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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Igniting Concern About Refugee Injustice, Sharon Callaghan, Brian Martin Dec 2004

Igniting Concern About Refugee Injustice, Sharon Callaghan, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Injustice is a prominent theme in the news but there is far less attention to how to be effective in opposing it. For activists, it is crucial to understand how reactions against injustice can be ignited and/or inhibited. Injustice towards refugees provides a revealing case study.


From Sailor-Suits To Sadists: Lesbos Love As Reflected In Japan's Postwar "Perverse Press", Mark J. Mclelland Dec 2004

From Sailor-Suits To Sadists: Lesbos Love As Reflected In Japan's Postwar "Perverse Press", Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper looks at a range of narratives positioning women's same-sex sexuality in the popular sexological press of the early postwar period in Japan.


Integrating Information Literacy Into Curriculum Assessment Practice: An Informatics Case Study, Annette M. Meldrum, H. Tootell Dec 2004

Integrating Information Literacy Into Curriculum Assessment Practice: An Informatics Case Study, Annette M. Meldrum, H. Tootell

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

This article describes how an Informatics subject has integrated information literacy skills into its curriculum assessment practice. The paper provides a background on the role information literacies have in student learning and explains the importance of ensuring the literacies are aligned with subject content and assessment practice. It describes the results of an informatics subject that has been developed through collaboration between Academic and Faculty Librarian.


The Transmission Of Ideas In Employment Relations: Dunlop And Oxford In The Development Of Australian Industrial Relations Thought, 1960-1985, Diana J. Kelly Nov 2004

The Transmission Of Ideas In Employment Relations: Dunlop And Oxford In The Development Of Australian Industrial Relations Thought, 1960-1985, Diana J. Kelly

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The primary objective of this paper is to understand the extent to which Australian industrial relations academics took up the different heuristic frameworks from USA and UK from the 1960s to the 1980s. A second objective is to begin to understand why, and in what ways ideas are transmitted in academic disciplines drawing on a “market model” for ideas. It is shown that in the years between 1960s and 1980s a modified US (Dunlopian) model of interpreting industrial relations became more influential in Australia than that of UK scholarship, as exemplified by the British Oxford School. In part this reflects ...


Marxist Manager Amidst The Progressives: Walter N Polakov And The Taylor Society, Diana J. Kelly Nov 2004

Marxist Manager Amidst The Progressives: Walter N Polakov And The Taylor Society, Diana J. Kelly

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In recent years scholars have re-evaluated Taylorism and have shown that the heart of the scientific management movement, the Taylor Society, reflected many of the Progressive ideals that pervaded the first decades of twentieth century America. Indeed, such was the spirit of critical analysis and debate within the Taylor Society that while most practitioners and intellectuals who were members of the society were liberals, individuals whose ideological commitments were more radical also belonged to the Society. That an outspoken and avowed Marxist such as Walter Polakov could find a place in the Taylor Society attests to its ideological pluralism. This ...


Expressions Of The Calabrian Diaspora In Calabrian Australian Writing, Gitano Rando Oct 2004

Expressions Of The Calabrian Diaspora In Calabrian Australian Writing, Gitano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Although a number of studies on Italian Australian literature have been produced they have to date taken little account of the perception of the diverse experiences of migrants from different Italian regions which display substantial linguistic and cultural diversity and have developed literary cultures both different from and coincidental to Italian national literary culture. The only extensive study that has examined the literary culture of a regional Italian migrant group in Australia is Rando La Cava (1983) which explores the oral dialect literature of the Aeolian communities in Wollongong, Sydney and Melbourne. Some general studies on Italian Australian literature have ...


Inspiring Imagination – Education And Learning: The University Experience In The Regional Development Cocktail, Robbie Collins, Laurie Stevenson Sep 2004

Inspiring Imagination – Education And Learning: The University Experience In The Regional Development Cocktail, Robbie Collins, Laurie Stevenson

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

This paper suggests that imagination ferments regional development. The paper considers how education, and in particular regional universities, are part of the regional development cocktail. Using contemporary and historical experience at the Shoalhaven Campus the paper explores how Shoalhaven campus can be seen as an integral ingredient in the Shoalhaven development cocktail. In doing so, it provides an analysis that matches other regional campus experiences. What is Shoalhaven Campus? An educational precinct based on a campus co-location model. In this instance, TAFE and University are co-located on the campus grounds and share library, IT, telephone and campus services facilities. The ...


