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Theses (Historic Preservation)

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A Study On The Reassessment Of Buffer Zone Management Policy In South Korea, Jungseop Park Jan 2019

A Study On The Reassessment Of Buffer Zone Management Policy In South Korea, Jungseop Park

Theses (Historic Preservation)

In 2000, the South Korean government set up buffer zone system for preserve nationally and locally designated cultural and natural heritage. Even though it effectively preserved historic resources against construction activities, some criticism, such as building height regulations around some types of cultural heritage which does not contain any visible historic resources on the ground, are generated.

Regarding the criticism above, this study focused on the assessment the necessity of building height regulations around the “invisible” cultural heritage. A comparative study of buffer zone policy – UNESCO, U.S. and France - is discussed in the first part of the study. Cases ...


Evaluation Of Comparative Repair Methods For Stone, Wei Luo Jan 2019

Evaluation Of Comparative Repair Methods For Stone, Wei Luo

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Stone masonry, once popular in 19th and early 20th century America, was gradually replaced by concrete and other modern building materials. Many Pennsylvania quarries produced prized local stone such as Pennsylvania Blue Marble, Hummelstown Brownstone, and Chester County Serpentine, all no longer quarried. These materials were used to construct numerous historically significant architecture in the Mid-Atlantic Region.

While material authenticity is one of the guiding philosophies for conservation design, oftentimes compromises must be made for many reasons—cost, availability, compatibility with other materials or structure, schedule, skilled labor, aesthetics and an important one which will be the focus of this ...


Habits Of Housing Policy: The Role Of Historical Decision-Making Tendencies In Shaping Contemporary Philadelphia Policy, Katherine Randall Jan 2019

Habits Of Housing Policy: The Role Of Historical Decision-Making Tendencies In Shaping Contemporary Philadelphia Policy, Katherine Randall

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis assesses the extent to which historic decision-making tendencies influence contemporary Philadelphia policy. Philadelphia has a distinctive stock of rowhouses built throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries which today provides more housing units than are needed by the population. The excess housing stock means that Philadelphia could invest in reuse rather than new construction to meet demand for affordable rental housing, a path which avoids demolition and displacement in communities which have faced disinvestment in the past. However, current Philadelphia policy appears to favor new construction of housing.

Using primary and secondary sources, this thesis examines patterns in past ...


Managing Community Murals In An Urban Preservation Framework, Margaret Back Jan 2019

Managing Community Murals In An Urban Preservation Framework, Margaret Back

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Since their arrival in the 1960s, community murals have grown from grass roots efforts to beautify neighborhoods and assert community identity into artistically innovative expressions of injustices of the communities they serve. As murals increasingly appear in cities across the country, almost no guidelines exist for their management and care nor their relationship with existing cultural resource management practices. This thesis examines how community mural programs interact with other public and private entities to achieve preservation-oriented management practices. It explores the current policies and practices of three east coast community organizations, The Baltimore Mural Program, Mural Arts Philadelphia, and the ...


Stoneleigh As A Case Study In Architectural And Land Preservation, Anne Albert Jan 2019

Stoneleigh As A Case Study In Architectural And Land Preservation, Anne Albert

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines Stoneleigh, a recently preserved historic landscape garden and Tudor Revival House in Lower Merion Township, Pennsylvania. An eminent domain legal challenge threatened the permanent protection of this estate, which was set through Façade and Conservation Easements. John and Chara Haas, Stoneleigh’s last private owners recognized the property’s naturalistic values and created a Conservation Easement for the property with Natural Lands. Natural Lands, a region-wide land trust serving Southern New Jersey and Southeastern Pennsylvania, owns Stoneleigh. This land trust created a facade easement for Stoneleigh’s grand house. The Lower Merion Conservancy and the Preservation Alliance ...


