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Medicine and Health Sciences

University of Massachusetts Medical School

DNA repair

Publication Year

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Deletion Of The Nucleotide Excision Repair Gene Ercc1 Reduces Immunoglobulin Class Switching And Alters Mutations Near Switch Recombination Junctions, Carol E. Schrader, Joycelyn Vardo, Erin K. Linehan, Michael Z. Twarog, Laura J. Niedernhofer, Jan H. J. Hoeijmakers, Janet Stavnezer Aug 2004

Deletion Of The Nucleotide Excision Repair Gene Ercc1 Reduces Immunoglobulin Class Switching And Alters Mutations Near Switch Recombination Junctions, Carol E. Schrader, Joycelyn Vardo, Erin K. Linehan, Michael Z. Twarog, Laura J. Niedernhofer, Jan H. J. Hoeijmakers, Janet Stavnezer

Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications

The structure-specific endonuclease ERCC1-XPF is an essential component of the nucleotide excision DNA repair pathway. ERCC1-XPF nicks double-stranded DNA immediately adjacent to 3' single-strand regions. Substrates include DNA bubbles and flaps. Furthermore, ERCC1 interacts with Msh2, a mismatch repair (MMR) protein involved in class switch recombination (CSR). Therefore, ERCC1-XPF has abilities that might be useful for antibody CSR. We tested whether ERCC1 is involved in CSR and found that Ercc1(-)(/)(-) splenic B cells show moderately reduced CSR in vitro, demonstrating that ERCC1-XPF participates in, but is not required for, CSR. To investigate the role of ERCC1 in CSR, the nucleotide ...


Role For Mismatch Repair Proteins Msh2, Mlh1, And Pms2 In Immunoglobulin Class Switching Shown By Sequence Analysis Of Recombination Junctions, Carol E. Schrader, Joycelyn Vardo, Janet Stavnezer Feb 2002

Role For Mismatch Repair Proteins Msh2, Mlh1, And Pms2 In Immunoglobulin Class Switching Shown By Sequence Analysis Of Recombination Junctions, Carol E. Schrader, Joycelyn Vardo, Janet Stavnezer

Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications

B cells from mice deficient in mismatch repair (MMR) proteins show decreased ability to undergo class switch recombination in vitro and in vivo. The deficit is not accompanied by any reduction in cell viability or alterations in the cell cycle in B cells cultured in vitro. To assess the role of MMR in switching we examined the nucleotide sequences of Smicro-Sgamma3 recombination junctions in splenic B cells induced in culture to switch to IgG3. The data demonstrate clear differences in the sequences of switch junctions in wild-type B cells in comparison with Msh2-, Mlh1-, and Pms2-deficient B cells. Sequences of ...