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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Reification Of Hegemonic Masculinity Via Heteronormativity, Sexual Objectification, And Masculine Performances In Tau Kappa Epsilon Recruitment Videos, Viki Tomanov Apr 2018

The Reification Of Hegemonic Masculinity Via Heteronormativity, Sexual Objectification, And Masculine Performances In Tau Kappa Epsilon Recruitment Videos, Viki Tomanov

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

Fraternity members constitute a large percentage of men who hold highly influential jobs in politics, large corporations, and the like. Since fraternities are limited to men-only, it is important to examine how masculinity is both rhetorically constructed and subsequently performed. Tau Kappa Epsilon (TKE), the fraternity with the largest amount of chapters nationwide, is the focus of my analysis. Its popularity among college campuses signifies that its recruitment is successful and that, regardless of initiation into the fraternity, many men (and women) view TKE as an example of masculinity. In my analysis, I examine TKE recruitment videos from various universities ...


Social Relevance And Innovation In Public Radio, Malak Habbak Apr 2017

Social Relevance And Innovation In Public Radio, Malak Habbak

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

Since its founding, National Public Radio has been denied steady funding by the government and has therefore been focused and reliant on its audience for funding. This study explores National Public Radio’s (NPR) efforts to appeal to audiences by staying relevant and innovative in the face of changing technology and new media. The study content analyzes five years of news media coverage of NPR stations for news values and key messages. Out of 1,853 articles that were analyzed, about 23 percent were related to the stations’ efforts to remain socially relevant and innovative. Those articles were then examined ...


Luther Goes Viral: Mass Communication In The Lutheran Reformation, Brent A. R. Hege Feb 2017

Luther Goes Viral: Mass Communication In The Lutheran Reformation, Brent A. R. Hege

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Presentation given at the Indiana Association of Historians Annual Meeting on February 18, 2017 in Lafayette, Indiana.


Late L2 Acquisition And Phonological Memory Development, Madeline Westerhoff Jan 2017

Late L2 Acquisition And Phonological Memory Development, Madeline Westerhoff

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

The development of phonological memory, a subdivision of short term memory, is crucial to learning and analyzing sequences of sounds to form words and phrases. This process utilizes short term representation and rehearsal to allow for the eventual long term representation of language. Individuals learning more than one language must acquire even more of these language sequences than monolinguals. Previous research agrees that early Spanish-English bilinguals have superior phonological memory to monolinguals, however the impact of second language acquisition on phonological memory remains unknown. This study examined three groups of undergraduate participants studying Spanish as a second language including study ...


An Equivocal Truth: An Analysis Of Climate Change Communication In Respect To The Double Ethical Bind, Taylor Whitney Brown Mar 2015

An Equivocal Truth: An Analysis Of Climate Change Communication In Respect To The Double Ethical Bind, Taylor Whitney Brown

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

The purpose of my thesis will be to analyze how climate change translators address the double ethical bind, which includes how the communicators struggle and succeed in explaining environmental evidence while revealing the whole truth of the situation, which includes the doubts, caveats, and questions while still motivating the public to action (Russill, 2010, p. 63). To construct my thesis, I will first evaluate the key texts surrounding climate change communication in an integrated literature review that incorporates defining the role of climate change communicators, determining common restraints and problems communicators face, describing communication techniques, and illustrating the usefulness of ...


Of Frogs & Rhetoric: The Atrazine Wars, Carol Reeves Jan 2015

Of Frogs & Rhetoric: The Atrazine Wars, Carol Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

In a scientific dispute over the effects of atrazine on amphibians, chemical industry–funded and publically funded scientists present stunningly contrasting constructions of atrazine's environmental concentrations, persistence, and potential to harm. Considerable scientific uncertainties and variable ranges allow authors to construct preferred versions of the story of atrazine. These incommensurate rhetorical constructions, more the result of competing economic and environmental interests than of any paradigmatic misalignments, have prolonged the dispute not only over atrazine's effects but also over whether its sales should be banned.


