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Anthropology

University of Pennsylvania

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Soweto, The “Storybook Place”: Tourism And Feeling In A South African Township, Sarah Marie Kgagudi Jan 2019

Soweto, The “Storybook Place”: Tourism And Feeling In A South African Township, Sarah Marie Kgagudi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation deals with the role of tour guides in creating and telling the story of Soweto – a township southwest of Johannesburg, South Africa. The story speaks of a place afflicted by poverty because of its history of segregation during apartheid but emerging out of these struggles to lead its nation in a post-apartheid culture. I argue that Soweto’s story was created out of a governmental mandate for the township to become one of Gauteng’s tourism locations, and out of a knowledge that the transformation story from apartheid to a ‘rainbow nation’ would not sell in this context ...


From ‘Disengaged’ To Digital: Latino Boys As Emergent Technology Experts, Carlos Ricardo Martínez Jan 2019

From ‘Disengaged’ To Digital: Latino Boys As Emergent Technology Experts, Carlos Ricardo Martínez

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Anthropological research suggests that young Latino men face a complex set of cultural norms that can make it difficult to identify as experts in technology. In education research Latino boys have historically been framed in relation to deficit-perspectives. This dissertation provides an account of Latino boys as self-efficacious learners. I ask, a) how did a group of Latino boys integrate their cultural values and extant technology-related learning practices into self-directed digital literacy learning?; b) What pertinent social processes shaped their emerging sense of themselves as members of a group of digital literacy learners?; and, c) How did these emergent technology ...


Fossils, Apes, Humans: A Chapter In The History Of Science, Revisited, Carlo Ginzburg Sep 2018

Fossils, Apes, Humans: A Chapter In The History Of Science, Revisited, Carlo Ginzburg

A.S.W. Rosenbach Lectures in Bibliography

Today we regard paleontology and connoisseurship as very distant spheres of knowledge. But are they not sharing a commitment to the decipherment of clues, either natural or cultural? This somewhat speculative argument can be substantiated by two historically connected case studies, focusing on the trajectories of two friends, Petrus Camper (1722-1789) and François-Xavier de Burtin (1743-1818). The former, a well- known Dutch anatomist, was interested in painting and physiognomy. The latter, a much less known but very remakable figure, moved from the study of fossils to the study of paintings. Their relationship unveils an unknown chapter in the history ...


Visualizing Native People In Philadelphia's Museums: Public Views And Student Reviews, Margaret Bruchac Jan 2018

Visualizing Native People In Philadelphia's Museums: Public Views And Student Reviews, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

Material representations of Indigenous history in public museums do more than merely present the past. Exhibitions are always incomplete and idiosyncratic, revealing only a small window into the social worlds of diverse human communities. Museums create, in essence, staged assemblages: compositions of objects, documents, portraits, and other material things that have been filtered through an array of influences. These influences—museological missions, collection processses, curatorial choices, loan possibilities, design concepts, research specialties, funding options, consultant opinions, space limitations, time limits, logistical challenges, etc.—will be unique for each museum and each collection. Taken together, they will inevitably determine which objects ...


Fieldwork Out Of Place, Etienne S. Benson Jan 2018

Fieldwork Out Of Place, Etienne S. Benson

Departmental Papers (HSS)

In the naturalist tradition, knowledge of nature has been closely tied to the embodied experience of place. Indeed, it is the direct and unmediated encounter with particular places and the natural objects found within them that has often been held to distinguish naturalists from other students of the natural world, particularly from laboratory scientists. In his 1994 memoir Naturalist, for example, E.O. Wilson writes of a formative childhood summer spent at Florida's Paradise Beach encountering jellyfish, stingrays, and other forms of sea life: 'Hands-on experience at the critical time, not systematic knowledge, is what counts in the making ...


Wives, Witches, And Warriors: Women In Arabic Popular Epic, Amanda Steinberg Jan 2018

Wives, Witches, And Warriors: Women In Arabic Popular Epic, Amanda Steinberg

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation consolidates the known corpus of the medieval Arabic popular epic (sīrah shaʿbīyah) in order to examine the roles of its female characters and how they relate to power. Borrowing from feminist theory, the study takes as its organizing principle the categories of “power-over,” “power-to,” and “power-with,” showing that how a woman is judged for expressing power depends upon how her actions fit into one of these three categories. Moreover, each expression of power tends to be connected to a woman’s familial relationships: sexually available women are usually classified as expressing “power-over,” while the nonsexual relationships of sisters ...


Anyone Anywhere: Narrating African Innovation In A Global Community Of Practice, Eleanor Rosalind Marchant Jan 2018

Anyone Anywhere: Narrating African Innovation In A Global Community Of Practice, Eleanor Rosalind Marchant

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The last eight years have seen rapid growth in the number of technology startups emerging in urban centers around Africa, from Lagos to Nairobi to Bamako. The growth of annual investments in African startups – rising from $12 million to $560 million between 2013 and 2017 (Kazeem, 2018) – is an indication that many, including investors abroad, believe the trend in African involvement in international technology innovation practices is just beginning. Yet while these changes are promising, this dissertation encourages critical reflection on them and asks: To what extent are Africans really able to fully participate in the production of the new ...


Levi Levering's Headdress: Blurring Borders And Bridging Cultures, Margaret Bruchac Dec 2017

Levi Levering's Headdress: Blurring Borders And Bridging Cultures, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

The feather headdress labeled 38-2-1 in the Penn Museum Collection is richly colored and composed of many types of materials. It consists of a felt cap with a leather forehead band covered with a panel of vivid loomed beadwork (in orange, blue, yellow, and white tipi shapes) and two beaded rosettes (blue, yellow, white, and red) on either end of the band. Hanging from each side are ear pendants made of buckskin with metal beads attached, and dyed downy feathers and long ribbons trail from the headdress. Extending from the top of the band are felt cylinders (faded perhaps due ...


