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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan Apr 2019

“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system has undoubtedly shaped the way the San Francisco Bay Area operates today. BART has molded itself to becoming a popular form of transportation for citizens of the area. However, numerous problems have arisen in recent years in regard to the overall “healthiness” of the BART system with its ex-aging fleet of trains, undertrained staff, lack of BART Police presence, rampant illegal drug use, etc. which has made BART unpopular with riders. The root cause of these problems through, is the lost revenue through “stolen” rides. At any one of BART’s 48 stations ...


Entrepreneurship, Angela Mcardle Apr 2019

Entrepreneurship, Angela Mcardle

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Local Interior Design Firm Business Plan


Boolean Architecture, Amber Michaela Stanfill, Tyler S. Sanford Apr 2019

Boolean Architecture, Amber Michaela Stanfill, Tyler S. Sanford

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The Grande Boolean Concert Hall uses architectural features to draw in the passerby and creates a pull for those considering Knoxville as a destination. The design infuses natural curves into the downtown area creating architectural intrigue and seats just over 1800 patrons for concerts or events. Boolean logic informed the programmatic flow and overall form celebrating the three Boolean operations: difference, intersection and union. The geometries informing circulation, enclosure and organization were the cone, sphere, and ellipse. These geometries were operated upon to create a plaza, entrance, and roof geometry directly relating to acoustic performance. A detailed acoustic simulation allowed ...


3d Procedural Maze & Cave Generation, Jacob Sharp Apr 2019

3d Procedural Maze & Cave Generation, Jacob Sharp

Student Scholar Showcase

The goal of this project is to generate a maze or cave procedurally so that a player may be able to explore infinitely without a reoccurring pattern. The project also utilizes Virtual Reality (VR); the user will be able to put on a VR Headset and become more immersed in a procedural environment. One of the challenges that needed to be overcome was simple random number generators did not generate natural looking worlds. Introducing VR to the project created the additional challenge of preventing the user from becoming motion sick. These challenges were both addressed through many hours of research ...


Reviving Troost: Reactivating Vacant Lots Through Urban Acupuncture, Ayana Belk Apr 2019

Reviving Troost: Reactivating Vacant Lots Through Urban Acupuncture, Ayana Belk

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

Modern day cities are riddled with vacant lots that attract illicit activity and give a negative impression of the surrounding neighborhood. Vacant lots are born from an urban history of an increasingly privatized public realm and growing socio-political and economic polarization (Foo 2014, 176). Suburbanization, redlining, and urban renewal disproportionately affected lower income neighborhoods, which are rarely able to rebuild without outside financial assistance. “Urban acupuncture” is a theory that views cities as living, breathing organisms and a variety of projects can serve as “needles” that revitalize the community by healing the parts. When applied correctly this theory can help ...


Empowering Women Through The Design Of Domestic Violence Shelters, Alexa Keim Apr 2019

Empowering Women Through The Design Of Domestic Violence Shelters, Alexa Keim

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

According to a report published by The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey in 2017, one in four women are sexually assaulted, physically assaulted and/or stalked by an intimate partner. According to the same survey, these women feel fearful, unsafe and show symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Supportive housing, in the form of domestic violence shelters, provide these women with a physical environment to combat their situation and to promote their future independence (Pable, 2013, p. 269; Phenice, L. & Griffore, R., 2013). Environmental factors can have an impact on women's psychological sense of safety in this time of transition (Mills, 1996, p. 263; Wells, 2007, p. 75; Pable, 2012, p. 9). The environment also plays a role in the perception of connection ...


Rough Roads Ahead!?, Sarah Reed, Brooke Thomas, Jim Hellmann Mar 2019

Rough Roads Ahead!?, Sarah Reed, Brooke Thomas, Jim Hellmann

Purdue Road School

Have you ever found yourself in the public's cross-hairs when it is time to implement a few roadway improvements? Are you handicapped in your ability to describe the true value of community planning and economic development planning? Come hear from one dynamic trio with the ability to identify issues and opportunities that others might not see and work to uncover even more ways tin which we are better together.


Latex Modified Concrete - Very Early Strength, Bobby Steele Mar 2019

Latex Modified Concrete - Very Early Strength, Bobby Steele

Purdue Road School

INDOT came out with specifications for a very early strength concrete to use on bridge deck overlays. This concrete is fast setting, which allows overlays to be performed over a weekend and benefits the traveling public with a short duration of traffic interference. Cure time to reach the strength requirement is 3 hours. E&B Paving performed the first application with the new spec on August 26, 2018. Many changes were also made to the INDOT Specification Section 722.


