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Comparative Methodologies and Theories

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Circling The Elephant: A Comparative Theology Of Religious Diversity [Table Of Contents], John J. Thatamanil May 2020

Circling The Elephant: A Comparative Theology Of Religious Diversity [Table Of Contents], John J. Thatamanil

Religion

Christian theologians have for some decades affirmed that they have no monopoly on encounter with God or ultimate reality; other religions also have access to religious truth and transformation. If so, the time has come for Christians not just to learn about but also from their religious neighbors. Circling the Elephant affirms that the best way to move toward the mystery of divinity is to move toward the mystery of the neighbor.

In this book, Thatamanil employs the ancient Indian allegory of the elephant and blindfolded men to argue for the integration of three, often-separated theological projects: comparative theology, constructive ...


Magic, Alchemy, And The Spiritual But Not Religious, John C. Marshell Jr. Jan 2020

Magic, Alchemy, And The Spiritual But Not Religious, John C. Marshell Jr.

The Hilltop Review

In this paper, I identify a problem within the growing phenomenon of the "spiritual but not religious" community based on the particular experiences of German pilgrims attending a retreat at a Chinese Daoist monastery. Despite interests and affirmations in Daoism, the German pilgrims reacted negatively to Daoist supernatural attitudes and practices. Their SBNR beliefs clashed with Daoist orthodoxy. My research is largely based on a historical examination that contextualizes the problems the German pilgrims experienced and offers a possible remedy to their trans-cultural spiritual dilemma in alchemy and Jungian psychology.


Comparative Religion Reader Reli 30, Alan Lenzi Jan 2020

Comparative Religion Reader Reli 30, Alan Lenzi

Pacific Open Texts

Open Educational Resource (OER) of primary source materials and study questions for the RELI30: Comparative Religion course taught at the University of the Pacific.


Pistor's "Women's Gifts, Women's Roles: A Roadmap For Navigating The Debate Over Women In Ministry" (Book Review), Jaclyn Lee Parrott Dec 2019

Pistor's "Women's Gifts, Women's Roles: A Roadmap For Navigating The Debate Over Women In Ministry" (Book Review), Jaclyn Lee Parrott

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Colyer's "The Trinitarian Dimension Of John Wesley's Theology" (Book Review), J. James Mancuso Dec 2019

Colyer's "The Trinitarian Dimension Of John Wesley's Theology" (Book Review), J. James Mancuso

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Elaia 2019, Stephen Case Nov 2019

Elaia 2019, Stephen Case

ELAIA

DIRECTOR'S NOTE

Each fall, the Honors Program at Olivet Nazarene University admits a small number of academically gifted students into its freshman class. From the moment they set foot on our campus, these women and men join a community of scholars, and together they read, reflect upon, and discuss the most important ideas of the past and present—all within a Christian fellowship. The first two years of the program involve a series of Honors courses, taught by a team of faculty and modeled on the historic “old-time college,” where small class relationships, interdisciplinary discussion, and debate prevailed.

In ...


Reviews, Arden C. Autry Phd, Christopher G. Foster, Jennifer Greig-Berens, John Austin Helm, Thad R. Horner, Wonsuk Ma, Sandra Richardson, R. Samuel Thorpe, Jeffrey Voth, Ruth Whiteford Oct 2019

Reviews, Arden C. Autry Phd, Christopher G. Foster, Jennifer Greig-Berens, John Austin Helm, Thad R. Horner, Wonsuk Ma, Sandra Richardson, R. Samuel Thorpe, Jeffrey Voth, Ruth Whiteford

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

No abstract provided.


Healing En Masse: Examining The Unique Contribution Of The Spirit-Empowered Movement To The Practice Of Mass Evangelism, Daniel King Oct 2019

Healing En Masse: Examining The Unique Contribution Of The Spirit-Empowered Movement To The Practice Of Mass Evangelism, Daniel King

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

This article explores the unique innovation of mass healing evangelism by Spirit-empowered evangelists as an effective methodology for reaching people for Christ. It will trace the development of the idea of healing “en masse” in the Pentecostal tradition. It showcases a case study from a crusade conducted by the author in the nation of Brazil in which healing and evangelism were wedded together as an effective ministry strategy.


