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Evaluation Of The Evidence Between Consumption Of Refined Grains And Health Outcomes, Peter G. Williams Feb 2012

Evaluation Of The Evidence Between Consumption Of Refined Grains And Health Outcomes, Peter G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This review evaluates the available evidence on the relationship between consumption of refined grains and health outcomes. A total of 135 relevant articles were identified from database searches of studies published between 2000 and 2010. The great majority found no associations between the intake of refined grain foods and cardiovascular disease, diabetes, weight gain or overall mortality. A few studies found that very high intakes might be associated with some types of cancers, but at moderate levels of consumption the risks were not significant. The totality of evidence shows that consumption of up to 50% of all grain foods as ...


Future Frameworks: Towards A Strategic Plan For The Visual Arts And Museum Sector In Nsw, Jennie A. Lawson, Amanda Reynolds Jan 2012

Future Frameworks: Towards A Strategic Plan For The Visual Arts And Museum Sector In Nsw, Jennie A. Lawson, Amanda Reynolds

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The 2009 review of Museums and Galleries NSW (M&G NSW) recommended the development of a strategic plan for the visual arts & museum sector. One of the key recommendations of this review noted that with the growth of the sector over the previous ten years and a more strategic approach being adopted by Arts NSW, changes in the sector environment, as well as the substantially increased engagement of local government, it would be appropriate to undertake work in the development of the sector.

Implementing this key recommendation, Arts NSW commissioned Professor Amanda Lawson to undertake strategic research, a needs analysis ...


Heightened Potentials: Assisting Students To Work Independently And Collaboratively In The Creative And Performing Arts Disciplines, Lotte Latukefu, Marcus O'Donnell, Grant N. Ellmers Jan 2012

Heightened Potentials: Assisting Students To Work Independently And Collaboratively In The Creative And Performing Arts Disciplines, Lotte Latukefu, Marcus O'Donnell, Grant N. Ellmers

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Australian universities are currently engaged in a number of important intersecting curriculum review and quality assurance process. These include development of university-based Graduate Qualities and development of national, discipline-based Standards. It is increasingly apparent that identifying, clarifying, measuring and promoting these markers of quality will play a vital role in the evolution of rigorous curriculum standards in the next few years. The aims of the current research project are to identify how learning and assessment are organised in music, theatre, graphic design and journalism programs in a Faculty of Creative Arts to assist students to work independently and collaboratively in ...


Rain Water: Wild Geese Heard North, Jo Law Jan 2012

Rain Water: Wild Geese Heard North, Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this pentad, the meteorological reckoning of season marked its first day of spring. And we have come to the last entry of the Illustrated Almanac. Since we embarked on this journey in September, 2011, we have completed 1 revolution around the sun covering some 940 million kilometres. The sun is once again at 150º on our imaginary ecliptic; it climbs higher every day and will do so until June 21st, 2013. In the meantime, the day continues to lengthen. In just a little more than a month, on October 7th, 2012, daylight saving will begin in New South Wales ...


"Start Of Spring: Fish Swim Upstream And Break The Ice", Jo Law Jan 2012

"Start Of Spring: Fish Swim Upstream And Break The Ice", Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

On a cheerfully sunny morning, Hollis and I visited the Botanical Gardens in Wollongong. Upon entry we were greeted by two roosters and a hen, free-ranging on the grass. As Hollis tried to make friends with the birds, I was drawn to inspect the impressive vegetable patch nearby. Bordered by bright marigolds and flanked by colourful rainbow chards and silverbeets, the extensive bed was offering full and round purple and white cabbages; in between fresh pale green broad beans were well on their way to offer up some pods.


"Rain Water: River Otters Sacrifice Fish", Jo Law Jan 2012

"Rain Water: River Otters Sacrifice Fish", Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This pentad began with a very warm spring day. Bellambi (AWS) recorded a maximum of 26.7ºC on Thursday August 23rd. Where we were in Sydney, the highest temperature reached 30ºC. In the city, many people wore their summer ensemble perfectly at ease in the hot sun; leaving some of us, who caught off-guard by the sudden shift in weather, wandering with our woollens tied around our waists or stuffed in our bags like visitors from a cold country. Like a Proustian madeleine, the warm air jolts the body’s memories, and, for a brief moment, I was immersed in ...


