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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Spreading Of Invasive Species In Greenways: A Gis-Based Case Study In Hungary, Peter Szilassi, Dorottya Kitka Jan 2016

Spreading Of Invasive Species In Greenways: A Gis-Based Case Study In Hungary, Peter Szilassi, Dorottya Kitka

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The fast spread of invasive species is leading to a reduction in biodiversity and habitat loss for native species. It is especially important to consider the environmental aspects during greenway planning. Ecological corridors are designed to assure the migration of species between the valuable conservation areas and to reduce the spreading ability of invasive species.

This paper analyses the proportion invasive species on the greenways (ecological corridors) of the Southern Hungarian Great Plain NUTS 2 statistical region, in Hungary. The spreading conditions and dynamics of invasive species were compared inside and outside greenways. The study aims to define the ecological ...


Revitalizing Urban Waterways: Streams Of Environmental Justice, Richard Smardon, Sharon Moran Jan 2016

Revitalizing Urban Waterways: Streams Of Environmental Justice, Richard Smardon, Sharon Moran

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper explores how a specific project (creek restoration planning) in a particular place (Syracuse, NY) challenged its proponents to identify best practices for community outreach. Within this watershed, several kinds of social and biophysical problems converged with two environmental justice (EJ) challenges, making for a complex project. We will review how the project proponents planned the project, especially the public participation, in the context of minimal guidance in terms of agreed-upon best practices, and the EJ issues. The outline the project’s impacts, arguing that the highly interactive, process-intensive approach that the proponents adapted was in part, necessitated by ...


Motivations Of Trail Volunteers Of The Adirondack Mountain Club, Tasuku Kamei, Tetsuya Aikoh, Robert L. Ryan Jan 2016

Motivations Of Trail Volunteers Of The Adirondack Mountain Club, Tasuku Kamei, Tetsuya Aikoh, Robert L. Ryan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Managers of many natural areas are facing challenges in maintaining greenways, given limited human and financial resources to deal with the vast areas of land that they manage. Volunteerism has increasingly been considered key to maintaining trails and other facilities. Organizations have sought ways to incorporate people into trail maintenance practices. For example, the Adirondack Mountain Club in New York provides various volunteer opportunities for members and non-members. Over 300 volunteers participated in the Adirondack Mountain Club’s supervised trail volunteer programs in 2013, providing 3,500 hours of labor. What motivates people to participate in such physically and mentally ...


Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause Jan 2016

Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In an effort to improve food literacy, food security, and food access, concerned

citizens have, over the course of the past several decades, developed new types

of landscapes for urban gleaning. While these design interventions vary in

scope and approach, they share a common fundamental desire: to invite others

to join in a harvest picked from the city. This paper addresses the broad context

of urban gleaning through the specific lens of two case studies in

Northampton, MA, and suggests that these types of nontraditional agricultural

sites have the potential to radically restructure cityscapes. Moreover, while

urban gleaning efforts rarely ...


The Redevelopment And Restoration Of Selected Trail Bmp Features To Provide Environmental, Educational, And Aesthetic Benefits, David N. Myers Jan 2016

The Redevelopment And Restoration Of Selected Trail Bmp Features To Provide Environmental, Educational, And Aesthetic Benefits, David N. Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Trail and Greenway systems in Montgomery and Prince George’s Counties, Maryland are overseen by the Maryland National Capitol Park and Planning Commission (MNCPPC). These greenway systems are extensive and provide trails for a combined suburban and urban population of over 1.8 million people. These trails systems are also connected to the trail systems of the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C). One well known greenway system is the Anacostia Tributary Trail System which extends into all three jurisdictions. With new additions connecting existing trails in Prince George’s County and the District of Columbia, the Anacostia Tributary Trail ...


Hybrid Green Corridors In Arid Northern Mexico: Design For A Balance Between Ecological And Non-Motorized Mobility Networks, Gabriel Díaz Montemayor Jan 2016

Hybrid Green Corridors In Arid Northern Mexico: Design For A Balance Between Ecological And Non-Motorized Mobility Networks, Gabriel Díaz Montemayor

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban planning in Mexico has been going through intensive updating by the hand of the recently created Municipal Planning Institutes (IMPLANES). These institutes have emerged in the XXI century as a response to the inability to implement medium to long term planning efforts derived from an urban administration model determined by three year municipal government terms with no reelection as an option. Before the emergence of IMPLANES, decisions pertaining urban infrastructure were determined by mayors trying to leverage brief periods of time in the scale of urban administration and planning. IMPLANES have spent a significant part of their efforts updating ...


