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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács Jan 2010

Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The nowadays so fashionable concept of competitiveness can be considered in the case of rural areas and landscapes as the ability of the stakeholders of the area for utilizing their landscape resources for enhancing life quality ensuring the requirements of sustainability. On the other hand nowadays tourism is the most characteristic landscape forming factor, the beautiful landscape is the most important tourist attraction. We are looking for the regional contexts of the tourism and the competitiveness in this study.


Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini Jan 2010

Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales (from national to municipal) and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic” (Ahern, 1995), “to provide people with access to open spaces close to where they live” (President's Commission on Americans Outdoors, 1987), in order to “enhance both the environment and quality of life” (European Greenways Association, 2000).

At the municipal scale, the urban greenways network can help to reshape the city, making it more livable; urban greenways represent “at once the parks for the 21st century and a part ...


Greenways In Strategies Of Mitigation And Adaption To Climate Change: Case Study Of State Of Maryland, Usa, David Myers Jan 2010

Greenways In Strategies Of Mitigation And Adaption To Climate Change: Case Study Of State Of Maryland, Usa, David Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper, using the State of Maryland, USA as a case study, draws connections between greenway contributions to the Greenprint Program in MD and the rapidly expanding work on the use of green infrastructure to address climate change. It focuses on recent initiatives that could support the role of greenways in mitigating and adapting to climate change. Maryland established the Climate Change Commission in April 2007 by executive order to develop a plan for reducing the state’s vulnerability to sea level rise and other impacts of climate change. The Maryland Climate Change Commission's Climate Action Plan documented fortytwo ...


Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko Jan 2010

Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Bologna Declaration, a new European two-cycle degree system was adopted in Finnish universities in 2005 (The Bologna Process...2010). The W5W2 project (2007-2009) supported the implementation of the Bologna process in the Finnish Universities in order to strengthen their the positions in the European Higher Education Area and to strengthen quality assurance in universities and polytechnics (Five Years, Two Degrees…2010). The project has concentrated on cumulative learning. Knowledge should accumulate in the long-term memory during the studies. In landscape planning education the aim has been to pedagogically support this cumulative process.

Since 2005 there has been a co-operation ...


Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa Jan 2010

Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The northern part of Milan, even if it is formed of many medium and small Municipalities, is considered a big metropolitan area. It’s uncontained growth, has caused intense soil consumption and territory capillary fragmentation. Fortunately, natural and agricultural areas survive thanks to some political regulations, on different scales, that have limited damage and protected part of the most significant territory. Most of these are parks, historical agricultural landscape, historical hydraulic system works and architectural emergences. Currently, the principal requisites are, first, to preserve the residual areas, avoiding speculation, and, then, to reconnect a large system that is separated by ...


The New Umbria Regional Landscape Plan, Roberta Panella, Endro Martini Jan 2010

The New Umbria Regional Landscape Plan, Roberta Panella, Endro Martini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Umbria is a region of central Italy located in the heart of the peninsula. It is one of the smallest Italian regions. It is the only region of Italian peninsula not washed by the sea. It is bordered to the east and northeast with the Marches, west and northwest with Tuscany south and south-west with Lazio. The regional capital is Perugia. It is interesting to point out that because of its geomorphology, during the centuries, this region has always been a land of connection but even of contention.


A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir Jan 2010

A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Incorporating sustainability principles into urban development is often complex involving strong interaction between ecosystem components and development goals. As identified in the Brundtland Commissions report (UN, 1987), sustainability has gained much attention in planning aimed at balancing current needs without depleting resources and ecological services available for future generations. While the decision-making process is embedded in a social framework, political sustainability depends on collective decisions and citizens’ preferences related to public policies (Munda, 2006; Webster, 1998). In recent decade, the sustainability concept has been adopted in landscape and urban planning. Specific approaches include assessing abiotic, biotic, and cultural (ABC) resources ...


