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Articles 1 - 30 of 841

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman Jan 2019

Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Kente weavers in Kpetoe are in a precarious position, operating as small business owners and artisans residing on the periphery of Ghana, both geographically and in craft production. The weavers have struggled to find economic stability as rural artisans in a globalized economy. Initiatives brought about by local and international organizations have been largely focused on increasing tourism as a form of economic development in the community. In this thesis, I focus on the planning and implementation of the ecotourism center built in Kpetoe in 2010 through a partnership between the Nature Conservation Research Center (NCRC), a Ghanaian NGO led ...


Political Advertising Saturation In The 2016 Iowa Caucuses, Jay Newell Sep 2018

Political Advertising Saturation In The 2016 Iowa Caucuses, Jay Newell

Journalism Publications

Allocating the optimum amount of campaign resources to advertising is a critical question for political managers. This research presents the case of the 2016 Iowa Caucuses, in which over $46 million of broadcast television advertising was purchased on behalf of 21 Republican and Democratic candidates and run in eight media markets over 9 months. Using Federal Communication Commission (FCC)-derived data from more than 3,700 political advertising contracts, and responses to two waves of surveys among Iowa voters, this research considers the connection between advertising weight (adspend) and political outcomes in a media-saturated campaign. In contrast to some earlier ...


Global And Entrepreneurial Perspectives For Enhancing Retailing Education: Development Of A Hybrid Graduate Course Focused On U.S. And Indian Small Businesses., Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Linda S. Niehm, Telin Chung, Elena E. Karpova, Amrut Sadachar, Sanjukta Pookulangara, Danielle S. Testa Aug 2018

Global And Entrepreneurial Perspectives For Enhancing Retailing Education: Development Of A Hybrid Graduate Course Focused On U.S. And Indian Small Businesses., Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Linda S. Niehm, Telin Chung, Elena E. Karpova, Amrut Sadachar, Sanjukta Pookulangara, Danielle S. Testa

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This paper provides an approach, based on global and entrepreneurial perspectives, to enhance retailing education. The approach was operationalized through a hybrid graduate course, co-taught by U.S. and Indian faculty members, which focused on engaging Bloom's higher order cognitive skills in learning about the operation of small retail businesses in U.S. and Indian cultural contexts. The courseincluded interactive learning modules, learning activities, and a student service-learning project. The project required the application of module content in the development of business enhancement plans for small retail businesses and in assessing the plans applicability to small businesses in ...


Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber Jan 2018

Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The rise of the corporation is one of the most transformative events in the history of United States, including the agricultural economy. Seeking to understand how these private businesses influence American foodways, my research examines the emergence of agribusiness in the period after 1945. These private entities manipulated the physical and metaphysical landscape of agriculture to sell not just their products, but also to remake rural America in a way that suited their needs. Agribusinesses wanted to make themselves, their products, and their specific vision of production and consumption, indispensable to the agricultural system. They intended to expand their hold ...


Female Power Portrayals In Ads, Underlying Dimensions, Melika Kordrostami, Russell N. Laczniak Jan 2018

Female Power Portrayals In Ads, Underlying Dimensions, Melika Kordrostami, Russell N. Laczniak

Marketing Publications

Stereotypical female portrayals are still common in advertisements, though the role of women in society has progressed. In recent years, it appears there has been a move toward portraying women in power positions in ads. This research focuses on this new trend of female portrayals in ads. Power is defined as the capability to change others’/self behavior or thoughts. Building on theories of social power and feminine power, a new typology for different types of female power in ads is proposed. This typology includes five types of female power in ads including sexual power, athletic power, expert power, family ...


Modeling Structural Selection In Disaggregated Event Data, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Douglas M. Gibler Jan 2018

Modeling Structural Selection In Disaggregated Event Data, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Douglas M. Gibler

Statistics Preprints

Growing availability of disaggregated data, such as data on activity of subnational groups (e.g. protest campaigns, insurgents, terrorist groups, political parties or movements), has raised new types of theoretical and statistical challenges. In particular, rather than random, the observability and availability of disaggregated data are often a function of specific structural processes—an issue we refer to as structural selection. For example, domestic terrorist attacks or protester violence are conditional on the formation of domestic terrorist groups or protester movements in the first place. As a result, analytical inferences derived from subnational or other types of disaggregated data may ...