Concrete Versus Green Corridors In Road Planning. Gdansk Case, Aleksandra Sas-Bojarska, Magdalena Rembeza Jan 2016

Concrete Versus Green Corridors In Road Planning. Gdansk Case, Aleksandra Sas-Bojarska, Magdalena Rembeza

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban structures are being increasingly cut by various technical barriers, in particular by the new or modernized roads connections. Their sizes are growing; accompanying infrastructure such as acoustic screens appear. This leads to the disadvantageous fragmentation of the urban tissue. Therefore urban landscape is being deformed. The separated parts of cities are becoming less accessible for residents. The functional, visual, environmental and social problems are growing and the need for solving them becomes essential. The presented article shows the threats and conflicts caused by new traffic systems forming concrete corridors. The possible mitigation methods such as the use of landscape ...


Evaluation Of Parks In Bartin-Turkey: Need For Green Infrastructure Approach, Mustafa Artar Jan 2016

Evaluation Of Parks In Bartin-Turkey: Need For Green Infrastructure Approach, Mustafa Artar

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Due to rapid increase on population and construction for urbanization, cities of 21 century change rapid and dynamically. As the lands in different characters of cities change and spoil the character known is also changing. At this point landscape features which affect the infrastructure within green spaces and waterscapes have important limiting role on urban development. Recent years climate change became an important topic and it brought the discussions on water management and green infrastructure issues. Green infrastructure (GI) approach is a trending subject for experts of urban development, landscape management and urban health. The European Landscape Convention (ELC) seeks ...


Landscape Planning And Green Infrastructure In Serbia: From National To Belgrade City Planning, Nevena Vasiljević, Boris Radić, Biljana Šljukić, Ratko Ristić Jan 2016

Landscape Planning And Green Infrastructure In Serbia: From National To Belgrade City Planning, Nevena Vasiljević, Boris Radić, Biljana Šljukić, Ratko Ristić

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The development of landscape planning in Serbia began in the middle of the last century. The principles and objectives of landscape planning were modeled on European trends and developed within the academic framework of the School of landscape architecture at the Faculty of Forestry of the University of Belgrade.

The General Plan of Landscapes (1995) was a failed attempt to "introduce" landscape planning from the framework of academic and scientific debate to institutional spatial planning in Serbia (Vasiljević, 2008). After the ratification of the European Landscape Convention in 2011, a more favorable climate for landscape planning was created in Serbia ...


Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani Jan 2016

Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

"Greenways are networks of land that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use." (Ahern, 1996) The term greenway comes from the "green" in greenbelt and the "way" in parkway, implying a recreational or pedestrian use rather than a typical street corridor, as well as an emphasis on introducing or maintaining vegetation. Some greenways tend to have a contiguous pathway, allowing urban commuting via bicycle or foot. Greenways are seen as a critical part of urban green infrastructure and as a positive way to ...


Greenways, The Next Step: Every Doorstep A Trailhead, Robert Searns Jan 2016

Greenways, The Next Step: Every Doorstep A Trailhead, Robert Searns

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Since their inception and popularisation, beginning in the 1970’s, the vision, mission and function of greenways—especially urban greenways—has evolved offering: recreation; urban greenery; city shaping; flood plain management; non-motorized transportation; ecological conservation and health/fitness opportunities. There are also economic spin-offs including: tourism; real estate enhancement; and business promotion. Early on, most urban greenways emphasized shared-use bicycle and pedestrian corridors— often following rivers and streams. More recently, a number of trends, challenges and emerging directions suggest implications for greenways going forward:

⎯ A Growing Worldwide Greenways Movement—With acceptance and implementation worldwide, greenways are a widespread international movement ...


Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen Jan 2016

Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Many years ago, the Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal was the northern destination point of the journey along the Jing-Hang Grand Canal in China. It once operated as a shipping gateway through the country to Beijing y, and was a historicly significant greenway of China. Now, the Grand Canal is an important urban district for modern Beijing and requires greater attention to strategic planning. Our design team was hired by the municipal park department to produce a new master plan for a total area of 120 hectares along the waterway which had fallen into decay through the compounding consequences of a ...


