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Unthinking Mastery: Dehumanism And Colonial Entanglements, Julietta Singh Jan 2018

Unthinking Mastery: Dehumanism And Colonial Entanglements, Julietta Singh

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In Unthinking Mastery Julietta Singh challenges a core, fraught dimension of geopolitical, cultural, and scholarly endeavor: the drive toward mastery over the self and others. Drawing on postcolonial theory, queer theory, new materialism, and animal studies, Singh traces how pervasive the concept of mastery has been to modern politics and anticolonial movements. She juxtaposes destructive uses of mastery, such as the colonial domination of bodies, against more laudable forms, such as intellectual and linguistic mastery, to underscore how the concept—regardless of its use—is rooted in histories of violence and the wielding of power. For anticolonial thinkers like Fanon ...


Language As Bodily Practice In Early China: A Chinese Grammatology, Jane Geaney Jan 2018

Language As Bodily Practice In Early China: A Chinese Grammatology, Jane Geaney

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Jane Geaney argues that early Chinese conceptions of speech and naming cannot be properly understood if viewed through the dominant Western philosophical tradition in which language is framed through dualisms that are based on hierarchies of speech and writing, such as reality/appearance and one/many. Instead, early Chinese texts repeatedly create pairings of sounds and various visible things. This aural/visual polarity suggests that texts from early China treat speech as a bodily practice that is not detachable from its use in everyday experience. Firmly grounded in ideas about bodies from the early texts themselves, Geaney’s interpretation offers ...


Nietzsche's Earth: Great Events, Great Politics, Gary Shapiro Jan 2016

Nietzsche's Earth: Great Events, Great Politics, Gary Shapiro

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We have Nietzsche to thank for some of the most important accomplishments in intellectual history, but as Gary Shapiro shows in this unique look at Nietzsche’s thought, the nineteenth-century philosopher actually anticipated some of the most pressing questions of our own era. Putting Nietzsche into conversation with contemporary philosophers such as Deleuze, Agamben, Foucault, Derrida, and others, Shapiro links Nietzsche’s powerful ideas to topics that are very much on the contemporary agenda: globalization, the nature of the livable earth, and the geopolitical categories that characterize people and places. Shapiro explores Nietzsche’s rejection of historical inevitability and its ...


Hayek On Mill:The Mill-Taylor Friendship And Related Writings, Sandra J. Peart Jan 2015

Hayek On Mill:The Mill-Taylor Friendship And Related Writings, Sandra J. Peart

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Best known for reviving the tradition of classical liberalism, F. A. Hayek was also a prominent scholar of the philosopher John Stuart Mill. One of his greatest undertakings was a collection of Mill’s extensive correspondence with his longstanding friend and later companion and wife, Harriet Taylor-Mill. Hayek first published the Mill-Taylor correspondence in 1951, and his edition soon became required reading for any study of the nineteenth-century foundations of liberalism. This latest addition to the University of Chicago Press’s Collected Works of F. A. Hayek series showcases the fascinating intersections between two of the most prominent thinkers from ...


Believing Against The Evidence: Agency And The Ethics Of Belief, Miriam S. Mccormick Jan 2014

Believing Against The Evidence: Agency And The Ethics Of Belief, Miriam S. Mccormick

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The question of whether it is ever permissible to believe on insufficient evidence has once again become a live question. Greater attention is now being paid to practical dimensions of belief, namely issues related to epistemic virtue, doxastic responsibility, and voluntarism.

In this book, McCormick argues that the standards used to evaluate beliefs are not isolated from other evaluative domains. The ultimate criteria for assessing beliefs are the same as those for assessing action because beliefs and actions are both products of agency. Two important implications of this thesis, both of which deviate from the dominant view in contemporary philosophy ...


Universal Rights And The Constitution, Stephen A. Simon Jan 2014

Universal Rights And The Constitution, Stephen A. Simon

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Are constitutional rights based exclusively in uniquely American considerations, or are they based at least in part on principles that transcend the boundaries of any particular country, such as the requirements of freedom or dignity? By viewing constitutional law through the prism of this fundamental question, Universal Rights and the Constitution exposes an overlooked difficulty with opinions rendered by the Supreme Court, namely, an inherent ambiguity about the kinds of arguments that count in constitutional interpretation, which weakens the foundations of our most cherished rights.

