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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The History Of The Dental Profession - From Ancient Origins To Modern Day, Steven A. Kezian May 2020

The History Of The Dental Profession - From Ancient Origins To Modern Day, Steven A. Kezian

Pacific Journal of Health

Abstract:

This research paper explores some of the earliest known evidences of dental treatment and traveled through time discussing important figures who made vital contributions toward the development of this profession.

Dentistry is one of the oldest professions to be developed. Ever since there have been humans, there have been problems with our teeth, and we have been figuring out ways to alleviate them. The idea that there were people specializing in the healing of the teeth and oral diseases has roots to ancient pre-history and a long and fascinating saga.

This history is divided into five stages:

-Ancient pre-history ...


The Journey Of Life, Rolene Yousefyan Nov 2019

The Journey Of Life, Rolene Yousefyan

Akesis

The materials used to create this piece were oil pastels. The inspiration behind this piece was the importance of mental health awareness along with our ability to grow and become who we are today based on our past experiences and history.


Selling Childhood: How The Middle Class Used Children In The Anti-Tuberculosis Movement (1930s-1940s), Hannah Fisher May 2019

Selling Childhood: How The Middle Class Used Children In The Anti-Tuberculosis Movement (1930s-1940s), Hannah Fisher

Senior Theses

During the anti-tuberculosis movement of the 1930s and 1940s, children were chosen as focal points, with their roles shaped by society’s changing view of childhood, the emergence of the middle class, and the socioeconomic and political climate. Children were used by middle-class reformers as conduits through which to disseminate information and enact controls on the working class. Health education in schools had two main goals: (1) for educated children to become educated adults, and (2) for educated children to transform the behaviors of adults around them. Although researchers have studied middle-class interventions into children’s health, few have analyzed ...


Interview Of Margaret Mcguinness, Ph.D., Margaret Mcguinness Ph.D., Stephen Pierce Apr 2019

Interview Of Margaret Mcguinness, Ph.D., Margaret Mcguinness Ph.D., Stephen Pierce

All Oral Histories

Dr. Margaret McGuinness was born in 1953, in Providence, Rhode Island. She went to an all-girls Catholic high school called St. Mary’s Academy Bayview in Providence where she graduated in 1971. McGuinness went on to major in American Studies and Civilization as an undergraduate at Boston University graduating with a B.A in 1975. She continued her work at Boston University where McGuinness earned a master’s of theological studies (M.T.S) focusing on Biblical and Historical Studies in 1979. She would move to New York to work on her dissertation at Union Theological Seminary finishing with her ...


“Uno Logra Olvidar La Tortura”: Impactos De Las Dictaduras Militares Y Conversaciones Sobre Las Secuelas De La Tortura En El Instituto De Terapia E Investigación, Em Rosner Apr 2019

“Uno Logra Olvidar La Tortura”: Impactos De Las Dictaduras Militares Y Conversaciones Sobre Las Secuelas De La Tortura En El Instituto De Terapia E Investigación, Em Rosner

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Investigué el impacto real de las dictaduras militares, y específicamente cómo las experiencias de tortura continuan marcando las vidas de los sobrevivientes y su habilidad de procesar los eventos de sus propias vidas, compartir sus experiencias con otras personas y hacer conexiones interpersonales. Mis preguntas primarias eran, ¿Cómo la tortura ha marcado la vida a largo plazo de las personas que la sufrieron? ¿Cómo impactan las experiencias de represión y tortura en las formas en que se construyen relaciones sociales y proyectos de vida? Para investigar este tema, entrevisté a personas que han tenido experiencias de tortura o que han ...


An Examination Of The Death Penalty, Alexandra N. Kremer Dec 2018

An Examination Of The Death Penalty, Alexandra N. Kremer

The Downtown Review

The death penalty, or capital punishment, is the use of execution through hanging, beheading, drowning, gas chambers, lethal injection, and electrocution among others in response to a crime. This has spurred much debate on whether it should be used for reasons such as ethics, revenge, economics, effectiveness as a deterrent, and constitutionality. Capital punishment has roots that date back to the 18th century B.C., but, as of 2016, has been abolished in law or practice by more than two thirds of the world’s countries and several states within the United States. Here, the arguments for and against ...


