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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc Jan 2010

From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Within the framework of research on green networks2, we have studied the evolution of the forms and functions of the bocage systems in two peri-urban areas, close to two major French cities, Angers and Rennes. Our work has focused more specifically on pollarded trees – known as “ragosses” in the Rennais region and “têtards” in the Anjou region – which are one of the components of this system made up of plots of land within a network of ditches, embankments and hedgerows, themselves subdivided into several layers (tree - pollarded trees -, shrub and herbaceous). The Angevin site is a vast area of wetland ...


Sustainable Landscaping For Paradise: Persian Garden, Samira Pasha, Somayeh Rokhgireh, Ali Pooladi Jan 2010

Sustainable Landscaping For Paradise: Persian Garden, Samira Pasha, Somayeh Rokhgireh, Ali Pooladi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper introduces the ecological design techniques used to ameliorate harsh environmental conditions in traditional Persian gardens. Hot and dry weather of the Plateau of Iran, scarcity of water and sand storms has shaped large scale decisions (location, water systems) as well as small scale considerations (choice of plants, incorporation of architectural elements and water channels). The gardens in return, impact environmental conditions in large scale (towns and villages) and small scale (walkways and buildings).

This paper discusses passive strategies used in Persian gardens to create comfort conditions with regards to temperature, humidity, and light. This includes introducing resource management ...


Change And Continuity: The New Understanding Of The Historic Past Presented By The Example Of Mikes Estate, Zabola, Albert Fekete Jan 2010

Change And Continuity: The New Understanding Of The Historic Past Presented By The Example Of Mikes Estate, Zabola, Albert Fekete

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Park landscapes can be regarded as a means of cultural expression. The Mikes Estate from Zabola (Zabala-Romania) shows - through its creation, its history and through the present situation and management of the estate - how the cultural landscape embodied many of the ideals and needs of the local society. These ideals reflected new reverence for the environment, new approaches to the conservation of natural resources, and a new sense of the historic past. The studied site is located in the central region of Romania, in the eastern side of Transylvania, at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains.


Opportunities For The Development Of Greenways In Hungary, Based On The Example Of The Budavidék Greenway, Judit Bárcziné Kapovits, Ágnes Sallay, Attila Csemez Jan 2010

Opportunities For The Development Of Greenways In Hungary, Based On The Example Of The Budavidék Greenway, Judit Bárcziné Kapovits, Ágnes Sallay, Attila Csemez

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In spring 2007 the BudaVidék (‘Buda region’) Greenway programme was launched by the BudaVidék Greenway Alliance, which is a civil alliance formed through the coming together of associations involved in landscape, environmental protection and community development activities in the Zsámbék Basin. The main goal of the Alliance's work is the designation of a network of routes – also suitable for cyclists – linking the twelve settlements in the Zsámbék Basin. This civil collaboration has set itself the target of organising joint greenway tours, supporting educational initiatives in environmental matters related to the greenway, and encouraging locally produced goods and local service ...


Western Sydney Parklands: Creating Coherency From Diversity In A Greenway Corridor, Linda Corkery, Catherine Evans Jan 2010

Western Sydney Parklands: Creating Coherency From Diversity In A Greenway Corridor, Linda Corkery, Catherine Evans

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Western Sydney Parklands (WSP) is a significant greenway corridor of some 5280 ha, extending 27 km from north to south, located 35 km west of the Sydney CBD. It is a corridor replete with opportunities, but also presenting many challenges to its future development and ongoing management, in particular, balancing the public’s interest to gain access to the corridor for recreation with broader conservation concerns to enhance its ecological integrity. This paper charts the evolution of the WSP throughout its history, and explores how the WSP in combination with the M7 motorway has evolved since 1968, focusing on ...


Landscape Transformation At Tourist Resorts Around Lake Balaton, Adrienn Egyed, Zsuzsanna Mikházi Jan 2010

Landscape Transformation At Tourist Resorts Around Lake Balaton, Adrienn Egyed, Zsuzsanna Mikházi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

While a hundred years ago the villages disposed mainly the same functions (working and living functions) for the inhabitants, by now the villages transformed and can offer different functions for the inhabitants and tourists as well. Some of them offer work possibilities or have excellent location for being a living place. Some of them have values that are attractive enough for people for a while, they became a holiday resort. In this essay we examine the landscape transformation of this kind of villages.