Feminine Purity And Masculine Revenge-Seeking In Taken (2008), Casey R. Kelly Jan 2014

Feminine Purity And Masculine Revenge-Seeking In Taken (2008), Casey R. Kelly

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

The 2008 film Taken depicts the murderous rampage of an ex-CIA agent seeking to recover his teenage daughter from foreign sex traffickers. I argue that Taken articulates a demand for a white male protector to serve as both guardian and avenger of white women's “purity” against the purportedly violent and sexual impulses of third world men. A neocolonial narrative retold through film, Taken infers that the protection of white feminine purity legitimates both male conquest abroad and overbearing protection of young women at home. I contend that popular films such as Taken are a part of the broader cultural ...


Performing And Interpreting Identity, Lee Farquhar Nov 2013

Performing And Interpreting Identity, Lee Farquhar

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

This one-year cyber-ethnography examines identity presentations and interpretations of 346 Facebook users. The social–psychological theoretical framework used drew specifically from symbolic interaction, Goffman’s performance of self, and schema theory. Generally, Facebookers sought social acceptance with their presentations. Primary findings indicate that the Facebookers present over-simplified imagery to reduce ambiguity and align with specific social groups. This study asked Facebookers to respond to strangers’ Facebook profiles, and the responses showed that due to the glut of identity-related information on the site, interpretations are heavily reliant on schemas. Online interview participants indicated several basic categories of identity performance that were ...


Malcolm Chisholm: An Evaluation Of Traditional Audio Engineering, Paul Linden Jan 2013

Malcolm Chisholm: An Evaluation Of Traditional Audio Engineering, Paul Linden

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

The career of longtime Chicago area audio engineer and notable Chess Records session recorder Malcolm Chisholm (1929-2003) serves as a window for assessing the stakes of technological and cultural developments around the birth of Rock & Roll. Chisholm stands within the traditional art-versus-commerce debate as an example of the post-World War II craftsman ethos marginalized by an incoming, corporate-determined paradigm. Contextual maps locate Chisholm’s style and environment of audio production as well as his impact within the rebranding of electrified Blues music into mainstream genres like Rock music. Interviews of former students and professional associates provide first-hand accounts of core ...


Globalizing The Care Chain: Representations Of Latinas In Maid In America, Irune Del Rio Gabiola Jan 2013

Globalizing The Care Chain: Representations Of Latinas In Maid In America, Irune Del Rio Gabiola

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

The article examines the portrayal of Latina women as housemaids in the U.S. as depicted in the documentary film "Maid in America" directed by Anayansi Prado. It discusses the social injustice and sacrifices undergone by the Latinas in order to survive in the host country. It also analyzes the image of the Latina as an ideal mother of both her native and host country.


Queering Kinship In ‘The Maiden Who Seeks Her Brothers', Jeana Jorgensen Jan 2012

Queering Kinship In ‘The Maiden Who Seeks Her Brothers', Jeana Jorgensen

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

The fairy tales in the Kinder- und Hausmiirchen, or Children's and Household Tales, compiled by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm are among the world's most popular, yet they have also provoked discussion and debate regarding their authenticity, violent imagery, and restrictive gender roles. In this chapter I interpret the three versions published by the Grimm brothers of ATU 451, "The Maiden Who Seeks Her Brothers," focusing on constructions of family, femininity, and identity. I utilize the folkloristic methodology of allomotific analysis, integrating feminist and queer theories of kinship and gender roles. I follow Pauline Greenhill by taking a queer ...


Race, Hegemony, And The Birth Of Rock & Roll, Paul Linden Jan 2012

Race, Hegemony, And The Birth Of Rock & Roll, Paul Linden

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

The Blues Had a Baby and They Named it Rock & Roll

On his Grammy winning album, Hard Again, McKinley Morganfield (a.k.a. “Muddy Waters”) sings his song The Blues Had a Baby and They Named it Rock & Roll.1 What are the racial and social implications of this rebirth? In this study, I will argue that the cultural context during the birth of Rock & Roll was such that Blues music had to be “reborn” in order to enter into the predominantly white mainstream. From the perspective of a Blues musician, Morganfield’s use of the idea of rebirth is ...


Representaciones Del Otro En El Cine Espanol Y El Resurgimiento De La Ideologia Franquista, Anthony J. Erlandson May 2011

Representaciones Del Otro En El Cine Espanol Y El Resurgimiento De La Ideologia Franquista, Anthony J. Erlandson

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

Abstract not available.


