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Anthropology

Iowa State University

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman Jan 2019

Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Kente weavers in Kpetoe are in a precarious position, operating as small business owners and artisans residing on the periphery of Ghana, both geographically and in craft production. The weavers have struggled to find economic stability as rural artisans in a globalized economy. Initiatives brought about by local and international organizations have been largely focused on increasing tourism as a form of economic development in the community. In this thesis, I focus on the planning and implementation of the ecotourism center built in Kpetoe in 2010 through a partnership between the Nature Conservation Research Center (NCRC), a Ghanaian NGO led ...


Digital Representation Of Indigenous Peoples Through Sharing, Collaboration, And Negotiation: An Introduction, Christina Gish Hill, Medeia C. Dehass Jul 2018

Digital Representation Of Indigenous Peoples Through Sharing, Collaboration, And Negotiation: An Introduction, Christina Gish Hill, Medeia C. Dehass

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the past decade, digital media have been increasingly employed in museums in a variety of ways. This practice capitalized on the new medium’s effectiveness in connecting a variety of stakeholders across multiple key issues. Projects representing Indigenous communities are not an exception to this trend. This special issue critically reflects on the politics of representation in the process of reframing culturally specific concepts in a digital environment. In addition to discussing potential benefits of digital media to working with Indigenous communities, papers in the special issue also carefully weigh the benefits and shortcomings virtual environments may bring to ...


Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon Mar 2018

Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published creative pieces. We believe that this expression is a reflective way to contribute to critical issues in social justice. It was important to the author that this poem has a bilingual appearance. The poem was originally written in English and translated to Amharic.


A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan Jan 2018

A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project uses a combined methodology of participatory design and ethnographic fieldwork to study human-wildlife relationships and explore better ways to design and implement a monkey crossing bridge in the area of Talamanca, Costa Rica. It also examines how an interdisciplinary methodology can identify the needs of three species of monkeys and local beliefs, and to integrate these things into project design. The project not only answers how participatory design might promote a favorable human-wildlife relationship, but also explores local beliefs about development and conservation. Based on my research, I argue that the design of the bridge and the process ...


Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter Jan 2018

Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My research lead me to the Kedougou Region of southeastern Senegal, a rural area struggling for accessible healthcare. This paper explores how neoliberal health reforms have negatively affected access to quality health care in rural Senegal. I used ethnographic research methods, such as in person interviews and participant observation during my fieldwork in Senegal from May through August 2017. In analyzing my interview and observation data, I applied a localist, semi-structured approach and utilized a critical ethnographic perspective. Over 2-months worth of observations and 15 interviews yielded data that illustrates the lasting effects of neoliberal economic reforms from 30 years ...


Cheyenne Odyssey: Representing Removal In An Educational Video Game, Christina Gish Hill Jan 2018

Cheyenne Odyssey: Representing Removal In An Educational Video Game, Christina Gish Hill

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This articles reflects on the process of creating digital media in collaboration with Native communities, using the example of Cheyenne Odyssey, a game from Mission US, to argue that such media can illuminate the perspectives of Indigenous peoples for a wide audience while also creating digital repositories for both visual and narrative forms of knowledge. This game takes on the difficult challenge of portraying very sensitive moments of US history to middle school-age children. The game walks the player through the Battle of Little Big Horn, the forced removal of the Northern Cheyenne people, their harrowing journey home again, and ...


Cultural Misconceptions Surrounding Indigenous Populations In The Western Hemisphere, Dan Gagni, Laurie Johnson, Johanna Stravers, Bill Winnett Apr 2017

Cultural Misconceptions Surrounding Indigenous Populations In The Western Hemisphere, Dan Gagni, Laurie Johnson, Johanna Stravers, Bill Winnett

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This group has researched common misconceptions that american culture holds regarding Native North Americans and Latinx immigrants. This was a significant topic for the researchers because these misconceptions are the building blocks for cultural prejudice within Americans. Many of the misconceptions that are perpetuated within American culture regarding native peoples and latinx immigrants have severe, and negative repercussions on those populations. Moreover these misconceptions are naturalized within American culture and have distinctively shaped the way in which Americans view and interact with these minority populations. This group’s research revealed that many of the misconceptions held about Native North Americans ...


