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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Utilizing Phytotechnologies: Redesigning Abandoned Gas Stations, Matt Hisle, Frank Sleegers Jan 2016

Utilizing Phytotechnologies: Redesigning Abandoned Gas Stations, Matt Hisle, Frank Sleegers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Hazardous pollutants that exist in contaminated soils represent a threat to human, animal, and environmental health if left unmanaged. Phytoremediation in the U.S. was generally named and formally established in the 1980s and applied as an alternative method using plants to cleanse contaminated soils on site in a more economically and environmentally friendly way than removing contaminated soils off site. High expectations and mixed performances with failures outnumbering successes led to a crash of phytoremediation with a decline in environmental research funding by the early 2000s. “Phyto”, a book by landscape architects Kennen and Kirkwood (2015) recently reintroduces the ...


On The Possibility Of Extending The European Green Belt To The Hungarian-Romanian Border Region, Zoltán Zakota, Tamás Z. Zakota Jan 2016

On The Possibility Of Extending The European Green Belt To The Hungarian-Romanian Border Region, Zoltán Zakota, Tamás Z. Zakota

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In our present paper we make an attempt to put together some relevant information, based mainly on regional statistics and administrative data, in order to outline a blueprint of a greenway plan for the Hungarian-Romanian border area that could be able to create more opportunities for the sustainable development of the region through the green belt development. The target-area consists of eight counties, four on each side of the common border: Szabolcs- Szatmár-Bereg, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés and Csongrád in Hungary, respectively Satu Mare, Bihor, Arad and Timiș in Romania. Protection of nature and, in general, environment is an important issue because ...


Art In Parks: Seeing With Fresh Eyes, Charles L. Tracy Jan 2016

Art In Parks: Seeing With Fresh Eyes, Charles L. Tracy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) celebrates its centennial in 2016, it has been challenged anew to respond to changing demographics and to stay relevant to the changing needs of 21st century park visitors. How can parks, trails and other protected public spaces continue to serve as places of sanctuary and recreation while providing opportunities for reflecting on and even encouraging dialogue on issues that hold relevance to Americans? There is a growing realization within NPS and other federal land managing agencies of the need to be more proactive and creative in their community outreach and in addressing ...


Greenway Design For Electric Bicycles In Asia: A Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han Jan 2016

Greenway Design For Electric Bicycles In Asia: A Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The cases studied here are two greenways that have been complied recently in Wanshoulu community of Beijing, China. This paper examines allows the use of electric bicycles in community greenways, and how to be better for electric bicycle passage in the community greenway design. The two community greenways are both along the north and south sides of the Jingou River, and there are totally 8 residential districts connected to 2 bus stations and 1 subway station in the surrounding (Figure 1).


Sustainable Urban Planning And Climate Change Scenarios: An Investigation Of Staten Island's Urban Planning, Melissa Wagner, Lauren E. Gentile, Joanna Merson, Elizabeth Wentz Jan 2016

Sustainable Urban Planning And Climate Change Scenarios: An Investigation Of Staten Island's Urban Planning, Melissa Wagner, Lauren E. Gentile, Joanna Merson, Elizabeth Wentz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recent events like Hurricane Sandy, which struck Staten Island, NY on October 29, 2012, serve as a costly reminder of how unsustainable designs and mounting social pressures can contribute to extensive structural damage and subsequent financial cost, from storm surge inundation and coastal flooding. It is unlikely that Hurricane Sandy was a one-time event but rather a warning of what can occur over the next century without proper mitigation strategies. Based on climate change projections, such extreme events are expected to become more frequent and intense due to warmer sea surface temperatures and rising sea levels (Emmanual, 2005; Kirtman et ...


Engaging Green Infrastructure Scheme Into Watershed- And Urban-Based Planning And Design Realms, Serdar Selim, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2016

Engaging Green Infrastructure Scheme Into Watershed- And Urban-Based Planning And Design Realms, Serdar Selim, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Watershed planning realm has predominantly been posed by human/urbancentric planning practice solely based on socio-economic dynamics, rather than physical and ecological thresholds at regional level. Thus planning, conservation and management efforts in an individualistic way lack of elaborating natural and cultural landscapes in a holistic way and introducing a monolithic planning and management discourse. This inevitably results in a gap between large scale planning scheme and local plans and, consecutively conservation pursuits both in judicial and administrative spheres remained behind the reach of delivering a comprehensive (conservation) framework.

