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Perinatal Phencyclidine Treatment Alters Neuregulin 1/Erbb4 Expression And Activation In Later Life, Teresa M. Du Bois, Kelly Anne Newell, Xu-Feng Huang Jan 2012

Perinatal Phencyclidine Treatment Alters Neuregulin 1/Erbb4 Expression And Activation In Later Life, Teresa M. Du Bois, Kelly Anne Newell, Xu-Feng Huang

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Schizophrenia is a complex and devastating mental disorder of unknown etiology. Hypofunction of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are implicated in the disorder, since phencyclidine (PCP) and other NMDA receptor antagonists mimic schizophrenia-like symptoms in humans and animals so well. Moreover, genetic linkage and post mortem studies strongly suggest a role for altered neuregulin 1 (Nrg1)/erbB4 signaling in schizophrenia pathology. This study investigated the relationship between the NMDA receptor and Nrg1 signaling pathways using the perinatal PCP animal model. Rats (n = 5/group) were treated with PCP (10 mg/kg) or saline on postnatal days (PN) 7, 9 and 11 and ...


Quality Of Life Among People With Schizophrenia In Saudi Arabia, Amira Ali Alshowkan, Janette Curtis, Yvonne White Jan 2011

Quality Of Life Among People With Schizophrenia In Saudi Arabia, Amira Ali Alshowkan, Janette Curtis, Yvonne White

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research aims: To provide a profile of the quality of life of people with schizophrenia in Saudi Arabia. To investigate the relationships between Socio-demographic characteristics and their quality of life.


Detention, Displacement And Dissent In Recent Australian Life Writing, Michael R. Jacklin Jan 2011

Detention, Displacement And Dissent In Recent Australian Life Writing, Michael R. Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Narratives of persecution, imprisonment, displacement and exile have been a fundamental aspect of Australian literature: from the convict narratives of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, to writing by refugees and migrants to Australia following World War II, to the narratives of those displaced by more recent conflicts. This paper will focus on two texts published in Australia in the past few years which deal with experiences of persecution and displacement from Afghanistan. Mahboba's Promise (2005) and The Rugmaker of Mazar-e- Sharif (2008) are texts that have to some extent bypassed the quarantining that Gillian Whitlock has argued works to ...


The Quality Of Life Of People With Schizophrenia Living In The Community In Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia, Amira Ali Alshowkan, Janette Curtis, Yvonne White Jan 2011

The Quality Of Life Of People With Schizophrenia Living In The Community In Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia, Amira Ali Alshowkan, Janette Curtis, Yvonne White

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Calling Our Spirits Home: Indigenous Cultural Festivals And The Making Of A Good Life, Lisa Slater Jan 2010

Calling Our Spirits Home: Indigenous Cultural Festivals And The Making Of A Good Life, Lisa Slater

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Speaking about the problems affecting Wik youth of Aurukun, Cape York, a local community health worker, Derek Walpo, lamented that ‘their spirits have wandered too far. We need to call them back’. The poignant reflection was made at a debriefing session following a social and wellbeing festival in Aurukun.1 The five‐day event culminated in a Mary G concert, in which almost all the township gathered to laugh and cheer the indomitable Broome ‘lady’. It was not just Mary G’s ribald humour that vitalised and galvanised the crowd, but also her performance that playfully reflected back and validated ...


The Possible Role Of Membrane Lipids In The Exceptionally Long Life Of The Short-Beaked Echidna, Tachyglossus Aculeatus, Anthony J. Hulbert, Lyn Beard, Gordon Grigg Jan 2010

The Possible Role Of Membrane Lipids In The Exceptionally Long Life Of The Short-Beaked Echidna, Tachyglossus Aculeatus, Anthony J. Hulbert, Lyn Beard, Gordon Grigg

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The short-beaked echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) is an exceptionally long-living mammal having a maximal lifespan of -50 years. This is about four times that predicted from its body mass and, consequently, its longevity quotient is ∼4.This longevity quotient is similar to two other exceptionally long-living mammalian species; the naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber) and Homo sapiens. In recent times, the types of fats that make up cellular membrane have been implicated in the determination of a species' maximum lifespan. This modification of the oxidative stress theory of aging, which has been called the membrane pacemaker theory of aging, derives from the ...


Life Journey Enhancement Tools (Life Jet)., Lindsay G. Oades, T. P. Crowe Jan 2008

Life Journey Enhancement Tools (Life Jet)., Lindsay G. Oades, T. P. Crowe

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The domain of life planning and personal development includes the important techniques of values clarification, strengths identification, goal setting and action planning. In the past two decades practices such as life coaching have grown in popularity (Green, Oades & Grant, 2006). Moreover, in mental health contexts, the recovery movement has challenged the illness and deficit focus (Andresen, Caputi, Oades, 2006; Oades et al, 2005) whilst within the discipline of psychology, the positive psychology movement has questioned the negative focus of clinical psychology (Resnick & Rosenheck, 2006). It is however easier to critique an existing area than the provide suggestions and tools to act based on the critique. By focusing on positive concepts such as visions, values, strengths (Linley & Harrington, 2000), goals (Clarke, Oades ...