The Current Relocation Practice In Chinese Historic Districts From The Perspective Of Residents' Willingness To Relocate: A Case Study Of Baitasi Historic District, Beijing, Ran Wei Jan 2019

The Current Relocation Practice In Chinese Historic Districts From The Perspective Of Residents' Willingness To Relocate: A Case Study Of Baitasi Historic District, Beijing, Ran Wei

Theses (Historic Preservation)

After years of trials, China has been shifting the model of historic district regeneration from massive destruction and construction to incremental and small-scale preservation, including changing the complete and involuntary relocation of original residents to negotiable and partial relocation. During the process, residents’ willingness to relocate is important for the decision-makers to consider who is likely to move and who is likely to stay. To investigate the residents’ willingness to relocate for the purpose of improving the relocation and regeneration practice in Chinese historic districts, this research uses Baitasi Historic District in Beijing as an example and focuses on those ...


“Where Shall We Go?”: Race, Displacement, And Preservation At Slabtown And Yorktown Battlefield, Jacob Torkelson Jan 2019

“Where Shall We Go?”: Race, Displacement, And Preservation At Slabtown And Yorktown Battlefield, Jacob Torkelson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Slabtown, a community descended from refugee slaves and freedpersons, existed at Yorktown Battlefield from the 1860s until the 1970s when it was intentionally demolished by the National Park Service. Colonial National Historical Park edited out Slabtown’s legacy, wholly disregarding the contributions of African Americans to the heritage of Yorktown Battlefield. Why was this decision made? What happened to Slabtown? And what does this mean for the future of Yorktown Battlefield? This thesis advocates for the preservation of landscape traces in Slabtown, and seeks to prove that the voids and absence of buildings are a powerful preservation and interpretive resource ...


Private Preservation: Using Garden City-Inspired Legal Tools To Preserve Communities And Heritage, Santiago Preciado Ovalle Jan 2019

Private Preservation: Using Garden City-Inspired Legal Tools To Preserve Communities And Heritage, Santiago Preciado Ovalle

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis looks at the legacy of Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City vision, and analyzes how a reappropriation of privatism and communal land ownership and management can work to preserve communities and heritage as an alternative set of tools to public preservation. Using the law of property to explore private legal and economic preservation tools, this thesis explores the precedents of private governments and the use of restrictive covenants as tools for private preservation. Using the legacy of communal land ownership and management, the thesis explores the use of land trusts and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), and their potential ...


Reconfiguring The Republic Dream: New Equitable Housing Types In Post-Socialist Tbilisi, Irena Wight Jan 2019

Reconfiguring The Republic Dream: New Equitable Housing Types In Post-Socialist Tbilisi, Irena Wight

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Post-socialist Tbilisi is a city with a rich yet rapidly disappearing built heritage. The city’s long and layered histories as well as its location at the crossroads between Asia and Europe have shaped its urban and architectural forms to reflect its multicultural and cosmopolitan character. Traditional building types demonstrate the confluence of cultures and the inhabitants’ open social ideals, as gradients of privacy blend between private, public, and semiprivate. The Art Nouveau courtyard house embodies these values as its internal composition reveals that the shift toward Art Nouveau accompanied a broader redesign of domestic space at this moment. Further ...


Authenticity Of The Light Environment Of The Pennsylvania Academy Of The Fine Arts, Jeong Eun Pae Jan 2019

Authenticity Of The Light Environment Of The Pennsylvania Academy Of The Fine Arts, Jeong Eun Pae

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Daylight is one of the essential elements in the human experience of architectural space, and this is especially the case with the historic buildings that predate the wide-spread use of electric light. With a historic building, the architect’s original design intent for daylighting may be diminished by a variety of factors: environmental context, replacement of glazing material, soiling, window treatments, introduction of artificial light, interventions for the improvement of energy efficiency, and removal or abandonment of external shading devices such as shutters. By operating computational simulation of the indoor daylight environment on a chosen historic building, the Pennsylvania Academy ...