Blackademic Negotiations When The Ivory Tower Isn't Enough: Finding Pathways To Activism As An Emerging Black Scholar, Wideline Seraphin Apr 2017

Blackademic Negotiations When The Ivory Tower Isn't Enough: Finding Pathways To Activism As An Emerging Black Scholar, Wideline Seraphin

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This reflexive essay chronicles the last two years of the author's PhD program and the negotiations of an emerging black female critical scholar in response to the growing tensions between academic obligations and growing racial unrest. Guiding questions of, “what are you going to do? And what are you willing to pay?” were used to think through what it meant to dedicate oneself to critical social justice work and apply that dedication to everyday practices despite perceived limitations.


Settler Agnosia In The Field: Indigenous Action, Functional Ignorance, And The Origins Of Ethnographic Entrapment, Grant Arndt Aug 2016

Settler Agnosia In The Field: Indigenous Action, Functional Ignorance, And The Origins Of Ethnographic Entrapment, Grant Arndt

Anthropology Publications

In the late 1930s a novice fieldworker from the University of Chicago wrote in his field notes that his collaboration with a Ho-Chunk interpreter had failed because of the interpreter's “aggressions” in the struggle for “white class status.” The notes exhibit a pattern of perceptual failure that I call “settler agnosia,” elements of which have been noted in research on the obstacles facing Indigenous activists. The case shows that the tendency of older anthropological accounts of contemporary American Indian life to obscure evidence of both colonial oppression and Indigenous action may have originated as consequences of a form of ...


Afterword: Gesamtkunstwerk As Epistemic Space, Kevin S. Amidon Jul 2016

Afterword: Gesamtkunstwerk As Epistemic Space, Kevin S. Amidon

World Languages and Cultures Publications

For two centuries, Gesamtkunstwerk—the ideal of the “total work of art”—has exerted a powerful influence over artistic discourse and practice, spurring new forms of collaboration and provoking debates over the political instrumentalization of art. Despite its popular conflation with the work of Richard Wagner, Gesamtkunstwerk’s lineage and legacies extend well beyond German Romanticism, as this wide-ranging collection demonstrates. In eleven compact chapters, scholars from a variety of disciplines trace the idea’s evolution in German-speaking Europe, from its foundations in the early nineteenth century to its manifold articulations and reimaginings in the twentieth century and beyond, providing ...


Honor's Investigation Into Lgbt-Catholic Intersections Of Identity In A Midwestern College Town Parish, Benjamin T. Spick Apr 2016

Honor's Investigation Into Lgbt-Catholic Intersections Of Identity In A Midwestern College Town Parish, Benjamin T. Spick

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This pilot study seeks to investigate the intersections of LGBT and Catholic identities by analyzing the discourse of members of a gay-straight alliance in a Midwestern parish. The goal was to understand what teachings or practices they referenced. Key questions concerned why those teachings/practices were important; where those teachings/practices came from; and how those teachings/practices are used by different people in different ways. Interviews with three informants were conducted, and data pertaining to individuals' ideologies, worldviews, practices, etc. were compared with each other and with data collected from secondary sources.


Considering Conscience-Development Among Lgbt And Allied Catholics, Benjamin T. Spick Apr 2016

Considering Conscience-Development Among Lgbt And Allied Catholics, Benjamin T. Spick

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This presentation explores the role which the development and cultivation of conscience plays in the lived experiences of LGBT and allied Catholics. In conversations with informants for past and current projects, the theological notion of “primacy of conscience” – that is, an individual has the moral obligation to follow their informed conscience in making judgments or decisions – emerged as a key explanation for their championing of LGBT issues as Roman Catholics. This presentation will also reflect on the outcomes, potential, and limitations in laying groundwork for further study of this topic. In so concluding, it will also touch on some identifiable ...


