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Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu Jan 2019

Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Guangdong Province is located in the southernmost region of mainland China with a total area of 180,000 square kilometers. The GDP ranks first in China, and the economic aggregate accounts for 1/8 of China’s total. As the economic development continues, the fragmentation of ecological land is becoming more dangerous. To solve this problem, the local government organized the master planning of environmental protection. The provincial greenway planning (also called ecological corridor) proposed in this paper is an essential part of it. The total length of planned greenways in Guangdong Province is 2,836 kilometers, and its primary ...


Urban Heat Islands Strategy Plan Vienna – Implementing Urban Green Infrastructure To Reduce Negative Effects Of Urban Heat Islands, Birgit Gantner, Brigitte Allex, Christiane Brandenburg, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Jürgen Preiss Jan 2016

Urban Heat Islands Strategy Plan Vienna – Implementing Urban Green Infrastructure To Reduce Negative Effects Of Urban Heat Islands, Birgit Gantner, Brigitte Allex, Christiane Brandenburg, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Jürgen Preiss

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban heat islands (UHI) have been known since the 19th century (Howard, 1820) and describe the difference in temperature between cities and their rural surroundings. This difference can be up to 12°C (Eliasson, 2000, 31); the phenomenon is caused by the transformation of natural surfaces through e.g. soil sealing, construction of infrastructure and buildings. However, differences in temperature not only occur between cities and their adjacent areas, but also within different parts of cities depending on the provision of green and blue infrastructure as well as on their share of sealed surfaces. The situation is further aggravated by ...


Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford Jan 2016

Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities across the United States, in an effort to maintain competitiveness and address broader economic, ecological or social issues, are investing in innovative planning and design. This paper provides an overview of three recent U.S.-based projects representing a range of scales where landscape is leading this charge as a powerful urban catalyst – from the two-acre temporary landscape dubbed the Lawn on D in Downtown Boston, to the newly opened Chicago Riverwalk expansion, to a regional strategy to address land loss on the Gulf Coast. In each case, the urban context, the planning and design strategy and the project ...


The Role Of Green Urban Wastelands In 3rd Place Creation. Challenge For Urban Policy In Poland, Anna Wilczyńska, Maciej Łepkowski, Ryszard Nejman Jan 2016

The Role Of Green Urban Wastelands In 3rd Place Creation. Challenge For Urban Policy In Poland, Anna Wilczyńska, Maciej Łepkowski, Ryszard Nejman

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

An Urban area is a complex system that constantly changes, forms dynamically and functionsindependently. Despite of huge development pressure coming from the fast urban growth there are still many neglected areas or so-called urban wastelands. These zones seem to be commonly considered (also by local governments and city planners) as worthless and unproductive critical spaces that need to be invested in and returned to the city. On the other hand, we ahould point out a growing conviction among scientists about the importance of wastelands in context of their strong impact on the urban ecosystem and some social aspects of urban ...


Sustainable Management Of Urban Green Infrastructure – The Challenge Of Providing High-Quality Green In Multi-Storey Residential Construction, Christina Czachs, Christiane Brandenburg, Birgit Gantner, Julia Hupka, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Ulrich Morawetz Jan 2016

Sustainable Management Of Urban Green Infrastructure – The Challenge Of Providing High-Quality Green In Multi-Storey Residential Construction, Christina Czachs, Christiane Brandenburg, Birgit Gantner, Julia Hupka, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Ulrich Morawetz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Vienna is known as one of the most liveable cities worldwide (Mercer, 2015), not least because of Vienna’s green infrastructure (GI). These qualities of life and the trend of urbanisation lead to strong population growth in Vienna. It is predicted that the Viennese population will grow from 1.8 million (2015) to 2 million in 2029 (MA 23, 2014); to offer living space, the creation of up to 120,000 new homes is planned until 2050 (MA 18, 2014). The growth and the resulting exploitation pressure on the (green) areas pose a major challenge for the City of Vienna ...