Visual Rhetoric And The Promotion Of Scientific Ideas: The Strange Case Of The Prion, Carol Reeves Jan 2011

Visual Rhetoric And The Promotion Of Scientific Ideas: The Strange Case Of The Prion, Carol Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

In the field that investigates infectious brain diseases such as mad cow disease, the verbal and visual packaging of scientific visuals associated with identifying the agent, prion, its processes, and structure served the community ritual of establishing belief in a highly unorthodox phenomenon. Visual promotion fed into cultural expectations of single agents and simple processes, even though the actual agency and disease process have proven highly complex and perhaps unknowable.


Alain De Roucy Et La Voix Anonyme De La Chanson De La Croisade Albigeoise, Paul Linden Jan 2007

Alain De Roucy Et La Voix Anonyme De La Chanson De La Croisade Albigeoise, Paul Linden

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

La Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise, écrite entre 1212 et 1219, est le produit de deux auteurs successifs: Guillaume de Tudèle et un autre écrivain resté anonyme. Ces deux auteurs écrivent non seulement à chaud, mais ils sont partisans de factions opposées: Guillaume de Tudèle soutient la position des croisés français alors que l'auteur anonyme montre la perspective méridionale. Loin d'amoindrir la différence entre les deux perspectives comme l'a fait Michel Zink, cette étude considère au contraire l'anonymat comme une stratégie qui souligne les rapports entre la Chanson et un champ de bataille.2 Notons comment ...


A Wave Of The Magic Wand: Fairy Godmothers In Contemporary American Media, Jeana Jorgensen Jan 2007

A Wave Of The Magic Wand: Fairy Godmothers In Contemporary American Media, Jeana Jorgensen

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

The increased personification of fairy godmothers in contemporary American media corresponds to an aspect of the American worldview that emphasizes "magical" quick fixes and solutions. The two fairy-tale pastiche works informing this study are a novel, The Fairy Godmother, by fantasy author Mercedes Lackey, and a movie, Shrek 2. Both of these works feature fairy godmother characters that depart from canonical folktale and fairy-tale depictions. Associated with fate and wisdom, fairy godmothers act much as folklorists do by rewarding traditional behavior with gifts. Recent fairy godmother roles are hybrid and multivocal, illuminating ideologies and power structures in both society and ...


Televising 9/11 And Its Aftermath: The Framing Of George W. Bush’S Faith-Based Politics Of Good And Evil, Gary Edgerton Jan 2007

Televising 9/11 And Its Aftermath: The Framing Of George W. Bush’S Faith-Based Politics Of Good And Evil, Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

For most of the four days following 9/11, TV viewers around the world were mesmerised by unthinkable images. Television brought home to Americans especially the polarising effects of the post-Cold War world, including the backlash of Islamic fundamentalism and the imminent threat of future terrorist attacks. A formulaic narrative quickly emerged; ordinary police and firefighters took the lead as America’s national heroes, while Osama bin Laden and the rest of al-Qaeda and the Taliban rose up as villains. On September 12, 2001, U.S. President George W. Bush gave voice to this mythic small-screen storyline as “a monumental ...


"I Knew There Was Something Wrong With That Paper": Scientific Rhetorical Styles And Scientific Misunderstandings, Carol Reeves Jan 2005

"I Knew There Was Something Wrong With That Paper": Scientific Rhetorical Styles And Scientific Misunderstandings, Carol Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

This selection unpacks scientific prose and claim substantiation for Nobel Prize winner, Stan Prusiner, in the transmissible spongiform encephlopathies field (i.e., mad cow disease). Applying linguistic strategies such as M. A. K. Halliday's "favorite clause type," the author examines argumentative strategies in dense scientific prose both in bold and cautious rhetorical styles and invented lexical changes in new scientific development.


Where The Past Comes Alive’: Television, History And Popular Memory, Gary Edgerton Jan 2005

Where The Past Comes Alive’: Television, History And Popular Memory, Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

No abstract provided.


High Concept, Small Screen: Reperceiving The Industrial And Stylistic Origins Of The American Made-For-Tv Movie, Gary Edgerton Jan 2003

High Concept, Small Screen: Reperceiving The Industrial And Stylistic Origins Of The American Made-For-Tv Movie, Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Gary Edgerton's contribution to "Hilmes, Michele. Connections: A Broadcast History Reader. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2003".