Permanent Impermanence: Preserving The Garden Room At Frank Lloyd Wright's Desert Camp, Taliesin West, Ashley Losco Jan 2019

Permanent Impermanence: Preserving The Garden Room At Frank Lloyd Wright's Desert Camp, Taliesin West, Ashley Losco

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Since Taliesin West is both an active architectural school and historic site, this thesis study explores the use of “progressive authenticity” in the preservation of the Garden Room at Frank Lloyd Wright’s Taliesin West. Progressive authenticity is a preservation theory that focuses on the values and cultural heritage of a site, known as the intangible heritage, as well as the physical historic fabric, the tangible heritage. Progressive authenticity argues that every layer of change, including new changes, is part of a historic site’s identity. From construction in 1939 to today, every layer of change by Wright, his wife ...


Changing Landscapes: Redefining Preservation For Legacy Neighborhoods, Kaitlyn Levesque Jan 2019

Changing Landscapes: Redefining Preservation For Legacy Neighborhoods, Kaitlyn Levesque

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis offers a critical examination of traditional preservation policies and practices, which have long prioritized the physical form and fabric of heritage places over other values. This disproportionately favors dominant cultures in historic narratives and perpetuates harmfully narrow definitions of significance, authenticity, and integrity.

With a specific focus on legacy neighborhoods, urban areas suffering from sustained disinvestment and wide-spread vacancy, a more equitable preservation process is proposed. One which views the preservation of a neighborhood’s existing social fabric (its health, culture, and connectivity) as essential to the that of its physical fabric (both built and natural). Grounded in ...


Soft Reds And Hard Tans: Developing An Index Of Vulnerability For New Orleans Brick, Justin Lynch Jan 2019

Soft Reds And Hard Tans: Developing An Index Of Vulnerability For New Orleans Brick, Justin Lynch

Theses (Historic Preservation)

One of the challenges that architectural conservators face is how identical masonry materials can behave differently depending upon variation in composition, age, and production technology. This is especially true within the context of New Orleans brickmaking tradition, which relied upon two sources of clay to make bricks in the nineteenth century. Soft-red bricks were made using locally sourced Mississippi River clay, whereas hard tan bricks were made using mud from Lake Pontchartrain. Using multiple physical characterization techniques and performance tests, this study compares the behavior of two groups of seven nineteenth-century soft red and hard tan bricks to show that ...


An Evaluation Of The Impacts Of Replacement Reserve Studies On The Stewardship Of Historic Houses Of Worship, Allison King Jan 2019

An Evaluation Of The Impacts Of Replacement Reserve Studies On The Stewardship Of Historic Houses Of Worship, Allison King

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Reserve studies are a facilities maintenance planning tool created by the common interest development industry in the United States that could be a useful tool for heritage site managers to financially plan for maintenance and repairs. Unexpected building related costs can be a threat to the financial stability of religious organizations and other types of nonprofits housed in historic buildings because these organizations require lead time to raise funds. Reserve studies could be a useful tool for site managers to financially prepare plan for repairs and generate realistic reserves to cover future expenditures. Reserve study reports include a physical assessment ...


Wall Assembly Deterioration: Asbestos-Cement, Modernism, And Panel Construction, Kallie Kothmann Jan 2019

Wall Assembly Deterioration: Asbestos-Cement, Modernism, And Panel Construction, Kallie Kothmann

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Asbestos-fiber reinforced cement panelboards were a common and cost-effective means of making a building fire-resistant in the early twentieth century and fall under the purview of preservation and conservation disciplines by virtue of their period of use. However, due to the potential health and legal implications of deteriorating asbestos-containing products, conservation dilemmas arise when these products are involved. This thesis discusses the ways in which understanding asbestos-cement panelized wall systems can help inform their potential deterioration mechanisms, leading to treatment options and recommendations. The focus is exterior asbestos-cement panels installed in a building as parts of a modular assembly because ...