The Impact Of Healing On The Growth Of Christianity In Asia: An Empirical Investigation, Julie Ma Oct 2019

The Impact Of Healing On The Growth Of Christianity In Asia: An Empirical Investigation, Julie Ma

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

This article explores the role healing has played in the expansion of Christianity throughout Asia. It documents stories from various regions of Asia to demonstrate that healing is an effective method for evangelism.


Healing For All Races: Oral Roberts’ Legacy Of Racial Reconciliation In A Divided City, Daniel D. Isgrigg Oct 2019

Healing For All Races: Oral Roberts’ Legacy Of Racial Reconciliation In A Divided City, Daniel D. Isgrigg

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

This article explores Oral Roberts’ legacy of racial reconciliation in the backdrop of the racial history of Tulsa, Oklahoma. Oral Roberts was a pioneer of racial integration of his meetings during the Healing Revival of the 1950s. But his racial vision came to maturity as Oral Roberts University became a center for social uplift for African Americans in the Spirit-empowered movement. Today, that legacy continues to shape Oral Roberts University as a shining example of racial diversity among Christian universities in America.


Healing Through Music Therapy, Hayoung Lim Oct 2019

Healing Through Music Therapy, Hayoung Lim

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

This article explores the field of music therapy as a healthcare profession to benefit various clinical populations and the way in which music therapy is a whole-person approach to healing for people with cognitive, physical, and social needs.


Becoming A Whole Person Medical Professional: Reflections From An Oru Medical Student, Clay Powell, M.D. Oct 2019

Becoming A Whole Person Medical Professional: Reflections From An Oru Medical Student, Clay Powell, M.D.

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

This article is a reflection about the legacy of whole person medicine by a graduate of Oral Roberts University School of Medicine.


Healing Through Prayer And Medicine: How Oral Roberts’ Healing Vision Was— And Continues To Be—Fulfilled, John R. Crouch, Jr., M.D. Oct 2019

Healing Through Prayer And Medicine: How Oral Roberts’ Healing Vision Was— And Continues To Be—Fulfilled, John R. Crouch, Jr., M.D.

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

This article is a personal reflection on the legacy of integration of divine healing with medical practice through the vision of the Oral Roberts University School of Medicine. It charts the origins of the School of Medicine, the implementation of the philosophy of prayer and medicine, and the legacy that followed the theology and faculty after the school closed in 1989.


Editorial - The Healing Issue, Daniel D. Isgrigg Oct 2019

Editorial - The Healing Issue, Daniel D. Isgrigg

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, Holy Spirit Research Center Oru Library Oct 2019

Front Matter, Holy Spirit Research Center Oru Library

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

No abstract provided.


Spiritus 4, Vol 2 (2019) The Healing Issue, Holy Spirit Research Center Oru Library Oct 2019

Spiritus 4, Vol 2 (2019) The Healing Issue, Holy Spirit Research Center Oru Library

Spiritus: ORU Journal of Theology

No abstract provided.


David Edwin Harrell, Jr. Papers, 1923-2017, David Edwin Harrell Jr Sep 2019

David Edwin Harrell, Jr. Papers, 1923-2017, David Edwin Harrell Jr

Center for Restoration Studies Archives, Manuscripts and Personal Papers Finding Aids

No abstract provided.


Mediating Suffering: Buddhist Detachment And Tantric Responsibility In Michael Ondaatje’S Anil’S Ghost, Justin M. Hewitson Sep 2019

Mediating Suffering: Buddhist Detachment And Tantric Responsibility In Michael Ondaatje’S Anil’S Ghost, Justin M. Hewitson

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In “Mediating Suffering: Buddhist Detachment and Tantric Responsibility in Michael Ondaatje’s Anil’s Ghost,” Justin Hewitson argues that the global mediation of suffering following human rights abuses creates the offender-victim binary. The way in which moral judgments drive urgent peacemaking is seldom connected to long-term victimhood narratives. This psychology can exacerbate cyclical patterns of anger, exploitation, and violence by deferring responsibility. Ondaatje’s controversial novel, Anil’s Ghost, which reflects these charged accusations, refuses to settle blame on any side of the Sri Lankan conflict; instead, it offers the troubling recognition that offenders, victims, and mediators are all causal ...