Preservation Of Natural Patterns Visual Expression Peculiarities And Development Planning In The Peri-Urban Areas Of Contrasting Topography, Giedrė I. Laukaitytė-Malžinskienė Jan 2010

Preservation Of Natural Patterns Visual Expression Peculiarities And Development Planning In The Peri-Urban Areas Of Contrasting Topography, Giedrė I. Laukaitytė-Malžinskienė

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The physical sprawl of a town is one of the main factors having an influence on periurban functional development and economic expansion. After Lithuania became a member of the EU, the biggest towns and especially the capital Vilnius have undergone considerable changes in the landscape of peri-urban areas: agricultural functions are gradually changed by urban functions, what makes negative anthropogenical influence on the landscape character and its ecological stability. The general plan for Vilnius even up to the year 2005 formulated the concept of city greenbelt. Unfortunately, this concept remained unrealized because of juridical assumptions and insufficient collaboration between neighbourhood ...


Green Infrastructure As A Means To Deliver A Multi-Scale Approach For Urban Sustainability, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2010

Green Infrastructure As A Means To Deliver A Multi-Scale Approach For Urban Sustainability, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A series of economic, ecological, population and institutional constraints have recently produced new challenges and pressures on urban growth and to the management of cities’ critical infrastructures (Hodson and Marvin, 2010). Green infrastructure thereby provides a framework that can be used to guide future growth, land development and conservation decisions to accommodate population growth and protect and preserve community assets and natural resources (Benedict and McMahon, 2006). Key ideas from landscape ecology that are relevant to green urban infrastructure for sustainable cities include: a multi-scale approach with an explicit recognition of pattern-process relationships and an emphasis on physical and functional ...


Integrating Digital Data Into Greenway Planning With Augmented Reality, Mark S. Lindhult Fasla Jan 2010

Integrating Digital Data Into Greenway Planning With Augmented Reality, Mark S. Lindhult Fasla

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Digital technologies, such as geographic information systems, are an integral part of the greenway planning process. A wealth of new technologies is evolving that provide improved data for planning and methods for evaluating the temporal and spatial qualities of a place. Augmented reality is a technology that can improve and enrich the user’s greenway experience. Augmented reality (AR) systems merge computer-generated graphics with a view of the physical world by aligning or registering computer graphics with a place. (Azuma, 1997) AR systems do not create a simulation of the physical world; rather augmented reality takes a real object or ...


Concept Of The Green Spaces System – Belgrade Case Study, Jasminka Cvejic, Anica Teofilovic Jan 2010

Concept Of The Green Spaces System – Belgrade Case Study, Jasminka Cvejic, Anica Teofilovic

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Contemporary approach to urban development, founded on sustainable development principles, is counting on urban green spaces system as one of the most significant city infrastructure. The term implies integration of multifunctional open spaces – various types of green spaces, water courses and open rural areas, distributed in such a way to contribute to improvement of life and working conditions in the city, to protection of biodiversities of urban sites and to the attractiveness of city vista (Teofilović, Cvejić, et al.; 2009).

The city of Belgrade is the capital of the Republic of Serbia, situated in South-East Europe in Balkan peninsula. According ...


Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver Jan 2010

Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A greenway is a linear open space established along either a natural corridor, such as a riverfront, stream valley, or ridgeline, or overland along a railroad right-of-way converted to recreational use, a canal, scenic rood, or other route. It is any natural or landscaped course for pedestrian or bicycle passage. An open-space connector linking parks, nature reserves, cultural features, or historic sites with each other and with populated areas (Little, 1995; Miller et al., 1998; Viles and Rosier, 2001).

A greenway is a connector; a pattern of protected lands linking other protected lands such as natural features or historic sites ...


Is The French View Of Greenways Avant-Garde Or Déjà-Vu?, Laure Cormier, Monique Toublanc, Jacques Baudry Jan 2010

Is The French View Of Greenways Avant-Garde Or Déjà-Vu?, Laure Cormier, Monique Toublanc, Jacques Baudry

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

“Greenway” has become trendy in the French planners’ vocabulary. Indeed, this term has many meanings, related to both the environmental and social characteristics of a territory. It carries many positive cultural values. There are not one but several types of greenways in according to specific area (urban, peri-urban, and rural) with different objectives (recreation, nature conservation, human well being). Nowadays, the French term for greenways is “trame verte”. This expression is a planning concept dealing mostly with private land.

The objective of the paper is threefold. First, we shall look at the changes in the content of “greenways” in this ...


Sustainability And Cities: A Landscape Planning Approach, Jack Ahern Jan 2010

Sustainability And Cities: A Landscape Planning Approach, Jack Ahern

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

According to the United Nations, the world’s population has recently become predominantly urban, and the world’s urban population is projected to double by 2050 (United Nations Habitat 2006). This paper discusses the issues, challenges and best practices that are being conceived and applied by landscape and urban planners to bring sustainability and to build resilience capacity in cities. Landscape planning provides working/operational methods to address complex built and green urban environments with diverse resources, land uses and competing social needs and values. The theories behind landscape planning, landscape urbanism and new initiatives on sustainability and resilience will ...


