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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Uniquely Okinawan: Determining Identity During The U.S. Wartime Occupation, Courtney A. Short Mar 2020

Uniquely Okinawan: Determining Identity During The U.S. Wartime Occupation, Courtney A. Short

History

When the U.S. military landed on the shores of Okinawa in 1945, they faced not only a fierce and battle-tested Japanese force, but also 463,000 Okinawan inhabitants. Larger than any other civilian population encountered by the Americans during previous campaigns throughout the Pacific islands, the people of Okinawa also had a unique and complex historical and political relationship with Japan. Okinawa never experienced subjugation as a colony, yet its acceptance as a prefecture did not yield equal treatment for the people because of their Ryukyuan heritage. As the U.S. military prepared for the Battle of Okinawa, they ...


Supply Line: The Canadian War Museum’S Second World War Discovery Box, Sandra O'Quinn Jan 2020

Supply Line: The Canadian War Museum’S Second World War Discovery Box, Sandra O'Quinn

Canadian Military History

Abstract : How do you bring the museum to the classroom? In 2014, the Canadian War Museum introduced the Supply Line program to mark the centenary of the First World War, circulating Discovery Boxes of real and reproduced objects from the Great War to schools across the country, reaching Canadian students in every province and territory. With the arrival of the 75th anniversary of the end of the Second World War, Museum staff, in consultation with teachers, added new Second World War Discovery Boxes that are proving as successful as the first program. This article discusses the development process behind the ...


Book Review: Hitler’S Atrocities Against Allied Pows: War Crimes Of The Third Reich, Timothy Heck Dec 2019

Book Review: Hitler’S Atrocities Against Allied Pows: War Crimes Of The Third Reich, Timothy Heck

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Hitler’s Atrocities Against Allied PoWs cannot be regarded as an academic study of the fate awaiting captured Allied servicemen and women. Its narrow focus, socio-political goal, and limited engagement with the historiography prevent it from serving as more than a survey text or springboard. Chinnery attempts to tie the individual fates to a larger argument that the German armed forces and their security force compatriots were systematically responsible for the abuses described in the book. While the individual cases are compelling and some have a clear connection to explicit policies, the book does not succeed in linking its other ...


Film Review: The Trial Of Ratko Mladić, Iva Vukušić Dec 2019

Film Review: The Trial Of Ratko Mladić, Iva Vukušić

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Stop Talking About Sorrow: Nixon’S Communications Strategy After Lam Son 719, Dominic K. So Dec 2019

Stop Talking About Sorrow: Nixon’S Communications Strategy After Lam Son 719, Dominic K. So

War and Society (MA) Theses

March 1971 was tough for President Richard Nixon. The American people were tired of the Vietnam War, with many still recovering from the violent anti-war protests of 1970. Congress had just passed an amendment prohibiting U.S. ground troops from operating outside of the borders of South Vietnam. Both the public and secret negotiations with Hanoi were stalled. Confidential channels with Beijing and Moscow about diplomatic initiatives had gone cold. Moreover, Lam Son 719, the joint U.S. and South Vietnamese incursion into Laos that began in February, was turning out to be a failure. The operation, Nixon’s military ...


Tichenor Collection (Mss 678), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2019

Tichenor Collection (Mss 678), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 678. Correspondence, papers and photographs of the Tichenor family of McLean County, Kentucky, and related families, especially Cherry, Short, and Hutchison. Much relates to the home front during World War II during the Navy service of high school teacher Thomas Cherry Tichenor.


Madden, Cornelius J., 1842-1903 (Sc 3494), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2019

Madden, Cornelius J., 1842-1903 (Sc 3494), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and typescript of letter (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 3494. Letter, 17 November 1862, to his mother from Cornelius Madden, serving with the 102nd Ohio Infantry at Bowling Green, Kentucky. He describes an increase in patrols and fortifications precipitated by rumors of guerrilla leader John Hunt Morgan’s presence in the area. Anticipating an encampment for the winter, he suggests his mother and other “widows” send a box of provisions, prepaid in order to save expense. He reports hearing nothing of his father, also in military service, who he believes to be at ...


Noel, Philip Jordan, Jr., 1914-1993 (Sc 3496), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2019

Noel, Philip Jordan, Jr., 1914-1993 (Sc 3496), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3496. Military training material from World War II titled "Methods of Utilizing Common Army Cargo Trucks as Litter Carriers." These adapted vehicles were meant to supplement available Army ambulances. Illustrated with pencil drawings and photos. Used in military training of Philip Jordan Noel, Jr., who was a U.S. Army medical doctor during World War II.


