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Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

2016

Horticulture

China

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao Jan 2016

Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are linear open spaces and networks of lands that are planned, designed and managed for ecological, scenic, recreational and cultural purposes (Little, 1990; Ahern, 1995; Fabos, 1995; Erickson, 2004; Jongman & Pungetti, 2004). Greenways are commonly structured by natural or humanmade features such as rivers, ridgelines, railroads, canals or roads (Erickson, 2004). In the international greenway movement, greenways no longer had only a beautification and recreational function, but expanded to multiple objectives, such as habitat protection, flood hazard reduction, water quality improvement, historical preservation, education and interpretation (Searns, 1995; Tan, 2006). Moreover, the concept of greenways shows high compatibility with diverse forms, which is “a route which is good from an environmental point of view” (Turner, 1998).

In China, the modern greenway movement started in 2010, when Guangdong Provincial Government initiated a three-year political campaign to construct the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Greenway Network. In 2014, the PRD greenways had a total length of 8,909 kilometers, connecting ...


Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen Jan 2016

Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Many years ago, the Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal was the northern destination point of the journey along the Jing-Hang Grand Canal in China. It once operated as a shipping gateway through the country to Beijing y, and was a historicly significant greenway of China. Now, the Grand Canal is an important urban district for modern Beijing and requires greater attention to strategic planning. Our design team was hired by the municipal park department to produce a new master plan for a total area of 120 hectares along the waterway which had fallen into decay through the compounding consequences of a ...


Greenway: The Backbone Of Sponge City In China, Fan Fu, Guangsi Lin, Bo Zhang Jan 2016

Greenway: The Backbone Of Sponge City In China, Fan Fu, Guangsi Lin, Bo Zhang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent decades, many Chinese cities are facing serious inner flood issues, especially big cities. Large built-up area, high ratio of impervious surface, and deficient infrastructures are the main reasons. The conventional drainage infrastructure can hardly deal with frequent inner floods companied with fast urbanization. Ironically, most Chinese cities are suffering from water shortage meanwhile (Fan & Zhao, 2010).

Under such a situation, the idea of constructing “Sponge City of natural retention, natural infiltration and natural purification” was proposed on the 2013 Central Authority Congress of Urbanization. In 2014, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) released Technical Guide of Sponge City: Construction of Low Impact Development Stormwater System. MOHURD, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Water Resources started the First Pilot Sponge Cities program supported by central finance in 2015.

The concept of Sponge City referenced to LID and BMPs of United States and other related strategies. Different from the conventional stormwater controls, LID emphasizes using green infrastructure to manage non-point source stormwater runoff, and the constructed practices have proved the efficiency, and economic and environmental benefits of LID (EPA, 2000).

In China, researches and practices on LID began in the late 2000s (Yang & Lin, 2015). Before that, using green spaces to manage stormwater had been discussed (Zhang & Yan, 1996; Li et al., 2001; Wang & Zhang, 2006). The concept of LID evolved to Sponge City in 2011, when researchers and officials proposed Sponge City to manage stormwater (Yang & Lin, 2015). At present, the researches on Sponge City are increasing rapidly, including interpretation of the concept (Yu et al., 2015; Qiu, 2015), planning models (Peng et al., 2015; Tong et al., 2015), technical measures (Wang et al., 2016) and project practices (Wang et al., 2014).


Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang Jan 2016

Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are networks of land containing linear elements that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use (Ahern, 1995). The greenway movement is a new concept that integrates many established landscape architectural, planning and design ideas, concepts, and implementation techniques. (Fabos, 1995).

This paper is primarily focused on pressing challenges in the greenway movement taking place in many parts of China that are out of cultural and historic contexts, resulting in diminishing cultural identities and values. It attempts to re-examine the greenway planning strategies ...