Greenway Planning From An Environmental Justice Perspective: The Development Of The East Bay Greenway Concept Plan, Alameda County, Ca, Katherine Melcher Jan 2010

Greenway Planning From An Environmental Justice Perspective: The Development Of The East Bay Greenway Concept Plan, Alameda County, Ca, Katherine Melcher

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The environmental justice movement emerged over 20 years ago, but only recently have planners, environmental advocates and community organizers begun exploring the connections between greenway planning and environmental justice. Projects like the South Bronx Greenway are driven by environmental justice perspectives, conferences like the New York City Greenway Summit are convening communities interested in the topic, and books like Designing Greenways are extolling environmental justice as one of the key benefits of greenway planning (Transportation Alternatives, 2007; Hellmund and Smith, 2006). Despite this recent interest, published theories and perspectives on how environmental justice can inform greenway planning are lacking.

This ...


Landscape Ecomosaics Evolution And Land Use Change In South-Sicilian Coastal Area, Enza Marino, Giuseppe Barbera Jan 2010

Landscape Ecomosaics Evolution And Land Use Change In South-Sicilian Coastal Area, Enza Marino, Giuseppe Barbera

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Intensive agriculture, urbanisation and neglected land-country often entail rapid landscape changes, losses of ecological capacity (Feranec, J., 2006) biodiversity and cultural landscape degradation (Farina, A., 1998). Sicily’s countryside is characterised by a rich diversity of cultural landscapes and was shaped by traditional land-uses. The case study covers the middle-south part of Sicily (Agrigento), the socalled Temple’s Valley, a literary territory passed through by many writers like Diodoro (I sec. a. C.), Goethe (1787). In last fifty years, the rural–urban fringe of Agrigento city have become the setting of the intense suburb growth and considerable land use change ...


Greenways In An Emerging City Context: A Utopia Or A Chance For Innovation?, Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Rositsa Todorova Ilieva Jan 2010

Greenways In An Emerging City Context: A Utopia Or A Chance For Innovation?, Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Rositsa Todorova Ilieva

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways today represent an already diffused practice in great part of the contemporary cities’ planning policies. This constantly growing phenomenon is undoubtedly due to the multiplicity of beneficial effects that they successfully exercise within different urban environments. The present paper aims to explore their potentialities inside a relatively new type of cities’ contexts, namely the emerging ones. Factors like rapid urbanisation and mobility fluxes intensification put under hazardous pressure one of their most vulnerable systems – the green one. That is why its timely reinforcement and integration could play a crucial role in contrasting the negative trends of cities’ ecological asset ...


Working With Communities: U.S National Park Service Community Assistance In Corridor Planning, Charles L. Tracy Jan 2010

Working With Communities: U.S National Park Service Community Assistance In Corridor Planning, Charles L. Tracy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Shifting Leadership to the Local and Regional Level: Changes in federal land protection priorities and U.S. demographics have prompted a growing realization within the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) and other federal land managing agencies that they need to be more creative in partnering with local communities, including those with underserved populations, to engage them more fully in the protection and stewardship of cultural landscapes, river corridors, and recreational trails and greenways. This increased recognition of the need for partnership, especially in the protection of linear corridors, is underscored by the introduction of “Treasured Landscapes” (DOI, 2010) a ...


Improving Small Cities Competitiveness Through Greenway Planning And Design: Vila-Franca-De-Xira Case Study, Lisboa Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias Jan 2010

Improving Small Cities Competitiveness Through Greenway Planning And Design: Vila-Franca-De-Xira Case Study, Lisboa Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway concept as a strategy to support landscape planning and design has been addressed in research studies and publications worldwide (Fabos and Ryan, 2006). However, to fully understand the significance of greenways as a mean to improve cities landscape, the analysis of the design and implementation levels are crucial in order to assess its efficiency towards life quality and acceptance by local populations. This paper aims to further research the role of greenways on medium/small cities in Portugal, as a mean to improve their competitiveness.

Through the case study of greenway design and implementation in the city of Vila- ...


Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss Jan 2010

Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Global population growth is increasingly concentrated in urban areas, degrading natural resources and threatening long-term sustainability of both human and biotic systems. Even in a developed nation like the United States, urban areas are expected to double in population and land area over the next fifty years (UNFPA, 2007). In order to plan for a more sustainable urban future, there is a need to understand the relationship between the socio-economic forces that are driving land use and land cover change, and the resulting impacts upon the ecosystem state and structure of the urban forest (Colding, 2007). In particular, this study ...


Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma Jan 2010

Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways design and planning has been largely framed as a multi-functional, multi-objective approach to address socio-cultural and ecological concerns (Fabos,2004; Hough 2004, Steiner, 2002; Fabos, 1995, Ahern, 1995; Ndubisi, 1995; Forman,1995). Social well-being, identity and memory have been predominant socio-cultural concerns while biodiversity preservation and natural resources conservation have been key ecological concerns. These concerns have now been superseded by the more urgent concerns of sustainable development such as availability of energy resources, both food and fuel. Whether and how the design and practice of greenways meets these sustainable development challenges is the primary question raised through this ...


Greenway Landscape Design: River Torrens Linear Park, Adelaide, South Australia - A Process Rather Than An End State, Damien Mugavin Jan 2010

Greenway Landscape Design: River Torrens Linear Park, Adelaide, South Australia - A Process Rather Than An End State, Damien Mugavin

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper addresses the ongoing landscape design of the River Torrens Linear Park, which is the first and largest greenway within the metropolitan area of Adelaide, South Australia. This greenway is a 30 km long recreation and conservation open space, linking the Mount Lofty Ranges with Gulf St Vincent, and envelopes the River Torrens throughout its length. The planning and design of the greenway has previously been reviewed in detail by the author (Mugavin, D., 2004). The initial planning, design and implementation stages were undertaken in 1982 and have been ongoing through to 2010. River corridor management including water quality ...


Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado Jan 2010

Open Space System As An Armature For Urban Expansion: Evaluation Of Landscape Ecological Spatial Concepts As A Model For Improving Resilience In Urban Systems, Homero Marconi Penteado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urbanization alters several attributes of natural resources, degrading ecosystems and causing them to lose their ability to maintain their structure and function. As a result, native ecosystems in territories subject to urban expansion lose qualities important to their self-organization and may, in certain cases, disappear altogether. Actions that protect or strengthen the resilience of these native ecosystems in the face of urban development may offer increased capacity for these native ecosystems to survive and endure.

Landscape ecology aims to understand the relationship between spatial patterns and ecological processes across scales (Wu, 2008) considering the interaction with human activities (Naveh & Lieberman, 1984). A landscape is a kilometers-wide area (Forman & Godron, 1981), comprising a heterogeneous area where ecosystems are repeated in similar form and interact (Forman, 1995b; Forman ...


Recreation In Swedish Agricultural Areas – Public Attitudes To Multifunctional Greenway Designs, Anna Peterson, Mats Gyllin, Christine Haaland, Anders Larsson Jan 2010

Recreation In Swedish Agricultural Areas – Public Attitudes To Multifunctional Greenway Designs, Anna Peterson, Mats Gyllin, Christine Haaland, Anders Larsson

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recreation in the agricultural landscape of SW Sweden is limited in several ways. There is little else than agricultural fields and urbanised areas, and outdoor recreation is limited to a few, small areas. Although the Swedish Right of Public Access allows for accessing the agricultural fields by foot, this is not allowed during periods when there is standing crop. Apart from this, the fields are not particularly inviting, since the winds are continuous and often harsh, and walking on the muddy fields is not comfortable. It should be stressed that this is the everyday landscape for a growing peri-urban population ...


Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado Jan 2010

Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities are complex entities, with their own rules and dynamics of growth, behaviour and evolution, which result from interactions between biophysical and socioeconomic forces (Alberti et al., 2003). They have their own structure and functions. While the urban structure comprises its elements, its functions are based in the variety of services that cities provide (Pickett and Cadenasso, 2008). Its physical structure is composed by four main elements: buildings, build infrastructures, technical infrastructures and green infrastructures (Sandström et al., 2007), being complemented by the society component. These elements form a complex mosaic of patches, in a matrix of infrastructures, organizations and ...


Importance Of Gis Databases In Management And Planning Of Public Green Spaces – Case Study Of The Budapest Zoo And Botanical Garden, Katalin Takács, Vince Zsigmond Jan 2010

Importance Of Gis Databases In Management And Planning Of Public Green Spaces – Case Study Of The Budapest Zoo And Botanical Garden, Katalin Takács, Vince Zsigmond

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The development and long term quality maintenance of public green spaces requires various kinds of knowledge. Most of the onsite information (development history, current state of the garden, ground plan, plant stock, etc.) has to be in the mind of the specialist in charge; however, with the growing quantity and complexity of the data there is a limit to traditional personal expertise. Developing and managing GIS databases creates new assets for documentation (data analysis, queries, reporting, etc.) as well as further practical applications based on them: supplying data for constructors, decision makers and visitors; supporting decisions with accurate derived information ...


