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Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement Jan 2019

Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have been proposed by the European Union as the most contemporary approach to delivering resilient cities in Europe. Through official guidance and funded projects, the Horizon 2020 programme, the EU has positioned nature at the centre of landscape and urban planning debates. However, there remains a scepticism regarding whether the support of NBS as an alternative to green infrastructure (GI) planning is meaningful and appropriate or damaging to existing practices. Furthermore, the framing of NBS does not, to date, extend the conceptual, practical or political parameters of ‘green space’ planning beyond terminological changes. Its most significant contribution ...


Rising Seas: Adaptable Planning Strategies For Coastal Urban Greenways - Case Studies In The Us And China, Hongbing Tang, Jeanne Lukenda Jan 2019

Rising Seas: Adaptable Planning Strategies For Coastal Urban Greenways - Case Studies In The Us And China, Hongbing Tang, Jeanne Lukenda

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper discusses adaptable planning and design strategies for coastal urban greenways to deal with rising seas due to global warming and climate change. It advocates taking steps to protect the coastal landscapes, increase adaptation, and mitigate disastrous outcomes associated with sea level rise from a global perspective. Greenway planners must consider the costs and risks of accommodating the rising seas, retreating from them, or trying to defend the greenways with protective measures.

The City of Boston and the City of Shenzhen in China have been selected as our case studies. Boston, a paradigm of U.S. resilient coastal cities ...


Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu Jan 2019

Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Guangdong Province is located in the southernmost region of mainland China with a total area of 180,000 square kilometers. The GDP ranks first in China, and the economic aggregate accounts for 1/8 of China’s total. As the economic development continues, the fragmentation of ecological land is becoming more dangerous. To solve this problem, the local government organized the master planning of environmental protection. The provincial greenway planning (also called ecological corridor) proposed in this paper is an essential part of it. The total length of planned greenways in Guangdong Province is 2,836 kilometers, and its primary ...


Adapting To Expanding And Contracting Cities, Book Of Abstracts, 6th Fabos Conference On Landscape And Greenway Planning, March 28-30, 2019, Amherst, Ma., Julius Gy. Fábos, Jack Ahern, Benjamin Breger, Theodore S. Eisenman, Sándor Jombach, Laszlo Kollányi, Mark S. Lindhult, Robert L. Ryan, István Valánszki Jan 2019

Adapting To Expanding And Contracting Cities, Book Of Abstracts, 6th Fabos Conference On Landscape And Greenway Planning, March 28-30, 2019, Amherst, Ma., Julius Gy. Fábos, Jack Ahern, Benjamin Breger, Theodore S. Eisenman, Sándor Jombach, Laszlo Kollányi, Mark S. Lindhult, Robert L. Ryan, István Valánszki

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning is held every three years to bring together experts who are influencing landscape planning, policy making and greenway planning from the local to international level. It is intended to highlight recent trends and expand the literature about landscape and greenway planning. The aim is to explore how landscape architects and planners from different countries have approached greenway planning and to understand how greenways have been tailored to each county’s unique geographical, cultural, and political circumstances. The theme for the 2019 conference, Urban Greenway Planning: Adapting to Expanding and Contracting Cities, explores ...


Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas Jan 2016

Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Waterfront locations have traditionally been perceived as possessing special qualities from real estate, urbanity and tourism perspectives. Many cities have developed on waterfronts and some of their most notable urban fabrics face waterbodies – rivers, canals, creeks, lakes or seas. Some small and mediumsized riverfront cities have been able to conserve or adapt their industrial era cultural heritage to new uses. In many cases, tourism has taken advantage of those locations for recreation, sports and community-oriented open-air events on the land-water interface (Bray, 1993; Kostopoulou, 2013). This paper provides a brief analysis of how three cities in upstate New York – Kingston ...


Greenway Planning: Recreational Corridors Within Ljubljana Urban Region, Mojca Golobič, Nadja Penko Seidl Jan 2016

Greenway Planning: Recreational Corridors Within Ljubljana Urban Region, Mojca Golobič, Nadja Penko Seidl

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Regular physical activity is an important element of healthy lifestyle, which has proven positive impacts on human health (Bedimo-Rung et al., 2005, Telama et al., 2005). Due to the increasing number of sedentary jobs and increased reliance on motorized transport, leisure time physical activity is becoming more and more important in fulfilling recommended physical activity levels (Bedimo-Rung et al., 2005: 159).

