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The Impact Of Tree Planting Program Governance Structure On Tree Survivorship And Vigor: A Case Study Using The Massachusetts Greening The Gateway Cities Program, Nicholas A. Geron, John Rogan, Deborah Martin, Marc Healy Jan 2019

The Impact Of Tree Planting Program Governance Structure On Tree Survivorship And Vigor: A Case Study Using The Massachusetts Greening The Gateway Cities Program, Nicholas A. Geron, John Rogan, Deborah Martin, Marc Healy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Trees in urban neighborhoods benefit residents by reducing building energy costs, providing cleaner air, decreasing surface runoff, and improving quality of life. However, tree canopy cover is not evenly distributed across neighborhoods in many mid-sized American cities which leads to higher air and surface temperatures, and increased energy bills for residents who are the most economically vulnerable. The state of Massachusetts (USA) created the Greening the Gateway Cities (GGC) program to increase tree canopy cover by 10% in post-industrial, midsized cities with lower educational attainment and lower income than state averages. The study posed two questions: what is the governance ...


Why Did The Turtle Cross The Street? An Examination Of Herpetofauna Habitat Road Fragmentation, Carlos J.L. Balsas Jan 2019

Why Did The Turtle Cross The Street? An Examination Of Herpetofauna Habitat Road Fragmentation, Carlos J.L. Balsas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads and urban development cause severe herpetofauna habitat fragmentation. The objective of this study is to analyze the road ecology problem of herpetofauna habitat fragmentation. It is argued that most wetland systems have high biodiversity conservation value and that their herpetofauna habitat fragmentation requires the implementation of adequate road crossing mitigation strategies. The research methods comprised mostly literature reviews on road ecology, habitat road fragmentation and mitigation, and roadway redesign measures. The key finding discovered was the urgent need for more continuous habitats, uniform underground crossings, and the elimination of reptile and amphibian road crossing deaths in (sub)urban settings ...


Biostead Initiative: A Transdisciplinary Initiative To Construct Safe-To- Fail Green Buildings As Sustainable Development Research Sites On University Campuses, Jose Lasalle, Ezra Marcus, Josh Nolan, Yamaan Ziade, Brandon Curtin Jan 2016

Biostead Initiative: A Transdisciplinary Initiative To Construct Safe-To- Fail Green Buildings As Sustainable Development Research Sites On University Campuses, Jose Lasalle, Ezra Marcus, Josh Nolan, Yamaan Ziade, Brandon Curtin

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Mutually arising with the continuing shift in control over resources, markets and technology to transnational corporations is the need to cultivate a global system of localized economies that root economic power and environmental responsibility in self-reliant people and communities (Korten, 1996). Adopting the modus operandi of centralization has effected a myriad of issues, including: peak oil, peak water, food insecurity and an impending food crisis, a deteriorating single-purpose infrastructure, economic instability and ecological devastation (Ahern, 2014, p. 2; Korten, 1996; Gunders, 2012, p.1; Hellwinckel & Ugarte, 2009; McLennan, 2006, p. 9). For instance, in the process of farmto- fork, the modern industrial ...


Resilient Greenway: A Participatory Planning Framework, Chingwen Cheng, Mohsen Garshasby Jan 2016

Resilient Greenway: A Participatory Planning Framework, Chingwen Cheng, Mohsen Garshasby

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway as a network of “nature’s super infrastructure”—as part of green infrastructure that includes both man-made and natural ecological networks— providing ecological, recreational, and cultural values (Fabos, 1995) is a complex and dynamic social-ecological system. The structures and functions of greenways are shaped and formed by the interactions between natural and human systems. Under climate change impacts with intensified and more frequent extreme weathers, many greenway systems that are particularly in already natural disaster-prone areas would be likely to experience more aggravated social and ecological impacts. A resilient greenway thus is a greenway system that processes an adaptive ...


