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Navigating Neoliberalism: Sounds, Spaces, And Success In Kuala Lumpur's Underground Rap Scene, Helen Gypsy Mcmillian May 2020

Navigating Neoliberalism: Sounds, Spaces, And Success In Kuala Lumpur's Underground Rap Scene, Helen Gypsy Mcmillian

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia serves as a stronghold of Southeast Asia’s commercially successful hip-hop music industry, and is also home to a thriving underground scene. Concurrent with the growth of hip-hop are the significant urban redevelopments that the city has undergone since the 1990s (Fujita 2010). These notable developments, such as the Petronas Twin Towers and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport, are part of the broader pattern of constructing “global cities” – cities that market distinct urban brand images on a global scale to attract tourism and international investment (Ong 2011). This particular type of urbanism exists within the political economic ...


Reviving Refuse: Individual Agency In Meknes, Morocco’S Waste Management Services, Anna Gleason Apr 2020

Reviving Refuse: Individual Agency In Meknes, Morocco’S Waste Management Services, Anna Gleason

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines the role of formally-employed sanitation workers, called muzbil, and self-employed scavengers, known as mikhala, in Meknes, Morocco's waste management process, and how their social statuses impact the perceived success of waste collection and recycling. While often seen as piecemeal, the interconnected processes of waste management and recycling between the formal and informal sectors constitute a relatively complete sanitation service. Mainstream discourse in Morocco highlights the role of the formal sanitation sector—that is, work legally contracted by the government—in providing municipal waste collection and recycling, often to the exclusion of informal labor. However, examining the ...


Labor Migration And Social Networking: Maasai Labor Migrants In Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Elise Rakoff May 2019

Labor Migration And Social Networking: Maasai Labor Migrants In Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Elise Rakoff

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Tanzania’s Maasai communities have historically occupied the northern and northeastern regions of the country, employing semi-nomadic and pastoralist practices. However, since the late 1990s, influxes of young, male Wamaasai have migrated to urban centers seeking economic and social opportunity, to diversify income when environmental changes limit the efficacy of pastoralism, and for other various reasons to be discussed herein. This research investigates the rural to urban migration of Maasai labor migrants from the northern regions to the coastal economic center of Dar es Salaam, utilizing ethnographic research and structured conversations.

Further, this research explores the processes through which urban ...


Meridian, Benjamin Fox May 2019

Meridian, Benjamin Fox

Undergraduate Honors Theses

For this year-long project, I set out to produce a film that would capture the energy and community of the Meridian Coffeehouse on the campus of the College of William & Mary. For three years, I have played an active role in the management of the space, from booking, managing, and recording live music events to hosting various shifts to watch films and create music. Being a double major in Anthropology and Film & Media Studies, and having been further inspired by a Visual Anthropology course that I took at the University of St Andrews in Spring 2018, I decided to attempt ...


From Pain To Pillar: History And Identity Politics Of Asian-American Students And Youth In The 21st Century And Cultural Self Development Theory, Noah Kim Apr 2019

From Pain To Pillar: History And Identity Politics Of Asian-American Students And Youth In The 21st Century And Cultural Self Development Theory, Noah Kim

Undergraduate Honors Theses

With the Asian-American population growing at exponential rates, Asian-Americans are forced to face the reality of their place in society. As this processing of identity continues, more become passionate in their search, with some becoming empowered, others seek representation. But in the end, all the interviewees and those in my research sought a collective level movement. Though people were from all different walks to life, there was a sense of commonality and a recognition of the reality of the situation. While people recognized that the Asian-American identity was a socially constructed, there is also a strong sense of commonality that ...


How Classifications Shape Asylum Seeker And Italian Interactions And Experiences In Siena, Italy, Erin Kitchens Apr 2019

How Classifications Shape Asylum Seeker And Italian Interactions And Experiences In Siena, Italy, Erin Kitchens

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years mass migration has taken place across the Mediterranean Sea, with individuals attempting to arrive in Europe from many countries in Africa and the Middle East. Italy is one of the primary countries that people arrive at, because of its vicinity to North Africa where many people cross the Sea. Italians have not had to deal with this kind of mass migration in the past and are thus struggling to define what assimilation will look like. Earlier works tend to focus on the crossing of transnational barriers, or migrants in the first stages of applying for documents. There ...