Neuroscience Subject Guide For The University Of Miami, Maya Lubarsky Apr 2018

Neuroscience Subject Guide For The University Of Miami, Maya Lubarsky

Library Research Scholars Program 2017-2018

The Neuroscience Subject Guide was developed in 2018 by Maya Lubarsky as part of her Library Research Scholars Program. The Subject Guide aims to aid Neuroscience students in guiding their research and improving their research skills. It also includes a comprehensive background on the development of the Neuroscience program at the University of Miami.


Researching The History Of Hiv/Aids: An Interview With Christopher Ewing, Emily Furlich Jan 2018

Researching The History Of Hiv/Aids: An Interview With Christopher Ewing, Emily Furlich

Auctus: The Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Reflections From The Road: Vincentian Hospitality Principles In Healthcare Education For The Indigent, John M. Conry Dec 2017

Reflections From The Road: Vincentian Hospitality Principles In Healthcare Education For The Indigent, John M. Conry

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

Hospitality and health care are clearly connected, both etymologically and practically. Health care has traditionally been delivered in hospitals. Vincent de Paul and Louise de Marillac developed the concept and practice of Vincentian health care, demonstrating a preferential option for the poor. It is important that those who work in healthcare understand and remain committed to Vincentian and hospitality based health care, particularly for the indigent and marginalized. The need for Vincentian and hospitality-based health care remains relevant and necessary in contemporary society, as there remains health inequity, particularly for the poor.


Richard Aghababian Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Rose Koven, Kristine M. Sjostedt Apr 2017

Richard Aghababian Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Rose Koven, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

The Richard Aghababian Papers chronicle Aghababian’s time as a student, professor, and department head at University of Massachusetts Medical School.


Department Of Microbiology And Physiological Systems (Maps) Papers, 2010 - Present (Formerly Department Of Physiology, 1968 – 2009): A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Dina Litvak, Kristine M. Sjostedt Feb 2017

Department Of Microbiology And Physiological Systems (Maps) Papers, 2010 - Present (Formerly Department Of Physiology, 1968 – 2009): A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Dina Litvak, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

The Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems (MaPS) Papers document the establishment of the Department of Physiology and chronicle its early history, development, and merger with the Department of Microbiology to form the Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems (MaPS).


William Arbuthnot Lane (1856-1943): Surgical Innovator And His Theory Of Autointoxication., Mackenzie Morris, Thea Price, Scott W. Cowan, Charles J. Yeo, Benjamin Phillips Jan 2017

William Arbuthnot Lane (1856-1943): Surgical Innovator And His Theory Of Autointoxication., Mackenzie Morris, Thea Price, Scott W. Cowan, Charles J. Yeo, Benjamin Phillips

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

William Arbuthnot Lane contributed to the advancement of many fields of orthopedics, otolaryngology, and general surgery. He is credited for his "no-touch technique" and the invention of long-handled instruments, some of which are still in use today, to minimize tissue handling. He is most well known for his hypothesis that slowing of gastric contents could cause a variety of ailments and this became known as Lane's disease. Although his surgical treatment of Lane's disease is now defunct, it advanced the surgical technique in colorectal surgery. It seems likely that some of Lane's "autointoxication" patients would be classified ...


The Heart Of Vincentian Higher Education, Dennis H. Holtschneider Cm. Dec 2016

The Heart Of Vincentian Higher Education, Dennis H. Holtschneider Cm.

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

It means a great deal to me to be here at St. John’s University, where I began my university service twenty-seven years ago. It has been my own great joy to spend my life in Vincentian education. Working in Vincentian Universities combines my love for the intellectual life with a desire to serve the poor that I myself received because I attended a Vincentian university in my youth. And it’s the great heart of a Vincentian university to see possibility in ALL the young. I doubt that Bishop Loughlin, whose idea that there should be a university for ...