Theorizing About The Self In Panpsychism And The Extended Mind Using The Dao De Jing (道德經) And Zhuangzi (莊子), Ryan Lemasters Aug 2019

Theorizing About The Self In Panpsychism And The Extended Mind Using The Dao De Jing (道德經) And Zhuangzi (莊子), Ryan Lemasters

The Hilltop Review

In this paper, I begin by briefly showing how the problem of self has been understood and approached historically in Western philosophy. I follow this by focusing on some of the recent literature in the philosophy of mind that suggests that the self is extended, meaning it is not solely located within the boundaries of the brain (Clark and Chalmers 1998). It will be evident that this is in conflict with the traditional Western understanding of the self. Since it seems to be the case that there are strong arguments for endorsing the view that the self is extended (to ...


African Christian Leadership: Realities, Opportunities, And Impact, David K. Penno Aug 2019

African Christian Leadership: Realities, Opportunities, And Impact, David K. Penno

David Penno

"African Christian Leadership is a well-organized, well-written report on some very significant research about leaders and the practice of leadership in the African church. The methodology allowed the researcher to hear from a broad spectrum of African Christians. One criticism of the study could be that a sample of church leaders and members in majority Muslim countries of North Africa were not included in the study, but this might be understandable due to the already vast scope of the project. I would recommend this book to anyone who is interested in leadership in the Christian context, and especially as practiced ...


Interfaith Dialogue And Comparative Theology: A Theoretical Approach To A Practical Dilemma, Michael Atkinson Aug 2019

Interfaith Dialogue And Comparative Theology: A Theoretical Approach To A Practical Dilemma, Michael Atkinson

The Journal of Social Encounters

Interfaith dialogue is based on the premise that there is more that unites than divides us. Epistemological humility, acceptance of religious plurality or the need for unity itself have all been presented as unifying pathways across disparate religious traditions. Despite such approaches, conceptual understandings of interfaith dialogue have not kept pace with practice. This theoretical paper argues that interfaith dialogical theory profits from a deep understanding of moral psychology and social learning theory. The former posits that a sense of ‘fairness’ and ‘universal care’ are aligned with religious acceptance. On the other hand, values of sanctity, loyalty and authority promote ...


Is Ai Intelligent, Really?, Bruce D. Baker Aug 2019

Is Ai Intelligent, Really?, Bruce D. Baker

SPU Works

The question of intelligence opens up a bouquet of interrelated questions:

Suppose that some future AGI systems (on-screen or robots) equaled human performance. Would they have real intelligence, real understanding, real creativity? Would they have selves, moral standing, free choice? Would they be conscious? And without consciousness, could they have any of those other properties?[1]

The only way out of the morass is to recognize that truth claims do not stand on their own, aloof and cut off from the sea of meaning which grants epistemic access. In other words, truth presumes access to: (1) a way of knowing ...


Who Is The Viṣṇu Of The Viṣṇu Purāṇa?, Sucharita Adluri Ms. Aug 2019

Who Is The Viṣṇu Of The Viṣṇu Purāṇa?, Sucharita Adluri Ms.

Sucharita Adluri

Between the 12th to the 14th centuries, two commentaries on the Viṣṇu Purāṇa were composed by Viṣṇucitta (~12th CE) and Śrīdhara (13th–14th CE). Known as the Viṣṇucittīya and Ātmaprakāśa, they are interpretations from the perspectives of Viśiṣṭādvaita and Advaita Vedānta respectively. While the purāṇa weaves together Viṣṇu mythology of a creator god active in the world and worshipped in various forms with the upaniṣadic doctrine of the highest Self, this characterization undergoes various permutations in the hands of the two exegetes. In examining their commentarial strategies, this paper broadens our understanding of the Viṣṇu Purāṇa as not simply a ...


Built On Emptiness: Śūnyatā As A Basis For Mahāyāna Ethics, With References To Śāntideva’S Bodhicaryāvatāra, Greg Mileski Jul 2019

Built On Emptiness: Śūnyatā As A Basis For Mahāyāna Ethics, With References To Śāntideva’S Bodhicaryāvatāra, Greg Mileski

NEXT

In a 1968 conference, Luis O. Gomez acknowledged that the Buddhist conception of emptiness (śūnyatā) presents a challenge to the Western tradition of philosophical ethics and has given rise to charges of nihilism, even in Buddhism’s ancient setting. However, Gomez argues, that, far from leading adherents to an ethical nihilism, these doctrines provide a unique lens through which to see the motivations of Buddhist ethics. Beginning with the essay that followed from his presentation and continuing with the works of other Buddhist ethicists (Stephen A. Evans, Barbara A. Clayton, Jay Garfield, Stephen E. Harris, for instance), this paper analyzes ...