(Re-) Staging Translation: Meaningful Interaction With Hindu Devotional Objects In The Western Museum, Emma Efkeman Apr 2019

(Re-) Staging Translation: Meaningful Interaction With Hindu Devotional Objects In The Western Museum, Emma Efkeman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, the Hindu devotional object will be tracked through many contexts and its role will change based on its geographic and cultural location. First, the original ritual context will be established, paying specific attention to ceremonial processes and actions that activate the objects. Next, I will sketch the approaches to interpretation used in the two museum spaces. In this movement between spaces, the Hindu object is de- and then re-contextualized. Museums can discover from this narrative the many ways that meaning is constructed, within and outside of a Western framework. It is this pivotal period of re-contextualization that ...


"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett Jan 2019

"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation discusses themes of racial identity, meaning of space, and class through an exploration of the intersection of gentrification and public education in Washington, D.C. Through analysis of middle-class responses to gentrification I argue, 1) that the public education system is a site of gentrification, as it has become a site of capitalistic development and Black displacement; 2) that the American concept of race, including race relations, is not an aberration of typical American society, but a defining cultural feature; and 3) the best way to understand race and class in America is to use theory constructed from ...


Health And Medicine Among First-Generation African Immigrants In The United States, Anne Fuller Apr 2018

Health And Medicine Among First-Generation African Immigrants In The United States, Anne Fuller

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The focus of this research will be on the medicines and health practices of first-generation African immigrants in the U.S. and the role they play in an increasingly holistic formal American health field. For the Eurocentric American, traditional African practices are predominantly viewed as antithetical to modernity; for the Afrocentric American, White western medicine can represent a rejection of African culture and thus one’s complete identity. The dynamic of these two perspectives within African immigrants in the U.S. is proficient in both resolving health crises and creating cultural conflict. The rise of alternative medicine within the formal ...


Natural Debts, Natural Dangers: An Ideology Of Nation-State And Subject In An Immunology Text, Quinn Monette May 2017

Natural Debts, Natural Dangers: An Ideology Of Nation-State And Subject In An Immunology Text, Quinn Monette

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In an inquiry into the systems of metaphor used in an immunology text, I argue that the conceptualization of science is ideological, non-neutral, and has important consequences in the formation of subjects.


Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones May 2017

Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Purpose: This project analyzes the uses of space and geography up the scales of political organization – from the village to the municipal – attempting to find the intersections where physical space meets governance using Semarang, Indonesia as my strategic case. This research employs a biocultural lens, addressing the existing gaps in literature by advancing a framework to function across disciplines and ultimately reconnecting to its practical application in urban planning and design. Such a framework is important in providing a blueprint for building a coherent and supportive structure on which to assess the human impact of design and contribute new “human-centered ...


"It's All About The Food:" Food, Land, And Sovereignty On The White Earth Reservation, Minnesota, Colleen M. Truskey May 2017

"It's All About The Food:" Food, Land, And Sovereignty On The White Earth Reservation, Minnesota, Colleen M. Truskey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project explores the ties between food and indigenous land claims, treaty rights, and issues of sovereignty, utilizing the White Earth Indian Reservation (located in northwestern Minnesota) as a case study. Based off of fieldwork conducted during the summer of 2016 and March of 2017, this research aims to draw a direct link between foodways and notions of Native American sovereignty, both as they are conceptualized and actually practiced.


En Busca De La Alfabetización. Three 20th Century Literacy Movements In Spanish Speaking Countries: Impacts And Implications, Morgan Sehdev May 2017

En Busca De La Alfabetización. Three 20th Century Literacy Movements In Spanish Speaking Countries: Impacts And Implications, Morgan Sehdev

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Why do we report literacy rates with GDP and infant mortality rates? Why is it so important that we have a literate nation? In this thesis, I examine the three case studies of the Spanish, Cuban, and Nicaraguan literacy movements. Then, I analyze the successes and shortcomings of each. From there, I define literacy in a larger context. Using this information, I propose a "health literacy campaign", which I believe will help the current state of literacy rates in the United States.


A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg May 2017

A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis will examine the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to anthropology, archaeology and history in both academic and museum settings. Using the “Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Washington’s Mount Vernon” exhibit as a case study, the necessity of teaching from an interdisciplinary perspective at an undergraduate level, if not before is stressed. Specific attention is given to the subfield of archaeology, the role of oral histories and descendant communities in creating museum exhibitions and the ways in which the museum presents a historical narrative about a complex and emotionally charged topic to visitors who arrive with diverse ...