Challenging Dominant Physics Paradigms, J. M. Campanario, Brian Martin Sep 2004

Challenging Dominant Physics Paradigms, J. M. Campanario, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

There are many well-qualified scientists who question long-established physics theories even when paradigms are not in crisis. Challenging scientific orthodoxy is difficult because most scientists are educated and work within current paradigms and have little career incentive to examine unconventional ideas. Dissidence is a strategic site for learning about the dynamics of science. Dozens of well-qualified scientists who challenge dominant physics paradigms were contacted to determine how they try to overcome resistance to their ideas. Some such challengers obtain funding in the usual ways; others tap unconventional sources or use their own funds. For publishing, many challengers use alternative journals ...


The Dynamics Of Employee Dissent: Whistleblowers And Organizational Jiu-Jitsu, Brian Martin, W. Rifkin Sep 2004

The Dynamics Of Employee Dissent: Whistleblowers And Organizational Jiu-Jitsu, Brian Martin, W. Rifkin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Whistleblowing is a form of organizational dissent that is rarely successful, instead usually leading to disaster for the whistleblower. Organizational theorists seldom have addressed the question of how to improve whistleblowers' strategies. A useful general perspective for doing this is to conceive of bureaucracies as authoritarian political systems. The concept of political jiu-jitsu, from the theory of nonviolent action, is adapted to organizational contexts and used to assess a range of tactics used by organizational elites against dissidents. The resulting implications for whistleblower strategies are assessed by comparison with standard recommendations offered by experienced whistleblower advisers.


Fabricating Community: Local, National And Global In Three Indian Novels, Paul Sharrad Aug 2004

Fabricating Community: Local, National And Global In Three Indian Novels, Paul Sharrad

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Reviews Bill Ashcroft's 'Postcolonial Transformations' arguing for a postcolonial consideration of spaces of negotiation beyond the textual in an era of globalisation. Taking the figure of textiles, this argument is illustrated using Amitav Ghosh's 'The Circle of Reason', Raja Rao's 'Kanthapura', and Rohinton Mistry's 'A Fine Balance'. Mention is also made of K.S. Maniam's 'The Return' and M.G. Vassanji's 'The Gunny Sack'.


Working ‘Through’ Graduate Attributes: A Bottom-Up Approach, Bronwyn James, Geraldine E. Lefoe, Muhammad N S Hadi Jul 2004

Working ‘Through’ Graduate Attributes: A Bottom-Up Approach, Bronwyn James, Geraldine E. Lefoe, Muhammad N S Hadi

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

The implementation of graduate attributes is a contentious addition to the agenda of Australian universities as they face issues related to quality assurance and funding. In this case study, we describe a way that we as teachers can work ‘through’ rather than uncritically with the graduate attributes. We suggest that the graduate attributes potentially allow the university community to focus on the processes of pedagogy. The paper also demonstrates how the graduate attributes can be used to initiate the development of a community of practice through collaboration and sharing of teaching strategies. The project allows a bottom-up approach for interpretation ...


Sharing Teaching Strategies Online: Encouraging Conversations About Graduate Attributes, Geraldine E. Lefoe, G. Hoban Jun 2004

Sharing Teaching Strategies Online: Encouraging Conversations About Graduate Attributes, Geraldine E. Lefoe, G. Hoban

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Graduate attributes are a key aspect of students’ outcomes during their university career. Although universities acknowledge their importance, there is little support for academics to develop teaching strategies to help students achieve these attributes. This paper presents a web-based resource that links teaching strategies with graduate attributes in a university context. Whilst a number of universities provide support for graduate attributes through policy development, faculty strategic plans and subject outcomes, the actual implementation in the classroom requires an understanding of teaching strategies to develop the student outcomes. The paper also explains the conceptual framework of the website to show how ...