Place Based Culture And Identity: The Threat Of Gentrification To Bo-Kaap And Woodstock In Cape Town, South Africa, Danielle K. Propst Apr 2016

Place Based Culture And Identity: The Threat Of Gentrification To Bo-Kaap And Woodstock In Cape Town, South Africa, Danielle K. Propst

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

The Group Areas Act of 1950 was a tool used by the apartheid government of South Africa to separate people geographically by racial classifications. Most neighborhoods and suburbs of Cape Town were impacted by this act either through forced removals or the establishment of new townships. The two areas exempt this act were the Muslim neighborhood of Bo-Kaap and the racially mixed suburb of Woodstock. These neighborhoods are now experiencing an increase in property values, an outward migration of working-class and lower income households, and an influx in the number of wealthy young professionals. The aforementioned indicators are all signs ...


Spatial Expansion On Lima's Costa Verde, Brandon V. Scheuring Apr 2016

Spatial Expansion On Lima's Costa Verde, Brandon V. Scheuring

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This project examines spatial growth and allocation in Lima Peru’s Costa Verde. The region is governed by the six autonomous municipalities that comprise it, each with their own visions for the region. The Costa Verde is characterized by cliffs topped with high-rises, plunging abruptly into the Pacific Ocean. Along the ocean below the cliffs is a narrow strip of land that has become the focus of municipal developers and of this project. There have been many phases of expanding the coastal shelf to make new real estate. Because of the strong Humboldt Current, being situated on the Pacific Ring ...


Witchcraft In Africa, Jeremy R. Weese Apr 2016

Witchcraft In Africa, Jeremy R. Weese

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Witchcraft’s prevalence in Africa, and many other places in the world, has been a subject of interest to scholars for quite some time. However, its popularization in movies and books has skewed the public’s perception of all the things witchcraft entails. Looking past the fictionalized “monsters” that are depicted in today’s popular culture, Witchcraft’s prevalence in Africa, and many other places in the world, has been a subject of interest to scholars for quite some time. However, its popularization in movies and books has skewed the public’s perception of all the things witchcraft entails. Looking ...


The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh Apr 2016

The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Sierra Leone, home to 6.1 million people, has suffered huge consequences in the country’s economic growth due to a civil war that took place from 1991-2002. Therefore, Sierra Leone’s population is made of mostly the young youths and adults due to abandonment of caregivers and deaths. The effect of the violent civil war has caused the country to be ranked as one of the poorest country in the world. There are some efforts being put to stimulate economic growth so the citizens can be able to sustain themselves. The efforts include outside assistance from other countries and ...


Native Americans: The Fight For Race, Class And Equality In The Field Of Anthropology, Cheryl A. Sanders Apr 2016

Native Americans: The Fight For Race, Class And Equality In The Field Of Anthropology, Cheryl A. Sanders

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Native Americans have endured racial typology, robbery for pseudo-science, declared a dying race as they became the trophy items for emerging museums all over the country. Because of such actions the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was created to safeguard any remains and protect any burials of Native American descent. My research is set out to reveal that the field of physical anthropology is always changing and how this history affects forensic anthropology in practice. This project will focus on the history of eugenics and Social Darwinism, as these outdated concepts led to the establishment of NAGPRA ...


Salt Over The Shoulder: A Guide To The Supernatural In The Modern World, Chloe N. Clark Jan 2016

Salt Over The Shoulder: A Guide To The Supernatural In The Modern World, Chloe N. Clark

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this mixed genre work, a folklore scholar finds a cache of strange texts about folklore and supernatural practices. The scholar tries to contextualize and illuminate the texts found within the manuscript.