Based on the aforementioned problematic aspect, the hypothesis that this paper ...


Climate Action Planning And Urban Greenways: Weaving Together Sustainability, Health And Resilience, David C. Ralston Jan 2016

Climate Action Planning And Urban Greenways: Weaving Together Sustainability, Health And Resilience, David C. Ralston

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Envisioning and planning citywide greenways and supporting urban greening (green infrastructure) linked to climate action planning are surprisingly not well integrated in sustainable planning initiatives and in fact represent two separate landscape action approaches and two different scales and disciplines of focus. By not being strategically integrated, cities are missing out on many significant environmental and social co-benefits that are especially needed at this time. Consider, the planning focus for greenways (especially in the US context) over the last forty-years has generally emerged from a landscape design and park planning tradition and thus we see various inter-city/regional or suburban ...


Design Strategy Of Community Greenway Connectivity Of High-Density Urban Asia – A Case Study On Beijing, Zhengwang Wu, Yanhui Wang Jan 2016

Design Strategy Of Community Greenway Connectivity Of High-Density Urban Asia – A Case Study On Beijing, Zhengwang Wu, Yanhui Wang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the high-density Asian cities which expand rapidly and witness explosive growth in population, the construction of urban community greenways can effectively mitigate the heavy pressure that human beings impose on natural and humanistic environment. In Beijing, poor connectivity is one of the major challenges community greenway construction faces. This paper performs a field survey on the established community greenways in Beijing and their surrounding communities, finding that greenway connectivity is affected by the problems like interference with motorways and unsound greenway planning system in development process. The survey analysis demonstrates that the poor connectivity of community greenways is embodied ...


Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino Jan 2016

Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent decades, urban developments, agriculture and growth of grey infrastructures have affected urban landscapes. The rapid expansions of cities have increasingly caused loss of biodiversity, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. In this context, Ecological Network (EN) and more recently Ecosystem Services (ES) have been the subject of increasing attention among academics and in global and European policies. EN has represented a concept to consider and plan for preserving biodiversity and sustainable use of resources. EN also provides ES, for instance, recreational services (such as the access to green space, recreation, and educational resources) and supporting services (such as safeguarding ...


The Garden Kingdom Of Dessau-Wörlitz As An Example For The Management Of A Historical Monument, Heike Tenzer Jan 2016

The Garden Kingdom Of Dessau-Wörlitz As An Example For The Management Of A Historical Monument, Heike Tenzer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Located between the Bauhaus town of Dessau and Lutherstadt Wittenberg, the Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz covers an area of about 145 square kilometres; equivalent to about one quarter of its original size in the 18th/19th century.

The Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz is the largest area of an historical cultural landscape in Saxony-Anhalt. Former research projects were focused on the design and constructional highlights of the cultural landscape, which means: castles, small structures, historic town centers and parks. The landscape which is situated between those constructions was assessed partially due to landscape planning values.

Between those different evaluations it lacked ...


Urban Natural Burial: Re-Presenting Data As A Means Of Communicating New Approaches To Green Infrastructure, Ian Fisher, Ann Sharrock Jan 2016

Urban Natural Burial: Re-Presenting Data As A Means Of Communicating New Approaches To Green Infrastructure, Ian Fisher, Ann Sharrock

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The authors have published a number of articles (Ian Fisher and Ann Sharrock, 2013, 2014) and have received media coverage on their proposals for linking natural burial, urban microclimate modification and the revaluing of privately owned urban “hope value” land.

The purpose of this paper is to further explore the ideas advanced in the author’s research and their potential as formative elements in green infrastructure. To facilitate this process, the authors intend to analyse and test the medium of info graphics as a vehicle for communicating the assembled but separate empirical evidence as a means of supporting the validity ...


Is There An Ideal Model For Effective Stormwater Management In Norway?, Ingrid Merete Ødegård Jan 2016

Is There An Ideal Model For Effective Stormwater Management In Norway?, Ingrid Merete Ødegård

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Climate changes in Norway deals with increased amount of precipitation and an elevation of temperature. Increased urbanization with more dense surfaces provides even more flooding risks, which is and has been the reality many places for some years now (Hanssen-Bauer, I. et al 2015).