Accessible green open spaces encourage physical activity. Several studies have shown that people of all age and social groups, who have access to green open space, are physically more active and consequently, healthier (Abraham et al., 2010, Ward Thompson ...


Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani Jan 2016

Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

"Greenways are networks of land that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use." (Ahern, 1996) The term greenway comes from the "green" in greenbelt and the "way" in parkway, implying a recreational or pedestrian use rather than a typical street corridor, as well as an emphasis on introducing or maintaining vegetation. Some greenways tend to have a contiguous pathway, allowing urban commuting via bicycle or foot. Greenways are seen as a critical part of urban green infrastructure and as a positive way to ...


A New Step In Greenway Planning And Practice – The Challenges Of Branding A Cross-Border Greenway In Hungary, János Csapó, Géza Szabó, Zoltán Horváth, Réka Pintér Jan 2016

A New Step In Greenway Planning And Practice – The Challenges Of Branding A Cross-Border Greenway In Hungary, János Csapó, Géza Szabó, Zoltán Horváth, Réka Pintér

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

One of the most recent products of alternative tourism and thematic route development are the greenways in Hungary which were recently launched in 2011. As the authors of this article actively took part in the practical process of the creation and initiation of the Baranya Greenway in 2012, (Szabó, G. and Csapó, J., 2012), in our present article we lay the emphasis on the branding process of a cross-border cooperation program on the Hungarian-Croatian border at the Baranya/Baranja area.

Besides tourism development, the presented initiatives rely on forming a sustainable society and a healthy lifestyle as well where the ...


Planning And Design Of Urban Green Networks In Stockholm, Na Xiu, Maria Ignatieva, Cecil Konijnendijk Van Den Bosch Jan 2016

Planning And Design Of Urban Green Networks In Stockholm, Na Xiu, Maria Ignatieva, Cecil Konijnendijk Van Den Bosch

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green and blue spaces, together with other land use changes are determining factors of habitat fragmentation, biodiversity loss and decline of ecosystem services in urbanized areas (Adriaensen et al., 2003; Collinge, 1996; Kong et al., 2010; Teng et al., 2011). In attempt to tackle the issue, network connectivity is regarded as a suitable approach from an ecological (CookVan Lier, 1994) and social perspective (Teng et al., 2011). Landscape-scale connectivity is normally built on a ‘patch-corridor-matrix’ model to describe structural or functional continuity in a spatial and time configuration (FormanGodron, 1986). A graph-theoretic approach therefore can provide an operable way of ...


The Maros River And Its Potential For Landscape Development, Albert Fekete, Martin Van Den Toorn Jan 2016

The Maros River And Its Potential For Landscape Development, Albert Fekete, Martin Van Den Toorn

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper we research how the approach of 'greenway planning' could be elaborated in the case of manorial house systems located alongside the Maros (Mures) river in Transylvania. The Maros river is part of the Danube watershed and crosses a large part of Transylvania, roughly from East to West. Certain sections of the river, spanning 876 km from its source to its mouth, can be well differentiated both from a geographic and a social aspect.

First of all we will analyse the historical role of the river in the landscape development of the area in the long run. Not ...


Planning Greenway Alternatives Within The Rural Areas Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Ercan Gökyer, Melih Öztürk Jan 2016

Planning Greenway Alternatives Within The Rural Areas Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Ercan Gökyer, Melih Öztürk

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recently overall the world, fragmentation in land uses has increased due to the rapid increase in population, urbanization and unplanned development. Fragmented landscapes have less connectivity and greater isolation. On the other hand, species are negatively influenced in a fragmented landscape. Greenway and connectivity are evaluated in landscape ecological studies in order to mitigate negative ecological conditions in urban areas (UN, 2014; Leitao and Ahern, 2002, Linehan et al., 1995). Under these conditions, linear green elements within the rural areas have gained prominence to be considered within greenway planning studies.

Nowadays, rural areas obtain increasing importance. These areas include ecological ...


Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato Jan 2016

Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the past few years public awareness of green spaces in cities has evolved. Rapid urbanization, population growth, expansion of industrial plants, among others, have led to the occupation of land by buildings, roads, contemporary constructions for different purposes. More of the left green spaces are progressively taken away, showing little consideration to the value of human life, the air quality and nature.

Our cities have increasingly become central in the environmental protectionrelated processes, as they represent a focal point of sustainability, and the political and economic strategies of the countries. However, the process of transforming our cities into sustainable ...