Integrating Innovation Into The Mainstream In A Faculty Of Arts: Obstacles And Opportunities, Geraldine E. Lefoe, Rebecca Albury Jun 2004

Integrating Innovation Into The Mainstream In A Faculty Of Arts: Obstacles And Opportunities, Geraldine E. Lefoe, Rebecca Albury

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

For a university in regional Australia, a new degree program on offer to a remote campus and access centres, provided a supportive environment for faculty to trial new teaching and learning methods, specifically making use of learning management system (WebCT) for aspects of communication and content. This paper examines the impact this had on the faculty, in particular at the increased usage of ICT in subjects on offer on campus and examines issues such as workload and curriculum redesign that were identified as problematic by faculty as they embraced innovative methods of teaching and learning.


Plagiarism: Policy Against Cheating Or Policy For Learning?, Brian Martin Jun 2004

Plagiarism: Policy Against Cheating Or Policy For Learning?, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Several Australian universities are proposing to introduce use of plagiarism-detection services, specifically turnitin.com, for checking student essays. Having studied plagiarism issues for over 20 years,[2] I decided to look at educational rationales for using such services, especially (1) deterring and detecting cheating, and (2) fostering learning of proper acknowledgement practice. A wider treatment would also cover implications for workloads, intellectual property and institutional reputation. Plagiarism involves claiming credit for ideas or creations without proper acknowledgement. In an academic context, acknowledgement is typically given in the form of citations or explicit statements of thanks. This is important for several ...


Disney Through The Web Looking Glass, Brian Martin, Brian M. Yecies Jun 2004

Disney Through The Web Looking Glass, Brian Martin, Brian M. Yecies

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

For critics of the Disney Corporation, the World Wide Web is a convenient medium for providing information and expressing concern. The majority of anti–Disney Web sites are run by either Christian or labour rights organisations as utilitarian adjuncts to offline campaigns. In contrast are a number of idiosyncratic individual anti–Disney sites that provide links to criticism from a variety of perspectives. The Web appears to facilitate this type of cross–issue critique. On the other hand, some forms of opposition to Disney, such as by employees and corporate competitors, are largely absent from the Web. Assessing challenges to ...


Quality Management/Change Management: Two Sides Of The Same Coin?, Felicity Mcgregor May 2004

Quality Management/Change Management: Two Sides Of The Same Coin?, Felicity Mcgregor

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Change management strategies, as discussed in the literature, commonly share similar approaches and processes. Quality management or business excellence frameworks include many of the elements seen to be essential to effective change management. By adopting a management framework, a holistic approach to organisational change, development and innovation can be achieved. Instead of managing change as a series of events, a system wide approach is adopted. The disparate elements of effective management practice: human resources, industrial relations, customer relationship management, leadership strategies and planning processes are all integrated in a model underpinned by a systems approach and informed by systematic data ...


Iraq Attack Backfire, Brian Martin Apr 2004

Iraq Attack Backfire, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

With each death of a US soldier in Iraq and each report about the absence of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, it becomes more obvious that the attack of Iraq has backfired on the US administration.


Exposing And Opposing Censorship: Backfire Dynamics In Freedom-Of-Speech Struggles, S. Curry Jansen, Brian Martin Apr 2004

Exposing And Opposing Censorship: Backfire Dynamics In Freedom-Of-Speech Struggles, S. Curry Jansen, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Censorship can backfire because it is usually viewed as a violation of the right to free expression, which is widely valued as an ideal; under the Charter of the United Nations, freedom of expression is a universal human right. Backfire occurs, for example, when censorious attacks on a film or book cultivate increased demand for the forbidden work rather than restrict access to it. Censors can inhibit this backfire effect in various ways, including covering up the censorship, devaluing the target, reinterpreting the action, using official channels, and using intimidation and bribery. These five methods to inhibit backfire from attacks ...


