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Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

China

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Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao Jan 2016

Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are linear open spaces and networks of lands that are planned, designed and managed for ecological, scenic, recreational and cultural purposes (Little, 1990; Ahern, 1995; Fabos, 1995; Erickson, 2004; Jongman & Pungetti, 2004). Greenways are commonly structured by natural or humanmade features such as rivers, ridgelines, railroads, canals or roads (Erickson, 2004). In the international greenway movement, greenways no longer had only a beautification and recreational function, but expanded to multiple objectives, such as habitat protection, flood hazard reduction, water quality improvement, historical preservation, education and interpretation (Searns, 1995; Tan, 2006). Moreover, the concept of greenways shows high compatibility with diverse forms, which is “a route which is good from an environmental point of view” (Turner, 1998).

In China, the modern greenway movement started in 2010, when Guangdong Provincial Government initiated a three-year political campaign to construct the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Greenway Network. In 2014, the PRD greenways had a total length of 8,909 kilometers, connecting ...


Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen Jan 2016

Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Many years ago, the Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal was the northern destination point of the journey along the Jing-Hang Grand Canal in China. It once operated as a shipping gateway through the country to Beijing y, and was a historicly significant greenway of China. Now, the Grand Canal is an important urban district for modern Beijing and requires greater attention to strategic planning. Our design team was hired by the municipal park department to produce a new master plan for a total area of 120 hectares along the waterway which had fallen into decay through the compounding consequences of a ...


Greenway: The Backbone Of Sponge City In China, Fan Fu, Guangsi Lin, Bo Zhang Jan 2016

Greenway: The Backbone Of Sponge City In China, Fan Fu, Guangsi Lin, Bo Zhang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent decades, many Chinese cities are facing serious inner flood issues, especially big cities. Large built-up area, high ratio of impervious surface, and deficient infrastructures are the main reasons. The conventional drainage infrastructure can hardly deal with frequent inner floods companied with fast urbanization. Ironically, most Chinese cities are suffering from water shortage meanwhile (Fan & Zhao, 2010).

Under such a situation, the idea of constructing “Sponge City of natural retention, natural infiltration and natural purification” was proposed on the 2013 Central Authority Congress of Urbanization. In 2014, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) released Technical Guide of Sponge City: Construction of Low Impact Development Stormwater System. MOHURD, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Water Resources started the First Pilot Sponge Cities program supported by central finance in 2015.

The concept of Sponge City referenced to LID and BMPs of United States and other related strategies. Different from the conventional stormwater controls, LID emphasizes using green infrastructure to manage non-point source stormwater runoff, and the constructed practices have proved the efficiency, and economic and environmental benefits of LID (EPA, 2000).

In China, researches and practices on LID began in the late 2000s (Yang & Lin, 2015). Before that, using green spaces to manage stormwater had been discussed (Zhang & Yan, 1996; Li et al., 2001; Wang & Zhang, 2006). The concept of LID evolved to Sponge City in 2011, when researchers and officials proposed Sponge City to manage stormwater (Yang & Lin, 2015). At present, the researches on Sponge City are increasing rapidly, including interpretation of the concept (Yu et al., 2015; Qiu, 2015), planning models (Peng et al., 2015; Tong et al., 2015), technical measures (Wang et al., 2016) and project practices (Wang et al., 2014).


Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang Jan 2016

Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are networks of land containing linear elements that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use (Ahern, 1995). The greenway movement is a new concept that integrates many established landscape architectural, planning and design ideas, concepts, and implementation techniques. (Fabos, 1995).

This paper is primarily focused on pressing challenges in the greenway movement taking place in many parts of China that are out of cultural and historic contexts, resulting in diminishing cultural identities and values. It attempts to re-examine the greenway planning strategies ...


The Chinese Characteristics In The Planning And Design Of Guangdong Greenway, He Fang, Suo Xiu, Li Hui Jan 2013

The Chinese Characteristics In The Planning And Design Of Guangdong Greenway, He Fang, Suo Xiu, Li Hui

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As a typical example of greenway networks in China and Asia, Guangdong Greenway Network is of epoch-making and practical significance. The practice of Pearl River Delta Regional Greenway is instructive for other developing countries and densely-populated urban areas to build their greenway networks. The experience of Guangdong Greenway Network gives new Chinese characteristics to the concept and practice of greenway.