Sacred Grounds And Profane Plantations: The Spiritual Landscapes Of Barbados, Myles Sullivan Apr 2016

Sacred Grounds And Profane Plantations: The Spiritual Landscapes Of Barbados, Myles Sullivan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Between the seventeenth and nineteenth century, the transatlantic slave trade brought approximately twelve million Africans to the New World, where many labored on plantations in colonial societies including Barbados, a Caribbean island colonized by the British. Despite the traumatic horrors of the Middle Passage, West-African materials and ideas survived and were transformed during this massive diaspora into new cultural contexts. West African-based spiritual beliefs and practices have been recorded in the Caribbean under various names like Obeah and Vodou, but these traditions were documented by colonial whites who often misinterpreted the practices they encountered. My honors project takes an alternative ...


Merging Social And Natural Histories At Kiskiak: A Historical Ecology Study, Leanna Grace Richmond Apr 2016

Merging Social And Natural Histories At Kiskiak: A Historical Ecology Study, Leanna Grace Richmond

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The following paper details an analysis of archaeological materials recovered from a Native site in Tidewater Virginia. The project builds on and contributes to an ongoing effort to investigate the historical ecology of Virginia Algonquian communities who dwelled at Kiskiak, a town located along the York River that was once a political center in the Powhatan chiefdom. The primary goals of this research are twofold: to develop a tool for constructing chronology for the Kiskiak locale and to use this method as the basis for examining the interplay between settlement intensity and changing environmental conditions during the Woodland Period.


An Archaeological Survey Of Barbados Battery: The Good Shepherd Project, Ashby M. Sturgis May 2015

An Archaeological Survey Of Barbados Battery: The Good Shepherd Project, Ashby M. Sturgis

Undergraduate Honors Theses

An overview of the excavation of Barbados Battery in St. James Barbados. Includes archaeological data and analysis and a comprehensive military history of Barbados from settlement to the late nineteenth century.


Naerisarang (내리사랑), Or An Elder’S Love For The Young: Vietnamese And Filipina Marriage Migrants As Preservers Of The Korean Patriline, Danielle Y. Tassara May 2015

Naerisarang (내리사랑), Or An Elder’S Love For The Young: Vietnamese And Filipina Marriage Migrants As Preservers Of The Korean Patriline, Danielle Y. Tassara

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The idea of maternal citizenship and reproductive duties as a way of both assimilating and othering Filipina and Vietnamese foreign wives in South Korea plays out in both public multiculturalist discourse and within household discussions. Ethnic nationalism, neo-Confucianism, and government/media discourses have helped to structure how migrant mothers and their families are portrayed and how they portray themselves. I argue that even as state and civil society pressures marriage migrants from Southeast Asia to become “Korean” mothers and daughters-in-law, migrants and their families influence how such an identity is defined by taking advantage of the media’s influence and ...


Canary Red: Preserving Cochineal And Contrasting Colonial Histories On Lanzarote, Sarah Mattes Jan 2015

Canary Red: Preserving Cochineal And Contrasting Colonial Histories On Lanzarote, Sarah Mattes

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Afro-Barbadian Foodways: Analysis Of The Use Of Ceramics By Freed Afro-Barbadian Estate Workers, Camille Lois Chambers Jan 2015

Afro-Barbadian Foodways: Analysis Of The Use Of Ceramics By Freed Afro-Barbadian Estate Workers, Camille Lois Chambers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Inviting The Principle Gentlemen Of The City: Privacy, Exclusivity, And Food Complexity In Colonial Taverns, Lauren Elizabeth Gryctko Jan 2015

Inviting The Principle Gentlemen Of The City: Privacy, Exclusivity, And Food Complexity In Colonial Taverns, Lauren Elizabeth Gryctko

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Nineteenth Century Enslaved African Americans' Coping Strategies For The Stresses Of Enslavement In Virginia, Allison Michelle Campo Jan 2015

Nineteenth Century Enslaved African Americans' Coping Strategies For The Stresses Of Enslavement In Virginia, Allison Michelle Campo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Honoring The Ancestors: Historical Reclamation And Self-Determined Identities In Richmond And Rio De Janeiro, Autumn Rain Duke Barrett Jan 2014

Honoring The Ancestors: Historical Reclamation And Self-Determined Identities In Richmond And Rio De Janeiro, Autumn Rain Duke Barrett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation focuses on how history is made meaningful in the present. I argue that within the United States and Brazil, historic narratives and sites are employed in legitimizing and contesting past and contemporary social inequity. National, regional, and local narratives tell the stories of how communities and their members came to be who and where they are in the present. Social hierarchies and inequity are naturalized and/or questioned through historic narratives. Formative education includes telling these stories to children. Commemorative events and monuments tell and re-tell stories to community members of all ages. Enculturation of historical identities, the ...