Vauban In The Wilderness: The Military Revolution And The Seven Years' War In North America, Joseph M. Green Dec 2019

Vauban In The Wilderness: The Military Revolution And The Seven Years' War In North America, Joseph M. Green

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

For the past thirty years there has been an ongoing debate regarding the nature of the Early Modern European Military Revolution. Much of this debate centers around whether the military and technological changes which are at the heart of the military revolution created the conditions for the bureaucratic systems of the modern nation state, or if those bureaucratic systems made possible the creation of larger, state sponsored armies and navies, as well as when these changes took place. Instead of focusing on what came first, the chicken or the egg, this thesis explores one aspect of the Military Revolution, focusing ...


Milem, Charles Arthur, 1893-1950 (Sc 3493), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2019

Milem, Charles Arthur, 1893-1950 (Sc 3493), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3493. Letters, 28 March and 27 April 1919, of Arthur Milem to his future wife Bendola White in Covington, Kentucky. Writing from Verdun, France, where he is serving with the American Expeditionary Force, he reports on the weather, letters received from family and friends, and his uneventful military life. Noting that his is now the oldest company left at Verdun, he expresses hope that orders will arrive soon allowing them to embark for “the good old U.S.A.” Hearing that Bendola and his sister are planning a reception upon his homecoming, he ...


Dinwiddie, James Baker N., 1853-1873 (Sc 3492), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2019

Dinwiddie, James Baker N., 1853-1873 (Sc 3492), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3492. Items related to attendance of James Baker N. Dinwiddie, Henry County, Tennessee, at the Kentucky Military Institute from 1869-1872. Includes a report card, tuition invoice and letters of receipt, copy of a photograph of Dinwiddie, two letters from his sister Pattie with news from home, and a 1985 letter regarding Dinwiddie’s record at KMI.


Stalin’S Foreign Policy “Shift”: Cautious Expansionism, Ussr-Dprk Relations 1945 – 1950 And The Origins Of The Korean War, Jacob Shuster Nov 2019

Stalin’S Foreign Policy “Shift”: Cautious Expansionism, Ussr-Dprk Relations 1945 – 1950 And The Origins Of The Korean War, Jacob Shuster

Major Papers

Despite initially denying Kim IL Sung’s requests for a military reunification in 1949, Josef Stalin decided to support an invasion of South Korea in 1950. This paper explores the origins of the Korean War and the roles of both the Soviet Civil Administration and Kim IL Sung in convincing Stalin that the invasion was necessary, and that it would be neither prolonged, nor involve American interference. Throughout the initial occupation of North Korea, Stalin preferred to maintain the status quo on the peninsula, as he was open to, but deeply suspicious of plans for reunification and restrained Kim’s ...


I British Corps And The Battle Of The Scheldt: A Reassessment, Nicholas Wheeler Nov 2019

I British Corps And The Battle Of The Scheldt: A Reassessment, Nicholas Wheeler

Canadian Military History

This paper will demonstrate that I British Corps’ operations were critical to the opening of the port of Antwerp. By examining the impact that I British Corps had on the operational and strategic levels of command within Twenty-First Army Group, it challenges the narrative that their operations were supporting in nature. Anchoring the centre of a three corps operation designed to open the port of Antwerp, clear the Scheldt Estuary, and push German forces out of southern Holland, I British Corps faced the bulk of Fifteenth Army and was decisive in undermining its strategic concept of operations. In fact, I ...


Identifying The Enemy In First World War Canada: The Historiography And Bureaucracy Of Enemy Alien Internment And Registration, Mary Chaktsiris Nov 2019

Identifying The Enemy In First World War Canada: The Historiography And Bureaucracy Of Enemy Alien Internment And Registration, Mary Chaktsiris

Canadian Military History

Over 8,000 people identified as enemy aliens were interned in Canada during the Great War. Another 80,000 people were required to register with authorities and report regularly. This article presents an overview of historiography about First World War internment in Canada from 1914 to 1920 and explores the changing internment and registration regulations during that period. The results suggest that narratives about First World War internment sit uncomfortably within a Canadian historiography focused on a nation-building narrative. During the Great War, the ability to use wartime legislation to control populations viewed as problematic overshadowed government claims that the ...


