teaching. Specifically, seven ninth-grade teachers were investigated in order to interpret exactly what works of literature are available and taught. Two sets of data were analyzed ...


Love, Death And Poetry: Epidemic Intertextualities In Chaucer's Book Of The Duchess And Tony Kushner's Angels In America, Kelly Anne Munger Jan 1997

Love, Death And Poetry: Epidemic Intertextualities In Chaucer's Book Of The Duchess And Tony Kushner's Angels In America, Kelly Anne Munger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Oedipus Myth In Edgar A. Poe's "Ligeia" And "The Fall Of The House Of Usher", David Glen Tungesvik Jan 1996

The Oedipus Myth In Edgar A. Poe's "Ligeia" And "The Fall Of The House Of Usher", David Glen Tungesvik

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Modernism, Postmodernism, And The Grateful Dead: The Evolution Of The Psychedelic Avant-Garde, Jason Robert Noe Jan 1996

Modernism, Postmodernism, And The Grateful Dead: The Evolution Of The Psychedelic Avant-Garde, Jason Robert Noe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Challenging Customary Female Behavior: Sisterhood And Responsibility In The Short Fiction Of Camilla Toulmin Crosland, Suzanne Elizabeth Guess Jan 1996

Challenging Customary Female Behavior: Sisterhood And Responsibility In The Short Fiction Of Camilla Toulmin Crosland, Suzanne Elizabeth Guess

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Un(Reed)Ing Robbins: A Comparative Study Of Tom Robbins's Still Life With Woodpecker And Ishmael Reed's Flight To Canada, Michael Philip Mattison Jan 1996

Un(Reed)Ing Robbins: A Comparative Study Of Tom Robbins's Still Life With Woodpecker And Ishmael Reed's Flight To Canada, Michael Philip Mattison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


"See Ya Na Yon Narrow Road?": The Search For Elfland In Folklore Of The Scottish Border, Marvin Elroy Howard Jan 1996

"See Ya Na Yon Narrow Road?": The Search For Elfland In Folklore Of The Scottish Border, Marvin Elroy Howard

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


"Drifting Down The Big Still River": Huck And Jim's Epic Journey In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn, Cynthia Anne Chidester Jan 1996

"Drifting Down The Big Still River": Huck And Jim's Epic Journey In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn, Cynthia Anne Chidester

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Marya, A Life, By Joyce Carol Oates: Masochistic Behavior As A Recovery Strategy Of The Abuse Survivor, Angela Lynn Larson Jan 1995

Marya, A Life, By Joyce Carol Oates: Masochistic Behavior As A Recovery Strategy Of The Abuse Survivor, Angela Lynn Larson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Returning To The Girl Within: An Exploration Of The Mother-Daughter Dyad In Jamaica Kincaid's Annie John, Jennifer Marie Myskowski Jan 1995

Returning To The Girl Within: An Exploration Of The Mother-Daughter Dyad In Jamaica Kincaid's Annie John, Jennifer Marie Myskowski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.