"Start Of Spring: Dormant Creatures Twitch", Jo Law Jan 2012

"Start Of Spring: Dormant Creatures Twitch", Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

One may interpret seasonal changes through a number of avenues: temperature fluctuations, hours of sunlight, precipitation and other weather events. Behaviour of living things contribute to the experience of spring. As budding new shoots make their appearance through the soil or on bare branches, those higher on the food web may sense that the time of plenty is drawing near. 'Dormant creatures twitch'; some may come to the conclusion that it is a good time to breed. Thus, for many species, the reproduction cycle begins.


"Start Of Spring: East Wind Melts Ice", Jo Law Jan 2012

"Start Of Spring: East Wind Melts Ice", Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Yes, it is spring, according to the Chinese Almanac. The almanac uses astronomical calculations to reckon the seasons, where four positions of the sun on the ecliptic serve as reference points. These quarter points, as they are known, are the solstices and equinoxes. On the solstices, the sun observed from Earth to be directly overhead at the tropics (of Capricorn 23° 26′ 16″S or Cancer 23° 26′ 16″N). At these points, the sun ‘stands still’, it will go no further but instead ‘reverses’ direction. Allowing for a delay in the heating and cooling of earth’s air temperature ...


"Major Cold: Streams And Marshes Frozen Solid", Jo Law Jan 2012

"Major Cold: Streams And Marshes Frozen Solid", Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Beautiful sunny days continued into this pentad with the highest maximum reaching 20.8ºC on Sunday August 5th. The highest overnight minimum was 11.5ºC. No rainfall was recorded during this period and humidity remained low (between 30% and 62%). Far from ‘streams and marshes frozen solid’, feelings of cold melted away when one basked in the warm sum. My birthday is amongst these last days of winter.


"Major Cold: Vulture Flies Stern And Swift", Jo Law Jan 2012

"Major Cold: Vulture Flies Stern And Swift", Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this second pentad of ‘Major Cold’, the sun was warm but the air felt chill. The daytime maximums returned to mid-teens after having reached higher temperatures in previous days. Correspondingly, night time minimums sank to below 10ºC. On a sunny day, we surveyed the beach after a storm and saw that the ocean brought to shore mostly sponges and cuttlefish. Our effort to regain normality after a prolonged period of sickness was once again foiled by another bout of illness. I, too, now long for the end of winter.


"Major Cold: Pheasant Hens Brood", Jo Law Jan 2012

"Major Cold: Pheasant Hens Brood", Jo Law

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

As the sun moves to 120º on the ecliptic, we enter the last solar term of winter. This first pentad of ‘Major Cold’ began with aptly wintry conditions with the daytime maximums reaching the mid-teens and overnight minimums hovering just above 10ºC. Persistent light rains were followed by a glorious warm sunny Wednesday. It was succeeded by a moody overcast day that ended with a thunder storm. The pentad closed with another beautiful winter’s day.


Media Art: Mediality And Art Generally, Brogan S. Bunt Jan 2012

Media Art: Mediality And Art Generally, Brogan S. Bunt

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The wide ranging, trans-disciplinary interest in technological media suggests the possibility of a new discipline concerned with the history, implications and practice of mediation. Within this context, the field of media art gains a new sense of coherence and identity. Given the lingering tension between media art and mainstream contemporary art, this may lead the latter to assert its disciplinary autonomy. This paper argues against such a move. Media art is better positioned as an integral strand within contemporary art and, more particularly, as a key space of creative enquiry and practice within a generally conceived contemporary art education.


Oral History And The Radio Documentary/Feature: Introducing The 'Cohrd' Form, Siobhan A. Mchugh Jan 2012

Oral History And The Radio Documentary/Feature: Introducing The 'Cohrd' Form, Siobhan A. Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

In an era when audio is increasingly associated with three-minute digital storytelling, the use of crafted oral history in long-form radio narratives deserves to be recognized as a specific genre: the ‘COHRD’ (Crafted Oral History Radio Documentary), a blend of oral history, art and radio journalism. The author, a long-term practitioner of both disciplines, compares the theory and practice of oral history interviewing and the narrative concerns of the radio documentary/feature producer. The article considers how oral history may be enhanced by imaginative treatment and careful crafting, to yield a hybrid COHRD form. This combines the creative scope of ...