Mycelium Afoot: Fashioning Sustainable Footwear, Wing Tang, Jillian Silvermant, Kelly Cobb, Huantian Cao Jan 2018

Mycelium Afoot: Fashioning Sustainable Footwear, Wing Tang, Jillian Silvermant, Kelly Cobb, Huantian Cao

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Concept: Mycelium, the root structure of mushrooms, has been used to make composite materials for applications including packaging, construction bricks, and shoe soles (Holt et al., 2012; Boyer, 2014; Jiang, Walczyk, McIntyre, & Chan, 2016). Grown on agricultural byproducts, mycelium acts as a natural binder, digesting and bonding to the surface of damp substrates as it grows (Jiang et al., 2016). Since all of the raw materials are natural, the mycelium composite is fully biodegradable (Holt et al., 2012). The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate mushroom mycelium composites that have a potential application for shoe soles. To ...


Algorithms Behind A Body Measurement App Built On Smartphones From Supplied Color-Coded Garments For Online Apparel Purchasing Platforms, Sibei Xia, Cynthia Istook, Andre West, Jiayin Li Jan 2018

Algorithms Behind A Body Measurement App Built On Smartphones From Supplied Color-Coded Garments For Online Apparel Purchasing Platforms, Sibei Xia, Cynthia Istook, Andre West, Jiayin Li

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Online clothing retailers experience high return rates due to fit and size issues. Most consumers don't know their sizes when shopping online and have significant difficulty attempting to take their own measurements. The proposed body measurement system measures body dimensions from two-dimensional images captured by a user. Measurements of the individual are taken from captured images while wearing one or more coded dimensioning garments designed by the team, with markings at specific locations that can be aligned with characteristic body features. Artificial neural network models are used to track these markings and extract key body dimensions. Exported body data ...


Rutherford Teaching Challenge--Steam Digital Inspiration Boards Assignment, Janet Andrea Blood Jan 2018

Rutherford Teaching Challenge--Steam Digital Inspiration Boards Assignment, Janet Andrea Blood

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

2018 Rutherford Teaching Challenge

STEAM Digital Inspiration Boards Assignment


Design For A Wasp-Loving Entomologist. Using Digital Printing And Creative Pattern Cutting To Create An Ensemble To Reflect One’S Research Interests, Ellen Mckinney, Fatma Baytar Jan 2018

Design For A Wasp-Loving Entomologist. Using Digital Printing And Creative Pattern Cutting To Create An Ensemble To Reflect One’S Research Interests, Ellen Mckinney, Fatma Baytar

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this ensemble was to celebrate the beautiful home and industrious nature of Dolichovespula maculata, a type of wasp colloquially known as the baldfaced hornet. (Figure 1). The ensemble was designed for a university professor who studies this wasp to wear to an entomology conference. Entomology academics commonly enjoy wearing apparel and accessories made of materials from or referencing the insects they study to academic conferences (See social media hashtag #entofashion.). The digital printing and subtraction cutting techniques worked together to accomplish the goal of creating a special ensemble for an entomologist to better reflect her research interests ...


“Creating A Virtual Retail Store Using The Sims4™ Programs In A Visual Merchandising Course”, April Elisha Stanley, Corissa Hite, Jennifer Wood Jan 2018

“Creating A Virtual Retail Store Using The Sims4™ Programs In A Visual Merchandising Course”, April Elisha Stanley, Corissa Hite, Jennifer Wood

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

SnapFashun, a plugin software used in conjunction with Adobe Illustrator (SnapFashun, 2017), was previously used in a visual merchandising course to create a final project: a digital retail store. Due to technological problems and student frustrations, an alternative was chosen: The Sims4™ programs. The expectation was the change in technology would permit students to focus on applications of visual merchandising concepts and result in a more engaged, creative final project. YouTube videos and online guides aided in learning the software for The Sims4™ programs. The outcome was a digital retail store that permitted increased engagement, greater creativity, and the application ...


Cross Culture Education: Sustainability And Slow Fashion, Lynn M. Boorady, Nicholas Hall Jan 2018

Cross Culture Education: Sustainability And Slow Fashion, Lynn M. Boorady, Nicholas Hall

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This paper describes a four-week project that partners university students with Somali refugees in our local community. The aim of the project was to develop a socio-cultural skills exchange between students and refugees with the objectives of [1] experiential transfer of handcrafting skills and fashion business expertise, [2] encouraging slow fashion production methods and sustainable fashion techniques and [3] embed these concepts within a small scale commercial enterprise framework. Students worked with refugees to develop a small scale commercial fashion business which would help support the local refugees. The project's focus on the benefits of slow fashion oriented modes ...