Letting Gendered Spaces Go: Striving Toward Gender And Nature Balance Through Bonding In Disney's Frozen And Maleficent, Sarah Chase Crosby Jan 2016

Letting Gendered Spaces Go: Striving Toward Gender And Nature Balance Through Bonding In Disney's Frozen And Maleficent, Sarah Chase Crosby

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

From Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) to more contemporary releases such as Brave (2012), scholars have extensively examined the portrayal of gender in the Disney Princess films. A significant shift in representation started to occur in the 21st century with a greater portrayal—albeit still problematic—of gender roles. Two recent films, Disney's animated Frozen (2013) and live-action Maleficent (2014), significantly illustrate how society's views of women have shifted, causing Disney to adjust its Princesses so as to mirror contemporary, more egalitarian ideals. In this thesis, I will demonstrate how the depiction of sisterly love in ...


Place-Based Communities And Neoliberalism: A Study Of The Artisanal Fishing Community Of Chorrillos, Peru, Héctor Andrés Bombiella Medina Jan 2016

Place-Based Communities And Neoliberalism: A Study Of The Artisanal Fishing Community Of Chorrillos, Peru, Héctor Andrés Bombiella Medina

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about artisanal fishers in Chorrillos, a small bay near the southern edge of Lima, Peru, and how they use place as an instrument to defend their access to fishing resources on Peru's central coast. The context of this research work includes global neoliberal influences on the Peruvian state and the negotiation of global and local economics, politics, and social issues. Over the last decade, depletion in fish stocks has led to tensions between industrial and artisanal fishers, and demands from the industrial sector to reduce Peruvian state protections for artisanal fishers. Not only are Chorrillos's ...


Sustainability, Resiliance, And Dependency: The Great Plains Model, Sebastian Braun Jan 2016

Sustainability, Resiliance, And Dependency: The Great Plains Model, Sebastian Braun

Anthropology Publications

Over the past 400 to 500 years, the Great Plains have seen a rapid succession of ecological regimes. The ecological historian Dan Flores has written that plains ecological history "centers around a series of ecological crashes and simplifications."1 This text attempts to give an overview of these successive ecological systems and to provide an analysis of the lessons in sustainability, resilience, and ideology offered by plains ecological history of the past few centuries. The plains, a semi-arid ecosystem, have "fewer of the safeguards built into more diverse systems."2 Because natural resources "in semi-arid countries are often set in ...


Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes Jan 2016

Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Graphic design has long been considered a profession for people interested in creating glossy magazines, posters, and other ephemera. Can graphic design do more for society? Through analysis of social design, wicked problems, and gift economies, this study aims to begin to understand graphic design as a method to bridge societal gaps. This study uses principles of social design, behavior change theory, and immersive community research to experiment within the local communities of Ames and Des Moines, Iowa. Several experimental methods are explored, such as the use of design to create pockets of kind acts through a pseudo-gift economy, and ...


Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Paul Loranger Jan 2016

Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Paul Loranger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore kiltmakers’ experiences as practitioners and their perspectives regarding the possibility of Protected Geographic Indication (PGI) status or Certification Mark for the Scottish kiltmaking industry, with the aim of helping to transform protection for these individuals’ livelihood. Utilizing a phenomenological approach, this study explored the experiences of both learner and expert kiltmakers, along with those of teachers and administrators in schools and firms in the greater Edinburgh and Highland regions of Scotland. An emphasis was placed on discovering participants’ experiences relating to the processes of learning and practicing kiltmaking; the industrial, cultural, and ...


The English Sailor As Compared With The Landsman: Beliefs, Folklore & Religion, 1570-1625 And Beyond, Thomas Horton Apr 2014

The English Sailor As Compared With The Landsman: Beliefs, Folklore & Religion, 1570-1625 And Beyond, Thomas Horton

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

My research aims to construct the world of a subculture in early modern England that has drifted through history without a sizable splash of real examination. What I found quickly turned into a sociological cross-examination between these two archetypes of the English villager and a man inside the maritime community. Questions arouse that brought about the age old debate of nature versus nurture. The English mariner held on to an exotic school of superstitions that were sometimes older than Christianity. Through the many journals and historical writings I read, one thing eventually became clear: the English sailor was defined by ...