Form Regulation To Address New Construction In Historic Districts, Meredith Johnson Jan 2019

Form Regulation To Address New Construction In Historic Districts, Meredith Johnson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis will evaluate several tools that cities are currently using to regulate the form of new construction, large alterations, and additions in designated historic areas. A number of tools are available to achieve this type of regulation, but the most popular tools tend to be place-specific design guidelines derived from the study of a historic district, associated with an overlay designation established by the city’s zoning code. Throughout this thesis, this type of regulation will be referred to as “traditional tools.” “Non-traditional tools,” as used herein, include things like form-based codes or neighborhood conservation districts. These are tools ...


A Performance Evaluation Of Amended Stabilization Mortars At Wupatki National Monument, Arizona, Caroline Dickensheets Jan 2019

A Performance Evaluation Of Amended Stabilization Mortars At Wupatki National Monument, Arizona, Caroline Dickensheets

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Earthen mortars are commonly amended to display ‘improved’ performance and weathering properties than unamended soil mortars. In an effort to make more lasting repairs, the National Park Service (NPS) has used amended earthen mortars on their historic structures since the 19th century. These interventions have displayed various levels of compatibility with original masonry material. One such amendment, the acrylic emulsion Rhoplex™ E-330, has been used in setting and pointing mortars for the conservation of ruin sites at multiple National Parks since the 1970s. This paper focus on conservation repair mortars, specifically the durability and performance of amended earthen mortars at ...


A Framework For Risk Analysis And Vulnerability Assessment Of The Rubble Masonry At Tuzigoot National Monument, Dorcas Corchado Colón Jan 2019

A Framework For Risk Analysis And Vulnerability Assessment Of The Rubble Masonry At Tuzigoot National Monument, Dorcas Corchado Colón

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Located on the summit of a sandstone and limestone ridge overlooking the Verde River in Clarkdale, Arizona lies a cluster of two to three story masonry Native American ruins known as Tuzigoot National Monument. This thesis focused on Group III, which contains the first pueblo rooms built on the site, still containing historical stabilization material. Despite partial collapse, burial and excavation, these walls have endured. Since excavation in 1933, Tuzigoot has been continuously stabilized reflecting changing attitudes in materials and methods. In light of past and current preservation management, this thesis studied the construction and performance of the rubble wall ...


Hacking Suburbia: An Architect's Reconsideration Of The Home, Lillian Candela Jan 2019

Hacking Suburbia: An Architect's Reconsideration Of The Home, Lillian Candela

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Beginning with the development of pattern books and their popularization in the 19th century, architects have struggled to determine their role in the homebuilding industry and contributing to a tension between architects, homebuilders and consumers. During the rise of pattern books, architects originally marketed themselves as ‘tastemakers’, but through the provision of patterns they became further circumscribed from the mass-produced housing market. Taste was no longer something that could be exclusively bought from an architect and in the last decade of the 20th century, mass-produced suburbs transitioned to being designed via online design tools offered by large homebuilder companies. Hacking ...


A Safe House For Orphan Parts An Architectural Proposal For A Us Center For Illicit Antiquities, Lauren Aguilar Jan 2019

A Safe House For Orphan Parts An Architectural Proposal For A Us Center For Illicit Antiquities, Lauren Aguilar

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Though very different institutions, the Met, the Getty, and US Immigration and Customs have a striking similarity in one regard. Each holds unmatched collections of antiquities. They focus efforts on study, acquisition, and object transfer. However, the Met and the Getty are renowned museums and ICE recovers and repatriates black market goods, keeping their collection in several top-secret warehouses. One such warehouse in Queens houses over 2,500 seized artifacts including “a huge stone Buddha from India, terra-cotta horsemen from China, reliefs from Iraq, Syria, and Yemen” Unlike the carefully curated collections at institutions like the Met, these pieces are ...