Evolution And Evaluation Of Contemporary Greenways And Green Infrastructure In Sydney, Australia, Simon Kilbane, Jonathan Kopinski Jan 2016

Evolution And Evaluation Of Contemporary Greenways And Green Infrastructure In Sydney, Australia, Simon Kilbane, Jonathan Kopinski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are as diverse in their contemporary forms as the geographical regions they sample. Within an Australian urban context this paper will outline how greenways have added to their culturally focussed intentions of recreation and active transport (Little, 1995; Walmsley, 1995) and could now be described as ‘green infrastructure’. Described by Benedict & McMahon (2006) as essential and life-supporting, Australian green infrastructure follows Europe’s lead (Jongman, Külvik, & Kristiansen, 2004) expanding the greenway remit to include vital hydrological functions (Ahern, 2007), the provision of valuable ecosystem services (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005) and a range of essential ecological benefits for urban regions across multiple scales. This paper begins by reviewing Sydney’s open space and greenway history, policy and planning and culminates with a detailed study of its most recent greenway proposal, the Sydney Green Grid (Schaffer, 2015). As a multi-functional green infrastructure this city-wide framework aims to create a strategic open space network; to reinforce sense of place between citizens and landscape; and to promote multifunctional environmental, health, social and economic benefits. A series of drawings then explored one strand of this network, the Mountains to the Sea greenway where the shift from large (city) to small (neighbourhood) scale was explored ...


The Legacy Of Frederick Law Olmsted’S Emerald Necklace In Contemporary Boston, James C. O’Connell Jan 2016

The Legacy Of Frederick Law Olmsted’S Emerald Necklace In Contemporary Boston, James C. O’Connell

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A few years ago, I was reading about a booming Chinese city that wanted to complement development with parks. Planners in Shenzhen were debating whether to create a “Central Park” or an “Emerald Necklace,” referencing the parks that landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted designed for New York (1858) and Boston (1878-1896) respectively. Shenzhen ended up creating an “Emerald Necklace” network of parkland, presumably because it served residents more effectively. This story indicates the strong influence that Frederick Law Olmsted still holds over planners and the public around the world.


A Method For Analyzing Open Space Improvements In Urban Environments: A Budapest Case Study, Fruzsina Zelenák, Attila Szűz, Péter István Balogh, Andrea Dúll, Kinga Szilágyi Jan 2016

A Method For Analyzing Open Space Improvements In Urban Environments: A Budapest Case Study, Fruzsina Zelenák, Attila Szűz, Péter István Balogh, Andrea Dúll, Kinga Szilágyi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The structure of space and use of urban open spaces in Budapest’s city centre have been significantly transformed during the last decade. In the years of the millenary, vehicles dominated the historical streets and squares, but today it is possible and even desirable to walk along the central section of downtown. The area is liveable for the city users again. The inner parts of the capital have been renewed as part of the ‘Heart of Budapest Programme’, which aimed to strengthen the administrative, commercial and cultural role of the city centre. The Programme focused on the reduction of the ...


Urban Heat Islands Strategy Plan Vienna – Implementing Urban Green Infrastructure To Reduce Negative Effects Of Urban Heat Islands, Birgit Gantner, Brigitte Allex, Christiane Brandenburg, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Jürgen Preiss Jan 2016

Urban Heat Islands Strategy Plan Vienna – Implementing Urban Green Infrastructure To Reduce Negative Effects Of Urban Heat Islands, Birgit Gantner, Brigitte Allex, Christiane Brandenburg, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Jürgen Preiss

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban heat islands (UHI) have been known since the 19th century (Howard, 1820) and describe the difference in temperature between cities and their rural surroundings. This difference can be up to 12°C (Eliasson, 2000, 31); the phenomenon is caused by the transformation of natural surfaces through e.g. soil sealing, construction of infrastructure and buildings. However, differences in temperature not only occur between cities and their adjacent areas, but also within different parts of cities depending on the provision of green and blue infrastructure as well as on their share of sealed surfaces. The situation is further aggravated by ...


Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford Jan 2016

Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities across the United States, in an effort to maintain competitiveness and address broader economic, ecological or social issues, are investing in innovative planning and design. This paper provides an overview of three recent U.S.-based projects representing a range of scales where landscape is leading this charge as a powerful urban catalyst – from the two-acre temporary landscape dubbed the Lawn on D in Downtown Boston, to the newly opened Chicago Riverwalk expansion, to a regional strategy to address land loss on the Gulf Coast. In each case, the urban context, the planning and design strategy and the project ...