From The Stage To The Clinic: Changing Transgender Identities In Post-War Japan, Mark J. Mclelland Mar 2004

From The Stage To The Clinic: Changing Transgender Identities In Post-War Japan, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper looks at the transformation of male-to-female transgender identities in Japan since the Second World War. The development of print media aimed at a transgender readership is outlined as is the development of bars, clubs and sex venues where transgendered men sought both partners and commercial opportunities. The origin of various transgender 'folk categories' such as okama, gei bōi, burūbōi and nyūhāfu is discussed and their dependence upon and relationship to the entertainment world is outlined. Finally, the paper looks at how the resumption of sex-change operations in Japan in 1998 has led to a new public discourse about ...


Dissent And Heresy In Medicine: Models, Methods, And Strategies, Brian Martin Feb 2004

Dissent And Heresy In Medicine: Models, Methods, And Strategies, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Understanding the dynamics of dissent and heresy in medicine can be aided by use of suitable frameworks. The dynamics of the search for truth vary considerably depending on whether the search is competitive or cooperative and on whether truth is assumed to be unitary or plural. Insights about dissent and heresy in medicine can be gained by making comparisons to politics and religion. To explain adherence to either orthodoxy or a challenging view, partisans use a standard set of explanations; social scientists use these plus others, especially symmetrical analyses. There is a wide array of methods by which orthodoxy maintains ...


Food Fears: A National Survey On The Attitudes Of Australian Adults About The Safety And Quality Of Food, P. G. Williams, E. Stirling, N. Keynes Jan 2004

Food Fears: A National Survey On The Attitudes Of Australian Adults About The Safety And Quality Of Food, P. G. Williams, E. Stirling, N. Keynes

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

A national telephone survey of a representative sample of 1200 Australian adults was conducted in March 2002 in order to identify the factors of greatest concern to consumers in relation to the safety and quality of food, to measure recent trends in views about hazards in the food supply, to explore beliefs about the safety of additives and to discover whether consumers use food labels to check for ingredients of concern. Forty five percent of Australians responded that they were more concerned about the safety and quality of food than they were five years previously, while only 5% were less ...


Pocket Gamelan: A J2me Environment For Just Intonation, Gregory Schiemer, Kenny Sabir, Mark Havryliv Jan 2004

Pocket Gamelan: A J2me Environment For Just Intonation, Gregory Schiemer, Kenny Sabir, Mark Havryliv

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes on-going exploration of tuning systems through development of mobile instruments appropriate for tlie audition and performance of music composed in just intonatIon tunmgs. 1he project is a response to a transformation in computer music brought about through the introduction of wireless technologies and is motivated by a desire to enable performance of music based on just intonation using hand-held instruments played by large numbers of non-expert players. Handheld technology offers the promise of new forms of musical interaction between people with development of musical applications focused on new modes of group expression that involve non-expert performance. The ...


Sibelius Cycle Preconcert And Radio Talks (4), Sydney Symphony/Ashkenazy, Sydney Opera House, Andrew N. Schultz Jan 2004

Sibelius Cycle Preconcert And Radio Talks (4), Sydney Symphony/Ashkenazy, Sydney Opera House, Andrew N. Schultz

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

It Is interesting to consider the connection between hardship, suffering and turmoil in a composer's life and the capacity to create superb symphonic work. The three great symphonists of the early twentieth century show this even though they had radically different approaches to their work. Mahler was not crippled by his numerous personal tragedies but drew on them to create symphonies of transcendent scale. Shostakovlch lived through vast social and political upheaval and had to struggle to survive the Soviet system yet created public statements in his symphonies that are by turns bizarre, Ironic and triumphant. Sibelius also lived ...


Fabrics Of Change : Trading Identities, Diana Wood Conroy, Emma Rutherford Jan 2004

Fabrics Of Change : Trading Identities, Diana Wood Conroy, Emma Rutherford

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Fabrics of Change : Trading Identities explores textiles and their intrinsic relationship to texts of law and literature across an historical and contemporary span of British colonisation.