The Potential For Development Of An Integrated Network Of Greenway Trails On Medieval Hedgerows Landscapes In The Czech Republic, Peter Kumble, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Elizabeth Brabec, Blanka Kottova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek Jan 2010

The Potential For Development Of An Integrated Network Of Greenway Trails On Medieval Hedgerows Landscapes In The Czech Republic, Peter Kumble, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Elizabeth Brabec, Blanka Kottova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Today in the Pilzen region of the Czech Republic, remnants of medieval fields known as “pluzinas” represent an extremely valuable historical landscape pattern. The character of a pluzina landscape is in many aspects comparable to the hedged field (bocage) landscapes that are well known as a symbol of some parts of Europe, e.g. Belgium (Flanders), England, Scotland, Wales, France (Brittany and Normandy) or the Irish highlands. The character of preserved pluzinas in the Czech Republic differs from that of typical bocage landscapes in some respects, especially in spatial composition. In pluzinas, long parallel plots connected to the individual farmsteads ...


Plan-It: A Method Enabling Regional Stakeholders To Design A Green Climate Corridor: The Groningen Case, Eveliene Steingröver, Sabine Van Rooij Jan 2010

Plan-It: A Method Enabling Regional Stakeholders To Design A Green Climate Corridor: The Groningen Case, Eveliene Steingröver, Sabine Van Rooij

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper we present the implementation of a newly developed method to integrally plan for nature and water measures required to adapt to climate change, together with stakeholders. The identification of required nature adaptation measures is based on metapopulation theories.

The climate is changing and this has a pronounced effect on biodiversity (Van den Hurk, B. et al., 2006; Vos, C. et al., 2008). Researchers expect that a significant part of European biodiversity might be lost in several decades. The shifting climate zones and more frequent extreme weather events, combined with the small and highly fragmented nature areas in ...


Responsive Urbanism: Sustainable Development Strategies For Small Communities With An Inter-Cultural Focus, Christine Scott Thomson, Kim Thornton, Gunther Koppelhuber Jan 2010

Responsive Urbanism: Sustainable Development Strategies For Small Communities With An Inter-Cultural Focus, Christine Scott Thomson, Kim Thornton, Gunther Koppelhuber

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This essay explores the development of a landscape design method referred to as Responsive Urbanism, the intention of which is to reverse the negative effects of globalization currently reordering the physical and social fabric of small communities. Responsive Urbanism utilizes a landscape based framework and systems focus that emphasizes the following series of disciplines (1) ecological networks in the natural world, (2) fabric of the built environment, (3) dynamics between land and transportation, and (4) socially networked decision making. The method also integrates community design events and cross-cultural collaboration, and concludes with multi-scaled design development that makes ecological integrity and ...


Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren Jan 2010

Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper provides the background to the case studies that will be presented at the conference. It is aimed at providing a concise view of what constitutes a sustainable place and the important subtleties in achieving an active, walkable and safe environment that is diverse, humane and attractive to people.


Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski Jan 2010

Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This article presents the concept of the greenways (linear parks) system in the southern region of left-bank Warsaw. This system is based on linear environmental structure of the terrain.

The methodical basis for the study is the project interpretation of natural landscape features, on which the city’s urban composition should be based.

Natural lines and border zones, such as edges of high plains, river valleys, etc. should present the fabric to city planning. Those natural landmarks should be the places where important visual symbols will be located. They also may play the role of recreation areas or ecological corridors ...


Greenway Development Possibilities In Hungray; Flood Protection Banks And Abandoned Railway Lines In Greenway Development, Attila Csemez Jan 2010

Greenway Development Possibilities In Hungray; Flood Protection Banks And Abandoned Railway Lines In Greenway Development, Attila Csemez

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways, as their name suggests, are linear elements. The essence of a greenway is that it connects and separates. A greenway system means a continuous, unbroken connection of green spaces. In Hungary the greenway system could become complete if existing and proposed greenways could be connected at the following locations:

⎯ Along the Danube and Tisza flood prevention banks

⎯ Along main routes

⎯ On both sides of the rivers and smaller streams

⎯ On the edges of settlements

A greenway system would provide ecological harmony and a determining landscape structure for the Carpathian basin, as well as strengthen its visual and landscape aesthetic ...