Engaging Green Infrastructure Scheme Into Watershed- And Urban-Based Planning And Design Realms, Serdar Selim, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2016

Engaging Green Infrastructure Scheme Into Watershed- And Urban-Based Planning And Design Realms, Serdar Selim, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Watershed planning realm has predominantly been posed by human/urbancentric planning practice solely based on socio-economic dynamics, rather than physical and ecological thresholds at regional level. Thus planning, conservation and management efforts in an individualistic way lack of elaborating natural and cultural landscapes in a holistic way and introducing a monolithic planning and management discourse. This inevitably results in a gap between large scale planning scheme and local plans and, consecutively conservation pursuits both in judicial and administrative spheres remained behind the reach of delivering a comprehensive (conservation) framework.

Based on the aforementioned problematic aspect, the hypothesis that this paper ...


Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino Jan 2016

Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent decades, urban developments, agriculture and growth of grey infrastructures have affected urban landscapes. The rapid expansions of cities have increasingly caused loss of biodiversity, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. In this context, Ecological Network (EN) and more recently Ecosystem Services (ES) have been the subject of increasing attention among academics and in global and European policies. EN has represented a concept to consider and plan for preserving biodiversity and sustainable use of resources. EN also provides ES, for instance, recreational services (such as the access to green space, recreation, and educational resources) and supporting services (such as safeguarding ...


Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang Jan 2016

Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are networks of land containing linear elements that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use (Ahern, 1995). The greenway movement is a new concept that integrates many established landscape architectural, planning and design ideas, concepts, and implementation techniques. (Fabos, 1995).

This paper is primarily focused on pressing challenges in the greenway movement taking place in many parts of China that are out of cultural and historic contexts, resulting in diminishing cultural identities and values. It attempts to re-examine the greenway planning strategies ...


Greenway Planning And Landscape Structure; Some Theoretical Backgrounds, Martin Van Den Toorn, Albert Fekete Jan 2016

Greenway Planning And Landscape Structure; Some Theoretical Backgrounds, Martin Van Den Toorn, Albert Fekete

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper we will put forward some theoretical backgrounds on greenway planning as planning and design intervention in landscape architecture. In order to analyse the theoretical context of greenway planning, we first start with a short overview of terminology. In the next step we will investigate a number of case studies on how the principles of greenway planning have been applied and how it relates to other aspects of plan making in landscape architecture. The approach of greenway planning is very much based on linear systems and networks where 'structure' plays a key role. We will put special emphasis ...


Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah Jan 2016

Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway network planning has become an acknowledged tool for allocating land for recreational purposes. Within developing countries such as Jordan, urban laws lack implementation plans and/or policies regarding green open spaces, ecological networks and greenway planning. A review of the currently effective planning policies and city mandates of Jordan reveals that the concept of preserving land for environmental and recreational purposes is addressed (Laws no: 79/15/F, 79/19/F, 79/23/F, 79/52/F, 79/58/F, 1966), yet no strategies are present to instrument land acquisition other than land subdivision laws (Law no: 12/6 ...


Synthesizing An Integrated Green Infrastructure - Establishing A Conceptual Planning Framework In The Western United State’S Urbanizing Communities, Richard Lebrasseur Jan 2013

Synthesizing An Integrated Green Infrastructure - Establishing A Conceptual Planning Framework In The Western United State’S Urbanizing Communities, Richard Lebrasseur

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Planning methodologies in the United States have continually evolved and adapted to address the myriad of environmental and social issues faced by contemporary culture (e.g., Thompson and Steiner, 1997; Calthorpe, 1993), but few have provided the framework to successfully address these subjects simultaneously and comprehensively, and fewer effectively meet the evolving demands society places on human and ecological systems, especially in urbanizing areas, where ecological fragmentation and land use conflict predominates.

Currently, most spatial planning frameworks assess ecological-based and social-based systems as separate entities (Weber et al., 2006; Daniels, 2009), and our understanding of the interrelationships between these systems ...


Ankara-Sakarya Greenway Planning, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Barış, Elmas Erdoğan, Zuhal Dilaver Jan 2013

Ankara-Sakarya Greenway Planning, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Barış, Elmas Erdoğan, Zuhal Dilaver

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways have many distinct functions. The purposes of greenways may generally be described as the: protection of biological diversity, to establish connections between habitats, to supply the orientation of urban development and the development of recreational uses and tourism throughout rural and urban landscapes and also to preserve both historical and cultural sources and ecological assets.

Greenway is the creation of an outdoor green zone, which atteches settlements to each other either in rural and urban environments and people with nature, and which may be considered as a connection between different settlements. Greenways are green connections in the form of ...