Rejecting current debates over constitutional interpretation as flawed, Stephen A. Simon offers an innovative framework ...


Plato, Aristotle, And The Purpose Of Politics, Kevin M. Cherry Jan 2012

Plato, Aristotle, And The Purpose Of Politics, Kevin M. Cherry

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In this book, Kevin M. Cherry compares the views of Plato and Aristotle about the practice, study, and, above all, the purpose of politics. The first scholar to place Aristotle's Politics in sustained dialogue with Plato's Statesman, Cherry argues that Aristotle rejects the view of politics advanced by Plato's Eleatic Stranger, contrasting them on topics such as the proper categorization of regimes, the usefulness and limitations of the rule of law, and the proper understanding of phronēsis. The various differences between their respective political philosophies, however, reflect a more fundamental difference in how they view the relationship ...


Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls And Beyond, Martin O'Neill, Thad Williamson Jan 2012

Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls And Beyond, Martin O'Neill, Thad Williamson

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Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond features a collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy.

- Offers new and essential insights into Rawls's idea of "property-owning democracy"

- Addresses the proposed political and economic institutions and policies which Rawls's theory would require

- Considers radical alternatives to existing forms of capitalism

- Provides a major contribution to debates among progressive policymakers and activists about the programmatic direction progressive politics should take in the near future


When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence In Western Thought, Terryl Givens Jan 2010

When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence In Western Thought, Terryl Givens

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The idea of the pre-existence of the soul has been extremely important, widespread, and persistent throughout Western history--from even before the philosophy of Plato to the poetry of Robert Frost. When Souls Had Wings offers the first systematic history of this little explored feature of Western culture.

Terryl Givens describes the tradition of pre-existence as "pre-heaven"--the place where unborn souls wait until they descend to earth to be born. And typically it is seen as a descent--a falling away from a happier and untroubled state into the turbulent and sinful world we know. The title of the book refers ...


Warcraft And The Fragility Of Virtue: An Essay In Aristotelian Ethics, G. Scott Davis Jan 2010

Warcraft And The Fragility Of Virtue: An Essay In Aristotelian Ethics, G. Scott Davis

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The origins of the book make a chronicle of the unexpected. In the spring of 1985, if memory serves, I was invited by Jeffrey Stout to teach a course at Princeton focusing on war and traditions of moral reasoning. Although I had not previously explored the just war tradition, it dovetailed nicely with my interest in Aristotle and his place in contemporary moral theory.


Heidegger And The Earth Essays In Environmental Philisophy, Ladelle Mcwhorter, Gail Stenstad Jan 2009

Heidegger And The Earth Essays In Environmental Philisophy, Ladelle Mcwhorter, Gail Stenstad

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Some of the fundamental questions of our time are ecological - urgent environmental problems demand newly conceived solutions for the betterment and preservation of life on this planet. In this newly revised and greatly expanded edition of Heidegger and the Earth, the contributors approach contemporary ecological issues through the medium of Heidegger's thought.

Amid pressing concerns about wildlife and wilderness preservation, agricultural practices, and technological innovation, contributors discuss how thinking with Heidegger in the twenty-first century yields creative ideas about the natural world that are unconstrained by traditional theoretical frameworks. The conflicting viewpoints in some of the essays will inspire ...


Racism And Sexual Oppression In Anglo-America: A Genealogy, Ladelle Mcwhorter Jan 2009

Racism And Sexual Oppression In Anglo-America: A Genealogy, Ladelle Mcwhorter

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Does the black struggle for civil rights make common cause with the movement to foster queer community, protest anti-queer violence or discrimination, and demand respect for the rights and sensibilities of queer people? Confronting this emotionally charged question, Ladelle McWhorter reveals how a carefully structured campaign against abnormality in the late 19th and early 20th centuries encouraged white Americans to purge society of so-called biological contaminants, people who were poor, disabled, black, or queer. Building on a legacy of savage hate crimes—such as the killings of Matthew Shepard and James Byrd—McWhorter shows that racism, sexual oppression, and discrimination ...


Inventing Leadership: The Challenge Of Democracy, J. Thomas Wren Jan 2007

Inventing Leadership: The Challenge Of Democracy, J. Thomas Wren

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The tension between ruler and ruled in democratic societies has never been satisfactorily resolved, and the competing interpretations of this relationship lie at the bottom of much modern political discourse. In this fascinating book, Thomas Wren clarifies and elevates the debates over leadership by identifying the fundamental premises and assumptions that underlie past and present understandings.