Object Matters: Considering Materiality, Meaning, And Memory, Margaret Bruchac Dec 2017

Object Matters: Considering Materiality, Meaning, And Memory, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

How do indigenous objects in museum collections "speak" to those who create, collect, curate, display, and observe them? The material traces in these objects obviously evoke connections to particular aesthetic values, beliefs, and practices, but do they also retain memories of the artisans who created them? Can these objects communicate across cultural and temporal boundaries? Do they have agency, outside of the people who handle them? How might the Native American objects in the Penn Museum, in particular, represent a "bundle of relations" that entangle collectors, collections, and communities?1 Students in my Fall 2017 "Anthropology of Museums" course at ...


Tangled Memories Of Wampum Diplomacy In Philadelphia, Margaret Bruchac Dec 2017

Tangled Memories Of Wampum Diplomacy In Philadelphia, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

Throughout North America, Indigenous Native American and First Nations histories are often presented as fragments of a broken past. Isolated objects, historical markers, archaeological sites, lost memories, curious folklore, and uninhabited places evoke memories of something that happened long ago, to someone else, in another time. The influential tribal individuals and nations who shaped and experienced those events are often depicted as tangential to the narrative of the emerging American nation, and imagined to have vanished from the scene. Yet, Indigenous histories are best seen as part of an on-going stream of events that are never entirely past, even (especially ...


Awakening The Potential Of Positive Computing: A Transversal, Heliotropic Design Paradigm For Human Flourishing, Ryan Wynia Dec 2017

Awakening The Potential Of Positive Computing: A Transversal, Heliotropic Design Paradigm For Human Flourishing, Ryan Wynia

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive Computing literature does not consider the complex implications stemming from the evidence of computing technologies’ harmful effects. Moreover, present approaches to integrating well-being science into the design of interactive systems are built on deficit-oriented models. In response, a transversal, social constructionist paradigm of Positive Computing sensitive to the social complex and views technology as a part ofcivilization as a living, human construction is explored as a means of advancing the Positive Computing domain. The work argues the well-being of civilization needs to be routinely re-secured through the development of a metacognitive, affirmative competency that recognizessocial systems as capable of ...


Penn: Worlds In A Small Room, Jay Ruby May 2017

Penn: Worlds In A Small Room, Jay Ruby

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Hockings: Principles Of Visual Anthropology, Duncan Holaday May 2017

Hockings: Principles Of Visual Anthropology, Duncan Holaday

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Attribution And Inference In The Interpretation Of Candid And Staged Film Events, Paul Messaris, Michael Pallenik May 2017

Attribution And Inference In The Interpretation Of Candid And Staged Film Events, Paul Messaris, Michael Pallenik

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Cultural Influence On Perception, Lenora Shargo Foerstel May 2017

Cultural Influence On Perception, Lenora Shargo Foerstel

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Introduction To "Cultural Influence On Perception", Margaret Mead May 2017

Introduction To "Cultural Influence On Perception", Margaret Mead

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Volume 4 Number 1 May 2017

Volume 4 Number 1

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Cumulative Index For Studies In Visual Communication, Volume 9 May 2017

Cumulative Index For Studies In Visual Communication, Volume 9

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Briefly Noted May 2017

Briefly Noted

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Ekman: Emotion In The Human Face, Stuart J. Sigman May 2017

Ekman: Emotion In The Human Face, Stuart J. Sigman

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Kertesz: On Reading, Gary Dean Jaworski May 2017

Kertesz: On Reading, Gary Dean Jaworski

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Winner: Invented Worlds: The Psychology Of The Arts, Brian Sutton-Smith May 2017

Winner: Invented Worlds: The Psychology Of The Arts, Brian Sutton-Smith

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Alpers: The Art Of Describing: Dutch Art In The Seventeenth Century, David Carrier May 2017

Alpers: The Art Of Describing: Dutch Art In The Seventeenth Century, David Carrier

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Metz: The Imaginary Signifier: Psychoanalysis And The Cinema / Heath: Questions Of Cinema, Ian Duncan May 2017

Metz: The Imaginary Signifier: Psychoanalysis And The Cinema / Heath: Questions Of Cinema, Ian Duncan

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Filmmaking By "Young Filmmakers", Frank Eadie, Brian Sutton-Smith, Michael Griffin May 2017

Filmmaking By "Young Filmmakers", Frank Eadie, Brian Sutton-Smith, Michael Griffin

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


The United States View Company Of Richfield, Pennsylvania (Photo Essay), Jay Ruby May 2017

The United States View Company Of Richfield, Pennsylvania (Photo Essay), Jay Ruby

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Clarence H. White Reconsidered: An Alternative To The Modernist Aesthetic Of Straight Photography, Bonnie Yochelson May 2017

Clarence H. White Reconsidered: An Alternative To The Modernist Aesthetic Of Straight Photography, Bonnie Yochelson

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


The Photographic Work Of E.J. Marey, Marta Braun May 2017

The Photographic Work Of E.J. Marey, Marta Braun

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Volume 9 Number 4 May 2017

Volume 9 Number 4

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Lesbian Photography--Seeing Through Our Own Eyes, (Jeb) Joan E. Biren May 2017

Lesbian Photography--Seeing Through Our Own Eyes, (Jeb) Joan E. Biren

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.