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Philosophy

Between the Species

2009

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Review Of Matthew Calarco's Zoographies: The Question Of The Animal From Heidegger To Derrida, Donald L. Turner Aug 2009

Review Of Matthew Calarco's Zoographies: The Question Of The Animal From Heidegger To Derrida, Donald L. Turner

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Feral Animals And The Restoration Of Nature, Roger J.H. King Aug 2009

Feral Animals And The Restoration Of Nature, Roger J.H. King

Between the Species

Projects to restore nature inevitably disrupt the plants and animals that inhabit the land to be restored. This essay addresses the significance of feral animals. Can feral animals remain in a restored nature? I argue that an answer depends on what we mean by nature and restoration. I present several different conceptions of nature and discuss what their differences mean for the goals of restoration. While the presence of feral animals is not compatible with the dualist conception of nature as that which is untouched by humans, other conceptions are more accommodating. Restoration to a benchmark of nature prior to ...


Nonhuman Animals In Adam Smith’S Moral Theory, Alejandra Mancilla Aug 2009

Nonhuman Animals In Adam Smith’S Moral Theory, Alejandra Mancilla

Between the Species

By giving sympathy a central role, Adam Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) can be regarded as one of the ‘enlightened’ moral theories of the Enlightenment, insofar as it widened the scope of moral consideration beyond the traditionally restricted boundary of human beings. This, although the author himself does not seem to have been aware of this fact. In this paper, I want to focus on two aspects which I think lead to this conclusion. First, by making sentience the requisite to be taken into moral consideration, nonhuman animals in Smith’s moral theory can count as moral patients ...


How Ought We To Live With Nonhuman Animals? Peter Singer’S Answer: Animal Liberation Part I, Lesley Mclean Aug 2009

How Ought We To Live With Nonhuman Animals? Peter Singer’S Answer: Animal Liberation Part I, Lesley Mclean

Between the Species

In this paper and the next I discuss Peter Singer’s approach to answering the question of how one ought to live with nonhuman animals. In the first paper I situate Singer’s work within the larger historical context of moral concern for animals, looking at previous public consensus on the issue, its breakdown and its re-emergence with Singer in the 1970s. In the second paper, I take a closer look at Singer’s highly influential book, Animal Liberation (1975), and argue that as activist literature, his chapter on animal experimentation for example can be seen as morally persuasive in ...


How Ought We To Live With Nonhuman Animals? Peter Singer’S Answer: Animal Liberation Part Ii, Lesley Mclean Aug 2009

How Ought We To Live With Nonhuman Animals? Peter Singer’S Answer: Animal Liberation Part Ii, Lesley Mclean

Between the Species

In the previous paper I resituated Peter Singer's Animal Liberation within the larger context of the historical development of the animal activist movement. This paper directly follows on from the previous one, but here I take a closer at the book itself, focusing on 'Tools for Research', the second chapter in which Singer discusses animal experimentation particularly. My aim is to draw attention to the tactics adopted by Singer, which given the historical development of the movement, as detailed previously, are indeed activist, and offer some account of why they are morally persuasive.


The Man Who Mistook His Meal For A Hot Dog, H. Peter Steeves Aug 2009

The Man Who Mistook His Meal For A Hot Dog, H. Peter Steeves

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Fishing For A Sustainable Future, Mary Lyn Stoll Aug 2009

Fishing For A Sustainable Future, Mary Lyn Stoll

Between the Species

As the efficiency and reach of global fishing has grown, overfishing has unwittingly undermined the industry’s future while at the same time depriving poor people of a dietary staple. Several problems that most concern the critics of globalization come into play: undermining the power of governments to protect their environments and citizens, an economic system that robs the poor and future generations of basic necessities, and market developments that undercut long term economic and environmental stability. I examine how creative institutional measures could avert total collapse of ocean ecosystems despite the complexity of enacting marine ethics in a globalized ...


The Epistemic Irresponsibility Of The Subjects-Of-A-Life Account, Julia Tanner Aug 2009

The Epistemic Irresponsibility Of The Subjects-Of-A-Life Account, Julia Tanner

Between the Species

In this paper I will argue that Regan’s subjects-of-a-life account is epistemically irresponsible. Firstly, in making so many epistemic claims. Secondly in making the claims themselves.


Business, Science And Ethics: A Case Study In The Necessary Evolution Of Methodology, Thomas I. White Aug 2009

Business, Science And Ethics: A Case Study In The Necessary Evolution Of Methodology, Thomas I. White

Between the Species

Alasdair MacIntyre and David DeGrazia have explored the question of how sophisticated dolphins’ cognitive abilities are, and these thinkers have taken positions based on a flawed methodology that either assert or imply that dolphins fall below humans when it comes to cognitive sophistication and moral consideration. Timothy Fort uses MacIntyre’s characterization of dolphins in his discussion of the value of biology to business ethics. He thereby makes inaccurate and unsupportable claims, and perpetuates a stereotype about dolphins grounded in unintentional speciesism—a stereotype that makes certain unethical treatment of dolphins appear defensible. There is currently little discussion about the ...


Review Of Matthew C. Halteman’S Compassionate Eating As Care Of Creation (Humane Society Of The United States, 2008), John Mcateer Aug 2009

Review Of Matthew C. Halteman’S Compassionate Eating As Care Of Creation (Humane Society Of The United States, 2008), John Mcateer

Between the Species

No abstract provided.