“Eminent Good Sense?:” Using Eminent Domain To Curtail Demolition By Neglect, Sarah Mchale Scott Jan 2019

“Eminent Good Sense?:” Using Eminent Domain To Curtail Demolition By Neglect, Sarah Mchale Scott

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Demolition by neglect is a significant concern in many communities with historically-, architecturally-, and culturally-significant buildings; however, it is challenging to prevent and even more challenging to stop once it has begun. An unlikely, but promising, alternative tool to curtail demolition by neglect is eminent domain, government’s authority to take private property for public use. This thesis examines the legal justifications for using eminent domain to stop the destructive practice of historic property abandonment and analyzes its effectiveness in promoting the rehabilitation and reuse of these properties.

A key component of this study is the examination of case studies ...


A Conservation Assessment Of The Architectural Wood Of The Original Dining Room At Taliesin West, Mia Maloney Jan 2019

A Conservation Assessment Of The Architectural Wood Of The Original Dining Room At Taliesin West, Mia Maloney

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Taliesin West, located in Scottsdale, Arizona, was Frank Lloyd Wright’s winter home and studio from 1938 until his death in 1959. Through the Taliesin Fellowship, Wright trained hundreds of apprentices who helped him build and continually alter the site. Taliesin West has continued to evolve since 1959 and currently operates as both a school and museum. This thesis focuses on the conservation of the architectural wood in the Original Dining Room, presently referred to as the Board Room. The Original Dining Room was one of the first structures built at the site and functioned as the Taliesin Fellowship’s ...


Bringing The Public Back To The Park: Analysis Of Springside Landscape’S Preservation Maintenance Plan, Kyle Toth Jan 2018

Bringing The Public Back To The Park: Analysis Of Springside Landscape’S Preservation Maintenance Plan, Kyle Toth

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Springside is a 20-acre park in Poughkeepsie, New York. Commissioned in 1850 by Matthew Vassar, beer brewer and founder of Vassar College, the private estate was both a pleasure ground and gentleman’s farm designed by America’s first and perhaps most influential landscape architect, A. J. Downing, with buildings designed by Downing and Calvert Vaux. Springside is the only extant landscape that can definitively be attributed to Downing, and as such has been a National Historic Landmark since 1969. Subsequent subdividing of Springside has eliminated the farms and orchards of the estate, leaving only the core pleasure ground of ...


Developing A Sustainable Urban Heritage Tourism Approach For Philadelphia - Experiences From National Heritage Areas, Yue Wu Jan 2018

Developing A Sustainable Urban Heritage Tourism Approach For Philadelphia - Experiences From National Heritage Areas, Yue Wu

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis proposes a sustainable heritage tourism development approach for large and multifunctional historic cities like Philadelphia. Although Philadelphia is not solely or even largely dependent on tourism, the city nevertheless views heritage tourism as a valuable opportunity to enhance its competitiveness and attract investment. This study explores the challenges in urban heritage management and suggests an approach to integrate community development and heritage tourism development, so as to take advantage of heritage resources for improving quality of urban life while minimizing the negative impact observed in historic cities. One source for this exploration is the successful strategies and practical ...


Preserving Under Triple Dilemmas: Study On The Jinyang National Archaeological Site Park, Zhongpei Qin Jan 2018

Preserving Under Triple Dilemmas: Study On The Jinyang National Archaeological Site Park, Zhongpei Qin

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis introduces a new preservation type in China — the National Archaeological Site Park (abbreviated as NASP). With a special concern on the Jinyang NASP, this study summarizes the historical significance of the Jinyang archaeological site and reveals the mounting threatens to the site, which is posted by the massive urbanization and the aggressive developmental strategy prompted by the local leader, Mayor Geng.

Taking the Jinyang site and Mayor Geng as an example, this research explores the complicated issues residing in the preservation fields of China. Viewing from the dimension of government, society and individual respectively, the author argues that ...