Epics Gaqt: Nandi Clean Kitchen Study, Yichen Fan Dec 2018

Epics Gaqt: Nandi Clean Kitchen Study, Yichen Fan

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Community Brought Together, Ethan Alan Conkin, Timothy Jacob Abbott, Tyemirlan Murat, Shahnaz Aly Nov 2018

Community Brought Together, Ethan Alan Conkin, Timothy Jacob Abbott, Tyemirlan Murat, Shahnaz Aly

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Community Brought Together

Ethan Conkin, Jacob Abbott, Tyemirlan Murat

Shahnaz Aly

Architectural Science

A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity. Communities often share a sense of place that is situated in a given geographical area (e.g. a country, village, town, or neighborhood) or in virtual space through communication platforms.

Are we hiding behind selfies and negative social media behavior instead of promoting human interaction and kindness? “For the past decade community has been slowly disappearing. Are we too busy for ...


Revitalization: Creating New Architecture From Remnants, Joseph Williams, Anthony Graham, Milton Ochoa, Shahnaz Aly Nov 2018

Revitalization: Creating New Architecture From Remnants, Joseph Williams, Anthony Graham, Milton Ochoa, Shahnaz Aly

Posters-at-the-Capitol

While it may seem appropriate to overlook the old for the new, is it possible to sustain our ecosystem in this manner? The choices we make impact our environment and those within it. Instead of relying on the novelty of the new, we should look to our inadequacies to give us greater opportunities. For we can achieve this through revitalization. By using revitalization, we have the opportunity to imbue something with new life and vitality. Revitalization in architecture can serve as a means to stabilize and perform for the greatest benefit to our ecosystem. We should look to revitalization in ...


New Vision And Reuse: Yale Pump Station, Jose Rene Frayre Jr, Leroy Daniel Duarte, Ronak Francesico Shah, Celina Elisa Crimella Nov 2018

New Vision And Reuse: Yale Pump Station, Jose Rene Frayre Jr, Leroy Daniel Duarte, Ronak Francesico Shah, Celina Elisa Crimella

Shared Knowledge Conference

The strategic location of the Pump Station and its history, scream for a need of a public space that creates a dialogue between the University and the City of Albuquerque. The Pump Station was built in the early 1930's by the City of Albuquerque as a building to house the pump equipment for the large water reservoir. Both were purchased by UNM in 1990, with the reservoir being recently demolished by the Physics and Astronomy Interdisciplinary Studies (PAIS) breaking ground this year, the preservation of the Pump Station has become increasingly important while it has remained underused and forgetting ...


Planning For Protest: The Spatial Dimensions Of Civil Resistance Movements In Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Nora Lamm Nov 2018

Planning For Protest: The Spatial Dimensions Of Civil Resistance Movements In Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Nora Lamm

Shared Knowledge Conference

This research project seeks to better understand how protests of varying sizes take place in public spaces, focusing on the city of Rio de Janeiro. The relationship between cities and protests has increasingly gained importance as urban areas throughout the world become epicenters for demanding greater political rights and expanded notions of citizenship (Harvey, 2003) (Vicino, 2017). Understanding the dynamics of protest in Rio de Janeiro is particularly important now as the city struggles to overcome a financial crisis following nearly a decade of hosting international mega-events including the 2016 Olympics. Unstable funding has led to a public security crisis ...


The Effectiveness Of Albuquerque's "There Is No Poop Fairy" Campaign, Sergio Lozoya Nov 2018

The Effectiveness Of Albuquerque's "There Is No Poop Fairy" Campaign, Sergio Lozoya

Shared Knowledge Conference

This research seeks to understand the effectiveness of the There is no Poop Fairy campaign through a public survey of dog owners. The There Is No Poop Fairy campaign was initiated in Albuquerque, New Mexico, in 2014, with the goal of getting dog owners to pick up and properly dispose of their dogs’ waste. The Rio Grande is contaminated with E. coli bacteria that originates in part from dog waste, which is carried to the river through storm water. Levels of E. coli in the Rio Grande have decreased dramatically within the past few years, coincident with the campaign. The ...