The Potential Of Cemeteries To Improve Urban Green Infrastructure - A Case Study In Nitra, Slovakia, Denisa Halajová, Mária Bihuňová, Štefan Lančarič Jan 2016

The Potential Of Cemeteries To Improve Urban Green Infrastructure - A Case Study In Nitra, Slovakia, Denisa Halajová, Mária Bihuňová, Štefan Lančarič

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cemeteries comprise a significant area of green space in many cities, are located in prominent locations and are an important element of green infrastructure. Cemeteries offer additional value in the context of their historical and spiritual dimensions. The article is focused on the assessment of the current status of the greenery in five selected cemeteries in the town of Nitra. According to the analyses, we will point at the importance of the cemetery’s greenery in a city. Authors emphasize hidden potential of the greenery represented by recreational use and connections to the green infrastructure of the city and take ...


Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause Jan 2016

Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In an effort to improve food literacy, food security, and food access, concerned

citizens have, over the course of the past several decades, developed new types

of landscapes for urban gleaning. While these design interventions vary in

scope and approach, they share a common fundamental desire: to invite others

to join in a harvest picked from the city. This paper addresses the broad context

of urban gleaning through the specific lens of two case studies in

Northampton, MA, and suggests that these types of nontraditional agricultural

sites have the potential to radically restructure cityscapes. Moreover, while

urban gleaning efforts rarely ...


Flexible Space Design Of Community Greenways In Temperate Zone Of Asia -- Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han Jan 2016

Flexible Space Design Of Community Greenways In Temperate Zone Of Asia -- Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Heavy traffic, poor air environment and fast-paced city lifestyles are a growing major problem for residents in Beijing. Beijing is a place for people‘s daily work but almost nobody use the word liveable to describe it. In view of the common diseases of urbanization above, it is time to use greenways planning to improve Beijing living environment.

According to China's major cities traffic analysis report of AutoNavi in 2015, the Beijingers possess strong time-saving consciousness. (AutoNavi Traffic Big Data, 2016). At the same time, it is concluded from the questionnaire investigated by the Sina microblog in 2012, the ...


Experimenting Regional River Pattern As Landscape Corridors In Urban Transformation, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2016

Experimenting Regional River Pattern As Landscape Corridors In Urban Transformation, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

It is widely acknowledged that today’s state-of-art cities are capable of acting as landscape systems within and beyond urban domain. In this context, river systems provide urban fabric with physical, ecological and social advocacy while addressing multiple challenges of rapid urbanization and its resultant effects such as dense and uncontrolled urban development.

Based on the aforementioned statement, this paper enunciates the attachment of regional river pattern (particularly composed of Meles Delta and Bornova Rivers, and their association with natural and urban patches) with centrally located, yet large tract of İzmir metropolitan city (Fig. 1).


Novel Urban Waterfront Ecosystem Services Evaluation, Monitoring And Improving Strategies, Zhang Wei, Jack Ahern Jan 2016

Novel Urban Waterfront Ecosystem Services Evaluation, Monitoring And Improving Strategies, Zhang Wei, Jack Ahern

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The urban waterfront is the interface between urban areas and their adjacent water (Timur, 2013). Urban waterfronts have historically been the hub of transportation, trade and commerce. In the 20th century, many cities evolved from a manufacturing or trade economy to a service industry economy – often abandoning their waterfronts in the process, with common environmental problems, and creating the opportunity and need to reconceive the waterfronts (Smith et al., 2012). In the early 21st century, the waterfront regeneration trend has continued, often with a broader view of restoring and improving urban waterfront ecosystem services.

Here we suggest that this contemporary ...


Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino Jan 2016

Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent decades, urban developments, agriculture and growth of grey infrastructures have affected urban landscapes. The rapid expansions of cities have increasingly caused loss of biodiversity, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. In this context, Ecological Network (EN) and more recently Ecosystem Services (ES) have been the subject of increasing attention among academics and in global and European policies. EN has represented a concept to consider and plan for preserving biodiversity and sustainable use of resources. EN also provides ES, for instance, recreational services (such as the access to green space, recreation, and educational resources) and supporting services (such as safeguarding ...


The Potential Roles Of Biodiverse Green Roofs In The Extending Urban Green Network, Krisztina Szabó Jan 2016

The Potential Roles Of Biodiverse Green Roofs In The Extending Urban Green Network, Krisztina Szabó

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The role of urban green network is increasingly needed due to urbanization and the growing urban population. The high number of buildings, the different infrastructural developments and the high quantity of covered surface do not allow increase greenery on the ground level; there are few residual spaces that can be turned into green areas. One solution could be the vertical walls and green roofs which can considerably help developing urban green network of the future (Susca et al., 2011). Due to the acute conflicts between high density development and limited land, many European, American and Chinese cities adopted an effective ...