A Brief Overview Of The Life And Work Of Lyon Henry Appleby, M.D. (1895-1970)., Jon Harrison, Michael J. Pucci, Scott W. Cowan, Charles Yeo Dec 2016

A Brief Overview Of The Life And Work Of Lyon Henry Appleby, M.D. (1895-1970)., Jon Harrison, Michael J. Pucci, Scott W. Cowan, Charles Yeo

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

The life and work of Dr. Lyon Henry Appleby, M.D., portrays the essence of a devoted clinician committed to scholarly excellence. Born in Deseronto, Ontario, in 1895 and passing in 1970, Dr. Appleby influenced all areas of general surgery, most notably popularizing a procedure that bears his name today. After a tour in World War I, he quickly proved himself to be a dedicated clinician with roots in academia, which translated into excellence within the Department of Surgery at St. Paul's Hospital in Vancouver, Canada. He served in various leadership roles including Chair of the Department of Surgery ...


Remembering Dr. Henry W. Gray (1827-1861) And His Timeless Contribution To Modern Medical Education., Niti Shahi, Abigail L. Brooks, Charles J. Yeo, Scott W. Cowan, Gerald A. Isenberg Nov 2016

Remembering Dr. Henry W. Gray (1827-1861) And His Timeless Contribution To Modern Medical Education., Niti Shahi, Abigail L. Brooks, Charles J. Yeo, Scott W. Cowan, Gerald A. Isenberg

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

No abstract provided.


A. Robert Schell Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Emily Tricco, Kristine M. Sjostedt Nov 2016

A. Robert Schell Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Emily Tricco, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

The A. Robert Schell Papers chronicle A. Robert Schell’s time as a student in the first class of the University of Massachusetts Medical School.


History Of Key Events In Women’S Health Care, Zoё M. Chambliss Oct 2016

History Of Key Events In Women’S Health Care, Zoё M. Chambliss

Student Publications

In 1973, ninety-three percent of all American doctors were men (Ehrenreich and English). Gender based inequity permeates all spheres of women’s health care from employment to access to treatment to biologically-based myths of male superiority, yet women once presided over the health and spirituality of their communities and their own bodies. All of the earliest human societies worshipped the Earth Goddess and respected women as holy givers of life. This tradition persisted until the rise of the patriarchy and Western “Civilization” increasingly forced women out of positions of power and rewrote the religious stories to give supremacy to male ...


Robin I. Davidson Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Emily Tricco, Kristine M. Sjostedt Oct 2016

Robin I. Davidson Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Emily Tricco, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

The Robin I. Davidson Papers chronicle the career of Dr. Davidson as a neurosurgeon, an educator, and an administrator.


Samuel B. Woodward Papers (1806 – 1848): A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Dina Litvak, Kristine M. Sjostedt Jul 2016

Samuel B. Woodward Papers (1806 – 1848): A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Dina Litvak, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

Samuel Bayard Woodward, M.D., (1787-1850), physician, educator, and publicist, was the first superintendent (1832-1846) of the State Lunatic Hospital (later the Worcester Recovery Center and Hospital) and the co-founder and first president (1844-1848) of the Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane (later the American Psychiatric Association). This collection contains digitized versions of essays, addresses, obituaries, letters, and verses created by Woodward from 1806 to 1848 and cover various medical, social, financial, educational, and personal topics.


Emil Zuckerkandl, M.D. (1849-1910): Bridging Anatomic Study And The Operating Room Table., Leah Winer, Md, Pankhuri Jha, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott D. Goldstein, Md Mar 2016

Emil Zuckerkandl, M.D. (1849-1910): Bridging Anatomic Study And The Operating Room Table., Leah Winer, Md, Pankhuri Jha, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott D. Goldstein, Md

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

In the mid-19th century, the Vienna School of Anatomy was at the epicenter of the rapidly growing field of anatomy. One of the school’s most distinguished professors, Hungarian-born anatomist Emil Zuckerkandl was instrumental in transforming anatomy from a descriptive science to one of practical and clinical value. A prolific researcher interested in nearly all areas of morphology and most famously, the chromaffin system, Zuckerkandl’s discoveries from more than a century ago still provide a foundation for surgeons to this day.