Why Did First Canadian Army Not Get The Acclaim Of The Canadian Corps?, J.L. Granatstein Nov 2019

Why Did First Canadian Army Not Get The Acclaim Of The Canadian Corps?, J.L. Granatstein

Canadian Military History

Canada’s soldiers in the Second World War did not receive the same acclaim from historians as the Canadian Corps in the Great War. Some of the blame for this rests on official historian C.P. Stacey, but some also rests on the loss of leadership material to the Royal Canadian Navy and Royal Canadian Air Force and on General Harry Crerar who was less of a commander than Sir Arthur Currie. But much also lies with historians who did not look beyond the Normandy fighting to the superb performance of the Canadians in the last nine months of the ...


The Guns Of Fort Monroe, Chris Fox Nov 2019

The Guns Of Fort Monroe, Chris Fox

Student Posters: GIS Day

The objective of this research project is to analyze the interlocking fields of fire from the field artillery positions around the Bastion known as Fort Monroe located in Hampton Virginia. The research project will allow for the visualization of the artillery positions around the fort in one overview, as well as line of sight analysis from each artillery position within the moat. An analysis and line of sight for the artillery positions outside of the fort was also conducted. The 12 Inch M1895 and M1900 disappearing guns were the largest guns used at the fort and fired a projectile that ...


The Grand Experiment: Jerome Dwight Davis And The Young Men’S Christian Association’S War Prisoner Aid Sports Programing For German Pows In Canadian Camps During World War Two, Courtney Hope Van Waas Nov 2019

The Grand Experiment: Jerome Dwight Davis And The Young Men’S Christian Association’S War Prisoner Aid Sports Programing For German Pows In Canadian Camps During World War Two, Courtney Hope Van Waas

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Jerome Davis, head of the Young Men’s Christian Association War Prisoner Aid program, was a devout Congregationalist dedicated to providing for the basic sport and recreation endeavours of German Prisoners of War interned in Canadian POW camps during the Second World War. Having worked with German Prisoners of War in Russia during the First World War, Davis firmly believed that WWII Allies the world over needed to change their generally antagonistic point of view towards German POWs, indeed, a point of view that required “moral revisionism.” Davis believed that the vilification and demeaning status of German POWs was not ...


How U.S. Government Policy Documents Are Addressing The Increasing National Security Implications Of Artificial Intelligence, Bert Chapman Oct 2019

How U.S. Government Policy Documents Are Addressing The Increasing National Security Implications Of Artificial Intelligence, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Artificial intelligence is affecting many areas of our lives and governmental policy. National security is one arena in which artificial intelligence is playing an increasingly important and controversial role. U.S. Government and military agencies are producing a steadily expanding corpus of publicly available literature on this topic. This literature documents how these agencies have this topic's national security implications historically and currently while also addressing potentially emerging national security issues where artificial intelligence will intersect with national security. This presentation demonstrates examples of the growing variety of publicly available national security artificial intelligence literature while also addressing the ...


Gray, John H. (Sc 3483), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2019

Gray, John H. (Sc 3483), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan of typescript (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 3483. Letter, 15 October 1862, to his family from John H. Gray, serving with the 101st Indiana Infantry. He describes his experiences enroute to Perryville, Kentucky in the wake of the recent battle there: the lack of rations that required improvisation when preparing meals, the prevalence of diarrhea (“the quick step”) among the troops, and his hospitalization at Perryville, where he sees the decaying body of a Confederate soldier, houses and hospitals full of suffering wounded, piles of spent ammunition, and destruction of ...


Warr, Joseph W., 1836-1864 (Sc 3482), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2019

Warr, Joseph W., 1836-1864 (Sc 3482), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and typescript (Click on “Additional Files” below for Manuscripts Small Collection 3482. Letter, 11 February 1862, to his mother and siblings from Joseph Warr, Company A, 2nd Minnesota Volunteers. From Somerset, Kentucky, he writes of troop movements toward Bowling Green, Kentucky, where he expects a victorious battle. He describes a recent encounter with Confederate forces crossing the Cumberland River and the severe wounds of those taken prisoner, but declares that the enemy would otherwise have shown no mercy. He notes the long knives of the Confederates (“Mississippi toothpicks”) and the homemade quality of their uniforms. He also ...