To Serve God Or Mammon: Sheldon Emry’S Biblical Economics And The Farm Debt Crisis Of The 1980s, Cameron Rowlett Jul 2019

To Serve God Or Mammon: Sheldon Emry’S Biblical Economics And The Farm Debt Crisis Of The 1980s, Cameron Rowlett

NEXT

Of the new religious movements to emerge in the twentieth century United States, Christian Identity remains the most vehemently anti-Semitic in its theology. The defining characteristic of Christian Identity is the “two-seedline” theology that purports the Aryan race to be the true lineage of the biblical Israel and modern Jews to be imposters, who are not only in league with Satan but are his literal descendants, who are engaged in perpetual conflict with God’s true chosen people. The locations of this conflict vary, but during times of economic upheaval, such as the farm debt crisis of the 1980s, Identity ...


The Fists Of My Perfect Teacher: A Queer Analysis Of Male Siddha Violence, Joshua B. Shelton Jul 2019

The Fists Of My Perfect Teacher: A Queer Analysis Of Male Siddha Violence, Joshua B. Shelton

NEXT

This paper adopts a queer hermeneutic to interrogate the gendered implications of violent behavior enacted by male tantric accomplished masters, known as siddhas (Tib. grub thob), toward their disciples. Using a 19 th -century case study, it examines a notorious moment in the guru-disciple relationship between the renowned Do Khyentse (1800-1866) and Patrul Rinpoche (1808-1887), when Do Khyentse confers a tantric transmission through a drunken beating. Siddhas, known for their aberrant, shocking, and subversive behavior, often justify their antinomianism as an expression of their high degree of spiritual realization and attendant liberation from the orderly structures of communal life. Thus ...


The Aftermath Of Defining “Authenticity” As Discourse: The Case Of The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony, Yasemin Pacalioglu Jul 2019

The Aftermath Of Defining “Authenticity” As Discourse: The Case Of The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony, Yasemin Pacalioglu

NEXT

From the perspective of the academic study of religion, it would be deeply problematic to point to a specific iteration of a ritual and assert that it is more authentic than the other. Our current understanding of authenticity, as a discourse rather than an innate and naturalized category, means that the moment we search for the authentic we have left the realm of critical study. In this paper, I argue that scholars must find a way to remain empirical observers without rendering our intellectual community obsolete in the face of real-world issues. Through the example of the contemporary state of ...


Searching For The Green Man: Researching Pilgrimage In Israel/Palestine And Egypt, Mary Thurlkill Jun 2019

Searching For The Green Man: Researching Pilgrimage In Israel/Palestine And Egypt, Mary Thurlkill

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This article examines contemporary pilgrimage in Israel / Palestine and Egypt, based upon field work conducted December 2017-February 2018 and personal narrative. My argument is twofold: first, I contend that Pilgrimage Studies allows scholars to move beyond reductive labels and consider the implicit ‘messiness’ of religious faith and ritual praxis. I introduce the Islamic al-Khidr and Moses story from Qur’an 18.60-82, as an interpretative model, suggesting that rigid categorization—especially concerning religious identity and sectarian division—promotes a false narrative of monolithic faith traditions that, upon closer examination, does not fully exist. Second, by referencing my ethnographic experiences, I ...


Finding Aid For White's Ferry Road School Of Preaching Collection, (1958-1972), Abilene Christian University Special Collections And Archives Jun 2019

Finding Aid For White's Ferry Road School Of Preaching Collection, (1958-1972), Abilene Christian University Special Collections And Archives

White's Ferry Road School of Preaching Collection

Finding aid for the White's Ferry Road School of Preaching Collection, (1958-1972).


White's Ferry Road School Of Preaching Collection, (1958-1972), White's Ferry Road School Of Preaching Jun 2019

White's Ferry Road School Of Preaching Collection, (1958-1972), White's Ferry Road School Of Preaching

Center for Restoration Studies Archives, Manuscripts and Personal Papers Finding Aids

No abstract provided.