Green Structure Under Pressure – About Knowledge In Planning Processes. Case Study From Oslo, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Inger-Lise Saglie Jan 2013

Green Structure Under Pressure – About Knowledge In Planning Processes. Case Study From Oslo, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Inger-Lise Saglie

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Compact city development has obtained a hegemonic status as a model for sustainable urban development in the Norwegian context as well as internationally. However, cities are also dependent on the natural environment to function properly, according to the report ” Norway´s Environmental Targets” (Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, 2012). A sound principle of sustainable urban developments is consequently to take care of continuous green structure with green corridors that link urban districts and green spaces with surrounding countryside. Such areas are important for the health and life quality for the urban population, but the authorities also underline the areas’ important ...


Exploring The Significance Of Greenway Concept, To Assist Landscape Planning And Design: Contributions To Theory From African, Asian And European Case Studies, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias, Catarina Viana Jan 2013

Exploring The Significance Of Greenway Concept, To Assist Landscape Planning And Design: Contributions To Theory From African, Asian And European Case Studies, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias, Catarina Viana

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The need for a reliable theoretical framework has been identified as unavoidable means to validate strategies and problem solve solutions in landscape architecture. The identification of the international greenway movement as well as its significance in promoting better planning and design (Fabos, 2010; Fabos and Ryan, 2006) enriched significantly the theory to support greenway planning and design. However, the magnitude achieved by the greenway movement across the world at different scales and contexts, deserves a deeper research on the topic. To illustrate this, it is worth mentioning the increasing popularity of green-infrastructures in European Union both in the academic and ...


The Chinese Characteristics In The Planning And Design Of Guangdong Greenway, He Fang, Suo Xiu, Li Hui Jan 2013

The Chinese Characteristics In The Planning And Design Of Guangdong Greenway, He Fang, Suo Xiu, Li Hui

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As a typical example of greenway networks in China and Asia, Guangdong Greenway Network is of epoch-making and practical significance. The practice of Pearl River Delta Regional Greenway is instructive for other developing countries and densely-populated urban areas to build their greenway networks. The experience of Guangdong Greenway Network gives new Chinese characteristics to the concept and practice of greenway.

China has a profound history of greenways. Even before the Qin Dynasty was established, there already existed a great number of prototypes of greenway. These greenways were born in ancient era where the original productivity remained at a low level ...


The Mill River Greenway Initiative: Community-Based, Long-Term Greenway Planning And Design In Williamsburg And Northampton, Massachusetts, Reid Bertone-Johnson, Sophia Geller, John Sinton, Neal Bastek Jan 2013

The Mill River Greenway Initiative: Community-Based, Long-Term Greenway Planning And Design In Williamsburg And Northampton, Massachusetts, Reid Bertone-Johnson, Sophia Geller, John Sinton, Neal Bastek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Puritans first settled Northampton, Massachusetts in the mid-17th century with a vision in mind – that of a well-ordered community in which the Mill River would play an integral part in their lives. So long as the community hewed to the right path, the river would accommodate the community’s needs. Primary among those needs was waterpower, so the anchor sites for development along the river were the falls. Over the next 200 years, as the Puritan mind metamorphosed into an American industrial mentality, the Mill River’s residents created an industrial necklace with mills and factories decorating a ribbon of ...


Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon Jan 2013

Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper, we explore some of the challenges encountered in organizing multiple stakeholders for purposes of revitalizing an urban waterway. Drawing primarily from positive experiences with a creek revitalization project in Syracuse, New York, we identify several factors concerning the context and challenges -- both material and social -- that have helped to shape the outcomes. Several of the popular models for engaging stakeholders in waterways projects are discussed, especially as they have been used communities in other parts of the U.S. that have faced related challenges. We seek to identify key points and lessons that can help inform others ...


Greenways: An American Model Takes Root In Belarus, Valeria Klitsounova Jan 2013

Greenways: An American Model Takes Root In Belarus, Valeria Klitsounova

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper is dedicated to developing Greenways in Belarus – the country with transition economy, different mentality and great resources for tourism. Greenways concept is understood in various countries differently: sometimes further and broader then in the U.S., sometimes narrower and more functional. It depends a lot on natural, political, economic environment in the countries and initiatives of local communities. In Belarus Greenways is considered as a model which provides not only access to the nature but rather acts as an instrument for economic development of rural areas based on sustainability principles. Greenways also support development of civil society in ...