'Aurukun, We're Happy, Strong People': Aurukun Kids Projecting Life Into Bad Headlines, Lisa Slater Jan 2008

'Aurukun, We're Happy, Strong People': Aurukun Kids Projecting Life Into Bad Headlines, Lisa Slater

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Public discourse about remote Aboriginal communities tells a story of crisis. The Northern Territory Intervention and other events that have taken place in Aboriginal communities are portrayed as if the Aboriginal child is a docile, cowering, vulnerable body, which needs to be protected by the state. This story has become a narrative of dysfunction, which not only shapes how broader Australia engages with Indigenous life worlds, but also informs the environment in which Aboriginal people, and notably children, live. This essay explores a multimedia program held at Aurukun School, West Cape York, in which students produced their own films, which ...


Making Paper Talk: Writing Indigenous Oral Life Narratives, Michael Jacklin Jan 2008

Making Paper Talk: Writing Indigenous Oral Life Narratives, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

How spoken words arc written is a corc concern in collaborative Indigenous life writing. Especially imporram, as Kimberly Blaeser notes in the citation above, are the efforts to present Indigenous narratives in a visual form that will facilitate their fe-speaking. Mindful of this goal, my argument will concentrate on (he panicular dilemma of presenting Indigenous narratives in paragraph form or formatting them in an arrangement resembling poetic lin es. While aware that this is bur one of many considerations in the process of transforming speech to writing, I argue that in a number of Indigenous li fe-writing publications it is ...


Consultation And Critique: Implementing Cultural Protocols In The Reading Of Collaborative Indigenous Life Writing, Michael Jacklin Jan 2008

Consultation And Critique: Implementing Cultural Protocols In The Reading Of Collaborative Indigenous Life Writing, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Anyone working towards the publication of indigenous life narratives is aware of the significance of cultural protocols to both the narrative exchange and the writing and editing process. In the telling and the writing of an indigenous life story, protocols determining what gets told – where, when, to whom, or for whom – influence and sometimes complicate decisions regarding the final published narrative. This is the case whether the subject of the life narrative is the writer or whether the narrative is mediated by others. Indigenous protocols – including authority and moral rights over indigenous narratives and culture, kinship rights and obligations, care ...


Life Of The System 1980 - 2005, Jacky Redgate Jan 2007

Life Of The System 1980 - 2005, Jacky Redgate

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

“In 1980 I worked with sculptural objects that I exhibited as tableaux. They were based on a diary my mother wrote when I was hospitalized as a three-year old child. The sculptures were lost and I recently discovered photographic documentation of them shot in sunlight. I have enlarged them and restaged them as artistic documentation”.


Qualitative Study Into Quality Of Life Issues Surrounding Insulin Pump Use In Type 1 Diabetes, Katharine D. Barnard, Timothy Chas Skinner Jan 2007

Qualitative Study Into Quality Of Life Issues Surrounding Insulin Pump Use In Type 1 Diabetes, Katharine D. Barnard, Timothy Chas Skinner

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Currently, there is a need for qualitative research about how insulin pump therapy changes quality of life, which is significant to people with type 1 diabetes. This study aimed to elicit the experiences of current insulin pump users in order to discover the therapy's benefits, downsides and effect on their quality of life. A qualitative approach was taken in order to reveal subjective experiences. This research will inform future research and assist with policy and guideline development by health care providers about pump therapy.

Participants were briefly interviewed by telephone about their experiences of living with an insulin pump ...


What I Have Done, What Was Done To Me: Confession And Testimony In Stolen Life: Journey Of A Cree Woman, Michael Jacklin Jan 2007

What I Have Done, What Was Done To Me: Confession And Testimony In Stolen Life: Journey Of A Cree Woman, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Yvonne Johnson’s life narrative, written over a six-year period in collaboration with Rudy Wiebe, tells the story of how Johnson came to be the only First Nations woman in Canada serving a life-twenty-five sentence for first degree murder. Stolen Life: Journey of a Cree Woman (1998) relates the circumstances of Johnson’s involvement with three others – Dwayne Wenger, Ernest Jensen and Shirley Anne Salmon – in the killing of Leonard Charles Skwarok in Wetaskiwin, Alberta, in 1989. In a night of excessive drinking, the two men and two women participated in the confinement, beating, sexual abuse, strangulation and killing of ...


Depression And Quality Of Life In Cancer Survivors: Is There A Relationship With Physical Activity?, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson Jan 2007

Depression And Quality Of Life In Cancer Survivors: Is There A Relationship With Physical Activity?, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background Evidence is growing on the benefit of physical activity to improve well-being following a cancer diagnosis. This study examined changes in physical activity from pre to post diagnosis and explored this relationship with quality of life and depression. Methods Participants were recruited by posters and by letter of invitation. The questionnaire was completed by 59 prostate and 32 breast cancer survivors. Results Physical activity decreased by 72 minutes per week from pre to post diagnosis, although 20.9% reported having increased activity post diagnosis. Over 30% were considered depressed. Breast cancer participants who increased physical activity post diagnosis reported ...