A Rural New Mexico Village's Perspectives Of Local Problems, Strengths And Solutions: Asset Mapping And Issue Prioritization For Community Development, Rita Y. Martinez Nov 2018

A Rural New Mexico Village's Perspectives Of Local Problems, Strengths And Solutions: Asset Mapping And Issue Prioritization For Community Development, Rita Y. Martinez

Shared Knowledge Conference

Understanding community perspectives regarding local needs, problems and assets is an important step towards community development. Needs assessments help identify gaps in public policies and/or available public services, such as public utilities, public safety, education, housing, health, and transportation, as well as asses the local/regional economy that affect the quality of life of residents. Assessment data helps to inform the development of useful interventions and data informed decision-making processes that can later be evaluated for their effectiveness and/or to make improvements and adjustments to public policies, and local initiatives to reach community goals. In rural communities, needs ...


Elements Of Sustainable Architecture In Vernacular Architecture: The Case Of 19 Th Century Urban Dwellings Of Kosovo, Arbër Sadiki, Arnia Kryeziu Oct 2018

Elements Of Sustainable Architecture In Vernacular Architecture: The Case Of 19 Th Century Urban Dwellings Of Kosovo, Arbër Sadiki, Arnia Kryeziu

UBT International Conference

The paper presents a research on parameters of sustainable architecture identified in the vernacular architecture of Kosovo, specifically in the urban dwelling constructed during the 19 th century. Main principles of sustainable architecture in general were initially evaluated and elaborated in order to identify and compare to the study cases included in this research. Analyzes have shown characteristic architectural elements of this typologies such as: extended eaves, open end closed çardak (garret, balcony), window wooden shutters, natural building materials, vegetation and etcetera, to be part of the conscious design with sustainable approach. As conclusion, these models illustrate an excellent example ...


Urban Heritage And Place-Making: Preservation Through Mobility Enhancement In The Historic Centre Of Prizren, Lorika Hisari Oct 2018

Urban Heritage And Place-Making: Preservation Through Mobility Enhancement In The Historic Centre Of Prizren, Lorika Hisari

UBT International Conference

Since the armed conflict ended and during a decade of state building Kosovo has gone through substantial reforms required for its European Union integration. This was reflected into its built environment including the historic areas and cultural heritage preservation. Legislation, plans, policy documents and strategies foresee an all-inclusive and a balanced way of development. Practice, however, informs the opposite as the drafted documents are hardly implemented. This paper discusses and examines the mobility in a public space in the Historic Centre of Prizren in relation to the preservation of urban heritage. The paper reveals how the institutional (non)action and ...


The Traditional Tower Houses Of Kosovo And Albania -Origin, Development And Influences, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Oct 2018

The Traditional Tower Houses Of Kosovo And Albania -Origin, Development And Influences, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

UBT International Conference

Gheg-Albanians as well as Tosk-Albanians consider a distinct tower-house type of their traditional cultural heritage. Hence the closer look upon the structures in their geographical distribution from the Dukajin plains in nowadays Kosovo to the Dropull valley close to the Greek border provides a wide range of variations. Generally those structures serve as impressive residential houses (banesa) for rich landlords, warlords, tax collectors and merchants performing a rural-urban lifestyle. Therefore, a sophisticated blend of the all-time defendable Albanian tower house (kulla), still existing quite intact in the western Kosovo plains, and the comfortable Turkish life-style influenced residence was developed during ...


Understanding Of Modern Movement In Kayseri By Using Oral History Methods: A Case On Akdamar Apartment, 1960’S, Filiz Sönmez, Semra Arslan Selçuk Oct 2018

Understanding Of Modern Movement In Kayseri By Using Oral History Methods: A Case On Akdamar Apartment, 1960’S, Filiz Sönmez, Semra Arslan Selçuk

UBT International Conference

In the recent history of the modernization of dwelling and housing culture, much attention has been given to oral history methodology. However, less research has been done on 1960’s houses and very little on actual homeowners’ firsthand experiences in their homes in Kayseri, Turkey. For this reason, this study attempts to use oral history as a way to critically understand how the modern home was built and how residents lived in the space in the 1960’s. In this context, the Akdamar Family Apartment is assumed to provide a large corpus of data, documenting the living, subjective, social, cultural ...


