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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Lugar Sagrado: A Sacred Place, Bennett E. Vogt May 2020

Lugar Sagrado: A Sacred Place, Bennett E. Vogt

Streams of Consciousness

The intent of publishing is to share my work of fiction about a young boy facing both his own and his mother’s mortality in the context of a chronic illness. The piece was originally created for a creative writing course, but was never published, and has been edited since into its current form.

Berlin Prize 2020 Third Place Winning Submission


Shamanism & Its Basic Spiritual Function To Heal, Carla Frias Dec 2019

Shamanism & Its Basic Spiritual Function To Heal, Carla Frias

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Shamanism is known as the oldest spiritual and mystical practice still existing in our planet. Its presence dates back 30 to 40 thousand years ago, a time where consciousness emerged into the human mind. Throughout time and evolution, many of the shamanic practices have spread across the world and remain prevalent in a multitude of religious practices. Nevertheless, over time, their esoteric views on healing have become commonly overlooked and replaced by modern science. The holistic interpretation of human nature is being forgotten by a more “rational” approach about humankind. But what does shaman medicine truly entail? And how can ...


Religious Practices And Long-Term Survival After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, Kate L. Lapane, Molly E. Waring, Christine M. Ulbricht, Randolph S. Devereaux, David D. Mcmanus, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg Oct 2019

Religious Practices And Long-Term Survival After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, Kate L. Lapane, Molly E. Waring, Christine M. Ulbricht, Randolph S. Devereaux, David D. Mcmanus, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Prior studies of healthy populations have found religious practices to be associated with survival. However, no contemporary studies have examined whether religiosity influences survival among patients discharged from the hospital after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study examined the relationship between religious practices and 2-year all-cause mortality among hospital survivors of an ACS.

METHODS: Patients hospitalized for an ACS were recruited from 6 medical centers in Massachusetts and Georgia between 2011 and 2013. Study participants self-reported three items assessing religiosity: strength/comfort from religion, petition prayers for health, and awareness of intercessory prayers by others. All cause-mortality ...


Conflict Between Religious Beliefs And Sexuality: An Autoethnography, Carlos E. Gerena Sep 2019

Conflict Between Religious Beliefs And Sexuality: An Autoethnography, Carlos E. Gerena

The Qualitative Report

Despite the shift in attitudes in religious institutions toward homosexuals in the United States, there are some religions that continue to view same-sex behavior as a deviant and damning sin. For many, religious beliefs and values provide meaning and impact personal identity. Using autoethnography, I will explicate my own experiences with religious institutions and the ongoing conflict between religious beliefs and sexuality. I will discuss messages received from the Pentecostal church, family, and Latino community, and how these messages influenced my human development and emotional well-being. I show that internalization of the principles taught by the Pentecostal Church triggered a ...


Religious Practices And Changes In Health-Related Quality Of Life After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Darleen M. Lessard, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg Sep 2019

Religious Practices And Changes In Health-Related Quality Of Life After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Darleen M. Lessard, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices influence coping mechanisms and quality of life in patients with various chronic illnesses. However, little is known about the influence of religious practices on changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among hospital survivors of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study examined the association between several items assessing religiosity and clinically meaningful changes in HRQOL between 1 and 6 months after hospital discharge for an ACS.

METHODS: We recruited patients hospitalized for an ACS at six medical centers in Central Massachusetts and Georgia (2011-2013). Participants reported making petition prayers for their health, awareness ...


Dusty Shoes: Appalachia Wisdom Fertilizing The Future Of Religious Leadership, Jill Crainshaw Apr 2019

Dusty Shoes: Appalachia Wisdom Fertilizing The Future Of Religious Leadership, Jill Crainshaw

Journal of Appalachian Health

Dust from their journeys through the hills and hollows of Appalachia clings to their shoes and has forever shaped their vocational journeys. This is a refrain I have distilled from the reflections of students who have participated in Wake Forest University School of Divinity’s multicultural contexts course that includes a 10-day sojourn in the mountains of North Carolina.


Interview Of Margaret Mcguinness, Ph.D., Margaret Mcguinness Ph.D., Stephen Pierce Apr 2019

Interview Of Margaret Mcguinness, Ph.D., Margaret Mcguinness Ph.D., Stephen Pierce

All Oral Histories

Dr. Margaret McGuinness was born in 1953, in Providence, Rhode Island. She went to an all-girls Catholic high school called St. Mary’s Academy Bayview in Providence where she graduated in 1971. McGuinness went on to major in American Studies and Civilization as an undergraduate at Boston University graduating with a B.A in 1975. She continued her work at Boston University where McGuinness earned a master’s of theological studies (M.T.S) focusing on Biblical and Historical Studies in 1979. She would move to New York to work on her dissertation at Union Theological Seminary finishing with her ...