Spitting The Dummy: Collaborative Life Writing And Ventriloquism, Michael Jacklin Jan 2005

Spitting The Dummy: Collaborative Life Writing And Ventriloquism, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article sets out to 'trace the deployment of the metaphor of ventriloquism in collaborative life writing, highlight the frequency with which it is utilised, and to suggest that its application in critical reading may have outrun its usefulness' (p69). It engages with life writing theorists including G. Thomas Couser and Paul John Eakin, and includes comment on Tim Rowse's reading of the Australian Aboriginal life writing text, I, the Aboriginal.


Collaboration And Closure: Negotiating Indigenous Mourning Protocols In Australian Life Writing, Michael Jacklin Jan 2005

Collaboration And Closure: Negotiating Indigenous Mourning Protocols In Australian Life Writing, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Examines 'indigenous mourning protocols, as they are negotiated in life writing texts and in all manner of public discourse in Australia...' (p.190)


A Contemporary Coaching Theory To Integrate Work And Life In Changing Times, Lindsay G. Oades, Peter Caputi, Paula Robinson, Barry Partridge Jan 2005

A Contemporary Coaching Theory To Integrate Work And Life In Changing Times, Lindsay G. Oades, Peter Caputi, Paula Robinson, Barry Partridge

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In this chapter we argue that common approaches underpinning coaching, including cognitive-behavioural frameworks and the concept of work–life balance, are not well suited to form the conceptual basis of practice to assist people in a dynamic contemporary society. These mechanistic approaches originate from the industrial revolution and are based on the root metaphor of person as machine. With the changing labour market, the impact of information and communication technologies and the fragmentation of traditional meaning systems into a more cosmopolitan society, there is a need for coaching approaches that emphasise change and adaptation. Self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), an ...


An Evaluation Of A Life-Coaching Group Program: Initial Findings From A Waitlist Control Study, Suzy Green, Lindsay G. Oades, Anthony M Grant Jan 2005

An Evaluation Of A Life-Coaching Group Program: Initial Findings From A Waitlist Control Study, Suzy Green, Lindsay G. Oades, Anthony M Grant

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Life coaching has grown substantially in the last few years and received considerable media coverage worldwide (Rock, 2001). However, there have been few empirical investigations into its efficacy (Grant, 2003). The study outlined in this chapter aims to add to this limited empirical base.


Critical Injuries: Collaborative Indigenous Life Writing And The Ethics Of Criticism, Michael Jacklin Jan 2004

Critical Injuries: Collaborative Indigenous Life Writing And The Ethics Of Criticism, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The publication of collaborative Indigenous life writing places both the text and its production under public scrutiny. The same is true for the criticism of life writing. For each, publication has consequences. Taking as its starting point the recent critical concern for harm occasioned in life writing, this article argues that in the reading of collaborative Indigenous life writing, injury may eventuate from the commentary itself .... With particular regard to the collaborative texts Ingelba and the Five Black Matriarchs and [the Canadian work] Stolen Life: The Journey of a Cree Woman, this article argues that literary criticism can benefit from ...


The Corrosive Acid Of Commercialism Has Bitten Into Our Life': Commodification And The Rise Of Popular Political Economy In Australia 1900-25, Ben Maddison Jan 2003

The Corrosive Acid Of Commercialism Has Bitten Into Our Life': Commodification And The Rise Of Popular Political Economy In Australia 1900-25, Ben Maddison

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The term 'commercialism' started to appear in Australian popular and political discourse in the decades that spanned 1900. On one hand, its appearance reflected the qualitative change in commodity relations in Australia in that period. On the other, the use of the term was also part of the reconstucted conceptual apparatus through which working class and popular anti-capitalist stances were articulated. This popular political economy was a vernacular expression of social knowledge about the dehumanising effects of the commodification process. It also expressed popular resistance to bourgeois attempts to represent capitalist institutions such as the market as natural and inevitable.


Of Dragons And Devils: Chinese-Australian Life Stories, Wenche Ommundsen Jan 2002

Of Dragons And Devils: Chinese-Australian Life Stories, Wenche Ommundsen

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article is about Chinese-Australian life stories.


Collaboration And Resistance In Indigenous Life Writing, Michael Jacklin Jan 2002

Collaboration And Resistance In Indigenous Life Writing, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Collaboration is marked by indeterminacy. It is, by nature, intermediary, interposing, intervening. In Australia, collaboration between Aboriginal and invader/settler subjects in the unfolding of colonial engagement is a topic that has received limited scholarly attention. Some studies have dealt with native police and Black trackers; others have examined local negotiations of power and discourse; but the only broad survey of collaboration is Henry Reynolds's With the White People (1990). In this work Reynolds traces the varied modes of collaboration existing between the Aborigines and the European colonists of Australia from first contact and early settlement through ro the ...