Green Belt Of Brescia, Lombardy. From Resilience Strategy To Sustainable Planning In Practice., Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Guido Granello Jan 2016

Green Belt Of Brescia, Lombardy. From Resilience Strategy To Sustainable Planning In Practice., Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Guido Granello

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper focuses on the methods on which it is built the planning strategy for the ‘Parco delle Cave’ (Park of Pits) in Brescia (Lombardy, Italy). This research, begun in 2010 thanks to the insights offered by a master's degree thesis, in February 2016 led to the approval of the variation to Plan of Government of the Territory of the City of Brescia. The authors, at the time, respectively, supervisor and author of the thesis ‘Park of Pits, from protest to proposal' have gradually followed the different stages of approach to the proposed variant through a real multidisciplinary action ...


Landscape Indicators In Rural Development, István Valánszki, Ágnes Sallay, Krisztina Filep-Kovács, Sándor Jombach Jan 2016

Landscape Indicators In Rural Development, István Valánszki, Ágnes Sallay, Krisztina Filep-Kovács, Sándor Jombach

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Landscape values and landscape potential are the base of rural development. Long-term and balanced utilization of these is possible through sustainable landscape management. The Hungarian rural regions have very diverse characteristics, that is why properly targeted and specified programs, strategies are needed to develop them in an appropriate way.

Several planners, researchers and authors emphasized that the first step of sustainable landscape management is landscape-function analysis (De Groot et al., 2010; Herman et al., 2014). Before clustering and typification of rural regions based on the levels of the different landscape functions, it is very important to explore the potential relationships ...


Green Infrastructure In Growing Station Towns. Two Case Studies From Norway, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Inger-Lise Saglie Jan 2016

Green Infrastructure In Growing Station Towns. Two Case Studies From Norway, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Inger-Lise Saglie

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Experiences from the past 25 years have shown that there are some major conflicts between the densification policy that has been predominant in Norway and the desire to preserve urban green spaces. Auditor General expressed e.g. 2007, concern for downsizing of urban nature. According to Statistics Norway, the proportion of the population with acceptable access to recreational areas has dropped by 3% in the period 1999- 2009. Today, also smaller municipalities in metropolitan regions in our country are growing in population and some are pointed out as centers for growth in regional plans. Thus, there is also a huge ...


Cities Of The Future: Synergies Between Smart Energy And Greenways, Elizabeth Kocs Jan 2016

Cities Of The Future: Synergies Between Smart Energy And Greenways, Elizabeth Kocs

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

We are well on the way to becoming an urban world. According to the United Nations World Economic and Social Survey (UN, 2013), at least half the world’s population has been living in cities since 2007, a figure that is projected to rise to more than 70 percent by 2050. This poses unprecedented challenges in light of increasing pressures on world energy reserves, the uncertain and potentially devastating effects of climate change, other forms of environmental degradation, and a range of problems related to urban living such as overcrowding in city centers and sprawl in suburban areas and beyond ...


Planning The Green Infrastructure Of The Tagus River Estuary In Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Rosário Oliveira Jan 2016

Planning The Green Infrastructure Of The Tagus River Estuary In Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Rosário Oliveira

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Tagus River is the most important and largest watershed of Iberia, with 1007 km long and 81 000 km2 basin, about 30% Portuguese. Understood in a cross-border perspective, it constitutes a valuable resource that brings together relevant biophysical, historical and cultural aspects translated into a huge richness and landscape diversity. The Tagus estuary is the largest wetland area in Portugal and one of the most important in Europe, with an area of 325 km2 and a high status for the conservation of important biodiversity. This estuary corresponds to the core of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, which is about 3 ...


Shadeways: Exploring A New Greenway Type Promoting The Mediterranean Bio Climate In Greece, Alexander Kantartzis, Mark Lindhult Jan 2016

Shadeways: Exploring A New Greenway Type Promoting The Mediterranean Bio Climate In Greece, Alexander Kantartzis, Mark Lindhult

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In a Mediterranean climate the bioclimatic design parameters greatly influence and determine a greenway’s successful use in terms of human comfort and should be a key element in landscape planning and decision making. Tourism is probably the best example among human activities in which the linkages between environmental quality and economic prospects are evident (Priestley et al., 1996). Internationally, greenways have proved to be desired living places, with pedestrian access to nearby neighbouring rural towns, improving the overall quality of public space. Sustainable rural greenways geared to leisure and tourism offer mobility, conservation, reuse of natural and cultural heritage ...


Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek Jan 2016

Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Arranged green spaces of industrial areas are a form greenery planted in an organized way, accompanying industrial facilities. During designing large industrial facilities, green spaces constituted an integral element of industrial facility and adjacent areas. They played numerous essential roles, such as protective, decorative, recreational, representative, psychological or masking functions. Depending on the intended purpose, a green space assumed also suitable forms: buffer strips, clumps, solitary plants, cross-shaped, strip-shaped or round-shaped layouts. An equally crucial aspect, as the form of greenery, was selection of an adequate species adapted both to the terrain conditions and specificity of production.

During construction of ...


Ri Sea Grant, Ri Coastal Resources Center And Uri Landscape Architecture Department Collaborate On Resilient Coastal Greenways, Richard Sheridan Jan 2016

Ri Sea Grant, Ri Coastal Resources Center And Uri Landscape Architecture Department Collaborate On Resilient Coastal Greenways, Richard Sheridan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The State of Rhode Island, the smallest of the fifty states in the United States, is 37 miles wide and 47 miles long, yet has 400 miles of coastline (CRMC, 2012). Twenty-one of its thirty-nine communities have coastal property. Like many coastal communities, this ocean state faces significant ecological, financial and safety issues due to climate change and sea level rise (CRMC, 2015a; Rodin, 2014). Various partnerships between local and federal government agencies and the private sector have arisen to help avert a disaster (Sasaki Associates, 2014).

This paper will speak to a unique newly created relationship and how that ...


Monitoring Suburban Nature Trail Visitors And Their Attitudes To Voluntary Trail Maintenance In Sapporo, Japan, Tetsuya Aikoh, Tzuchi Wei, Tasuku Kamei Jan 2016

Monitoring Suburban Nature Trail Visitors And Their Attitudes To Voluntary Trail Maintenance In Sapporo, Japan, Tetsuya Aikoh, Tzuchi Wei, Tasuku Kamei

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recreational greenways, including walking trails, comprise one of the major categories of greenways (Fábos, 1995). Among the benefits provided by urban biodiversity are those people obtain from visiting nature trails in suburban forests. Managers need precise data, including data about usage levels, demands, and visitor satisfaction to demonstrate the importance of trails, and examine management measures. As challenges, managers also face a lack of funding and staff shortages in managing and maintaining the trails, having increasingly come to rely on volunteers for management. Alongside increasing interest, local stakeholders and visitors have progressively become expected to play a larger role in ...


Landscape Constrains: Opportunities For Creative And Sustainable Landscape Design, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana Jan 2016

Landscape Constrains: Opportunities For Creative And Sustainable Landscape Design, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper aims to demonstrate the potential of “landscape constrains” as significant assets in landscape planning and design. Constrains underlie, among other factors, landscape character, therefore being crucial to its assessment and for creative and sustainable design. Identifying constrains enables to understand land degradation and, therefore, searching strategies for land improvement starting from the components that actually exist, instead of trying to induce new features considered to be more sustainable. Involving thoroughly “constrains” into design can contribute and strengthen landscape resilience since it accepts that negative assets can evolve towards good landscape, therefore contribute to better design. This is to ...


Bialystok (Poland) - Green City. Historical Greenways In A Contemporary City, Dorota Gawryluk, Maciej Kłopotowski Jan 2016

Bialystok (Poland) - Green City. Historical Greenways In A Contemporary City, Dorota Gawryluk, Maciej Kłopotowski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In contemporary theories of city design the issue of green corridors appears more and more frequently. They concern the development of greenways of communicative, ecological and recreational functions. Their purpose is to change the modern city landscape. Routes network dominant in the city space is to be replaced by ecological structures, improving the quality of life and introducing the green into the city. This issue is discussed by a number of research teams and relates to the cities of different scale. Conducted works tend to indicate the direction for transformation of the existing urban structures. This process is to be ...