Mind Over (What Doesn’T) Matter: De-Stigmatizing Mental Health From Senegalese Women’S Perspectives, Jenna Marks Apr 2019

Mind Over (What Doesn’T) Matter: De-Stigmatizing Mental Health From Senegalese Women’S Perspectives, Jenna Marks

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

As a matrilocal and collectivist society, Dakar is an urban space where the woman is at the center. With this in mind, it is possible to understand all the pressures women in urban Senegalese society face. Women are the center of the household, thus being responsible for the family, finances, and the social aspect of welcoming visitors. In addition to these factors, women in Senegal also deal with community expectations and responsibilities since there is larger emphasis on the community, rather than the nuclear family in Senegalese society. This paper examines how these two aspects of Senegalese society (matrilocality and ...


Religiosity And Patient Engagement In Their Healthcare Among Hospital Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg Mar 2019

Religiosity And Patient Engagement In Their Healthcare Among Hospital Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Optimum management after an Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) requires considerable patient engagement/activation. Religious practices permeate people's lives and may influence engagement in their healthcare. Little is known about the relationship between religiosity and patient activation in hospital survivors of an ACS.

Methods: We recruited patients hospitalized for an ACS at six medical centers in Central Massachusetts and Georgia (2011-2013). Participants self-reported three measures of religiosity - strength and comfort from religion, making petition prayers, and awareness of intercessory prayers for health. Patient activation was assessed using the 6-item Patient Activation Measure (PAM-6). We categorized participants as either having ...


Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin J. Black Feb 2019

Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Handout for a lecture in the Washington University School of Medicine elective course “Major religious traditions and health care.” This document represents my personal views and does not necessarily represent the opinions of the University or of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


Religion In Incarcerated, Jewish, Female Inmates, Marcia Janine Kesner Jan 2019

Religion In Incarcerated, Jewish, Female Inmates, Marcia Janine Kesner

Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the role religious belief and practice played amongst Jewish, female inmates during their incarceration. A group of ten correctional chaplains who work with Jewish, female, inmates and a comparison group of ten chaplains who work with Protestant, female inmates were interviewed. The study determined the reasons for and benefits of religious observance among these inmates and included assisting in dealing with fear, providing a sense of peace, and deceitful motives for personal gains. Religious practice also assisted inmate populations in healing from trauma, improving self-respect and self-esteem, building support systems, and additionally for Jewish, female inmates constructing ...


Namaste In The Usa: The Growing Pains That Traditional Yoga Faces In America – An International Marketing Case Study, Clay T. Wilderman, Mona Sinha Jan 2019

Namaste In The Usa: The Growing Pains That Traditional Yoga Faces In America – An International Marketing Case Study, Clay T. Wilderman, Mona Sinha

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

Yoga is a mind, body, and spiritual practice that originated nearly 5,000 years in India. It is known to relieve stress, enhance athletic performance, increase strength and flexibility as well as assist in achieving inner peace, focus, and improving mental wellness. In recent years, the practice of yoga has grown exponentially in the United States with about 37 million practitioners in 2016. However, the future growth of yoga in the U.S faces some critical challenges. American innovations in yoga techniques and the rise of the yoga accessories industry with deep linkages with consumerism, is drawing the practice away ...


The Parallels Between Art Therapy And Christianity: Integrating Identities As A Christian And An Art Therapist, Kendal Hansen Apr 2018

The Parallels Between Art Therapy And Christianity: Integrating Identities As A Christian And An Art Therapist, Kendal Hansen

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Therapists knowledge of their personal beliefs is extremely beneficial to individual’s working in the field of art therapy. Therapists are better able to serve their clients when they have a clear understanding of themselves and their biases. The writer of this thesis identifies strongly as an art therapist and as a Christian. To better understand how the two strongest parts of her identity integrated, this thesis explored the parallels between Christianity and art therapy by reviewing the literature and facilitating an arts-based qualitative study. The literature suggested that art therapy can be effective with various populations within the Christian ...