Structural Soil In Dense City Areas - Functions And Chances For Urban Greenway Development, Marzena Suchocka, Henryk Kociel Jan 2016

Structural Soil In Dense City Areas - Functions And Chances For Urban Greenway Development, Marzena Suchocka, Henryk Kociel

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The densest parts of cities, parts with the most infrastructure, are losing green areas and trees. The majority of urban site conditions for trees often do not provide them with enough opportunity for healthy growth and development and allow only a few years of vegetation. Visible symptoms of health issues in trees are usually lesions within the crown or stem and are mainly due to the impact of unfavourable factors which have been exerted upon the root system. The most severe causes of poor health in trees are associated with the intense growing environment in urban areas and damaging impact ...


Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah Jan 2016

Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway network planning has become an acknowledged tool for allocating land for recreational purposes. Within developing countries such as Jordan, urban laws lack implementation plans and/or policies regarding green open spaces, ecological networks and greenway planning. A review of the currently effective planning policies and city mandates of Jordan reveals that the concept of preserving land for environmental and recreational purposes is addressed (Laws no: 79/15/F, 79/19/F, 79/23/F, 79/52/F, 79/58/F, 1966), yet no strategies are present to instrument land acquisition other than land subdivision laws (Law no: 12/6 ...


Vienna And The Danube Island: Shifting Objectives For An Urban Greenway, Dagmar Grimm-Pretner, Ulrike Krippner Jan 2016

Vienna And The Danube Island: Shifting Objectives For An Urban Greenway, Dagmar Grimm-Pretner, Ulrike Krippner

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The artificial Danube Island is today an important urban greenway and a crucial element of Vienna’s green network (Stadtentwicklung Wien, 2015). It is the result of two major flood protection projects that have had a fundamental impact on the Danube riverscape in Vienna. From 1870 to 1875 the branching river was straightened into one main riverbed with a large parallel inundation area of 825 hectares of almost flat ground. Overflows of the swiftly moving alpine river were then limited, but flooding remained a risk. In view of this, 100 years later, the inundation area was transformed into a 160-meter-wide ...


The Importance Of Urban Corridors In Improving The Green Infrastructure In Cities: Case Study Gaziantep-Turkey, Nasim Shakouri, Mehmet Emin Baris Jan 2013

The Importance Of Urban Corridors In Improving The Green Infrastructure In Cities: Case Study Gaziantep-Turkey, Nasim Shakouri, Mehmet Emin Baris

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Rapid urbanization in parallel with population growth is the phenomenon of our century. Urbanization implies great pressure on natural resources and the environment (Rees, 1997; Sandstrom, 2002). Urban growth, by altering cities and the surrounding countryside, presents numerous challenges in urban environment (Tzoulas et al., 2007). As a result of these rapid alterations in urban land use; loss of natural areas, fragmentation of open spaces and degradation of water resources have been occurred over the years. Furthermore, these changes have been influenced the function of ecological services such as provisioning services (e.g. food, fuel, water) to regulating (e.g ...


Civilizing Ecological Landscape Through Assimilation Of Urban Parks & Vacancy: A Case Study Baltimore, Md, Elizabeth Carroll Jan 2013

Civilizing Ecological Landscape Through Assimilation Of Urban Parks & Vacancy: A Case Study Baltimore, Md, Elizabeth Carroll

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A gap between public support and urban sustainable design is evident through acknowledging the majority of the work done in urban sustainability efforts has been led by architects and has been relatively limited. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification for example was a sustainability effort developed by and for architects therefore lacks in identifying sustainable practices beyond the building. Only until recently has there been a system of identifying sustainable practices among our larger infrastructure and territory, the Sustainable Sites Initiative (SITES) which itself has not become fully integrated within city planning and design. Sustainable landscape practices have ...


Greenways For A Greater Good- An Indian Perspective, Samir Mathur, Sandeep B. Menon, Priyadarshini Kacker Jan 2013

Greenways For A Greater Good- An Indian Perspective, Samir Mathur, Sandeep B. Menon, Priyadarshini Kacker

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities have developed on the banks of rivers from the dawn of civilizations. The urban fabric of Indian cities is an intricate tapestry composed of settlements that span almost 4000 years of urban history. Cities as old as 2500 B.C co-exist sometimes in harmony and sometimes in conflict with cities that are still being conceived. The pace of urbanization in India is unprecedented and the country hosts some of the most populous cities in the world. According to the 2011 census, urbanization in India has increased faster than expected reversing the declining trends of the earlier decades. (Census of ...


