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Philosophy

Between the Species

2010

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Moral Agency In Mammalia, Mark D. Reid Jan 2010

Moral Agency In Mammalia, Mark D. Reid

Between the Species

About the extent of moral agency in the animal kingdom, one view is that only humans are moral agents. Holding a different view, I argue that moral agency depends on the capacity for other-regard and the capacity to be attuned to significance—such that things matter to one. I derive a criterion where a creature is a moral agent if she performs an action that promotes others’ significant interests and brings great costs to herself where she is aware of these significant interests and imposed costs. Failure to confirm that she has this awareness is a weakness of examples of ...


Animals In The Kingdom Of Ends, Heather M. Kendrick Jan 2010

Animals In The Kingdom Of Ends, Heather M. Kendrick

Between the Species

Kant claimed that human beings have no duties to animals because they are not autonomous ends in themselves. I argue that Kant was wrong to exclude animals from the realm of moral consideration. Animals, although they do not set their own ends and thus cannot be regarded as ends in themselves, do have ends that are given to them by nature. As beings with ends, they stand between mere things that have no ends, and rational beings that are ends in themselves. I propose a broader version of Kant's kingdom of ends, in which rational beings respect the ends ...


Animals As Friends, Cynthia Townley Jan 2010

Animals As Friends, Cynthia Townley

Between the Species

Whether animals, especially companion animals, count as friends depends on the conception of friendship as well as on the conception of animals. Some accounts of friendship can include (other than human) animals more easily than others. I present an argument in favour of characterising some animal-human connections as friendships, and address some of the standard objections to this characterisation. It might seem that under any conception of friendship, characterising animals as (potential) friends would likely lead to better treatment of animals, as various kinds of ill-treatment or use would not be consistent with treating someone as a friend. However, concern ...


Between The Moment And Eternity: How Schillerian Play Can Establish Animals As Moral Agents, Jaime Denison Jan 2010

Between The Moment And Eternity: How Schillerian Play Can Establish Animals As Moral Agents, Jaime Denison

Between the Species

While concerned with how man achieves his status as a moral being, Friedrich Schiller develops a concept of play that serves as a bridge between our sensuous existence to the rational, realizing moral freedom. In what ways might we extend this concept to the non-human animal? Current research by play theorists and ethologists has shown that play behaviour in animals is both complex and crucial in determining social patterns, and Schiller’s account may have anticipated these observations. I argue that through Schiller’s theory of play and our current research on animal play, it is possible to undermine the ...


Extreme Humanism: Heidegger, Buber, And The Threshold Of Language, Frank Garrett Jan 2010

Extreme Humanism: Heidegger, Buber, And The Threshold Of Language, Frank Garrett

Between the Species

Throughout this essay I attempt to bring into focus what I see as the thorniest point of proximity between two giants in twentieth-century ontology; that is, the nature of language in the delineation between human beings and animals within the work of Martin Heidegger and Martin Buber. I consider Heidegger’s conception of world in an attempt to understand how he sees the abyss—as well as the bridge—between animals and humankind. Buber’s more encompassing view of being seems to be a fruitful catalyst for moving Heidegger closer to something at which he hints but from which he ...


A Difference That Makes A Difference: Welfare And The Equality Of Consideration, Elijah Weber Jan 2010

A Difference That Makes A Difference: Welfare And The Equality Of Consideration, Elijah Weber

Between the Species

In Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics, L.W. Sumner defends two significant constraints on one’s theory of welfare: formality and generality. An adequate theory of welfare, claims Sumner, must give a constitutive account of the “good-for” relation. This constitutive account must be sufficiently general that any entity whose status as a welfare subject is uncontroversial falls within its scope. This paper will argue that Sumner’s proposed constraints are particularly significant to utilitarian arguments for the equal moral considerability of non-human animals. In the absence of these constraints, the inconsistency that is alleged to follow from denying moral considerability to ...