Use of stormwater as a resource was the main topic in Norsk Vann rapport 162/2008. (Lindholm et.al.2008), made as a guideline for climate adapted stormwater management in Norway. The report addresses water engineers, planners and landscape architects working to solve the increased amount of stormwater due to climate changes. Additional water management has ...


Greenways As Resilient Global Landscape Solutions, Charles A. Fink Jan 2016

Greenways As Resilient Global Landscape Solutions, Charles A. Fink

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways historically have been highly valued for their benefit to human health and wellness as linear recreational corridors and as a product of interconnected walking and bicycling trail networks. With the threat of accelerating global climate change, greenways offer a more important and strategic landscape for the protection of coastal and shoreline communities, mitigating the impacts associated with urban flooding, and providing landscapes that protect the health, safety and welfare for millions of coastal and shoreline residents around the world.

Each day millions of residents worldwide are exposed to the impacts resulting from global climate change, primarily from urban flooding ...


Designation Of Potential Excavation Zones Suitable For Mining - Modelling Different Types Of Land Uses; Minatura2020 Hungarian Case Study (Tállya Region), Zoltán Horváth, Rita Szeiler, Anouk Cormont, Michiel Van Eupen Jan 2016

Designation Of Potential Excavation Zones Suitable For Mining - Modelling Different Types Of Land Uses; Minatura2020 Hungarian Case Study (Tállya Region), Zoltán Horváth, Rita Szeiler, Anouk Cormont, Michiel Van Eupen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The exploitation of minerals in Europe is an indispensable activity to ensure that the present and future needs of the European society can be met. This means that sufficient access is required to explore and exploit minerals. At the same time the mineral requirements of our society must be met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Accordingly, potentially exploitable mineral deposits (known deposits, abandoned mines and historical mining sites) need to be assessed against other land uses, taking into account criteria such as habitats, other environmental concerns, priorities for settlements, etc. Decisions on the ...


Greenways As Linear Components Of Green Infrastructure In Rural Agricultural Landscapes Of South-Western Slovakia, Attila Tóth Jan 2016

Greenways As Linear Components Of Green Infrastructure In Rural Agricultural Landscapes Of South-Western Slovakia, Attila Tóth

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are important linking elements of green infrastructure systems in rural cultural landscapes. Their significance markedly increases in agricultural landscapes, since green networks and systems are very often limited to linear structures in this particular type of landscape. Greenways can therefore be crucial green infrastructure components in intensively farmed arable-land matrixes. The uniqueness of the presented research consists in the focus on sustainability and resilience benefits provided by greenways in agricultural landscapes. Greenways and green infrastructure improve the overall environmental resilience of farmed landscapes towards climate change and extreme environmental events, such as long lasting drought and erosion of fertile ...


The Potential Impact Of Greening As A Directed Land Use On The Landscape Structure, Klaudia Máté, László Kollányi Jan 2016

The Potential Impact Of Greening As A Directed Land Use On The Landscape Structure, Klaudia Máté, László Kollányi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The intensification of agricultural landscapes significantly sped up in the 20th century. The European Union created the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) with the objective of securing the productivity, the biodiversity and the ecological stability of agricultural landscapes. A new measure in the 2014 CAP Reform is “greening”. Its goal is to support agricultural activities which are beneficial to the climate and environment as well as to protect landscape elements which are important for ecosystems. The impact of this measure on the landscape structure is unpredictable.

In this study, we compare the earlier legislation to the current greening provisions in order ...


Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang Jan 2016

Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are networks of land containing linear elements that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use (Ahern, 1995). The greenway movement is a new concept that integrates many established landscape architectural, planning and design ideas, concepts, and implementation techniques. (Fabos, 1995).

This paper is primarily focused on pressing challenges in the greenway movement taking place in many parts of China that are out of cultural and historic contexts, resulting in diminishing cultural identities and values. It attempts to re-examine the greenway planning strategies ...


Landscape Infrastructure And The Retrofitting Of Sustainability Into Suburban Communities: Irvine, California’S Jeffrey Open Space Trail, Deni Ruggeri Jan 2016

Landscape Infrastructure And The Retrofitting Of Sustainability Into Suburban Communities: Irvine, California’S Jeffrey Open Space Trail, Deni Ruggeri

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper investigates the performance of the Jeffrey Open Space Trail in Irvine, CA a recent ‘green infrastructure” project, It emphasizes the social performance of this landscape--its ability to promote healthy community life, stronger identity and public health. The data consisted of observations conducted in January 2016 and analysed using Ahern’s (2007) cultural performance indicators. The results suggest that while this linear park successfully provides Irvine residents many opportunities for physical activity and diverse visual experiences, it fails to serve as social and communitybuilding infrastructure.