Women In Theatre, Elaine Lally, Sarah Miller Jan 2012

Women In Theatre, Elaine Lally, Sarah Miller

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This report was commissioned in July 2011 by the Australia Council for the Arts commissioned to bring the research on the issue of women in creative leadership in Australia up to the present day, and provide a basis for the sector to discuss these issues and to reach agreement on some strategies to address the situation. It gathers together quantitative and qualitative information on the continuing gender disparities, and attempts to identify structural barriers and potential levers for addressing entrenched inequalities.


All Stand For A Musical Match Made In Heaven, David C. Vance Jan 2012

All Stand For A Musical Match Made In Heaven, David C. Vance

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

A review of the performance of renowned American mezzo-soprano Susan Graham partnered with the accompanist Malcolm Martineau on piano at the Opera House Studio, May 1, 2012.


Voices Carry As Conductor And Choir Shine In Mozart, David C. Vance Jan 2012

Voices Carry As Conductor And Choir Shine In Mozart, David C. Vance

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

A review of David Zinman conducting the Sydney Symphony at the Sydney Opera House, May 2, 2012, playing Mozart's Requiem.


Aural Delight From Start To Finish, David C. Vance Jan 2012

Aural Delight From Start To Finish, David C. Vance

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

A review of the Australian Brandenburg Orchestra City Recital Hall, May 1, 2012


Artefacts Of Authenticity, Garry C. Jones Jan 2012

Artefacts Of Authenticity, Garry C. Jones

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

I recently made a visit to the Australian Museum in Sydney to study their archive of Aboriginal artefacts from western New South Wales, particularly boomerangs, clubs and shields. I say 'artefacts' because in this context this is how these objects were framed, not as art but as ethnographic objects. While I wanted to understand this archive better in terms of my own cultural heritage, my hope was to locate an object that might inspire my own seemingly flagging art practice. Moving slowly and thoughtfully from shelf to shelf, mindful of the museum attendant patiently supervising my visit, I was on ...


Alterations To Melanocortinergic, Gabaergic And Cannabinoid Neurotransmission Associated With Olanzapine-Induced Weight Gain, Katrina Weston-Green, Xu-Feng Huang, Chao Deng Jan 2012

Alterations To Melanocortinergic, Gabaergic And Cannabinoid Neurotransmission Associated With Olanzapine-Induced Weight Gain, Katrina Weston-Green, Xu-Feng Huang, Chao Deng

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background/Aim: Second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are used to treat schizophrenia but can cause serious metabolic side-effects, such as obesity and diabetes. This study examined the effects of low to high doses of olanzapine on appetite/ metabolic regulatory signals in the hypothalamus and brainstem to elucidate the mechanisms underlying olanzapineinduced obesity. Methodology/Results: Levels of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65, enzyme for GABA synthesis) mRNA expression, and cannabinoid CB1 receptor (CB1R) binding density (using [3H]SR- 141716A) were examined in the arcuate nucleus (Arc) and dorsal vagal complex (DVC) of female Sprague Dawley rats following ...


Independent Effects Of Local And Global Binocular Disparity On The Perceived Convexity Of Stereoscopically Presented Faces In Scenes, Harold Matthews, Harold Hill, Stephen Palmisano Jan 2012

Independent Effects Of Local And Global Binocular Disparity On The Perceived Convexity Of Stereoscopically Presented Faces In Scenes, Harold Matthews, Harold Hill, Stephen Palmisano

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Vection Can Be Induced Without Global-Motion Awareness, Takeharu Seno, Stephen A. Palmisano, Hiroyuki Ito, Shoji Sunaga Jan 2012

Vection Can Be Induced Without Global-Motion Awareness, Takeharu Seno, Stephen A. Palmisano, Hiroyuki Ito, Shoji Sunaga

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

A new vection illusion is reported. Vection was induced even though there was no consciously perceived global display motion corresponding to the self-motion. The resulting experience can be summarised as: ``I feel that I am moving but I do not know why''.