Flexible Space Design Of Community Greenways In Temperate Zone Of Asia -- Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han Jan 2016

Flexible Space Design Of Community Greenways In Temperate Zone Of Asia -- Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Heavy traffic, poor air environment and fast-paced city lifestyles are a growing major problem for residents in Beijing. Beijing is a place for people‘s daily work but almost nobody use the word liveable to describe it. In view of the common diseases of urbanization above, it is time to use greenways planning to improve Beijing living environment.

According to China's major cities traffic analysis report of AutoNavi in 2015, the Beijingers possess strong time-saving consciousness. (AutoNavi Traffic Big Data, 2016). At the same time, it is concluded from the questionnaire investigated by the Sina microblog in 2012, the ...


Experimenting Regional River Pattern As Landscape Corridors In Urban Transformation, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2016

Experimenting Regional River Pattern As Landscape Corridors In Urban Transformation, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

It is widely acknowledged that today’s state-of-art cities are capable of acting as landscape systems within and beyond urban domain. In this context, river systems provide urban fabric with physical, ecological and social advocacy while addressing multiple challenges of rapid urbanization and its resultant effects such as dense and uncontrolled urban development.

Based on the aforementioned statement, this paper enunciates the attachment of regional river pattern (particularly composed of Meles Delta and Bornova Rivers, and their association with natural and urban patches) with centrally located, yet large tract of İzmir metropolitan city (Fig. 1).


Complex Educational Model Project In The Nivegy Valley, Zsuzsanna Mikházi, Edina Dancsokné Fóris Jan 2016

Complex Educational Model Project In The Nivegy Valley, Zsuzsanna Mikházi, Edina Dancsokné Fóris

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Faculty of Landscape Architecture of the Szent István University (formerly of the Corvinus University of Budapest) places great importance on providing its graduates with designing experience. In order to achieve this, the faculty organize more and more opportunities for professional practice every year. Each of these is usually related to different university subjects.

In the spring 2015, within the framework of the Rural Development subject, we began our involvement with the settlements in and near the Nivegy Valley. This was possible thanks to the good professional relationship between the LAG (Local Action Group) of the Balaton Uplands and our ...


Green Network In Urban Pressure, Eszter Bakay, Kinga Szilágyi Jan 2016

Green Network In Urban Pressure, Eszter Bakay, Kinga Szilágyi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Budapest is a lucky city from an urban ecological point. Thanks to the Danube cutting through the middle of the city the ventilation of downtown is adequate. The existence of this natural waterflow offers a good possibility to create a green-blue infrastructure, which can be realized in the near future by turning the Pest side embankment partially into recreational open spaces. In spite of the favourable location the air quality of Budapest is often below the critical level, first of all in the city center. Though this unfavourable situation has numerous components- first of all the difficult traffic related problems ...


Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand Jan 2016

Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper is a summary of the theoretical background and reflection for our master thesis in landscape architecture that was submitted in May 2016. The thesis is a design project with the goal of transforming a decommissioned airfield at Kjeller in Norway to become part of the public green and social infrastructure in the municipality. It shows an example of how the use of existing tools in the planning system, combined with the development of new tools to measure different conditions in a participation process, can bring new uses into the green structure.


Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard Jan 2016

Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The history of the City of Houston can be told through a few major disruptive yet transformative moments, from the building of the Ship Channel to the approval of Bayou Greenways, and now the Houston Area Greenways planning project will act as a further catalyst and opportunity to direct the vision of the future Houston. More than simply trails projects, Bayou Greenways and Houston Area Greenways have the potential to fundamentally direct the development of the urban fabrics of the city. A more integrated and comprehensive transportation system can transition dependence away from the automobile towards a more carbon-neutral way ...


Lp(R)Evolution: A City On The Way To The Future Las Palmas: Parkcity, Susanne Gerstberger Jan 2016

Lp(R)Evolution: A City On The Way To The Future Las Palmas: Parkcity, Susanne Gerstberger

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

For the first time in 2008, more people lived in cities than in the countryside. The USA expect that in 2050, more than 70% of the expected global population of 9 billion will be at home in the constantly growing megacities. Everywhere, in cities and in the countryside, anthropogenic changes are becoming visible with growing speed. Human footprints can already be found at apparently untouched places, in natural landscapes. At the same time, there is a growing need and search for untouched nature or natural spaces in the city. Nature deficit disorder is a serious matter that has to be ...