Greenway Planning And Landscape Structure; Some Theoretical Backgrounds, Martin Van Den Toorn, Albert Fekete Jan 2016

Greenway Planning And Landscape Structure; Some Theoretical Backgrounds, Martin Van Den Toorn, Albert Fekete

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper we will put forward some theoretical backgrounds on greenway planning as planning and design intervention in landscape architecture. In order to analyse the theoretical context of greenway planning, we first start with a short overview of terminology. In the next step we will investigate a number of case studies on how the principles of greenway planning have been applied and how it relates to other aspects of plan making in landscape architecture. The approach of greenway planning is very much based on linear systems and networks where 'structure' plays a key role. We will put special emphasis ...


Historic Roads Of Asia Minor And Greenway Potential For Ankara, Nedim Kemer Jan 2016

Historic Roads Of Asia Minor And Greenway Potential For Ankara, Nedim Kemer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads of the ancient era universally present valuable cultural and geographical assets on their courses. The routes of historic roads are generally determined by means of connecting settlements and important locations while providing safe, fast, and easy access through challenging geographies. Lush valleys and waterways with provision of food and water, scenic ridgelines, passageways through mountain ranges, and in some cases straight shortcuts in open plains are the usual access paths connecting cultural and economic terminal points. Critical geomorphologic, climatologic, and environmental factors play important role in determining the courses. Year round accessibility in climate dependent harsh conditions and anthropocentric ...


The Potential Roles Of Biodiverse Green Roofs In The Extending Urban Green Network, Krisztina Szabó Jan 2016

The Potential Roles Of Biodiverse Green Roofs In The Extending Urban Green Network, Krisztina Szabó

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The role of urban green network is increasingly needed due to urbanization and the growing urban population. The high number of buildings, the different infrastructural developments and the high quantity of covered surface do not allow increase greenery on the ground level; there are few residual spaces that can be turned into green areas. One solution could be the vertical walls and green roofs which can considerably help developing urban green network of the future (Susca et al., 2011). Due to the acute conflicts between high density development and limited land, many European, American and Chinese cities adopted an effective ...


Contemplative Greenway Design For The Health And Well-Being Of City Inhabitants, Agnieszka Olszewska Jan 2016

Contemplative Greenway Design For The Health And Well-Being Of City Inhabitants, Agnieszka Olszewska

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper presents the findings of the PhD research titled Contemplative Values of Urban Parks and Gardens, which can be applied to urban greenway design. We consider the network of urban green spaces a multifunctional structure that can not only serve environmental and aesthetical values, but also directly influence people´s mental health and well-being. Urban green infrastructure has a significant potential to serve as a place for the passive recreation that involves re-connecting with nature through contemplation. We made the concept of contemplative landscapes operational by identifying physical attributes of such spaces.

The study revealed seven key-categories of landscape ...


Structural Soil In Dense City Areas - Functions And Chances For Urban Greenway Development, Marzena Suchocka, Henryk Kociel Jan 2016

Structural Soil In Dense City Areas - Functions And Chances For Urban Greenway Development, Marzena Suchocka, Henryk Kociel

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The densest parts of cities, parts with the most infrastructure, are losing green areas and trees. The majority of urban site conditions for trees often do not provide them with enough opportunity for healthy growth and development and allow only a few years of vegetation. Visible symptoms of health issues in trees are usually lesions within the crown or stem and are mainly due to the impact of unfavourable factors which have been exerted upon the root system. The most severe causes of poor health in trees are associated with the intense growing environment in urban areas and damaging impact ...


Avoid – Mitigate – Compensate: Halting The Loss Of Biodiversity In Landscapes “Under Pressure” - Landscape Planning And Eco Account Examples From The Stuttgart Region, Germany, Christian Küpfer, Sascha Arnold Jan 2016

Avoid – Mitigate – Compensate: Halting The Loss Of Biodiversity In Landscapes “Under Pressure” - Landscape Planning And Eco Account Examples From The Stuttgart Region, Germany, Christian Küpfer, Sascha Arnold

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Within the European Union, Germany has the largest population (ca. 80 million) and the fourth highest population density (about 230 inhabitants per km²). In addition, the population’s need for living space is among the highest within Europe: in 2012, the rate of living space per resident was around 40 m² per person and far above Europe’s average for many other indicators, like percentage of urbanized land, population density, and motorization (table 1).