Revisiting Urban Brownfield Regeneration And Beyond Within The Lens Of Green Infrastructure-Based Design And Management, Adnan Kaplan, Koray Velibeyoğlu, Çiğdem Kılıçaslan, Merve Özeren, İrem İnce Jan 2013

Revisiting Urban Brownfield Regeneration And Beyond Within The Lens Of Green Infrastructure-Based Design And Management, Adnan Kaplan, Koray Velibeyoğlu, Çiğdem Kılıçaslan, Merve Özeren, İrem İnce

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The typical showcase of urban transformation practice can be experienced mostly in the core or close proximity of downtowns as either replacing a series of existing vacant or deserted lots along with exacerbated natural system or retrofitting built-up areas and housing affordability. In this way, regardless of their size but their linkage with nearby land uses and down to the urban core, brownfields necessitate urban regeneration practice whereas charging the city with discriminatory land use policies as well as a multitude of social and ecological problems. Urban brownfields consisting of natural assets -including river, wetlands, delta etc.-, post-industrial facilities and ...


Integrating Agriculture In Greenways: A Methodology For Planning Connected Urban And Peri-Urban Farmlands In A Mediterranean City, Luca Barbarossa, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera Jan 2013

Integrating Agriculture In Greenways: A Methodology For Planning Connected Urban And Peri-Urban Farmlands In A Mediterranean City, Luca Barbarossa, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities are often threatened by a loss of environmental quality due the rapid increase of urbanized areas that fragment natural landscapes. This is particularly true at the cities’ fringe where uncontrolled urbanization is often characterized by discontinuous patterns and consequent fragmentation of farmlands. These phenomena are particularly relevant in Mediterranean cities, where the high degree of land-use transitions, a consequence of urban growth with poor environmental regulations produce urban landscapes characterized by a lack of green areas and high levels of ecological fragmentation (EEA, 2006).

Greenways are one of the most powerful and widespread tools used at urban, metropolitan and ...


Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon Jan 2013

Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper, we explore some of the challenges encountered in organizing multiple stakeholders for purposes of revitalizing an urban waterway. Drawing primarily from positive experiences with a creek revitalization project in Syracuse, New York, we identify several factors concerning the context and challenges -- both material and social -- that have helped to shape the outcomes. Several of the popular models for engaging stakeholders in waterways projects are discussed, especially as they have been used communities in other parts of the U.S. that have faced related challenges. We seek to identify key points and lessons that can help inform others ...


Potentials And Limitations Of Implementing Linear Infiltration Systems On Urban Streets, Frank Sleegers Jan 2013

Potentials And Limitations Of Implementing Linear Infiltration Systems On Urban Streets, Frank Sleegers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Increasing infiltration systems in urban environments has become a major focus of our discipline to reduce the harmful impact of stormwater on urban watersheds. Two recent studies were conducted by the author of this paper (Sleegers and Brabec; 2013, Sleegers, 2013) with the focus on evaluating the aesthetics of linear urban infiltration systems on urban streets. Each study revealed challenges and limitations of these systems on various levels. What are the crucial criteria to propagate infiltration along streets, raise their acceptance and make them more usable? The purpose of this paper is to investigate the challenges and limitations of urban ...


The Role Of Sustainable Greenways In Achievement Of Improving The Quality Of Life (Tehran’S Greenways As A Case Study), Fatemeh Shahani Jan 2013

The Role Of Sustainable Greenways In Achievement Of Improving The Quality Of Life (Tehran’S Greenways As A Case Study), Fatemeh Shahani

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban growth and development is caused to increase exploitation of natural resources more than environmental capacity and lead to instability in the cities than ever before. Accordingly sustainable development emphasizes the role of green area and in order to achieve this goal, “greenway” is considered as one of the most important tools for improving urban sustainable development. Moreover, urban green spaces and elements consider as a main factor in the improving of quality of life. Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational ...