Underground House As A New Concept Of Housing, Zana Prelvukaj, Lulzim Beqiri, Rineta Jashari, Faton Spahiu Oct 2018

Underground House As A New Concept Of Housing, Zana Prelvukaj, Lulzim Beqiri, Rineta Jashari, Faton Spahiu

UBT International Conference

Since the beginning of human existence, housing is considered one of the basic elements for survival and protection from difficult natural conditions. The purpose of this research is to treat underground homes, as a new form of residence. In addition, the study will seek to discover the underground houses that were developed in Switzerland, China and Greece as constructions and that have gained good results in the field of housing, integration of outdoor construction, design and saving energy. The research is intended to serve as a basic, basis for informing the typologies, advantages, and disadvantages of the underground houses. Kosovo ...


An Aplication Of Mcda Method To Evaluate And Select The Most Suitable Landfill Sites For Urban Waste. A Project Case Study For Berat County. Albania, Robert Kosova, Fabiana Cullhaj, Teuta Thanasi, Arben Reka, Taulant Jullolli, Gjergji Thanasi Oct 2018

An Aplication Of Mcda Method To Evaluate And Select The Most Suitable Landfill Sites For Urban Waste. A Project Case Study For Berat County. Albania, Robert Kosova, Fabiana Cullhaj, Teuta Thanasi, Arben Reka, Taulant Jullolli, Gjergji Thanasi

UBT International Conference

Waste management system needs clear and strict management policy. They also need a process of evaluating and selecting the most appropriate landfill sites that respect the restrictions and constraints dictated by the presence of the population in that area, with respect to ecological ecosystems and other factors. In addition to the geographical and geological criteria and other specifications that are defined by traditional selection procedures, there are new factors adding to the old constraints and limitations. Urban waste is produced in large quantities in our cities, every year. As a result, the number of sites should increase with the population ...


Statistical Control Of Mutual Exchange Of Details (Tenon -Mortise ) From Beechwood, In Some Of Manufacturing Factories Of Chairs In Region Of Ferizaj, Blertë Sylejmani, Rrahim Sejdiu, Agron Bajraktari Oct 2018

Statistical Control Of Mutual Exchange Of Details (Tenon -Mortise ) From Beechwood, In Some Of Manufacturing Factories Of Chairs In Region Of Ferizaj, Blertë Sylejmani, Rrahim Sejdiu, Agron Bajraktari

UBT International Conference

Like every manufacturing industry, the wood industry also faces with many challenges. For responding to these challenges, companies need to improve constantly the quality of their products, by using scientific analysis and putting them into use. This study presents statistical process control of the elements of tenon and mortise, based on data analysis, obtained from production. On the basis of data processing, conclusions are given by regarding the possibility of cooperation of companies and their mutual exchange. Regular application of control charts, reduces defects and production costs, and keeps open possibilities for collaboration between enterprises, by exchanging certain parts (concrete ...


Living Spaces At Multi-Family Apartments In Republic Of Kosovo, Mimoza Sylejmani, Lulzim Beqiri, Besian Sinani Oct 2018

Living Spaces At Multi-Family Apartments In Republic Of Kosovo, Mimoza Sylejmani, Lulzim Beqiri, Besian Sinani

UBT International Conference

Based on the research that was performed at the multi-family apartments generally built in Republic of Kosovo, it was observed that these types of buildings underwent several transformations that can be classified in two groups. The manner of organization of living space at multi-family apartments differs in the buildings constructed before 1999 and those constructed since that year up to present time. Due to the various changes, be it political, the manner of construction of the buildings after 1999 and other issues of this nature, the living spaces started to shrink, in some cases to such a degree that they ...


The Role Of Community In Urban Regeneration Case Study City Of Skenderaj, Rineta Jashari, Safete Veliu, Valdrin Tahiri Oct 2018

The Role Of Community In Urban Regeneration Case Study City Of Skenderaj, Rineta Jashari, Safete Veliu, Valdrin Tahiri

UBT International Conference

The essence of the research is to study whether the role of community opinion within the decision-making process is a fundamental and essential factor to ensure the enhancement of the quality of urban regeneration activities. Various international research shows that community involvement can have an impact on quality improvement during the sustainable planning process and can lead to successful urban regeneration initiatives. Also, it emphasizes the need to integrate social elements in the urban regeneration practices in order to have a different approach by socio- economic changes, and socio spatial planning and community. Case study was taken city of Skenderaj ...