Assessing The Deterioration Of Pennsylvania Marble In William Strickland's Mechanics' Bank, Alberto Calderón-González Jan 2018

Assessing The Deterioration Of Pennsylvania Marble In William Strickland's Mechanics' Bank, Alberto Calderón-González

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Pennsylvania marble, a moderately metamorphosed and polishable calcareous stone, was the most desirable building material in early-nineteenth-century Philadelphia, gracing structures that ranged from federal institutions to hundreds of rowhouse stoops and grave markers. While changes in architectural taste and a poor performance under pollution made it an obsolete material by the early twentieth century, its major role in the historic fabric of the city justifies research into its deterioration and conservation.

The Mechanics’ Bank was erected on Philadelphia’s Third Street in 1837 by William Strickland, one of the country’s leading Greek Revival architects. The marble-clad Corinthian building is ...


The American Garden At Powderham: "Delightful Retreat In The Plantation", Rebecca Wilkinson Flemer Jan 2018

The American Garden At Powderham: "Delightful Retreat In The Plantation", Rebecca Wilkinson Flemer

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis explores the history of the American Garden at Powderham in Devon, England. The seven-acre space was created, abandoned, and replanted over the course of over two-hundred years yet manages to convey remarkable integrity and sense of place. In the process of discovering who created the garden, this study aims to bring a deeper understanding of how and why American gardens, and Powderham’s in particular, were constructed in the late Georgian period.

Because the Powderham American Garden has changed significantly over the past 200 years, the garden is not as it appeared in the late eighteenth and early ...


Non-Destructive Evaluation Of George Nakashima's Modernist Thin-Shell Plywood Structure, Elizabeth Henley Reynolds Jan 2018

Non-Destructive Evaluation Of George Nakashima's Modernist Thin-Shell Plywood Structure, Elizabeth Henley Reynolds

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The purpose of this thesis is two-fold: to understand the construction and vulnerability of an open thin-shell plywood structure, and to propose a holistic and efficient program for assessment of thin-shell buildings using Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE). This project focuses on the Pool House George Nakashima built in 1960, on his estate in New Hope, Pennsylvania. The structure is noteworthy for its conoid thin-shell roof, as part of a series of experimental roofs extant on the Nakashima Complex. While several other buildings on site employ these warped roofs, the rate of deterioration of the plywood assemblies is not fully understood.

This ...


Examining Slavery's Architectural Finishes: The Importance Of Interdisciplinary Investigations Of Humble Spaces, Rebekah Zubaida Yousaf Jan 2018

Examining Slavery's Architectural Finishes: The Importance Of Interdisciplinary Investigations Of Humble Spaces, Rebekah Zubaida Yousaf

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis studies the evidence of architectural finishes in slave dwellings as a vehicle for understanding their lives, experiences and culture. Reviewing the finishes analyses of slave quarters in eight case studies, the author examines evidence of original finishes and observes how they can inform our understanding of slavery, including the possibility of a transfer of color traditions from Africa. The author also considers architectural and archaeological investigations performed on slave dwellings as a supplement to understanding these spaces and the use of African culture as a form of cultural resistance. The limited but important evidence underlines the need for ...


When A Little Goes A Long Way: Tracking The Historic Preservation Fund & Its Impact On The Field Of Historic Preservation, Tarsha Sydney Wilson Jan 2018

When A Little Goes A Long Way: Tracking The Historic Preservation Fund & Its Impact On The Field Of Historic Preservation, Tarsha Sydney Wilson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) is a federal grant-in-aid program stemming from the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. It is authorized at $150 million annually with funds deposited from Outer Continental Shelf oil lease revenues. The fund is reauthorized by Congress periodically with apportionment mandated by the National Park Service under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior. Despite being authorized for $150 million, the fund has never been fully appropriated with lows of $25-$26 million and highs reaching close to $90 million. Research for this impact assessment required scouring newspaper archives within the historic preservation field ...