Functional Foods And Ingredients: Opportunities For Health And Profit, Linda C. Tapsell Jan 2004

Functional Foods And Ingredients: Opportunities For Health And Profit, Linda C. Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The National Centre of Excellence in Functional Foods (NCEFF) is developing well with strategic research projects underway. This report outlines progress to date.


The Illawarra Healthy Food Price Index. 1. Development Of The Food Basket, P. G. Williams, M. Reid, K. Shaw Jan 2004

The Illawarra Healthy Food Price Index. 1. Development Of The Food Basket, P. G. Williams, M. Reid, K. Shaw

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective To define a basket of foods that could be used to monitor trends in the affordability of healthy food in the Illawarra region. Design A reference family of five was defined reflecting the population of the Illawarra region. A draft basket of foods was selected based on recommendations of the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE), and using information on typical eating patterns from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey and data from local supermarket sales. Products were chosen to conform where possible to the National Heart Foundation guidelines for acceptability in the Pick the Tick food approval program. Seven ...


Persistence Of Vision: Memory, Migration & Citizenship - Free Trade Or The Faulure Of Cross-Culturality?, Gerry Turcotte Jan 2004

Persistence Of Vision: Memory, Migration & Citizenship - Free Trade Or The Faulure Of Cross-Culturality?, Gerry Turcotte

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In my novel, Flying in Silence, set in both Australia and Canada, my principal character is a French Canadian man torn between landscapes, languages and allegiances. To represent what was for me the central dilemmas of the novel — reconciling memory and migration — I used the metaphor of Persistence of Vision, that process in film through which we physiologically make sense of, or hold together, what should be a blurred, segmented and impartial sequence of frequently unrelated images. *** Persistence of vision is all about the eye, the way it follows a film, remembers an image, holds on to it, until the ...


Sexing The Nation: Normative Heterosexuality And The ‘Good’ Singaporean Citizen, Lenore T. Lyons Jan 2004

Sexing The Nation: Normative Heterosexuality And The ‘Good’ Singaporean Citizen, Lenore T. Lyons

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Extract: What does it mean to sex a nation? In the discourses surrounding nationalism, nations frequently take up gendered positions – as ‘motherlands’ or ‘fatherlands’, with their leaders as the ‘mothers’ or the ‘fathers of the nation’. In the family of the nation, gendered subjectivity is built around heterosexual reproductive relations in which men and women perform their ‘natural roles’ within families2. Where the language of nationalism reveals the gender of the homeland as female (Britannia, Mother India), the nation-as-woman is built on a particular image of woman as chaste, dutiful, daughterly or maternal” (Parker et al. 1992: 6). And yet ...


Terrorism: Ethics, Effectiveness And Enemies, Brian Martin Jan 2004

Terrorism: Ethics, Effectiveness And Enemies, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Discussions of terrorism usually contain unstated assumptions about ethics, effectiveness and "enemies." These assumptions usually serve to sideline nonviolent options. Ulf Sundhaussen’s otherwise perceptive article fits this pattern. Terrorism is nearly always assumed to be unethical. Indeed, the very label "terrorism" has become a hostile judgement disguised as a description (Gearty, 1997). In conventional western accounts of terrorism, there is a double standard: only terrorism by nonstate groups or US-government-defined "rogue states" is counted. Sundhaussen, like other critics, instead adopts a definition that includes terrorism by dominant states, especially the United States. His next step is to focus on ...


The Time Of Their Lives: Time, Work And Leisure In The Daily Lives Of Ruling-Class Men, Mike Donaldson, S. Poynting Jan 2004

The Time Of Their Lives: Time, Work And Leisure In The Daily Lives Of Ruling-Class Men, Mike Donaldson, S. Poynting

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This chapter is about what ruling-class men do in their daily lives. How do they invest, pass or spend their time? We are dealing here with the exceptional life conditions and activities of the richest and most powerful men in the world: the richest one to five per cent, whose interests and decisions so widely determine, that is rule, the conditions and activities of the rest of us. A 1996 United Nations Human Development Report identified 358 men whose wealth equals the combined income of 2.3 billion people, forty-five per cent of the world's population. Most such people ...