Teaching The Ethical Foundations Of Economics, Jonathan B. Wight, John S. Morton Jan 2007

Teaching The Ethical Foundations Of Economics, Jonathan B. Wight, John S. Morton

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Teaching the Ethical Foundations of Economics contains 10 lessons that reintroduce an ethical dimension to economics in the tradition of Adam Smith, who believed ethical considerations were central to life. Utilizing these innovative instructional materials your students will learn about the important role ethics and character play in a market economy and how, in turn, markets influence ethical behavior.

The lessons do more than illustrate how ethical conduct improves an economy. They actively involve the students through simulations, group decision making, problem solving, classroom demonstrations and role playing. The lessons encourage students to think critically about ethical dilemmas.


The Quest For Moral Leaders: Essays On Leadership Ethics, Joanne B. Ciulla, Terry L. Price, Susan E. Murphy Jan 2005

The Quest For Moral Leaders: Essays On Leadership Ethics, Joanne B. Ciulla, Terry L. Price, Susan E. Murphy

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The quest for moral leaders is both a personal quest that takes place in the hearts and minds of leaders and a pursuit by individuals, groups, organizations, communities and societies for leaders who are both ethical and effective. The contributors to this volume, all top scholars in leadership studies and ethics, provide a nuanced discussion of the complex ethical relationships that lie at the core of leadership.


The International Library Of Leadership, J. Thomas Wren, Terry L. Price, Douglas A. Hicks Jan 2004

The International Library Of Leadership, J. Thomas Wren, Terry L. Price, Douglas A. Hicks

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The International Library of Leadership brings together in one place the most significant writings on leadership, the process by which groups, organizations, and societies seek to satisfy their needs and achieve their objectives. Volume 1 focuses on classic discussions of perennial leadership issues including the moral purpose of leadership, the nature of legitimate authority, and the role of followers. Volume 2 turns to investigations of leadership in the modern era and makes available the seminal social scientific works that inaugurated the modern theories of leadership. Volume 3 builds upon the analyses of power, culture, and gender in the first two ...


The Ethics Of Leadership, Joanne B. Ciulla Jan 2003

The Ethics Of Leadership, Joanne B. Ciulla

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The focus of The Ethics of Leadership is the ethical challenges that are distinctive to leaders and leadership. Organized around themes such as power and the public and private morality of leaders, the book explores the ethical issues of leadership in a variety of contexts including, business, NGOs, and government. It integrates material on ethics and leadership from the great Eastern and Western philosophers with leadership literature and case studies. This multi-disciplinary approach helps philosophers and leadership scholars present a fully integrated view of the subject.


Archaeologies Of Vision: Foucault And Nietzche On Seeing And Saying, Gary Shapiro Jan 2003

Archaeologies Of Vision: Foucault And Nietzche On Seeing And Saying, Gary Shapiro

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While many acknowledge that Friedrich Nietzsche and Michel Foucault have redefined our notions of time and history, few recognize the crucial role that "the infinite relation" between seeing and saying (as Foucault put it) plays in their work. Gary Shapiro reveals, for the first time, the full extent of Nietzsche and Foucault's concern with the visual.

Shapiro explores the whole range of Foucault's writings on visual art, including the theory of visual resistance, the concept of the phantasm or simulacrum, and his interrogation of the relation of painting, language, and power in artists from Bosch to Warhol. Shapiro ...


On The Epistemology Of The Senses In Early Chinese Thought, Jane Geaney Jan 2002

On The Epistemology Of The Senses In Early Chinese Thought, Jane Geaney

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Sense perception, which is of enormous importance in Western philosophical traditions, has scarcely attracted the notice of scholars of early China. As a result of little direct comment on the senses in the Chinese philosophical classics, sinologists have generally interpreted their occasional references to sense functions in familiar Western philosophical terms. This original work challenges this tradition, arguing that despite the scarcity of direct comment on the senses in these sources, it is possible to discern early Chinese views of sensory functions from a close reading of the texts. Working with metaphorical and structural analysis, the author reconstructs an understanding ...