Connecting The “Big Easy”: Lessons From The People Surrounding The Lafitte Greenway In New Orleans, Louisiana, Philip Koske Jan 2013

Connecting The “Big Easy”: Lessons From The People Surrounding The Lafitte Greenway In New Orleans, Louisiana, Philip Koske

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The 3.1-mile (4.99-kilometer) linear Lafitte Greenway, one of the first revitalization projects since Hurricane Katrina (2005), is designed to become a vibrant bicycle and pedestrian transportation corridor linking users to the world-famous French Quarter and central business district. As an emerging city, New Orleans generally developed sections of swamp land starting near the French Quarter and growing outward in most directions. The resulting transect of neighborhoods with access to the Lafitte Greenway begins with areas associated with early development, such as Fauborg Tremé and Bayou St. John, to 20th Century development found within the Navarre and Mid City ...


The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu Jan 2013

The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In Portugal, one of the legal frameworks which directly protect the fundamental systems of landscape is the National Ecological Reserve (REN). This instrument was created by the landscape architect Ribeiro Telles in 1983 and at that time its inclusion in the legislative system was considered a pioneering concept in the field of environmental protection. Alongside, it was created the National Agricultural Reserve (1982) that aims agricultural land protection which together with the Natura 2000, other classified areas, and National Ecological Reserve assembles the Fundamental Network of Nature Conservation (2008).

The National Ecological Reserve safeguards fundamental natural cycles and also a ...


New Villages: Planning And Design Of Compact Growth Centers Shaped By Natural, Cultural And Recreational Greenways, Peter Flinker Fasla Jan 2013

New Villages: Planning And Design Of Compact Growth Centers Shaped By Natural, Cultural And Recreational Greenways, Peter Flinker Fasla

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The last several decades have seen the emergence of numerous planning strategies and implementation techniques to preserve open space and promote Smart Growth and Sustainable Development at the local level:

 Greenway networks that preserve intact ecosystems.

 Green Infrastructure systems that protect floodplains, water supplies and other assets.

 Recreational greenways that link key locations with hiking, biking and other trail networks.

 Agricultural preserves that protect local food supplies.

 Cultural landscape protection that preserves visual and historic character.

 Revitalization of Main Streets and suburban commercial strips.

 Open Space Subdivisions/ Conservation Development.

 Masterplanned Growth Centers implemented with Form-Based Codes

While many cities and ...


Here Comes The Boom: Shale Gas, Landscapes And An Ecological Planning Imperative, Brian Orland, Timothy Murtha Jan 2013

Here Comes The Boom: Shale Gas, Landscapes And An Ecological Planning Imperative, Brian Orland, Timothy Murtha

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Shale gas development in the United States is destined to bring about major long-term changes to the rural landscape. While popular media regularly reports on disputes over the role of hydraulic fracturing, “fracking”, on domestic water supplies, we believe that the more significant impacts on landscapes and communities lie in the less noted but nevertheless extensive footprint of land use changes that accompany this massive economic development. Four land use conversion topics faced by communities in north-central Pennsylvania were examined in order to scope out fruitful directions for more comprehensive study. First we projected, based on the locations of existing ...


Incorporating Wildlife Conservation Within Local Land Use Planning And Zoning: Ability Of Circuitscape To Model Conservation Corridors, Virginia L. Batha, Toru Otawa Jan 2013

Incorporating Wildlife Conservation Within Local Land Use Planning And Zoning: Ability Of Circuitscape To Model Conservation Corridors, Virginia L. Batha, Toru Otawa

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Allocation of our world’s natural resources will become increasingly important as the human population continues to grow. Apportionment is especially imperative when considering the health of wildlife populations’ worldwide (Svoray, Bar, & Bannet, 2005; Theobald, Hobbs, Bearly, Zack, Shenk, & Riebsame, 2000). Efforts to provide basic infrastructure, housing, and food for a growing human population confounds the ability of wildlife to meet their own needs (Lagabrielle, Botta, Dare, David, Aubert, & Fabricius, 2010; Svoray et al., 2005). Previous research indicates that human conversion of native habitat is the leading threat to wildlife in the United States and throughout the world (Lagabrielle et al., 2010; Miller, Groom, Hess, Steelman, Stokes, Thompson, Bowman, Fricke, King, & Marquardt, 2009; Polasky, Nelson, Lonsdorf, Fackler, & Starfield, 2005; Stokes, Hanson, Oaks, Straub, & Ponio, 2009). Habitat conversion of the native landscape often results in the fragmentation of the ...