The Creation Of A Model Pediatric Ward For African American Children In 1920s Kansas City., Jane F. Knapp, Robert Schremmer Dec 2015

The Creation Of A Model Pediatric Ward For African American Children In 1920s Kansas City., Jane F. Knapp, Robert Schremmer

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


Preventing And Treating Narcotic Addiction — A Century Of Federal Drug Control, David Courtwright Nov 2015

Preventing And Treating Narcotic Addiction — A Century Of Federal Drug Control, David Courtwright

David T. Courtwright

Just over a century ago, in March 1915, the Harrison Narcotic Act took effect, requiring anyone who imported, produced, sold, or dispensed “narcotics” (at that time meaning coca- as well as opium-based drugs) to register, pay a nominal tax, and keep detailed records. With such records, officials could better enforce existing laws, such as those requiring sale by prescription only. They could also prosecute unregistered narcotics distributors such as saloonkeepers and street peddlers. The intent was to keep narcotic transactions within legitimate medical channels. For more than a decade, U.S. reformers and diplomats had been urging this course on ...


Carmen Pettapiece, D.O. Scrapbook 3, Carmen Pettapiece D.O. Jul 2015

Carmen Pettapiece, D.O. Scrapbook 3, Carmen Pettapiece D.O.

Carmen Pettapiece, D.O. Scrapbooks

Scrapbook of personal papers and osteopathy-related materials from the collection of Carmen Pettapiece, D.O.


L’Animal : Agent Du Biopouvoir Dans L’Imaginaire Postcolonial Alain Cyr Pangop Kameni Et Hervé Tchumkam, Alain Cyr Pangop Kameni, Hervé Tchumkam Jun 2015

L’Animal : Agent Du Biopouvoir Dans L’Imaginaire Postcolonial Alain Cyr Pangop Kameni Et Hervé Tchumkam, Alain Cyr Pangop Kameni, Hervé Tchumkam

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

This article seeks to understand the status of the animal and its relation to biopolitics in postcolonial fiction. Going beyond and against Graham Huggan’s notion of “postcolonial exotic”, the analysis of the relation between human and animal is twofold: first, describe and interpret the mechanisms of power, and second, show how the figure of the beast which is at the center of political struggle and social conflict makes more complex the understanding of the “discipline and punish” in postcolonial contexts. Ultimately, drawing on the study of selected novels and drama, the aim of this paper is to show that ...


Alton Ochsner, Md (1896-1981): Surgical Pioneer And Legacy Linking Smoking And Disease., Christina L. Costantino, Md, Jordan M. Winter, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md Jun 2015

Alton Ochsner, Md (1896-1981): Surgical Pioneer And Legacy Linking Smoking And Disease., Christina L. Costantino, Md, Jordan M. Winter, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

Edward William Alton Ochsner kept a plain, metal card file in which he recorded close to 50 years worth of medical experiences, research, and insights. The most populated topics were filed as "Cancer, Lung" and "Cancer, Bronchogenic." These reflected his areas of greatest interest, for which he would go on to produce groundbreaking work. Of his many lifetime accomplishments, he is perhaps best known for being the first to report a link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer. This was just one of the many ways in which Ochsner worked to effect social change. The establishment of the Ochsner Health ...