The Technique Of The Poquoson-Style Log Canoe, David Andrews Moran Jan 2014

The Technique Of The Poquoson-Style Log Canoe, David Andrews Moran

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Dealing In Metaphors: Exploring The Materiality Of Trade On Virginia's Seventeenth Century Eastern Siouan Frontier, Madeleine Ailsworth Gunter Jan 2014

Dealing In Metaphors: Exploring The Materiality Of Trade On Virginia's Seventeenth Century Eastern Siouan Frontier, Madeleine Ailsworth Gunter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


'Tavern' By The Saltpan: New England Seafarers And The Politics Of Punch On La Tortuga Island, Venezuela, 1682-1782, Konrad A. Antczak Jan 2014

'Tavern' By The Saltpan: New England Seafarers And The Politics Of Punch On La Tortuga Island, Venezuela, 1682-1782, Konrad A. Antczak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Community Building After Emancipation: An Anthropological Study Of Charles' Corner, Virginia, 1862-1922, Shannon Sheila Mahoney Jan 2013

Community Building After Emancipation: An Anthropological Study Of Charles' Corner, Virginia, 1862-1922, Shannon Sheila Mahoney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The half-century marked by the end of the Civil War and the beginning of World War I was a critical period of cultural, social, and economic transition for African Americans in the southern United States. During the late nineteenth century, while African Americans were rebuilding communities and networks disrupted by enslavement and the ensuing Civil War, several settlements developed between Williamsburg and Yorktown on Virginia's lower peninsula. One of the settlements, Charles' Corner, is an optimal case study for understanding the gradual process of community building during a particularly challenging period of African American history dominated by systemic racism ...


"A Medley Of Contradictions": The Jewish Diaspora In St Eustatius And Barbados, Derek Robert Miller Jan 2013

"A Medley Of Contradictions": The Jewish Diaspora In St Eustatius And Barbados, Derek Robert Miller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

During the 17th and 18th century a number of Jews settled on the English island of Barbados and the Dutch island of St. Eustatius. The Jews on both islands erected synagogues and a number of key structures essential for a practicing religious community. Although they had strong connections that spanned across geo-political boundaries, the synagogue compounds on each island became key places for the creation and maintenance of a Jewish community. I argue that these synagogue compounds represented diasporic places that must be understood through a tri-partite model that explores the relationships between the Jewish community and its hostland, other ...


From Kaolin To Claymount: Landscapes Of The 19th-Century James River Stoneware Industry, Oliver Maximilian Mueller-Heubach Jan 2013

From Kaolin To Claymount: Landscapes Of The 19th-Century James River Stoneware Industry, Oliver Maximilian Mueller-Heubach

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation will examine the James River stoneware tradition, which encompasses parts of Henrico, Dinwiddie, Prince George, and Charles City Counties, south and east of the Falls of the James at Richmond, Virginia. This area has one of the richest histories in American ceramics. The essential elements of stoneware production will be examined. This dissertation will provide the only comprehensive overview of this regional industry with in depth descriptions of the relevant potteries, potting families and their environment. Detailed description of ceramic forms and decorations specific to individual potters will be provided. The archaeological research done at the potting sites ...


The Nottoway Of Virginia: A Study Of Peoplehood And Political Economy, C.1775-1875, Buck Woodard Jan 2013

The Nottoway Of Virginia: A Study Of Peoplehood And Political Economy, C.1775-1875, Buck Woodard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research examines the social construction of a Virginia Indian reservation community during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Between 1824 and 1877 the Iroquoian-speaking Nottoway divided their reservation lands into individual partible allotments and developed family farm ventures that mirrored their landholding White neighbors. In Southampton's slave-based society, labor relationships with White landowners and "Free People of Color" impacted Nottoway exogamy and shaped community notions of peoplehood. Through property ownership and a variety of labor practices, Nottoway's kin-based farms produced agricultural crops, orchard goods and hogs for export and sale in an emerging agro-industrial economy. However, shifts ...