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Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Ecological

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Hybrid Green Corridors In Arid Northern Mexico: Design For A Balance Between Ecological And Non-Motorized Mobility Networks, Gabriel Díaz Montemayor Jan 2016

Hybrid Green Corridors In Arid Northern Mexico: Design For A Balance Between Ecological And Non-Motorized Mobility Networks, Gabriel Díaz Montemayor

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban planning in Mexico has been going through intensive updating by the hand of the recently created Municipal Planning Institutes (IMPLANES). These institutes have emerged in the XXI century as a response to the inability to implement medium to long term planning efforts derived from an urban administration model determined by three year municipal government terms with no reelection as an option. Before the emergence of IMPLANES, decisions pertaining urban infrastructure were determined by mayors trying to leverage brief periods of time in the scale of urban administration and planning. IMPLANES have spent a significant part of their efforts updating ...


Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand Jan 2016

Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper is a summary of the theoretical background and reflection for our master thesis in landscape architecture that was submitted in May 2016. The thesis is a design project with the goal of transforming a decommissioned airfield at Kjeller in Norway to become part of the public green and social infrastructure in the municipality. It shows an example of how the use of existing tools in the planning system, combined with the development of new tools to measure different conditions in a participation process, can bring new uses into the green structure.


Ecological Structure Of Nasielsk Commune In Poland, Beata Fornal-Pieniak, Maciej Żołnierczuk, Ewa Zaraś-Januszkiewicz Jan 2016

Ecological Structure Of Nasielsk Commune In Poland, Beata Fornal-Pieniak, Maciej Żołnierczuk, Ewa Zaraś-Januszkiewicz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green corridors have many ecological functions in rural areas. New settelments, not proper turistic activities, cutted forests are represtented only in few examples, which could changed natural refuges and green corridors in rural commune. It is really important to shaping main green corridors includnig big and small natural refuges, which are represented by the forests, small group of trees or manor parks.


Civilizing Ecological Landscape Through Assimilation Of Urban Parks & Vacancy: A Case Study Baltimore, Md, Elizabeth Carroll Jan 2013

Civilizing Ecological Landscape Through Assimilation Of Urban Parks & Vacancy: A Case Study Baltimore, Md, Elizabeth Carroll

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A gap between public support and urban sustainable design is evident through acknowledging the majority of the work done in urban sustainability efforts has been led by architects and has been relatively limited. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification for example was a sustainability effort developed by and for architects therefore lacks in identifying sustainable practices beyond the building. Only until recently has there been a system of identifying sustainable practices among our larger infrastructure and territory, the Sustainable Sites Initiative (SITES) which itself has not become fully integrated within city planning and design. Sustainable landscape practices have ...


The Portuguese National Ecological Network - A Mapping Proposal, Natália S. Cunha, Manuela R. Magalhães Jan 2013

The Portuguese National Ecological Network - A Mapping Proposal, Natália S. Cunha, Manuela R. Magalhães

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In Portugal, the Ecological Network (EN) was included in the Portuguese legal system in 1999 according to which it must be considered, delineated and implemented in all landscape plans at all spatial scales. Despite of all EU policies, in Portugal the EN is defined by the set of areas, values and key systems for environmental protection (article 14th of the Decree Law n. º 46/2009). Furthermore, at national level there is only the Program for National Planning Policy, which doesn’t include any EN delimitation.

This paper presents a methodology for the delineation of the National Ecological Network (NEN ...


Scientific Approaches For Designing Ecological Networks: A Case Study For The Faunal Species Of Inland Wetlands Of Lower Saxony, Germany, Rosa Contreras Jan 2013

Scientific Approaches For Designing Ecological Networks: A Case Study For The Faunal Species Of Inland Wetlands Of Lower Saxony, Germany, Rosa Contreras

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Several methods and tools have been developed to achieve the goals of nature conservation and for the design of ecological networks. In that sense, some frameworks proposed by several authors are applied to all levels of biodiversity conservation. One goal of the ecological networks is to represent and to promote the persistence of biodiversity within a region, however few efforts have concentrated the tools or methods useful to implement such frameworks. In several cases, the focus is on the quantitative area selection methods, others on the focal species approach or just on the species persistence and viability analysis. Nonetheless, when ...


The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu Jan 2013

The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In Portugal, one of the legal frameworks which directly protect the fundamental systems of landscape is the National Ecological Reserve (REN). This instrument was created by the landscape architect Ribeiro Telles in 1983 and at that time its inclusion in the legislative system was considered a pioneering concept in the field of environmental protection. Alongside, it was created the National Agricultural Reserve (1982) that aims agricultural land protection which together with the Natura 2000, other classified areas, and National Ecological Reserve assembles the Fundamental Network of Nature Conservation (2008).

The National Ecological Reserve safeguards fundamental natural cycles and also a ...


Here Comes The Boom: Shale Gas, Landscapes And An Ecological Planning Imperative, Brian Orland, Timothy Murtha Jan 2013

Here Comes The Boom: Shale Gas, Landscapes And An Ecological Planning Imperative, Brian Orland, Timothy Murtha

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Shale gas development in the United States is destined to bring about major long-term changes to the rural landscape. While popular media regularly reports on disputes over the role of hydraulic fracturing, “fracking”, on domestic water supplies, we believe that the more significant impacts on landscapes and communities lie in the less noted but nevertheless extensive footprint of land use changes that accompany this massive economic development. Four land use conversion topics faced by communities in north-central Pennsylvania were examined in order to scope out fruitful directions for more comprehensive study. First we projected, based on the locations of existing ...


Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado Jan 2010

Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urbanization alters several attributes of natural resources, degrading ecosystems and causing them to lose their ability to maintain their structure and function. As a result, native ecosystems in territories subject to urban expansion lose qualities important to their self-organization and may, in certain cases, disappear altogether. Actions that protect or strengthen the resilience of these native ecosystems in the face of urban development may offer increased capacity for these native ecosystems to survive and endure.

Landscape ecology aims to understand the relationship between spatial patterns and ecological processes across scales (Wu, 2008) considering the interaction with human activities (Naveh & Lieberman, 1984). A landscape is a kilometers-wide area (Forman & Godron, 1981), comprising a heterogeneous area where ecosystems are repeated in similar form and interact (Forman, 1995b; Forman ...


Strengthening Urban Green: Planning And Design Considerations For Ecological Networks Using Green Infrastructure For Target Species Biodiversity Improvement, Christopher Mantle Jan 2010

Strengthening Urban Green: Planning And Design Considerations For Ecological Networks Using Green Infrastructure For Target Species Biodiversity Improvement, Christopher Mantle

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Increasing recognition of the world’s expanding population and current global ruralto- urban migration necessitates a better understanding and integration of urban ecological processes into the framework for urban design (Sandström, 2006). Urban areas have seen a significant increase in recent decades in the number of inhabitants with the current rural-to-urban migration pushing the percentage of people living in urban areas over 50% worldwide for the first time in history (United Nations, 2001). Urban development has been found to disrupt ecological processes resulting in fragmentation of wildlife habitats and reduced connectivity - ultimately reducing urban biodiversity (McKinney, 2002). Incorporating ecological processes ...


The Concept Of The Territorial System Of Ecological Stability (Tses) In The Planning Practice In Slovakia, Zita Izakovičová, László Miklós Jan 2010

The Concept Of The Territorial System Of Ecological Stability (Tses) In The Planning Practice In Slovakia, Zita Izakovičová, László Miklós

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The creation of ecological networks represents basic strategy of the nature and landscape protection. This principle is declared in many international documents, as are: AGENDA 21, Convention on biological diversity from Rio Summit °92, Pan-European strategy about biological and landscape biodiversity, EECONET in European programme IUCN, Landscape Convention etc. The maintenance of valuable natural ecosystems is basic principle of NATURA 2000, too. From these international concepts and programme outcomes national programme of ecological networks. Development of documents for ecological networks has been intensive for the last decade. This development can be seen as a response to fragmentation of land and ...


A Concept And Case Study Of Ecological Network Planning In The Fertő-Hanság Basin In Hungary, Éva Konkoly-Gyuró, Dezső Nagy Jan 2010

A Concept And Case Study Of Ecological Network Planning In The Fertő-Hanság Basin In Hungary, Éva Konkoly-Gyuró, Dezső Nagy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The concept of ecological networks has emerged from the landscape planning on the one side and from the landscape ecology on the other. Landscape planning has been seeking to create greenways and green networks for people. Whereas landscape ecology provided the scientific basis for the assessment of landscape structure thus gave the opportunity to turn the nature conservation approach from the protection of isolated nature reserves into a spatial system approach. A systematic analysis and evaluation of the existing ecological network provides a larger context for the habitat preservation, so an opportunity of more efficiency for the nature conservation. However ...


Towards Landscape Integrity: The Integration Of Ecological And Social Frameworks In Open Space Planning, Lindsay Ex, Carlos Licon Jan 2010

Towards Landscape Integrity: The Integration Of Ecological And Social Frameworks In Open Space Planning, Lindsay Ex, Carlos Licon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A dichotomy of community versus conservation has long been present in society (Agrawal and Gibson 1999). This dichotomy suggests communities and ecological systems function without dependency on each other. Open space planning efforts have reinforced this dichotomy, as they typically focus on either socially- or ecologically-based frameworks (Maruani and Amit-Cohen 2007).

This study examines the trend of incorporating both social and ecological frameworks into one open space plan. The research is exploratory, attempting to identify best practices and larger concepts related to integrated open space planning in the context of Hellmund and Smith’s “landscape integrity,” where healthy social and ...


Ecological Networks: From Regional To Metropolitan Strategies. The Northern Region Of Portugal And Oporto Metropolitan Area, Teresa Andresen Jan 2010

Ecological Networks: From Regional To Metropolitan Strategies. The Northern Region Of Portugal And Oporto Metropolitan Area, Teresa Andresen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Planning for change across landscape scales in Northern Portugal through the definition of ecological networks has proved to be a challenging exercise. The outputs produced between 2004 and 2009 by CIBIO, a research unit at the University of Porto, demonstrate the complementarities of landscape planning at the regional and metropolitan scales and between regional ecological networks for environmental protection and a metropolitan network of parks.

Through the five years of research, we were moved by the idea of providing solutions for better living in the ‘rural-urban compact’ where the Porto Metropolitan Area is embedded. Gutman (2007, pp. 385) defends that ...