Borrowing A Home: Palestinian Women's Agency In Forming National Identity, Bethany May Melendy Jan 2014

Borrowing A Home: Palestinian Women's Agency In Forming National Identity, Bethany May Melendy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an examination of Palestinian women's roles and agency in creating and reinforcing Palestinian national identity. This is done by interviewing approximately 30 women, as well as observing and participating in daily life amongst Palestinian refugees. Women are an important part of the preservation and continuation of specific aspects of Palestinian culture, which are passed down from one generation to the next. Traditionally in research of refugees, women's voices have been marginalized, and by drawing on stand-point feminist theory this research focuses exclusively on women's roles and women's voices in order to lessen this ...


Indigenous Dance And Dancing Indian: Contested Representation In The Global Era By Matthew Krystal (Review), Grant Arndt Jul 2013

Indigenous Dance And Dancing Indian: Contested Representation In The Global Era By Matthew Krystal (Review), Grant Arndt

Anthropology Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Uniting The Tribes: The Rise And Fall Of Pan-Indian Community On The Crow Reservation” By Frank Rzeczkowski, Christina Gish Hill Jan 2013

Review Of “Uniting The Tribes: The Rise And Fall Of Pan-Indian Community On The Crow Reservation” By Frank Rzeczkowski, Christina Gish Hill

Anthropology Publications

Frank Rzeczkowski’s book Uniting the Tribes brings a refreshing perspective to the much studied early reservation period on the Northern Plains. Utilizing meticulously researched archival materials, Rzeczkowski reveals the effects of reservation life on the emergence of a pan-Indian identity during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He dispels previous assumptions that such constructions only emerged off the reservation by stretching the origins of a Native collective political identity past the spatial confines of the boarding schools and the temporal limitations of the world wars. Instead, he argues that containment on reservations leveled the playing field on the ...


The Excavation Of Archaic Houses At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder Jan 2011

The Excavation Of Archaic Houses At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article reports on the excavation of Archaic houses (6th–early 5th century b.c.) in 2005 and 2006 at Azoria in eastern Crete. Five houses are discussed: four on the South Acropolis on the periphery of the civic center, and one on the North Acropolis. Well-preserved floor deposits provide evidence for room functions and permit a preliminary analysis of domestic space. The houses fill a lacuna in the published record of the 6th and early 5th centuries b.c. and contribute to our understanding of the form of Archaic houses in the Aegean and the integration of domestic space ...


Excavations In The Archaic Civic Buildings At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, William C. West Iii Jan 2011

Excavations In The Archaic Civic Buildings At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, William C. West Iii

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Continuing excavation on the South Acropolis at Azoria in northeastern Crete has exposed buildings of Archaic date (7th–early 5th century b.c.) that served communal or public functions. Work conducted in 2005 and 2006 completed the exploration of Late Archaic levels within the Communal Dining Building (putative andreion complex), the Monumental Civic Building, and the adjacent Service Building. These contexts and their assemblages, especially the animal and plant remains, permit the characterization of diverse dining practices and the interpretation of patterns of food production and consumption. Both the Communal Dining Building and the Monumental Civic Building show extensive evidence ...


Being And Becoming Visible: Women, Performance, And Visual Culture, Olga M. Mesropova, Stacey Weber-Fève Aug 2010

Being And Becoming Visible: Women, Performance, And Visual Culture, Olga M. Mesropova, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Books

Spanning geographical, cultural, and methodological boundaries, the essays in Being and Becoming Visible examine female representation in a variety of performative and visual media. Olga M. Mesropova and Stacey Weber-Fève situate the disciplines of visual culture and performance studies within two conceptual frameworks—multicultural and feminist—through the overarching thematic trope of visibility.

The contributors offer a mix of sociohistorical, ethnographic, ideological, postcolonial, and cultural approaches to the study of female representation in performance, visual, and consumer cultures. They examine curatorship, mythological representation of women, the interrelationship of mother and child, domestic gender roles, domestic abuse, and indigenous female representation ...