Religiosity Prevalence And Its Association With Depression And Anxiety Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults, Shir Lerman, Molly Jung, Elva M. Arredondo, Janice M. Barnhart, Jianwen Cai, Sheila F. Castaneda, Martha L. Daviglus, Rebeca A. Espinoza, Aida L. Giachello, Kristine M. Molina, Krista Perreira, Hugo Salgado, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C. Kaplan Feb 2018

Religiosity Prevalence And Its Association With Depression And Anxiety Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults, Shir Lerman, Molly Jung, Elva M. Arredondo, Janice M. Barnhart, Jianwen Cai, Sheila F. Castaneda, Martha L. Daviglus, Rebeca A. Espinoza, Aida L. Giachello, Kristine M. Molina, Krista Perreira, Hugo Salgado, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C. Kaplan

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVES: Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms.

DESIGN: The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18-74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety ...


Addressing Spiritual Care Needs In Primary Care, Olayinka Akerele-Olufidipe Jan 2018

Addressing Spiritual Care Needs In Primary Care, Olayinka Akerele-Olufidipe

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This DNP project focused on the spiritual aspects of care that are often neglected in the outpatient setting. Most patients value their spiritual health and believe that it is just as important as their mental and physical health. The purpose of this project was to improve the overall spiritual care provided to patients, their families, and/or caregivers in times when they were experiencing spiritual distress. This quality improvement (QI) project was designed to determine whether embedding a chaplain in an outpatient clinic instead of providing a pamphlet about chaplain services increases patient satisfaction. Secondary analysis of the data in ...


Healing Without Gloves: Can Religion Influence The Interaction Between The Patient And The Healthcare Provider, Quinn Navarro Jan 2018

Healing Without Gloves: Can Religion Influence The Interaction Between The Patient And The Healthcare Provider, Quinn Navarro

Armacost Library Undergraduate Research Award (ALURA)

This study explores the potential impact of religion on the relationship between healthcare providers and their patients. It combines literature-based research with a personal reflection upon meaningful engagements with patients that took place over a period of two years. The goal is to better define the role that religion plays in the relationships cultivated between doctors and their patients. I begin my research by documenting links between religion and medicine, dating back to ancient times. This basis underscores why the connection between religion and medicine remains relevant today. My personal reflection provides insight that ultimately contributes to the claim that ...


Mcreynolds, Benjamin, 1769-1845 (Mss 603), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Feb 2017

Mcreynolds, Benjamin, 1769-1845 (Mss 603), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scans of selected items (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Collection 603. Manuscript books of sermons, religious, medical and other writings created by Benjamin S. McReynolds, a Butler County, Kentucky Methodist minister. Includes family history and records of schools operated by McReynolds.


Brown, Michael R. - Collector (Sc 3088), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Feb 2017

Brown, Michael R. - Collector (Sc 3088), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding Aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3088. Correspondence of Janice Holt Giles related to the “White Caps,” the Brethren in Christ church, and collected by Michael R. Brown for a scholarly article he produced on the topic. Also includes a chronology of Giles’ life compiled by Brown as well as a copy of his completed article. Giles used the information she gleaned about the “White Caps” in one of her books, Tara’s Healing.


Method In Catholic Bioethics: Anh And Pvs Patients, Gregory J. Smith Jan 2017

Method In Catholic Bioethics: Anh And Pvs Patients, Gregory J. Smith

Bioethics in Faith and Practice

This paper discusses the methods used in Catholic Social Teaching (CST), a part of the Catholic Moral Tradition (CMT), as applied to bioethical problem solving and decision-making. In order to apply CST to a concrete bioethical problem and to analyze the methods used in CST, the nature and extent of the obligation to provide artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) to patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) is addressed. In particular, this paper focuses upon the extent to which providing ANH to PVS patients is or should be considered morally obligatory. In this discussion, the current official view of the ...


Consumers, Clergy, And Clinicians In Collaboration: Ongoing Implementation And Evaluation Of A Mental Wellness Program, Glen Milstein, Dennis Middel, Adriana Espinosa Jan 2017

Consumers, Clergy, And Clinicians In Collaboration: Ongoing Implementation And Evaluation Of A Mental Wellness Program, Glen Milstein, Dennis Middel, Adriana Espinosa

Publications and Research

As a foundation of most cultures, with roots in persons’ early development, religion can be a source of hope as well as denigration. Some religious institutions have made attempts to help persons with mental health problems, and some mental health professionals have sought to engage religion resources. These programs have rarely been sustained. In 2008, the Mental Health Center of Denver (MHCD) developed a program to assess the utility of religion resources within mental health care. In response to positive feedback, MHCD appointed a director of Faith and Spiritual Wellness who facilitates community outreach to faith communities and spiritual integration ...