With its long history of urbanisation and industrialization after World War II and its geographical position in the centre of Europe, Germany faces strong challenges to ...


Developing Opportunities Of Bicycle Tourism Between Budapest And Lake Balaton, Beáta Stefanics Jan 2016

Developing Opportunities Of Bicycle Tourism Between Budapest And Lake Balaton, Beáta Stefanics

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper is written about a method of developing bicycle tourism and one day circular cycle routes between Budapest and Lake Balaton, between the two main tourist destinations in Hungary. There is a significant interest in that topic because of the 1364/2011. (XI. 8.) Governmental Decision about the need to develop bike routes, which says that the Budapest–Balaton path has the priority in governmental development. My study area is assigned by the proposed Budapest–Balaton cycle path of the National Spatial Plan (Országos Területrendezési Terv) and its surroundings which is enclosed by the boundaries of the settlements within ...


Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah Jan 2016

Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway network planning has become an acknowledged tool for allocating land for recreational purposes. Within developing countries such as Jordan, urban laws lack implementation plans and/or policies regarding green open spaces, ecological networks and greenway planning. A review of the currently effective planning policies and city mandates of Jordan reveals that the concept of preserving land for environmental and recreational purposes is addressed (Laws no: 79/15/F, 79/19/F, 79/23/F, 79/52/F, 79/58/F, 1966), yet no strategies are present to instrument land acquisition other than land subdivision laws (Law no: 12/6 ...


Vienna And The Danube Island: Shifting Objectives For An Urban Greenway, Dagmar Grimm-Pretner, Ulrike Krippner Jan 2016

Vienna And The Danube Island: Shifting Objectives For An Urban Greenway, Dagmar Grimm-Pretner, Ulrike Krippner

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The artificial Danube Island is today an important urban greenway and a crucial element of Vienna’s green network (Stadtentwicklung Wien, 2015). It is the result of two major flood protection projects that have had a fundamental impact on the Danube riverscape in Vienna. From 1870 to 1875 the branching river was straightened into one main riverbed with a large parallel inundation area of 825 hectares of almost flat ground. Overflows of the swiftly moving alpine river were then limited, but flooding remained a risk. In view of this, 100 years later, the inundation area was transformed into a 160-meter-wide ...


Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll Jan 2016

Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

After an insightful discussion with my peers regarding the theories of landscape urbanism, we concluded that many of the concepts are not new, but were perhaps extrapolated from landscape design principles well known to us. Throughout the discussion, I could not help but think back on my previous research about the mid-century modern landscape architect, James Rose, who’s rebellious designs and intriguing publications spoke to larger concepts than purely form and design, unapologetically. His theories, although laced with humor and sarcasm, have many relevant applications in designing urban parks in cities today. His theories on the integration of indoors ...


Artistic Wind Turbines Along Greenways: The Concept, Vendula Betakova Jan 2016

Artistic Wind Turbines Along Greenways: The Concept, Vendula Betakova

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The contemporary built and industrial landscape - we can see every day - is filled with many industrial parks, logistic areas, power plants and other enormous structures and objects which ensure a living environment for humans. Actually, these structures cause many gaps and blind spots in an otherwise green network. Furthermore, in some cases there are abandoned industrial parks consuming enormous pieces of land. The reason for this is pretty clear in this case: there is no responsible owner who should take care of it or there is no budget to cover the costs for its demolition. So what we now see ...


Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj Jan 2016

Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Gorce are part of Carpathians – Western Beskidy, Mountains. They are located in Southern Poland, ca. 25km north of High Tatra Mountains. They stretch on approximately 550km². Gorce attract tourists with varying terrain and, most of all, some of the most beautiful open wide views of surrounding mountain chains. The relics of the original Carpathian Forest and the landscape of deeply cut mountain streams are also very valuable. Impressive rock outcroppings and not-yet-explored, numerous caves can also be found here.

The phenomenon of Gorce comes from the unique landscape, shaped by both nature and by man, originally for shepherding, then for ...