Development Of Policies For Acquiring Municipal Land, Through Planning Mechanisms To Achieve The Defined Goals In Prishtina, Burbuqe Hydaverdi Oct 2018

Development Of Policies For Acquiring Municipal Land, Through Planning Mechanisms To Achieve The Defined Goals In Prishtina, Burbuqe Hydaverdi

UBT International Conference

Prishtina and other capitals in the region are daily facing enormous applications to access public utilities. The development of construction trend that is still ongoing, with a combined architecture between the traditional and the modern, on one hand is contributing and generating revues to the budget of the capital city, and on the other hand is creating difficulties in providing infrastructural, social and public services. Spatial planning documents not always reflect the reality, because urban development is taking place rapidly in spite of legal capabilities to amend the development plans. The areas for public and social infrastructure have been defined ...


“Circular Economy” As An Imperative Indicator Of A Sustainable Urban Development Derived By Construction Industry – Case Study Pristina, Binak Beqaj, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli Oct 2018

“Circular Economy” As An Imperative Indicator Of A Sustainable Urban Development Derived By Construction Industry – Case Study Pristina, Binak Beqaj, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli

UBT International Conference

Construction field is an important industry for improving resource productivity and with impact on urban development and GDP of the Country (actually in Kosova, as calculated on the level of 15.76%). The intention of the system promoted by the European Union as “Circular Economy” is to keep the added value of the products for as long as possible and virtually eliminate waste from urban spaces as a fundamental guide of urban sustainability. The process of turning waste into a resource of new modes seems to reshape the development of construction industries, especially now when the need for building materials ...


Urban Sprawl And Its Impact On Economic, Social And Environmental Factors Qstudy Case –Suburban Neighborhood Of Pristina (International Village, Neighborhood Qershia, Swiss Village), Fjolla Abazi, Elvida Pallaska Oct 2018

Urban Sprawl And Its Impact On Economic, Social And Environmental Factors Qstudy Case –Suburban Neighborhood Of Pristina (International Village, Neighborhood Qershia, Swiss Village), Fjolla Abazi, Elvida Pallaska

UBT International Conference

The impact of Urban Sprawl in economic, social and environmental factors is the subject to this research paper. Measurement of Urban Sprawl in cadastral zone Caglavica is one of the main objectives of this research Based on data provided by the Kosovo Agency of Statistics regarding the increase of the number of collective residence in Prishtina, based on cartographies that show how Pristina was in the prewar period and how it was extended today, the cartographies that were presented in Pristina's municipal development plan, we understand that Pristina has increased in recent years by the number of constructions. Also ...


Growing A Sustainable City: The Question Of Urban Agriculture, Hamil Pearsall Sep 2018

Growing A Sustainable City: The Question Of Urban Agriculture, Hamil Pearsall

Sustainability Seminar Series

This presentation examines urban agriculture in Philadelphia and highlights the challenges of institutionalizing this historically informal urban activity into formal city policy over the last two decades. Urban agriculture has become a symbol of Philadelphia’s economic revitalization, sustainability, and increasingly, its gentrification. Often characterized by advocates as an urban panacea, gardening and farming seem to promise solutions to many different urban problems, such as blighted vacant lots, food insecurity, stormwater runoff, and neighborhood decline. However, questions of land tenure, the use of economic resources, and the long-term viability of urban agriculture shape the political discourse about the future of ...


High Performance Mortar With 100% Recycled Aggregate Using Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles, Molly Schrager, Vito Francioso, Arjun Kadakia, Mirian Velay-Lizancos Aug 2018

High Performance Mortar With 100% Recycled Aggregate Using Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles, Molly Schrager, Vito Francioso, Arjun Kadakia, Mirian Velay-Lizancos

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Concrete and mortar are materials commonly used in construction. Their main compounds are cement, aggregates (sand and gravel) and water. In an effort to increase the sustainability of these materials, the idea of using recycled aggregates from ground old concrete and using it to make mortar and concrete has gained more interest. It has two advantages: it reduces the need to mine for raw materials and lessens the amount of old and defective concrete that is typically put in landfills. But, the use of recycled concrete aggregate lowers the strength of mortars and concretes because the residual compounds in the ...


My Catalyst, Gabrielle Gambino Lyon Jul 2018

My Catalyst, Gabrielle Gambino Lyon

Celebration of Learning

Over the course of my internship and shadow program with Pepper Lawson Construction and Ziegler Cooper Architects, I was able to explore the various career paths involved in the design, construction, and civil engineering fields. My work on the construction site of a high-rise apartment building located in the heart of Houston, TX allowed me first-hand experience working and learning alongside project engineers, contractors, building developers, and the construction team.

This project was the perfect confluence of my main areas of interest: structural, mechanical, civil, and environmental engineering, as well as architecture. My daily work consisted of on-site walk throughs ...