Spirituality Among African American Christian Women Who Have Contemplated, Marilyn Wiley Jan 2017

Spirituality Among African American Christian Women Who Have Contemplated, Marilyn Wiley

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that African American women had the lowest recorded number of suicide completions among all ethnic and gender groups in the United States. In addition, the number of suicides among African American women continued to soar without a clear reason or understanding of their lowest completion rates. Further research in the area of spirituality among African American women may be critical in understanding why African American women's rates of completed suicides are statistically lower than other ethnic groups and how to prevent future rate increases. A phenomenological framework was used to examine ...


Religious Leaders' Perceptions Of Advance Care Planning: A Secondary Analysis Of Interviews With Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Islamic, Jewish, Sikh And Bahá'Í Leaders, Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd, Margaret Staples Jan 2017

Religious Leaders' Perceptions Of Advance Care Planning: A Secondary Analysis Of Interviews With Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Islamic, Jewish, Sikh And Bahá'Í Leaders, Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd, Margaret Staples

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background International guidance for advance care planning (ACP) supports the integration of spiritual and religious aspects of care within the planning process. Religious leaders’ perspectives could improve how ACP programs respect patients’ faith backgrounds. This study aimed to examine: (i) how religious leaders understand and consider ACP and its implications, including (ii) how religion affects followers’ approaches to end-of-life care and ACP, and (iii) their implications for healthcare. Methods Interview transcripts from a primary qualitative study conducted with religious leaders to inform an ACP website, ACPTalk, were used as data in this study. ACPTalk aims to assist health professionals conduct ...


Perceived Patient Control Over Personal Health Information In The Presence Of Context-Specific Concerns, Prabhashi A. Nanayakkara Oct 2016

Perceived Patient Control Over Personal Health Information In The Presence Of Context-Specific Concerns, Prabhashi A. Nanayakkara

Doctoral Dissertations

Information privacy issues have plagued the world of electronic media since its inception. This research focused mainly on factors that increase or decrease perceived patient control over personal health information (CTL) in the presence of context-specific concerns. Control agency theory was used for the paper's theoretical contributions. Personal and proxy control agencies acted as the independent variables, and context-specific concerns for information privacy (CFIP) were used as the moderator between proxy control agency, healthcare provider, and CTL. Demographic data and three control variables— the desire for information control, privacy experience, and trust propensity—were also included in the model ...


Los Factores Influyentes En Las Perspectivas De Aborto De Los Estudiantes Universitarios En Santiago, Chile: Desde Lo Conservador A Lo Contrario, Victoria Albert Apr 2016

Los Factores Influyentes En Las Perspectivas De Aborto De Los Estudiantes Universitarios En Santiago, Chile: Desde Lo Conservador A Lo Contrario, Victoria Albert

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Research Question: What factors influence the pro-life and pro-choice perspectives of university students in Santiago, Chile? What are these perspectives? Objectives: The general objective of this study is to describe the pro-life and pro-choice perspectives on abortion held by university students in Santiago, Chile, and to describe how factors such as feminism, religion, and the right to life influence these views today. The specific objectives of this study are to define and analyze the way in which these factors work to influence students’ perspectives, as well as identify what percentage of students currently support various types of abortion.

Background: Chile ...


An Exploration Of The Role Of Religion/Spirituality In The Promotion Of Physicians' Wellbeing In Emergency Medicine, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, George Fitchett, Katherine Leung, Gregory A. Volturo, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Sybil L. Crawford, Ira S. Ockene, Farr Curlin Feb 2016

An Exploration Of The Role Of Religion/Spirituality In The Promotion Of Physicians' Wellbeing In Emergency Medicine, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, George Fitchett, Katherine Leung, Gregory A. Volturo, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Sybil L. Crawford, Ira S. Ockene, Farr Curlin

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Burnout is highly prevalent among Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians and has significant impact on quality of care and workforce retention. The objective of this study was to determine whether higher religion/spirituality (R/S) is associated with a lower prevalence of burnout among EM physicians (primary outcome). A history of malpractice lawsuits and maladaptive behaviors were the secondary outcomes.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, survey-based study conducted among a random sample of physicians from the Massachusetts College of Emergency Physicians mailing list. Burnout was measured using a validated 2-item version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Maladaptive behaviors (smoking, drinking ...