Taking The High Line: Elevated Parks, Evolving Neighborhoods, And The Ever Changing Relationship Between Urban And Nature, Hélène Littke, Ryan Locke, Tigan Haas Jan 2013

Taking The High Line: Elevated Parks, Evolving Neighborhoods, And The Ever Changing Relationship Between Urban And Nature, Hélène Littke, Ryan Locke, Tigan Haas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

“If you were actually able to make a park on the High Line, it would be great for property values. But this will never happen; it is just too far-fetched. These people are dreamers.” (A local property owner at a Community hearing, April 2001 David and Hammond 2011 p. 31)

Everyone talks about it and everyone wants one; The High Line in New York City started a worldwide trend of elevated parks. Old and unused rail lines are transformed into exciting urban environments. New York’s Mayor Bloomberg has noted that the project has ushered in a renaissance for the ...


Retrofitting Cities: A Case Study In Baltimore - Exploring New Trends In Urban Greenways, Jim Brown Jan 2013

Retrofitting Cities: A Case Study In Baltimore - Exploring New Trends In Urban Greenways, Jim Brown

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Landscape Architecture is presented with a unique design challenge in the contemporary city as ideas of green infrastructure and sustainability are gaining significance, and the emerging role of greenways’ importance in shaping future urban form. There is significant discussion of the role of urban greenways along natural corridors providing recreation and environmental services in cities (Gobster &Westphal et al., 2004) as well as the role of greenways in creating synergy on differing scales addressing sustainability and connectivity in urban areas (Sharma, 2010). Additionally there has been an emerging discussion of how Detroit and other “blighted” or “legacy” rust-belt cities are ...


Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini Jan 2010

Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales (from national to municipal) and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic” (Ahern, 1995), “to provide people with access to open spaces close to where they live” (President's Commission on Americans Outdoors, 1987), in order to “enhance both the environment and quality of life” (European Greenways Association, 2000).

At the municipal scale, the urban greenways network can help to reshape the city, making it more livable; urban greenways represent “at once the parks for the 21st century and a part ...


A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir Jan 2010

A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Incorporating sustainability principles into urban development is often complex involving strong interaction between ecosystem components and development goals. As identified in the Brundtland Commissions report (UN, 1987), sustainability has gained much attention in planning aimed at balancing current needs without depleting resources and ecological services available for future generations. While the decision-making process is embedded in a social framework, political sustainability depends on collective decisions and citizens’ preferences related to public policies (Munda, 2006; Webster, 1998). In recent decade, the sustainability concept has been adopted in landscape and urban planning. Specific approaches include assessing abiotic, biotic, and cultural (ABC) resources ...


Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss Jan 2010

Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Global population growth is increasingly concentrated in urban areas, degrading natural resources and threatening long-term sustainability of both human and biotic systems. Even in a developed nation like the United States, urban areas are expected to double in population and land area over the next fifty years (UNFPA, 2007). In order to plan for a more sustainable urban future, there is a need to understand the relationship between the socio-economic forces that are driving land use and land cover change, and the resulting impacts upon the ecosystem state and structure of the urban forest (Colding, 2007). In particular, this study ...


Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma Jan 2010

Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways design and planning has been largely framed as a multi-functional, multi-objective approach to address socio-cultural and ecological concerns (Fabos,2004; Hough 2004, Steiner, 2002; Fabos, 1995, Ahern, 1995; Ndubisi, 1995; Forman,1995). Social well-being, identity and memory have been predominant socio-cultural concerns while biodiversity preservation and natural resources conservation have been key ecological concerns. These concerns have now been superseded by the more urgent concerns of sustainable development such as availability of energy resources, both food and fuel. Whether and how the design and practice of greenways meets these sustainable development challenges is the primary question raised through this ...


Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado Jan 2010

Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urbanization alters several attributes of natural resources, degrading ecosystems and causing them to lose their ability to maintain their structure and function. As a result, native ecosystems in territories subject to urban expansion lose qualities important to their self-organization and may, in certain cases, disappear altogether. Actions that protect or strengthen the resilience of these native ecosystems in the face of urban development may offer increased capacity for these native ecosystems to survive and endure.

Landscape ecology aims to understand the relationship between spatial patterns and ecological processes across scales (Wu, 2008) considering the interaction with human activities (Naveh & Lieberman, 1984). A landscape is a kilometers-wide area (Forman & Godron, 1981), comprising a heterogeneous area where ecosystems are repeated in similar form and interact (Forman, 1995b; Forman ...