Phalaenopsis Amabilis 1, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D. Jan 2018

Phalaenopsis Amabilis 1, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D.

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this project was to customize a design and create a contemporary evening dress for a client, a school donor, who was attending two University events: a university founder's ball event, and a botanical garden orchid show entitled Fashion meets Botanical Garden. Furthermore, the aim of this project was to show and educate customers with respect to how unique customized design can be performed with the help of technology and to showcase how such new technologies can open up a continuously-expanding array of creative possibilities and spawn a complex new set of solutions for designers.


A Sizing System For Big & Tall: Comparison Between Proportional Sizing System And Linear Regression Model Approach, Su-Jeong Hwang Shin, Hyo Jung (Julie) Chang, Cynthia L. Istook Jan 2018

A Sizing System For Big & Tall: Comparison Between Proportional Sizing System And Linear Regression Model Approach, Su-Jeong Hwang Shin, Hyo Jung (Julie) Chang, Cynthia L. Istook

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This study aimed to identify applicable sizing systems for big and tall men by examining current menswear sizing systems. A cluster analysis, a linear regression, and t-test with fit comparison plots were employed to test two dominant approaches of sizing systems: 1) a size chart based on proportions of a sampling distribution of means in normal distribution, which is the most common approach of sizing in the apparel industry; and 2) a size chart developed with a liner regression model. Body dimensions from a total of 301 big and tall men height over 71.5 inches and weight over 215 ...


Phalaenopsis Amabilis 2, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Vince Quevedo, Linda Ohrn Jan 2018

Phalaenopsis Amabilis 2, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Vince Quevedo, Linda Ohrn

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this project was to customize a design and create a contemporary evening dress for a client, a school donor, who was attending two University events: a university founder's ball event, and a botanical garden orchid show entitled Fashion meets Botanical Garden. The aim of this project was to experiment with and showcase directions in which technology can take us closer to full customization with respect to patterns, prints, colors, sizes and shapes best suited for a customer.


Exploring Wearable Technology: Design Attributes Of Solar-Powered Book Bags Concerning Millennials, Courtney Beringer, Samuel Vande Loo Jan 2018

Exploring Wearable Technology: Design Attributes Of Solar-Powered Book Bags Concerning Millennials, Courtney Beringer, Samuel Vande Loo

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This paper discusses the product development process of creating a solar-powered book bag that uses photovoltaic cells to charge a portable battery. It starts with mixed method data collection and analysis, includes textile testing procedures and results, and concludes with a final design and fabricated product. This product incorporates renewable energy into the lives of everyday users.


The Effects Of Design Piracy On Consumer Perception: When Large Fashion Corporates Pirate Small Independent Fashion Designers, Kassandra Ross, Wi-Suk Kwon, Hongjoo Woo Jan 2018

The Effects Of Design Piracy On Consumer Perception: When Large Fashion Corporates Pirate Small Independent Fashion Designers, Kassandra Ross, Wi-Suk Kwon, Hongjoo Woo

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Fashion design piracy has the potential to highly impact small designers through a combination of limited legal fashion rights and the proliferation of online exposure to their work. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of a revelation of fashion design piracy cases on consumers' perceptions about small designers and their designs, particularly when these designers were purportedly pirated by large fashion corporations. Through an online experiment of 260 college students, we examined perceptions of two designers and their designs narrowed from a pretest of purported piracy cases. Designers' value and uniqueness of designs, as well as brand ...


Millennial Transpersons' Gender-Conforming And Non-Binary Appearance Modes, Andrew Reilly, Jenifer Mcguire Jan 2018

Millennial Transpersons' Gender-Conforming And Non-Binary Appearance Modes, Andrew Reilly, Jenifer Mcguire

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Using Grounded Theory, this research examines contemporary attitudes towards gender conforming and non-conforming appearance modes. Findings indicate three themes: philosophy of clothing, using clothes to create cisgender appearances, and using clothes to create binary appearances. The latter two categories references issues of passing and safety.