Planning Multifunctional Green Infrastructure In Urban Areas - Advanced Approaches Based On Case Studies From Denmark, Germany And The Uk, Rieke Hansen, Anton Stahl Olafsson, Alexander Van Der Jagt, Emily Rall, Stephan Pauleit Jan 2016

Planning Multifunctional Green Infrastructure In Urban Areas - Advanced Approaches Based On Case Studies From Denmark, Germany And The Uk, Rieke Hansen, Anton Stahl Olafsson, Alexander Van Der Jagt, Emily Rall, Stephan Pauleit

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green infrastructure (GI) is considered to be a planning concept that has potential to improve green space planning in urban areas by offering a holistic, integrated approach (e.g., Pauleit et al., 2011; Davies et al., 2015). In this paper we focus on multifunctionality as an important principle of GI planning. By scrutinizing case studies in Germany (Berlin), the UK (Edinburgh), and Denmark (Aarhus), we examine how multifunctionality is acknowledged by urban green space practitioners and provide recommendations on how to consider multifunctionality more proactively and comprehensively.


Ecourbanism In Rwanda – A Whole System Approach To City Building, Luke Engleback Jan 2016

Ecourbanism In Rwanda – A Whole System Approach To City Building, Luke Engleback

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The World Bank forecast that the area covered by the planet’s urban realm, as measured in 2000, would double by the 2030s, with 90% of urban growth occurring in the developing world (Suzuki et al., 2010). To avoid problems of resource depletion, pollution, poor human health and wellbeing etc. associated with past urbanism, new cities should acknowledge the concept of Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services, bolstered by comprehensive, interconnected green infrastructure.

Rwanda is a small land-locked country, located just south of the equator in the heart of Africa, and one of the poorest countries in the world. Rwanda’s ...


Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas Jan 2016

Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Waterfront locations have traditionally been perceived as possessing special qualities from real estate, urbanity and tourism perspectives. Many cities have developed on waterfronts and some of their most notable urban fabrics face waterbodies – rivers, canals, creeks, lakes or seas. Some small and mediumsized riverfront cities have been able to conserve or adapt their industrial era cultural heritage to new uses. In many cases, tourism has taken advantage of those locations for recreation, sports and community-oriented open-air events on the land-water interface (Bray, 1993; Kostopoulou, 2013). This paper provides a brief analysis of how three cities in upstate New York – Kingston ...


The Agia Sofia’S Axis. A Corridor Of Change And Resilience For Thessaloniki, Maria Ananiadou-Tzimopoulou, Sofia Tzimopoulou, Panagiota Mouratidou Jan 2016

The Agia Sofia’S Axis. A Corridor Of Change And Resilience For Thessaloniki, Maria Ananiadou-Tzimopoulou, Sofia Tzimopoulou, Panagiota Mouratidou

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper dwells on greenways as natural and cultural corridors, and their value for the contemporary city change and resilience. Just after a short theoretical approach on urban landscape architecture related to the sustainability and urban resilience, we intend to present our project that won the second prize in the Panhellenic competition, organized by the Greek Ministry of Environment and Energy, for the redesign of Agia Sofia’ s axis, one of the main historical traces of Thessaloniki’ s urban landscape. This example supports our design approach, socio-ecological and perceptual, for landscape architectural projects, in both planning and design.


Potential For Green Corridors Along The Danube River In Novi Sad, Serbia, Ksenija Hiel, Emina Mladenovic, Jelena Cukanovic, Mirjana Ljubojevic Jan 2016

Potential For Green Corridors Along The Danube River In Novi Sad, Serbia, Ksenija Hiel, Emina Mladenovic, Jelena Cukanovic, Mirjana Ljubojevic

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green corridors are areas or bands that play the role of separating two functionally different areas with natural elements usually different types of vegetation (trees, shrubs, flowers, and grass). Another important feature of green corridors is linking the leafy area into a unique whole. In this case, prevent fragmentation habitat corridors and represented areas in which it can develop biodiversity. If the green corridors are along the banks (lakes, rivers, seas, channels) their importance is increasing. Green corridors that follow the coastline, depending on the types of trees and shrubs may have a significant impact on water levels and groundwater ...


Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao Jan 2016

Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are linear open spaces and networks of lands that are planned, designed and managed for ecological, scenic, recreational and cultural purposes (Little, 1990; Ahern, 1995; Fabos, 1995; Erickson, 2004; Jongman & Pungetti, 2004). Greenways are commonly structured by natural or humanmade features such as rivers, ridgelines, railroads, canals or roads (Erickson, 2004). In the international greenway movement, greenways no longer had only a beautification and recreational function, but expanded to multiple objectives, such as habitat protection, flood hazard reduction, water quality improvement, historical preservation, education and interpretation (Searns, 1995; Tan, 2006). Moreover, the concept of greenways shows high compatibility with diverse forms, which is “a route which is good from an environmental point of view” (Turner, 1998).