Frederic E. Mohs, M.D. (1910-2002): Physician And Innovator., Nicholas A. Ross, B.A., Nazanin Saedi, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md May 2015

Frederic E. Mohs, M.D. (1910-2002): Physician And Innovator., Nicholas A. Ross, B.A., Nazanin Saedi, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

Frederic “Fred” E. Mohs was an “honest and good man, a ferocious and courageous worker.”1 Husband, father of three, prolific writer, and speaker, Dr. Mohs was a pioneer in many fields. His desire to do good was fueled by his enthusiasm for scientific advancement (Frederic E. Mohs Jr., personal communication, 2014). He is most remembered for Mohs Micrographic Surgery, formerly chemosurgery, which allows visualization and examination of all tissue margins achieving skin cancer cure rates of 98 to 99 per cent.


Interview Of Margaret Mary Markmann, Ph.D., Margaret Mary Markmann Ph.D, Alexander P. Rowan Apr 2015

Interview Of Margaret Mary Markmann, Ph.D., Margaret Mary Markmann Ph.D, Alexander P. Rowan

All Oral Histories

Dr. Markmann was born in 1948 at the Anderson Hospital in Center City, Philadelphia. She was the fourth of eleven children born into a household of her mother, her father and her grandparents. She grew up in Philadelphia and has lived in the area for her entire life only leaving once after she completed nursing school. During her childhood her extended family lived nearby, her grandmother lived down the street and her Aunt and Uncle lived in the opposite direction. Her father was the direct descendent of Irish immigrants who settled in South West Philadelphia and lived in Southwest Philadelphia ...


Vivien Thomas: Master Craftsman, Gifted Teacher, And Unsung Hero., Alisha Joyner, B.S., Charles J. Yeo, Md, Pinckney J. Maxwell, Iv, Md Feb 2015

Vivien Thomas: Master Craftsman, Gifted Teacher, And Unsung Hero., Alisha Joyner, B.S., Charles J. Yeo, Md, Pinckney J. Maxwell, Iv, Md

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

The field of pediatric cardiovascular surgery gained international recognition in 1944 with the first successful correction of a tetralogy of Fallot congenital anomaly in a 15-month-old patient. Dr. Helen Taussig (1898 to 1986), a pediatrician at Johns Hopkins Hospital, recognized the need for the procedure. Dr. Alfred Blalock (1899 to 1964), Chief of Surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital, is credited with performing the surgery. However, there is an unsung hero who for many years did not receive a single mention in the medical literature. Vivien Thomas (1910 to 1985) was Dr. Blalock’s research assistant who is said to have ...


Francis Daniels Moore: One Of The Brightest Minds In The Surgical Field., Sara L. Low, Bs, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Ashesh P. Shah, Md Feb 2015

Francis Daniels Moore: One Of The Brightest Minds In The Surgical Field., Sara L. Low, Bs, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Ashesh P. Shah, Md

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

Francis Daniels Moore was a pioneer ahead of his time who made numerous landmark contributions to the field of surgery, including the understanding of metabolic physiology during surgery, liver and kidney transplant, and the famous Study on Surgical Services of the United States (SOSSUS) report of 1975 that served for decades as a guideline for development of surgical residencies. He was the epitome of what a physician should be, a compassionate and dedicated surgeon, innovative scientist, and a medical professional dedicated to quality medical education across all specialties.


Dr. Mary Edwards Walker: Years Ahead Of Her Time., Dre M. Irizarry, Bs, Nicole Salomone, As, Karen A. Chojnacki, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Linda J. Bogar, Md Jan 2015

Dr. Mary Edwards Walker: Years Ahead Of Her Time., Dre M. Irizarry, Bs, Nicole Salomone, As, Karen A. Chojnacki, Md, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Linda J. Bogar, Md

Department of Surgery Gibbon Society Historical Profiles

Women phsycians in the United States were virtually nonexistent in the early to mid-1800s. Traditional medical schools still did not accept women, and few secretarian or eclectic medical schools were beginning to open their doors to female students. In 1849 at Geneva College, Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to achieve a medical degree in the United States.1 At the time of the Civil War, the few women who had managed to obtain medical degrees mainly served as nurses in the war, because society was not yet ready to accept the female physician.2 Dr. Mary Edwards Walker would ...