Visibility Assessment Of The Perenye Windpark Near The Kőszegi Mountain In Hungary, Dóra Drexler, Ágnes Sallay, Sándor Jombach Jan 2010

Visibility Assessment Of The Perenye Windpark Near The Kőszegi Mountain In Hungary, Dóra Drexler, Ágnes Sallay, Sándor Jombach

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The visibility assessment of the Perenye Windpark was commissioned in 2009 by the West Transdanubian Authority for Environmental Protection. The plans of the windpark contained 11 turbines situated in an arable area near the small village of Perenye, south of the scenic Kőszegi Mountain and the Írottkő Nature Park. The height of the planned turbines was 179 meters (160 meters tower plus 19 meters rotor height). Ten of them were planned to have 2 MW energy output and one, which was offered by the investors to the local government, 850 kW.

The main reason for the visibility assessment was the ...


Green Structure Planning. A Norwegian Approach, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Renata Aradi Jan 2010

Green Structure Planning. A Norwegian Approach, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Renata Aradi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway planning has long traditions in Norway (Bruun 1991), and from the late 1980s we have developed the concept further into what we have mentioned as “green structure planning”. Green structure is defined as a multi-functional urban system, where “the green” in the city is attributed to different values and functions inspired by the landscape ecological thinking. Examples of important values and functions of the urban green structure could for example be: 1) Cityscape and aesthetic conditions, 2) Recreation, play and quality of life, 3) Nature and biodiversity, 3) Biological production related to forestry and agriculture, 4 ) Technical matters related ...


The Correlation Between The Urban Heat Island And The Different Land Use Types, András Béla Oláh, Ildiko Dobi, Janos Mika, Eniko Lelovics, Zsuzsanna Dezső, Rita Pongrácz, Judith Bartholy Jan 2010

The Correlation Between The Urban Heat Island And The Different Land Use Types, András Béla Oláh, Ildiko Dobi, Janos Mika, Eniko Lelovics, Zsuzsanna Dezső, Rita Pongrácz, Judith Bartholy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the following study the local climate modifying impact of the man modified environment is to be discussed in detail. Such studies have come in demand nowadays, since the meteorological forecasts have just recently become detailed and accurate enough for this purpose. Furthermore the number and extension of huge sized artificial areas has also radically increased.

The appearance of these highly diversified artificial surfaces to such an extent can modulate the local climate so significantly that it can not be neglected. However, at the same time this extreme diversity of the surfaces and materials makes it very hard to analyse ...


Strengthening Urban Green: Planning And Design Considerations For Ecological Networks Using Green Infrastructure For Target Species Biodiversity Improvement, Christopher Mantle Jan 2010

Strengthening Urban Green: Planning And Design Considerations For Ecological Networks Using Green Infrastructure For Target Species Biodiversity Improvement, Christopher Mantle

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Increasing recognition of the world’s expanding population and current global ruralto- urban migration necessitates a better understanding and integration of urban ecological processes into the framework for urban design (Sandström, 2006). Urban areas have seen a significant increase in recent decades in the number of inhabitants with the current rural-to-urban migration pushing the percentage of people living in urban areas over 50% worldwide for the first time in history (United Nations, 2001). Urban development has been found to disrupt ecological processes resulting in fragmentation of wildlife habitats and reduced connectivity - ultimately reducing urban biodiversity (McKinney, 2002). Incorporating ecological processes ...


Model For The Optimal Localisation Of Linear Landscape Elements Based On Functional Assessment, Burghard C. Meyer, Ralf Grabaum, Torsten Wolf Jan 2010

Model For The Optimal Localisation Of Linear Landscape Elements Based On Functional Assessment, Burghard C. Meyer, Ralf Grabaum, Torsten Wolf

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the last decades a multitude of assessment methods for landscape functions have been developed (Marks et al. 1989, Bastian and Schreiber 1994). The methods include detailed knowledge from the fields of different sciences and result in maps of landscape risk surfaces. GIS-based models are used to analyse and to asses the landscape functions. New ways are explored by the combination of mathematical methods and spatial data. The assessment of landscape functions is a suitable approach in land uses decision making, especially if a number of different and opposing function assessments are available for the same region. For opposing aims ...