'Al-Mouled' As A Cultural Greenway: A New Developing Tool In The Egyptian Context, Hossam Fathy Ahmed, M.S.C. Hoda Salah Ismail Jan 2010

'Al-Mouled' As A Cultural Greenway: A New Developing Tool In The Egyptian Context, Hossam Fathy Ahmed, M.S.C. Hoda Salah Ismail

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Egypt’s heritage is of worldwide interest and importance due to its continuity over a period of more than five thousand years. It encompasses various aspects of human civilization and represents a cultural as well as a natural heritage of national and international value. This wealth of archaeological sites, architecture, arts and folklore reflects the many stages of Egypt’s rich past, giving it the rich diversity that we see now. But, unfortunately, this context is deteriorating due to massive development trends, unplanned urban expansion, unclear planning strategies, lack of awareness of importance of landscape planning in conserving this context ...


Trends Of Landscape Architecture In Hungary In The ‘70s, Eszter Karlócainé Bakay Jan 2010

Trends Of Landscape Architecture In Hungary In The ‘70s, Eszter Karlócainé Bakay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The history of landscape architecture in the seventies is part of a larger topic which covers the history of Hungarian landscape architecture from the 50-s to the end of Socialist era. The strong political pressure which was so typical in all fields of life in these periods, was determining in landscape architecture as well.

The era has not been researched yet, since it hasn’t been enough long ago to be considered as a history. The parks built at this time are disappearing due to park renovations, alterations or functional changes. These works are not protected yet; the officials of ...


Sustainable Greenways Tourism: A Comparison Of The East Coast Greenway (United States) And The Prague To Vienna Greenway (Czech Republic), Charles A. Flink Fasla, Daniel Mourek Jan 2010

Sustainable Greenways Tourism: A Comparison Of The East Coast Greenway (United States) And The Prague To Vienna Greenway (Czech Republic), Charles A. Flink Fasla, Daniel Mourek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The first Greenways in Central Europe began in the early 1990s inspired by the experiences of the Hudson River Valley Greenway as well as other American Greenway initiatives. The past 15 years of cooperation between the Prague-Vienna Greenways, the Hudson River Valley Greenway and the East Coast Greenway Alliance have shown how the different natural, socioeconomic, and political conditions on both sides of the Atlantic provide a rich store of experience that can be mutually beneficial. Thanks to this cooperation not only have European Greenways been successfully developed, but there are now Greenways linking people, places and ideas across borders ...


Contributions Of Watercourse-Associated Greenways To Green Infrastructure: A Comparison Between Two Case Studies In Arizona And Maryland, Usa, Margaret Livingston, David Myers Jan 2010

Contributions Of Watercourse-Associated Greenways To Green Infrastructure: A Comparison Between Two Case Studies In Arizona And Maryland, Usa, Margaret Livingston, David Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways have historically played a significant role in the development of green infrastructure design and planning. As one of the many components of greenways, vegetated buffers along urban and suburban watercourses are typically well-suited for recreational uses such as biking, walking trails and wildlife-viewing. However, development pressures in cities and suburban environments can lead to fragmented and redirected watercourses to accommodate other land uses. In some cases, unplanned access increases erosion and loss of vegetation and potential wildlife habitat in these areas. It is critical for future conservation of these natural and restored areas that appropriate access be explored. This ...


Inventarisation Of Hungarian Landmarks - Online Cultural-Natural Landscape Database Development For Landscape Planners, László Kollányi Phd Jan 2010

Inventarisation Of Hungarian Landmarks - Online Cultural-Natural Landscape Database Development For Landscape Planners, László Kollányi Phd

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent years, the protection of unique landscape features, cultural heritage, cultural and historical landscapes has received increased attention. Landscape elements and unique landscape features, landmarks relating to traditional farming, landscape structure, and cultural history are either rapidly perishing or have already partly disappeared altogether. Hungary is still extremely rich in unique landscape features or values but there is no overall, standardised and accessible source of such kind of information for landscape planners, developers, decision makers or for tourism experts. The overall objective of this project is the database development of a comprehensive Cadastre of Landscape Features (TÉKA) that contributes ...


Enhancing The Historical Identity Of Jerash By Introducing Greenway Culture, Anne A. Gharaibeh Jan 2010

Enhancing The Historical Identity Of Jerash By Introducing Greenway Culture, Anne A. Gharaibeh

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As a city state and as one of the Roman ten cities (Decapolis) Jerash (Gerasa) in Jordan have been populated for over two thousand years. Jerash is divided into two halves; the historic quarter and the modern quarters. Historical areas need to become part of everyday culture that adds a sense of unique identity and not just a historical site to preserve. There are many issues at risk in Jerash. These include quality of life, historical identity, cultural identity, transportation, public safety, and health. The aim of this paper is to protect the past Roman traces while adapting to present ...