Review Of "Dominion Of Race: Rethinking Canada’S International History" By Laura Madokoro, Francine Mckenzie And David Meren, Eds., Matthew S. Wiseman Oct 2019

Review Of "Dominion Of Race: Rethinking Canada’S International History" By Laura Madokoro, Francine Mckenzie And David Meren, Eds., Matthew S. Wiseman

Canadian Military History

Review of "Dominion of Race: Rethinking Canada’s International History" by Laura Madokoro, Francine McKenzie and David Meren, eds.


Review Of "Churchill And Fisher: Titans At The Admiralty" By Barry Gough, James Walton Oct 2019

Review Of "Churchill And Fisher: Titans At The Admiralty" By Barry Gough, James Walton

Canadian Military History

Review of "Churchill and Fisher: Titans at the Admiralty" by Barry Gough.


Review Of "Bombing The City: Civilian Accounts Of The Air War In Britain And Japan, 1939-1945" By Aaron William Moore, Jean-Michel Turcotte Oct 2019

Review Of "Bombing The City: Civilian Accounts Of The Air War In Britain And Japan, 1939-1945" By Aaron William Moore, Jean-Michel Turcotte

Canadian Military History

Review of "Bombing the City: Civilian Accounts of the Air War in Britain and Japan, 1939-1945" by Aaron William Moore.


Review Of "The Endless Battle: The Fall Of Hong Kong And Canadian Pows In Imperial Japan" By Andy Flanagan, Brad St. Croix Oct 2019

Review Of "The Endless Battle: The Fall Of Hong Kong And Canadian Pows In Imperial Japan" By Andy Flanagan, Brad St. Croix

Canadian Military History

Review of "The Endless Battle: The Fall of Hong Kong and Canadian POWs in Imperial Japan" by Andy Flanagan.


Review Of "The Long Shadows: A Global Environmental History Of The Second World War" By Simo Laakkonen, Richard P. Tucker, And Timo Vuorisalo, Eds., Alex Souchen Oct 2019

Review Of "The Long Shadows: A Global Environmental History Of The Second World War" By Simo Laakkonen, Richard P. Tucker, And Timo Vuorisalo, Eds., Alex Souchen

Canadian Military History

Review of "The Long Shadows: A Global Environmental History of the Second World War" by Simo Laakkonen, Richard P. Tucker, and Timo Vuorisalo, eds.


Review Of "Engaging The Line: How The Great War Shaped The Canada-Us Border" By Brandon R. Dimmel, Kyle Pritchard Oct 2019

Review Of "Engaging The Line: How The Great War Shaped The Canada-Us Border" By Brandon R. Dimmel, Kyle Pritchard

Canadian Military History

Review of "Engaging the Line: How the Great War Shaped the Canada-US Border" by Brandon R. Dimmel.


Review Of "Always At War: Organizational Culture In Strategic Air Command, 1946-62" By Melvin G. Deaile, Russell Isinger Oct 2019

Review Of "Always At War: Organizational Culture In Strategic Air Command, 1946-62" By Melvin G. Deaile, Russell Isinger

Canadian Military History

Review of "Always at War: Organizational Culture in Strategic Air Command, 1946-62" by Melvin G. Deaile.


Review Of "One In A Thousand: The Life And Death Of Captain Eddie Mckay, Royal Flying Corps" By Graham Broad, Alexander Fitzgerald-Black Oct 2019

Review Of "One In A Thousand: The Life And Death Of Captain Eddie Mckay, Royal Flying Corps" By Graham Broad, Alexander Fitzgerald-Black

Canadian Military History

Review of "One in a Thousand: The Life and Death of Captain Eddie McKay, Royal Flying Corps" by Graham Broad.


Review Of "The Great Class War 1914-1918" By Jacques R. Pauwels, Manas Dutta Oct 2019

Review Of "The Great Class War 1914-1918" By Jacques R. Pauwels, Manas Dutta

Canadian Military History

Review of "The Great Class War 1914-1918" by Jacques R. Pauwels.


Review Of "This Small Army Of Women: Canadian Volunteer Nurses And The First World War" By Linda J. Quiney, Renée Davis Oct 2019

Review Of "This Small Army Of Women: Canadian Volunteer Nurses And The First World War" By Linda J. Quiney, Renée Davis

Canadian Military History

Review of "This Small Army of Women: Canadian Volunteer Nurses and the First World War" by Linda J. Quiney.