Innocent And Innocuous: The Case Against Animal Research, Joel Marks Jan 2010

Innocent And Innocuous: The Case Against Animal Research, Joel Marks

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Second Nature And Animal Life, Stefano Di Brisco Jan 2010

Second Nature And Animal Life, Stefano Di Brisco

Between the Species

I am concerned in this paper with McDowell's account of human uniqueness in nature in terms of a fundamental difference between humans and animals. I try to show that the concept of that difference is relevant for a Wittgensteinian understanding of the place of rationality in nature. I then develop an internal criticism of McDowell's transcendental way of approaching this topic by using Diamond's insights about the importance of the details for a realistic philosophical account of human mindedness. My aim is to show that the difference between humans and animals is constitutive of our understanding of ...


Husbandry To Industry: Animal Agriculture, Ethics And Public Policy, Jes Harfeld Jan 2010

Husbandry To Industry: Animal Agriculture, Ethics And Public Policy, Jes Harfeld

Between the Species

The industrialisation of agriculture has led to considerable alterations at both the technological and economical levels of animal farming. Several animal welfare issues of modern animal agriculture – e.g. stress and stereotypical behaviour – can be traced back to the industrialised intensification of housing and numbers of animals in production. Although these welfare issues dictate ethical criticism, it is the claim of this article that such direct welfare issues are only the forefront of a greater systemic ethical problem inherent to industrialisation. Consequently, this article provides an analysis of the foundational ethical problems in animal agriculture which derive from (I) overly ...


The Ethics Of The Ecology Of Fear Against The Nonspeciesist Paradigm: A Shift In The Aims Of Intervention In Nature, Oscar Horta Jan 2010

The Ethics Of The Ecology Of Fear Against The Nonspeciesist Paradigm: A Shift In The Aims Of Intervention In Nature, Oscar Horta

Between the Species

Humans often intervene in the wild for anthropocentric or environmental reasons. An example of such interventions is the reintroduction of wolves in places where they no longer live in order to create what has been called an “ecology of fear”, which is being currently discussed in places such as Scotland. In the first part of this paper I discuss the reasons for this measure and argue that they are not compatible with a nonspeciesist approach. Then, I claim that if we abandon a speciesist viewpoint we should change completely the way in which we should intervene in nature. Rather than ...


Animals And Animals, Laurence Thomas Jan 2010

Animals And Animals, Laurence Thomas

Between the Species

Speciesism is the wrong of not acknowledging the moral qualities that non-human animals possess that are similar or equivalent or even superior to the moral qualities that human beings possess. However, since it is manifestly clear that no one thinks that apes are in any way obligated to human beings, it clearly cannot be a form of speciesism to be mindful of the differences on the basis of which that is so. In opposition to the advocates of the Great Ape Project, my aim in this essay is to establish the quite minimal claim that apes should not have the ...


Discourse First, Cages Second: A New Locus For Animal Liberation, Brianne Donaldson Jan 2010

Discourse First, Cages Second: A New Locus For Animal Liberation, Brianne Donaldson

Between the Species

The Animal that was named, categorized, and excluded from the human community by the Greeks has seeped into society at multiple points. This Animal now exists in a paradoxical limbo where she is both excluded from social standing and moral consideration while at the same time being included, utilized and discussed within all sectors of society from advertising to philosophy, neuroscience to the pet industry, religion to farming. Thus, animals have been caught up in multiple mechanisms of explanatory terminology, symbolic use, and physical captivity which all work together to create a Discourse of the Animal, which is employed both ...


The Hunt: A Short Story, Josephine Donovan Jan 2010

The Hunt: A Short Story, Josephine Donovan

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Review Of Wesley J. Smith's A Rat Is A Pig Is A Dog Is A Boy: The Human Cost Of The Animal Rights Movement, Angus Taylor Jan 2010

Review Of Wesley J. Smith's A Rat Is A Pig Is A Dog Is A Boy: The Human Cost Of The Animal Rights Movement, Angus Taylor

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Review Of Marti Kheel’S Nature Ethics: An Ecofeminist Perspective, Rachel Fernflores Jan 2010

Review Of Marti Kheel’S Nature Ethics: An Ecofeminist Perspective, Rachel Fernflores

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Review Of Jean Kazez's Animalkind: What We Owe To Animals, James Stanescu Jan 2010

Review Of Jean Kazez's Animalkind: What We Owe To Animals, James Stanescu

Between the Species

No abstract provided.