Zipping Through Time: Extending The Life Of Children's Wear With Transformable Design, Michelle Park, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Haviet Huong, Shalia Johnson, Yahan Quing Jan 2018

Zipping Through Time: Extending The Life Of Children's Wear With Transformable Design, Michelle Park, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Haviet Huong, Shalia Johnson, Yahan Quing

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This project is focused on addressing the problem of children outgrowing their garments too quickly. Designs focus on transforming garments to be used for multiple purposes, in particular a transformable waterproof baby carrier cover/ children's poncho and a size-changing dress. The designed garments were based on client needs, and longevity was approached by transforming both size and function. Size was addressed by using zippers, panels, and buttons; function was approached by selection of two items in the same category of use, i.e., as the child changes, so does the garment. The implementation of strategic expansion points effectively extends ...


Re-Interpretation Of An Athleisure Young Casual Wear Line Through An Industry-Academia Cooperation Project, Sooah Choi Jan 2018

Re-Interpretation Of An Athleisure Young Casual Wear Line Through An Industry-Academia Cooperation Project, Sooah Choi

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Given the demands of practical education, today’s design education programs focus more on various industry–academia cooperation projects. Especially in the fashion design industry, professionals need to be aware of the current trends while students must be more eligible and closer to an entry-level designer who is able to perform immediately upon graduation. This case study is an industry–academia cooperation project which that served as one of the graduate fashion stages in a university in South Korea in 2016. It is a re-interpretation of an athleisure young casual wear line “Tate Like” from the Tate brand.

From this ...


Female Millennials Wearing Workout Wear As Daily Wear In The U.S., Sooah Choi, Kim Hahn Jan 2018

Female Millennials Wearing Workout Wear As Daily Wear In The U.S., Sooah Choi, Kim Hahn

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Due to the rise of fitness-conscious consumers who consider athletics not only a hobby but also a lifestyle (Petro, 2015), athleisure wear has become a large lifestyle trend among female consumers. it is common to see women in yoga pants and similar workout attire rather than skinny jeans as athleisure is now a comfortable lifestyle for consumers of all ages focusing more on lifestyle than performance (Marshal Cohen,2017).Regardless of age, athleisure has proven to be popular among females of all ages with exceptional popularity among millennials. Younger millennials (ages 18–24) tend to spend more time and money ...


A Study On The Development Status And Type Classification Of Global Smart Healthcare Wearable Device, Kayoung Shin, Jeongeun Lee, Wolhee Do Jan 2018

A Study On The Development Status And Type Classification Of Global Smart Healthcare Wearable Device, Kayoung Shin, Jeongeun Lee, Wolhee Do

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

In recent years, companies have started producing innovative products that combine Information and Communications Technology (ICT) with textiles, and consumer interest in the wearable industry is increasing.

By searching Korean and English keywords in Google, NAVER, and wearable-related websites, this study examines smart healthcare wearable device products and outlines the types and characteristics of these products.

In the results of this study, there were a total of 51 device products from seven countries, including 24 products from the US, 14 from Korea, four from China, four from France, two from Japan, two from the UK, and one from Sweden. These ...


An Analysis On Size Suitability Of Protective Masks, Jin Choi, Sun Mi Sin, Wol Hee Do Jan 2018

An Analysis On Size Suitability Of Protective Masks, Jin Choi, Sun Mi Sin, Wol Hee Do

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Since a mask which is not suitable for a human face type has a low protection effect, it is necessary to design the shape of the mask reflecting the face shape of the human body in consideration of the size and shape of each part of the face. The masks analyzed in this study are classified into a yellow dust mask(sanitation mask) and a Fine dust protective mask sold in four countries of Korea, China, the US and England. The standard of Korea is KF(Korea Filter, particle blocking function), which is divided into KF80, KF94 and KF99, which ...


Consumer Behavior Toward Luxury Fashion Rental: A Hierarchical Motivations Approach, Yanwen Ruan, Yingjiao Xu Jan 2018

Consumer Behavior Toward Luxury Fashion Rental: A Hierarchical Motivations Approach, Yanwen Ruan, Yingjiao Xu

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

With the emerging New Luxury Comers and new consumerism after the recession, luxury fashion rental has been showing a great potential for speed growth. However, limited literature is existing on consumer behavior toward luxury fashion rental. Using a hierarchical Confirmatory Factor Analysis, this study conceptualized the multi-dimensional structure of consumers’ motivations toward luxury fashion rentals. Seven motivations were identified and classified as intrinsic vs. extrinsic. The results of this study can provide a great foundation for future studies on consumers’ behavior toward luxury fashion rental services.