China has a profound history of greenways. Even before the Qin Dynasty was established, there already existed a great number of prototypes of greenway. These greenways were born in ancient era where the original productivity remained at a low level ...


A New Approach - Dealing With The Challenges Of Rapid Urbanization In Hainan, China, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen Jan 2013

A New Approach - Dealing With The Challenges Of Rapid Urbanization In Hainan, China, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

During the rushed process to urbanize, land development practices can be harsh on local people as well as the natural and cultural character of the land. With strong governmental power in China, land acquisition by government and developers is usually much easier than in the US. Local residents may be relocated without asking for their input, making way for expensive housing and large hotels; the land they depended on to earn their living may be replaced by seemingly endless identical luxury vacation villas, shopping complexes, and theme parks. Residents face the threat of losing the traditional income source and, later ...


Understanding The Evolution Of Landscape Planning Strategy In China: From "Fragmented" Urban Green Space System To Regional Greenway Network Across Cities, Di Lu, Zhiming Li, Jianguo Lu Jan 2013

Understanding The Evolution Of Landscape Planning Strategy In China: From "Fragmented" Urban Green Space System To Regional Greenway Network Across Cities, Di Lu, Zhiming Li, Jianguo Lu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In China, urban green space system (UGSS) is defined as a network of all sorts of green spaces in city built-up area which supports ecological and recreational functions (Wang, 2009). The implementation of UGSS indicates several common problems, such as overemphasizing green spaces in the built area of city, losing stability and rationality in spatial patterns, and mismatching the progress of ecological restoration cycles (Liu & Wen, 2007; Wang, 2009). Greenways represent a distinctly strategic approach to landscape planning through combinations of spatially and functionally compatible land uses within a network (Ahern, 1995). Specially, four principal strategies (Protective, Defensive, Offensive, and Opportunistic) are ...


The Knowledge And Attitude To Species Invasion Issue In Greenway Planning: A Study In China, Fan Fu, Zhao Caijun, Lin Guangsi Jan 2013

The Knowledge And Attitude To Species Invasion Issue In Greenway Planning: A Study In China, Fan Fu, Zhao Caijun, Lin Guangsi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway is important green infrastructure which has ecological, recreational and cultural/historic functions applied in macro(country), medium(region) and micro(city) levels. Generally, greenway is in linear or reticular forms so that it is called “way”. Greenway has a long history in United States and Europe, and many successful projects have been implemented. Conversely, greenway has a very short history in China, because China lately started it urbanization in 1990s with a low degree of urbanization, which had grown from 26.37% in 1991 to 36.22% to 2000. Thus, for a long time, Chinese landscape architects had focuses ...


A Vision For Future Development In Historic District: Greenway Planning, Green Infrastructure Adaptation And Landscape Design In Historic Districts Of Us And China, Yiwei Huang Dec 2012

A Vision For Future Development In Historic District: Greenway Planning, Green Infrastructure Adaptation And Landscape Design In Historic Districts Of Us And China, Yiwei Huang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper is trying to explore the future development for historic district. “Historic districts” talked in this paper are mostly part of modern cities and have valuable architectures and profuse cultural backgrounds. These historic districts now are legally protected by policies and also by the government, and most of those are involving supremely significant green spaces or greenway systems which can also date hundreds of years ago. However, some of them are still facing serious problem of losing the green patterns of the city and therefore become a scattered puzzle of urban open space system; and some others facing the ...


Distributed Green Space System: An Implementable Green Infrastructure For The City, Fan Fu, Caijun Zhao Jan 2010

Distributed Green Space System: An Implementable Green Infrastructure For The City, Fan Fu, Caijun Zhao

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the early cities, green spaces were not considered as important, because cities arose as settlements against natural and rural environments. There were intentionally no green spaces allocated in the central areas of the ancient Greek cities. Munford (1961) notes in reference to the Acropolis of Athens that “the course Rock seems as if it is never covered with anything but buildings”. There was scarce vegetation and a few trees were planted for shade in the agora to comprise a fraction of the public place. The public green spaces for activities were located outside the city while the green spaces ...