Frederick Law Olmsted’S Public Parks, Parkways And Their Influence On The Continent, Luca Csepely-Knorr Jan 2010

Frederick Law Olmsted’S Public Parks, Parkways And Their Influence On The Continent, Luca Csepely-Knorr

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The connections between European and American park design have been the subject of a considerable body of research (e.g. Bowe, 1995). However, relatively little has been written on the extent to which European public parks have exerted an influence on the development of American urban green spaces, and the reciprocal effect of these open spaces on European park design.

The main goal of this paper is to examine how Frederick Law Olmsted’s European travels influenced his planning concepts, what he considered as his precedents, and how he put these in practical uses. Adopting a continental point of view ...


Ecological Networks: From Regional To Metropolitan Strategies. The Northern Region Of Portugal And Oporto Metropolitan Area, Teresa Andresen Jan 2010

Ecological Networks: From Regional To Metropolitan Strategies. The Northern Region Of Portugal And Oporto Metropolitan Area, Teresa Andresen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Planning for change across landscape scales in Northern Portugal through the definition of ecological networks has proved to be a challenging exercise. The outputs produced between 2004 and 2009 by CIBIO, a research unit at the University of Porto, demonstrate the complementarities of landscape planning at the regional and metropolitan scales and between regional ecological networks for environmental protection and a metropolitan network of parks.

Through the five years of research, we were moved by the idea of providing solutions for better living in the ‘rural-urban compact’ where the Porto Metropolitan Area is embedded. Gutman (2007, pp. 385) defends that ...


The Planning Principles Of Standing Waters’ Shore Zones Demonstrated By The Example Of Velence-Lake, Zsombor Boromisza Jan 2010

The Planning Principles Of Standing Waters’ Shore Zones Demonstrated By The Example Of Velence-Lake, Zsombor Boromisza

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The importance of investigating shore zones is justified, on one hand, by the numerous functions the land zones have (that of bio filter, preserving the assortment of species, in addition to being habitat, ecological network’s unit, as well as destination and attracting factor for recreational and tourism opportunities etc.). On the other hand, however, many interests are crossing as to shore zones, the increased utilization’s demands may – in many cases – limit or cease the above mentioned functions, e.g. as a result of regulating the water level, the shore, the water-course or the built-in shore zone . Having in ...


Landscape Painting Adding A Cultural Value To The Dutch Countryside, Ernst J. Bos Jan 2010

Landscape Painting Adding A Cultural Value To The Dutch Countryside, Ernst J. Bos

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this article it is argued that cultural values should be included in policy making on the Dutch countryside. Since the seventeenth century the Dutch landscape had been a valued subject for art painters. This inheritance provides our rural areas a unique cultural value. The focus of this article is the region surrounding The Hague, where painters from the so-called Hague School had brought a large number of sites to their canvases. This group of painters was mainly active in the second half of the nineteenth century. For this study, various sites have been located that had been painted by ...


A Strategy For Integrating Public Art Into Greenway Planning: A Look At The Design Competitions For The Canalside Bike Path In Turners Falls, Massachusetts, Annaliese Bischoff Jan 2010

A Strategy For Integrating Public Art Into Greenway Planning: A Look At The Design Competitions For The Canalside Bike Path In Turners Falls, Massachusetts, Annaliese Bischoff

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Too often the important aspect of art fails to be included into the planning for the linear corridors of greenways. With a focus on the needed work to create the physical corridor itself and make it a reality, the effort to include public art into the process often does not seem essential. Efforts to safeguard ecological networks are often readily recognized as an important integral part of the greenway planning process, where the inclusion of art is often considered to be nonessential. However, several greenway researchers (Lewis, 1964), (Dawson ,1994) speak to the value of including cultural factors in greenway ...


More Than A Trail: Greenways And Heritage Tourism, Elisabeth Lardner, Jim Klein Jan 2010

More Than A Trail: Greenways And Heritage Tourism, Elisabeth Lardner, Jim Klein

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Three recent projects demonstrate how communities have built supportive coalitions and expanded the value of their physical resources by layering and connecting linear corridors - greenways, roads, creek valleys and trails-- with heritage tourism and recreational, historic and interpretive opportunities. In this era of limited public resources, each project demonstrates a distinct and differing approach to leveraging a place’s assets with physical realities that, in combination, build a stronger community.

These projects are located in very different geographic regions in the eastern United States, from the rural, historic landscape of the Piedmont to the urban waterfront of southeastern Washington, D ...