Dementia And Driving: An Approach For General Practice, John Carmody, Victoria Traynor, Donald C. Iverson Jan 2012

Dementia And Driving: An Approach For General Practice, John Carmody, Victoria Traynor, Donald C. Iverson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background As our population ages, the proportion of drivers with dementia will continue to rise. Increasingly, health professionals are faced with the clinical dilemma of determining fitness to drive. Unfortunately, the management of drivers with dementia is fraught with hazards.

Objective This article attempts to provide an overview of the complex issue of driving and dementia as it relates to general practitioners in Australia. In addition, an evidence based management strategy is proposed.

Discussion When determining an individual’s fitness to drive, a clinician’s input may have legal, ethical, emotional and social ramifications. At present, a clear consistent national ...


Deviance And Diversity In Dietetics, Peter Williams Jan 2012

Deviance And Diversity In Dietetics, Peter Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Like all professions, dietetics is concerned with the definition, teaching and assessment of professional behaviour (Gingras, 2009; Arnold, 2002), and while diversity may be welcomed, there are limits to what is regarded as acceptable differences in professional practice. There is a dark side: when difference becomes deviance. The deviance of health professionals may seem particularly damaging, because their clients hold them in positions of trust and tend to be unable to question the professional’s judgement (Gauthier, 2001). A dietitian promising to cure cancer with vitamin supplements would be regarded as deviating from the bounds of professionally acceptable behaviour.


Comorbid Externalising Behaviour In Ad/Hd: Evidence For A Distinct Pathological Entity In Adolescence, Sharnel Perera, David Crewther, Rodney Croft, Hannah Keage, Daniel Hermens, C Richard Clark Jan 2012

Comorbid Externalising Behaviour In Ad/Hd: Evidence For A Distinct Pathological Entity In Adolescence, Sharnel Perera, David Crewther, Rodney Croft, Hannah Keage, Daniel Hermens, C Richard Clark

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

While the profiling of subtypes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) have been the subject of considerable scrutiny, both psychometrically and psychophysiologically, little attention has been paid to the effect of diagnoses comorbid with AD/HD on such profiles. This is despite the greater than 80% prevalence of comorbidity under the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic definitions. Here we investigate the event related potential (ERP) and psychometric profiles of Controls, AD/HD, and comorbid AD/HD (particularly AD/HD+ODD/CD) groups on six neurocognitive tasks thought to probe the constructs of selective and sustained attention, response inhibition and executive function. Data ...


Seven Out Of Ten Most Popular Vegetables Remain Top Choice During First 3 Months Of A 12 Month Weight Loss Dietary Intervention Trial, Jane O'Shea, Yasmine Probst, Rebecca Thorne, Sara Grafenauer, Linda Tapsell Jan 2012

Seven Out Of Ten Most Popular Vegetables Remain Top Choice During First 3 Months Of A 12 Month Weight Loss Dietary Intervention Trial, Jane O'Shea, Yasmine Probst, Rebecca Thorne, Sara Grafenauer, Linda Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Increasing vegetable consumption is part of dietary advice for weight loss, but how this converts to vegetable choices is not known. In this context, our aim was to identify the main vegetable groups reported by the study sample in the Healthy Eating and Lifestyle Trial [ACTRN1260000784011] at baseline (Oct 2010-Feb 2011) and after 3mo (Feb - May 2011). Data from diet histories (DH) were analyzed using the AUSNUT 2007 database in Foodworks (Xyris, version 6.0.2562) to determine the average daily amount (g) of vegetables consumed by the study sample. Baseline DH (n=113 subjects; 85 female) exposed 32 vegetable ...


A Patient Experiencing Pseudoseizures: A Case Report, F Joseph, J Quinlan Jan 2012

A Patient Experiencing Pseudoseizures: A Case Report, F Joseph, J Quinlan

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Pseudoseizures are a relatively complex problem of unknown aetiology and prognosis. They can at times resemble genuine seizure attacks but they have no abnormal electroencephalograpic (EEG) activity. Understanding the patient's unique psychological background appears to be fundamental in managing seizure frequency. Pseudoseizures can be disruptive to a person's lifestyle, limiting their ability to function and progress in society, particularly when it comes to employment or social interaction. The case discussed involves a 59-year old man who presents with what is believed to be seizurerelated activity but through the course of clinical evaluation, this turned out to be pseudoseizures