Anti-Assault Clothing For Women, Katie Stoller, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Nicole Goodson, Rita Guevara, Hana Mcadam Jan 2018

Anti-Assault Clothing For Women, Katie Stoller, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Nicole Goodson, Rita Guevara, Hana Mcadam

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this project is to create clothing that encloses a device that would either track location or set off a loud alarm when a woman is at risk. To do this, we created clothing that encloses a device that would either track location or set off a loud alarm when a woman is at risk. We created two looks, one for day to day and one for night or going out, with overlapping garments that could go with either. Our goal is to make it easier for a woman to feel safe in every environment without having to ...


A Comparative Analysis On Properties Of Retroreflective Materials For Road Traffic Warning Clothing, Soonja Park, Changwoo Choi Jan 2018

A Comparative Analysis On Properties Of Retroreflective Materials For Road Traffic Warning Clothing, Soonja Park, Changwoo Choi

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

In this study, the properties of retroreflective material samples are comparatively examined for the development of an ISO-compliant warning clothing with an enhanced visibility of motion and comfort for road traffic workers in Korea. The samples consisted of a plain and beads type material manufactured by 3M (US)(S1), a rectangular-patterned (S2) and plain sample (S3) that are both prism-type and manufactured by a Korean ‘R’ company, and another plain and beads type sample (S4) that was also made in Korea but without a specified manufacturer. ISO 150-J01 (1997) and ISO 20471 (2013) methods were used to measure the chromaticity ...


Life Satisfaction And Depression Associated With A Fashion Designer's Creative Design Process, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Kim Hahn Ph.D. Jan 2018

Life Satisfaction And Depression Associated With A Fashion Designer's Creative Design Process, Ja Young Hwang Ph.D., Kim Hahn Ph.D.

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The aim of this study is to understand the effects of life satisfaction and depression level of fashion designers on their perception of effort, challenges, and harmonious passion during their creative design process. The results indicate that overall, compared to the highly-depressed, low life satisfaction group, those in the low-depressed, high life satisfaction group, tend to exert more effort, have higher harmonious passion, and value their work more highly.


Development Of A Posture Detector Using A Flex Sensor, Sibei Xia, Meghna Hada, Jiliang Yan, H. Troy Nagle Jan 2018

Development Of A Posture Detector Using A Flex Sensor, Sibei Xia, Meghna Hada, Jiliang Yan, H. Troy Nagle

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

In this digital age, many people spend hours every day looking at their cell phones and computers. Overuse of these devices can result in users' posture deterioration. Poor postures not only detract from a person's appearance but can also lead to chronic back discomfort and inflammation. Even though everyone knows the detrimental effects of poor postures, it is difficult for them to correct their bad habits. This is because poor postures are gradually developed, and they are usually related to a person's lifestyle. The purpose of this project was to embed a poor posture detector (a posture coach ...


Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Kennedy Benson, Eulanda A. Sanders Jan 2018

Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Kennedy Benson, Eulanda A. Sanders

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Black female fashion designers come from a rich heritage that uniquely prepares them for entrepreneurship. The societal challenges and limitations they have faced throughout history and continue to face today have served as motivational factors, often pushing them to seek solace through self-employment. The historical past of Black women's involvement in the textile, apparel and fashion industries is important in developing the complex understanding of the motivation that drives them to succeed today despite the limitations that are still placed before them. Through in-depth interviews the researcher inquired into the characteristics, personality traits, background, education and life experiences of ...


Conceptualizing Chinese-Style Clothing: Empirical Evidence From Top Chinese Ethnic Apparel Brands, Xiaohui Sui, Chuanlan Liu Jan 2018

Conceptualizing Chinese-Style Clothing: Empirical Evidence From Top Chinese Ethnic Apparel Brands, Xiaohui Sui, Chuanlan Liu

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This study intended to conceptualize Chinese-style fashion from Chinese consumers’ perspective, as well as product design, and construction perspectives. Empirical study provided the evidence to support the proposed conceptualization of Chinese-style clothing. Even though China’s domestic market of culturally inspired fashion and fashionable ethnic clothing is still under development, the market has shown emergence of different segmentations with brands positioning themselves differently as modern, traditional, and ethnic Chinese styles. Overall, modern Chinese-style brands gain more consumers' awareness and acceptance.