Bodies And Pleasures: Foucault And The Politics Of Sexual Normalization, Ladelle Mcwhorter Jan 1999

Bodies And Pleasures: Foucault And The Politics Of Sexual Normalization, Ladelle Mcwhorter

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Sexual identities are dangerous, Michel Foucault tells us. Categories of desire harden into stereotypes by which the forces of normalization hold us and judge us. In Bodies and Pleasures, Ladelle McWhorter reads Foucault from an original and personal angle, motivated by the differences this experience has made in her life. At the same time, her analysis advances discussion of key issues in Foucault scholarship: the genealogical critique, the status of the subject and humanism, essentialism versus social construction, and the relationships between identity, community, and political action. Weaving her own experience of coming to grips with her lesbian sexual identity ...


Earthwards: Robert Smithson And Art After Babel, Gary Shapiro Jan 1995

Earthwards: Robert Smithson And Art After Babel, Gary Shapiro

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The death of Robert Smithson in 1973 robbed postwar American art of an unusually creative practitioner and thinker. Smithson's pioneering earthworks of the 1960s and 1970s anticipated contemporary concerns with environmentalism and the site-specific character of artistic production. His interrogation of authorship, the linear historiography of high modernism, and the limitations of the museum prefigures key themes in postmodern criticism while underscoring the uniqueness of Smithson's own work as an artist, filmmaker, and writer.

Gary Shapiro's elegant and incisive study of Smithson's career is the first book to address the full range of the artist's ...


Heidegger And The Earth: Essays In Environmental Philosophy, Ladelle Mcwhorter Jan 1992

Heidegger And The Earth: Essays In Environmental Philosophy, Ladelle Mcwhorter

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Though each essayist presents his or her thinking as it has arisen out of the texts of Martin Heidegger, as this brief overview surely makes clear, the thoughts a reader will encounter here are diverse and perhaps at points conflicting. However, the essayists' differences in many cases actually grow out of a common sense, namely, a sense of urgency born of the knowledge that for many regions of the earth and for many of the beings within them time is running out. The book itself, including its conflicting assertions, is the embodiment of a kind of anxiety and a kind ...


Alcyone: Nietzsche On Gifts, Noise, And Women, Gary Shapiro Jan 1991

Alcyone: Nietzsche On Gifts, Noise, And Women, Gary Shapiro

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Shapiro explores an interrelated series of themes that contest and offer alternatives to some of the traditional concepts of metaphysics. The notion of gift giving and related ideas are seen to play fundamental roles in the economy of Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Shapiro articulates the relevance of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Marcel Mauss, and Georges Bataille for the thought of the gift and shows that Nietzsche's writing contains a conception of an archaic economy that is radically different from the order of property and exchange usually associated with Western metaphysics. This leads to a critique of Martin Heidegger's interpretation of ...


After The Future: Postmodern Times And Places, Gary Shapiro Jan 1990

After The Future: Postmodern Times And Places, Gary Shapiro

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This book brings together diverse aspects of postmodernism by philosophers, literary critics, historians of architecture, and sociologists. It addresses the nature of postmodernism in painting, architecture, and the performing arts, and explores the social and political implications of postmodern theories of culture.

The book raises the question of whether postmodernism is to be seen as one more epoch or period within a succession of eras, or as a challenge to the modernist practice of periodization itself.

The nature of the subject and of subjectivity is explored in order to resituate and contextualize the autonomous subject of the modern literary traditions ...


Nietzschean Narratives, Gary Shapiro Jan 1989

Nietzschean Narratives, Gary Shapiro

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Taking issue with a widely held view that Nietzsche's writings are essentially fragmentary or aphoristic, Gary Shapiro focuses on the narrative mode that Nietzsche adopted in many of his works. Such themes as eternal recurrence, the question of origins, and the problematics of self-knowledge are reinterpreted in the context of the narratives in which Nietzsche develops or employs them.


Hermeneutics: Questions And Prospects, Gary Shapiro, Alan Sica Jan 1984

Hermeneutics: Questions And Prospects, Gary Shapiro, Alan Sica

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The essays in this collection are meant to be representative both of the current work on the nature of interpretation and of the necessity for such work to go beyond narrow disciplinary interests. Several individuals and institutions aided in bringing the essays together. Since a 1981 conference, many of these papers have been revised to take into account the exchange of views that took place. The other essays in the book are intended to reflect the broad range of hermeneutical alternatives that are now being actively explored.