Functional Connectivity In Brain Networks Underlying Cognitive Control In Chronic Cannabis Users, Ian H. Harding, Nadia Solowij, Ben J. Harrison, Michael Takagi, Valentina Lorenzetti, Dan I. Lubman, Marc L. Seal, Christos Pantelis, Murat Yucel Jan 2012

Functional Connectivity In Brain Networks Underlying Cognitive Control In Chronic Cannabis Users, Ian H. Harding, Nadia Solowij, Ben J. Harrison, Michael Takagi, Valentina Lorenzetti, Dan I. Lubman, Marc L. Seal, Christos Pantelis, Murat Yucel

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The long-term effect of regular cannabis use on brain function underlying cognitive control remains equivocal. Cognitive control abilities are thought to have a major role in everyday functioning, and their dysfunction has been implicated in the maintenance of maladaptive drug-taking patterns. In this study, the Multi-Source Interference Task was employed alongside functional magnetic resonance imaging and psychophysiological interaction methods to investigate functional interactions between brain regions underlying cognitive control. Current cannabis users with a history of greater than 10 years of daily or near-daily cannabis smoking (n=21) were compared with age, gender, and IQ-matched non-using controls (n=21). No ...


Phonic Respiration And Its Impact On Carbon Dioxide Rebreathing In Respiratory Protective Devices, Carmen L. Smith, Jane L. Whitelaw, Brian Davies Jan 2012

Phonic Respiration And Its Impact On Carbon Dioxide Rebreathing In Respiratory Protective Devices, Carmen L. Smith, Jane L. Whitelaw, Brian Davies

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the International Society for Respiratory Protection Sixteenth Biennial Conference, 23-27 September 2012, Boston, United States


Preeclampsia Is Associated With Compromised Maternal Synthesis Of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Leading To Offspring Deficiency, Vanessa A. Mackay, Shahzya S. Huda, Frances M. Stewart, Kahmeng Tham, Louise A. Mckenna, Iain Martin, Fiona Jordan, E Ann Brown, Leanne Hodson, Ian A. Greer, Barbara J. Meyer, Dilys J. Freeman Jan 2012

Preeclampsia Is Associated With Compromised Maternal Synthesis Of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Leading To Offspring Deficiency, Vanessa A. Mackay, Shahzya S. Huda, Frances M. Stewart, Kahmeng Tham, Louise A. Mckenna, Iain Martin, Fiona Jordan, E Ann Brown, Leanne Hodson, Ian A. Greer, Barbara J. Meyer, Dilys J. Freeman

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Obesity and excessive lipolysis are implicated in preeclampsia (PE). Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with low maternal body mass index and decreased lipolysis. Our aim was to assess how maternal and offspring fatty acid metabolism is altered in mothers in the third trimester of pregnancy with PE (n=62) or intrauterine growth restriction (n=23) compared with healthy pregnancies (n=164). Markers of lipid metabolism and erythrocyte fatty acid concentrations were measured. Maternal adipose tissue fatty acid composition and mRNA expression of adipose tissue fatty acid–metabolizing enzymes and placental fatty acid transporters were compared. Mothers with PE had higher ...


Respiratory Component Of The Orienting Reflex: A Novel Sensitive Index Of Sensory-Induced Arousal In Rats, Eugene Nalivaiko, Evgeny Bondarenko, Andreas Lidstrom, Robert J. Barry Jan 2012

Respiratory Component Of The Orienting Reflex: A Novel Sensitive Index Of Sensory-Induced Arousal In Rats, Eugene Nalivaiko, Evgeny Bondarenko, Andreas Lidstrom, Robert J. Barry

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In humans, the integrated response to a novel stimulus (orienting reflex, OR) includes behavioral (head turning etc.) and well-characterized physiological components (changes in heart rate, respiration, skin conductance, and EEG patterns). In rodents, the physiological components of the OR include changes in heart rate and cutaneous vasoconstrictor tone, but respiratory changes have so far not been systematically documented. In the present study conducted in adult male Wistar rats, the OR was elicited by 60-dB acoustic tones while animals were in a whole-body plethysmograph for respiratory recordings. In addition to respiration, in different groups of animals we concurrently recorded either EEG ...