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Medicine and Health Sciences

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Religion

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Religious Practices And Long-Term Survival After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, Kate L. Lapane, Molly E. Waring, Christine M. Ulbricht, Randolph S. Devereaux, David D. Mcmanus, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg Oct 2019

Religious Practices And Long-Term Survival After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, Kate L. Lapane, Molly E. Waring, Christine M. Ulbricht, Randolph S. Devereaux, David D. Mcmanus, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Prior studies of healthy populations have found religious practices to be associated with survival. However, no contemporary studies have examined whether religiosity influences survival among patients discharged from the hospital after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study examined the relationship between religious practices and 2-year all-cause mortality among hospital survivors of an ACS.

METHODS: Patients hospitalized for an ACS were recruited from 6 medical centers in Massachusetts and Georgia between 2011 and 2013. Study participants self-reported three items assessing religiosity: strength/comfort from religion, petition prayers for health, and awareness of intercessory prayers by others. All cause-mortality ...


Religious Practices And Changes In Health-Related Quality Of Life After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Darleen M. Lessard, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg Sep 2019

Religious Practices And Changes In Health-Related Quality Of Life After Hospital Discharge For An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Darleen M. Lessard, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices influence coping mechanisms and quality of life in patients with various chronic illnesses. However, little is known about the influence of religious practices on changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among hospital survivors of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study examined the association between several items assessing religiosity and clinically meaningful changes in HRQOL between 1 and 6 months after hospital discharge for an ACS.

METHODS: We recruited patients hospitalized for an ACS at six medical centers in Central Massachusetts and Georgia (2011-2013). Participants reported making petition prayers for their health, awareness ...


Religiosity And Patient Engagement In Their Healthcare Among Hospital Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg Mar 2019

Religiosity And Patient Engagement In Their Healthcare Among Hospital Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Optimum management after an Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) requires considerable patient engagement/activation. Religious practices permeate people's lives and may influence engagement in their healthcare. Little is known about the relationship between religiosity and patient activation in hospital survivors of an ACS.

Methods: We recruited patients hospitalized for an ACS at six medical centers in Central Massachusetts and Georgia (2011-2013). Participants self-reported three measures of religiosity - strength and comfort from religion, making petition prayers, and awareness of intercessory prayers for health. Patient activation was assessed using the 6-item Patient Activation Measure (PAM-6). We categorized participants as either having ...


Religiosity Prevalence And Its Association With Depression And Anxiety Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults, Shir Lerman, Molly Jung, Elva M. Arredondo, Janice M. Barnhart, Jianwen Cai, Sheila F. Castaneda, Martha L. Daviglus, Rebeca A. Espinoza, Aida L. Giachello, Kristine M. Molina, Krista Perreira, Hugo Salgado, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C. Kaplan Feb 2018

Religiosity Prevalence And Its Association With Depression And Anxiety Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults, Shir Lerman, Molly Jung, Elva M. Arredondo, Janice M. Barnhart, Jianwen Cai, Sheila F. Castaneda, Martha L. Daviglus, Rebeca A. Espinoza, Aida L. Giachello, Kristine M. Molina, Krista Perreira, Hugo Salgado, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C. Kaplan

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVES: Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms.

DESIGN: The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18-74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety ...


An Exploration Of The Role Of Religion/Spirituality In The Promotion Of Physicians' Wellbeing In Emergency Medicine, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, George Fitchett, Katherine Leung, Gregory A. Volturo, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Sybil L. Crawford, Ira S. Ockene, Farr Curlin Feb 2016

An Exploration Of The Role Of Religion/Spirituality In The Promotion Of Physicians' Wellbeing In Emergency Medicine, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, George Fitchett, Katherine Leung, Gregory A. Volturo, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Sybil L. Crawford, Ira S. Ockene, Farr Curlin

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Burnout is highly prevalent among Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians and has significant impact on quality of care and workforce retention. The objective of this study was to determine whether higher religion/spirituality (R/S) is associated with a lower prevalence of burnout among EM physicians (primary outcome). A history of malpractice lawsuits and maladaptive behaviors were the secondary outcomes.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, survey-based study conducted among a random sample of physicians from the Massachusetts College of Emergency Physicians mailing list. Burnout was measured using a validated 2-item version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Maladaptive behaviors (smoking, drinking ...


Distal And Proximal Religiosity As Protective Factors For Adolescent And Emerging Adult Alcohol Use, Michelle V. Porche, Lisa R. Fortuna, Amy B. Wachholtz, Rosalie A. Torres Stone Apr 2015

Distal And Proximal Religiosity As Protective Factors For Adolescent And Emerging Adult Alcohol Use, Michelle V. Porche, Lisa R. Fortuna, Amy B. Wachholtz, Rosalie A. Torres Stone

Open Access Articles

Data from emerging adults (ages 18-29, N = 900) in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Study was used to examine the influence of childhood and emerging adult religiosity and religious-based decision-making, and childhood adversity, on alcohol use. Childhood religiosity was protective against early alcohol use and progression to later abuse or dependence, but did not significantly offset the influence of childhood adversity on early patterns of heavy drinking in adjusted logistic regression models. Religiosity in emerging adulthood was negatively associated with alcohol use disorders. Protective associations for religiosity varied by gender, ethnicity and childhood adversity histories. Higher religiosity may be protective ...


The Relationship Between Spirituality And Burnout Among Medical Students, Amy B. Wachholtz, Mai-Lan A. Rogoff Jan 2013

The Relationship Between Spirituality And Burnout Among Medical Students, Amy B. Wachholtz, Mai-Lan A. Rogoff

Psychiatry Publications

Medical student burnout has been associated with depression, loss of empathy, and suicidal ideation. Spirituality has been identified in previous studies as a protective factor in coping with the stress but has not been examined as a factor in medical student burnout. An internet link to an anonymous survey was sent via email to medical students at a public northeastern medical school; 259/469 (55.2%) completed it. The survey included measures of spirituality, burnout, psychological distress, coping, and general happiness. A Pearson-r correlation showed significant inverse correlations between measures of spirituality and measures of psychological distress/burnout (r's ...


Religion And Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Among Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative, Elena Salmoirago Blotcher, George Fitchett, Judith K. Ockene, Eliezer Schnall, Sybil L. Crawford, Iris Granek, Joanne Manson, Ira S. Ockene, Mary Jo O'Sullivan, Linda Powell, Stephen Rapp Feb 2011

Religion And Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Among Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative, Elena Salmoirago Blotcher, George Fitchett, Judith K. Ockene, Eliezer Schnall, Sybil L. Crawford, Iris Granek, Joanne Manson, Ira S. Ockene, Mary Jo O'Sullivan, Linda Powell, Stephen Rapp

GSBS Student Publications

Worship attendance has been associated with longer survival in prospective cohort studies. A possible explanation is that religious involvement may promote healthier lifestyle choices. Therefore, we examined whether attendance is associated with healthy behaviors, i.e. use of preventive medicine services, non-smoking, moderate drinking, exercising regularly, and with healthy dietary habits. The population included 71,689 post-menopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative observational study free of chronic diseases at baseline. Attendance and lifestyle behaviors information was collected at baseline using self-administered questionnaires. Healthy behaviors were modeled as a function of attendance using logistic regression. After adjustment for ...