Updating The Standard For The Next Generation Of Electronic Media Historians, Gary R. Edgerton Jan 2003

Updating The Standard For The Next Generation Of Electronic Media Historians, Gary R. Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Broadcasting as a field of study is at least 75 years old. Part of the discipline’s folklore has it that Edward R. Murrow took the first radio announcing class ever offered in the U.S. at the then Washington State College in 1928. “It was called community drama, in order to qualify as an academic course,” explained Alexander Kendrick, one of “Murrow’s boys” and the initial biographer of the legendary newsman (Kendrick, 1969, p. 100). Whether this offering was really a historical first is beside the point; what is important for our purposes is that Murrow’s formative ...


An Orthodox Heresy: Scientific Rhetoric And The Science Of Prions., Carol Reeves Jan 2002

An Orthodox Heresy: Scientific Rhetoric And The Science Of Prions., Carol Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

A significant theoretical shift in the research community examining a class of terminal, infectious neurological disorders that includes Mad Cow Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and Kuru was assisted by rhetorical production. The local rhetoric of one laboratory, that of Professor Stanley B. Prusiner, involved first situating an heretical hypothesis within the framework of the orthodox narrative and then audaciously promoting that heresy. Another aspect of rhetorical production in this case involved situating a new language associated with the heretical hypothesis. To promote their new lexicon, the Prusiner team evoked orthodox values of consistency, efficiency, and collective ratification. Eventually, what was once ...


Chalk, Talk, And Videotape: Utilizing Ken Burns’S Television Histories In The Classroom, Gary Edgerton Jan 2002

Chalk, Talk, And Videotape: Utilizing Ken Burns’S Television Histories In The Classroom, Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Gary Edgerton's contribution to OAH Magazine of History (Summer 2002) 16 (4): 16-22.


The Multiplex: The Modern American Motion Picture Theatre As Message, Gary Edgerton Jan 2002

The Multiplex: The Modern American Motion Picture Theatre As Message, Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Gary Edgerton's contribution to "Hark, Ina R. Exhibition, the Film Reader. London: Routledge, 2001. "


Ken Burns’S Rebirth Of A Nation: Television, Narrative, And Popular History, Gary Edgerton Jan 2000

Ken Burns’S Rebirth Of A Nation: Television, Narrative, And Popular History, Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Gary Edgerton's contribtution to "Landy, Marcia. The Historical Film: History and Memory in Media. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 2001."


Revisiting The Recordings Of Wars Past: Remembering The Documentary Trilogy Of John Huston, Gary Edgerton Jan 1999

Revisiting The Recordings Of Wars Past: Remembering The Documentary Trilogy Of John Huston, Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Gary Edgerton's contribtution to "Studlar, Gaylyn, David Desser, and John Huston. Reflections in a Male Eye: John Huston and the American Experience. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993."


Rhetoric And The Aids Virus Hunt, Carol Reeves Jan 1998

Rhetoric And The Aids Virus Hunt, Carol Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

By comparing the papers produced by the laboratory teams of Robert Gallo and Jean Luc Montagnier during the AIDS virus hunt, we have an opportunity to discern the fine line between a bold, explicit rhetoric that may convince as well as offend and a bald, reserved rhetoric that may actually conceal important implications. Going too far in either direction may create misunderstandings and ethical dilemmas as will be demonstrated in a textual analysis deepened by an exploration of historical context and interviews with key participants. Since a public health crisis calls upon communication that thwarts misunderstandings, scientists should understand the ...


Film Language And The Persistence Of Racial Stereotyping In The Last Of The Mohicans (1992), Gary Edgerton Jan 1997

Film Language And The Persistence Of Racial Stereotyping In The Last Of The Mohicans (1992), Gary Edgerton

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Gary Edgerton's contribution to the Journal of Contemporary Thought, Vol. 7.


Integrating Students Into The Operation Of A University-Owned Television Station, Christine Taylor Oct 1995

Integrating Students Into The Operation Of A University-Owned Television Station, Christine Taylor

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Most journalism and mass communication programs provide opportunities for students to acquire some "hands-on" experience as undergraduates.

There remains some considerable argument as to whether this "hands-on" educational experience should be part of the academic curriculum. I will review this debate briefly.


Owning A Virus: The Rhetoric Of Scientific Discovery Accounts, Carol Reeves Jan 1992

Owning A Virus: The Rhetoric Of Scientific Discovery Accounts, Carol Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

No Abstract Available