The Santa Clara Strength Of Religious Faith Questionnaire (Scsorf): A Validation Study On Iranian Muslim Patients Undergoing Dialysis, Amir H. Pakpour, Thomas G. Plante, Mohsen Saffari, Bengt Fridlund Jan 2016

The Santa Clara Strength Of Religious Faith Questionnaire (Scsorf): A Validation Study On Iranian Muslim Patients Undergoing Dialysis, Amir H. Pakpour, Thomas G. Plante, Mohsen Saffari, Bengt Fridlund

Thomas G Plante PhD, ABPP

The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire (SCSORF) is an often used and validated scale that is uncommonly utilized in culturally diverse populations. The purpose of this research investigation was to adapt the SCSORF for use among Iranian Muslim patients undergoing dialysis and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale among this population. A total of 428 patients (228 females, 200 males, M age = 52.2 years, SD = 10) were selected from five dialysis center in Tehran and Qazvin, Iran. A comprehensive forward–backward translation system was used for cross-cultural translation. Patients completed a baseline questionnaire obtaining ...


Jainism And Nonviolence: From Mahavira To Modern Times, Lana E. Sims Jan 2016

Jainism And Nonviolence: From Mahavira To Modern Times, Lana E. Sims

The Downtown Review

The research contained in this paper focuses on the religion of Jainism, its main principle of ahimsa, or nonviolence, and how that philosophy has evolved over the years, eventually inspiring today’s nonviolent movements. First, a look will be taken at the origin of Jainism, with a brief explanation of its most important principles and beliefs. Then, ahimsa is explained as it has been traditionally perceived by Jains. The recent evolution of the meaning of ahimsa and its impact on modern nonviolence movements is discussed, with a focus on the influence of second-generation Jains in the United States on the ...


Life Is Suffering: Buddhism As A Potential Obstacle To Crisis And Trauma Intervention, Elizabeth Peevy Jan 2016

Life Is Suffering: Buddhism As A Potential Obstacle To Crisis And Trauma Intervention, Elizabeth Peevy

Honors Theses

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the need for an empirical examination of the interaction between Crisis Intervention strategies and religions. While there seem to be obvious obstacles to crisis intervention within the major tenets of most of the world's religions, there has been little to no accessible research on the subject. This paper will focus only on Buddhism, a religion that gets much attention in regard to mental health. In the practice of crisis and trauma intervention, a person who holds to traditional Buddhist views should theoretically suffer more severely with PTSD symptoms because of Buddhism ...


Invitation To The Table Conversation: A Few Diverse Perspectives On Integration, Natalia Yangarber-Hicks, Charles Behensky, Sally Schwer, Kelly Schimmel Flanagan, Nicholas J.S. Gibson, Mitchell W. Hicks, Cynthia Neal Kimball, Jenny H. Pak, Thomas G. Plante, Steven L. Porter Dec 2015

Invitation To The Table Conversation: A Few Diverse Perspectives On Integration, Natalia Yangarber-Hicks, Charles Behensky, Sally Schwer, Kelly Schimmel Flanagan, Nicholas J.S. Gibson, Mitchell W. Hicks, Cynthia Neal Kimball, Jenny H. Pak, Thomas G. Plante, Steven L. Porter

Thomas G Plante PhD, ABPP

This article represents an invitation to the "integration table" to several previously underrepresented perspectives within Christian psychology. The Judeo-Christian tradition and current views on scholarship and Christian faith compel us to extend hospitality to minority voices within integration, thereby enriching and challenging existing paradigms in the field. Contributors to this article, spanning areas of cultural, disciplinary, and theological diversity, provide suggestions for how their distinct voices can enhance future integrative efforts.


Fruit Of The Spirit: Next Steps, Thomas G. Plante Dec 2015

Fruit Of The Spirit: Next Steps, Thomas G. Plante

Thomas G Plante PhD, ABPP

Overall, the chapters provide support for the notion that religious and spiritu al practices, behavior, and engagement are associated with improved psychological, physical, and community functioning and wellbeing. Religion and spirituality can make us better. The fruit of the spirit can result in a better quality of life. However, we must be mindful of the need for future quality research as well as the downside of religious engagement, too. Intolerance, rigidity, and in-group/out-group conflict can be problematic and create a situation in which tills type of religious engagement can lead to fruit that is not healthy but unhealthy. This ...