In China, the modern greenway movement started in 2010, when Guangdong Provincial Government initiated a three-year political campaign to construct the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Greenway Network. In 2014, the PRD greenways had a total length of 8,909 kilometers, connecting ...


Osnabrück’S “Green Fingers” – Adjusting Priorities To Sustain And Develop Greenways And Landscapes In A, Pascal Gehle, Dirk Manzke, Hubertus Von Dressler Jan 2016

Osnabrück’S “Green Fingers” – Adjusting Priorities To Sustain And Develop Greenways And Landscapes In A, Pascal Gehle, Dirk Manzke, Hubertus Von Dressler

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Osnabrück’s so called “Green Fingers” – eleven landscape corridors reaching from the inner city into the region – structure the regional metropolis’ urban pattern. They supply the city centre with fresh air, serve as recreational destinations for the city’s inhabitants and provide space for close to the city agriculture and forestry. First defined in 1926, the Green Fingers have since been part of various planning documents and programs. However, these open spaces have been diminished bit by bit over time. The city’s growing need for land to build on had its impact just like the development of major traffic ...


Challenges Of Establishing Green Corridors In The Areas With Agricultural Land Consolidation, Pavel Benka, Jasna Grabić, Atila Bezdan, Milica Vranešević Jan 2016

Challenges Of Establishing Green Corridors In The Areas With Agricultural Land Consolidation, Pavel Benka, Jasna Grabić, Atila Bezdan, Milica Vranešević

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Conducting land consolidation within an area where agricultural land has the largest share is of great importance. Current practice of enforcing land consolidation was focused upon achieving favorable conditions for agricultural production, simultaneously leading to negative effects related to the environment, wildlife and native species. The aim of land consolidation is achieving favorable conditions for agricultural production, which can be obtained through the grouping of properties and the formation of larger plots of proper shape. In order to accomplish these effects, barriers which might interfere with agricultural operations (e.g. forest vegetation and non-functional amelioration canals) must often be removed ...


The Role Of Green Urban Wastelands In 3rd Place Creation. Challenge For Urban Policy In Poland, Anna Wilczyńska, Maciej Łepkowski, Ryszard Nejman Jan 2016

The Role Of Green Urban Wastelands In 3rd Place Creation. Challenge For Urban Policy In Poland, Anna Wilczyńska, Maciej Łepkowski, Ryszard Nejman

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

An Urban area is a complex system that constantly changes, forms dynamically and functionsindependently. Despite of huge development pressure coming from the fast urban growth there are still many neglected areas or so-called urban wastelands. These zones seem to be commonly considered (also by local governments and city planners) as worthless and unproductive critical spaces that need to be invested in and returned to the city. On the other hand, we ahould point out a growing conviction among scientists about the importance of wastelands in context of their strong impact on the urban ecosystem and some social aspects of urban ...


Improving The Green System Of Budapest By Transforming Railway Rust Areas, Dóra Hutter Jan 2016

Improving The Green System Of Budapest By Transforming Railway Rust Areas, Dóra Hutter

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Industrial Revolution had a negative impact on both the city and the environment. By the second half of the 19th century the urban erosion of industrial cities cried for direct intervention and curing. The methods developed either along an urban or an anti-urban philosophy, resulted the new models of green belt systems aimed to solve all the main urban problems with restructuring the urban fabric, controlling the urban spread into the rural landscape, the lack of green areas and open spaces for recreation and social life, and the lack of green spaces for ventilation.

On the other hand in ...


Zaragoza Life Project: Creation, Management And Promotion Of Green Infrastructure Of Zaragoza (Spain). Life12 Env/Es/000567, Montserrat Hernández Martín, Luis Manso De Zúñiga González Jan 2016

Zaragoza Life Project: Creation, Management And Promotion Of Green Infrastructure Of Zaragoza (Spain). Life12 Env/Es/000567, Montserrat Hernández Martín, Luis Manso De Zúñiga González

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The City Hall of Zaragoza turned out to be beneficiary in the year 2012 of a European LIFE project called Life Zaragoza Natural.

The general objective of the project is to protect, enhance, value, know and bring the Green Infrastructure (GI) of Zaragoza to the attention of the public, which includes Natura 2000 spaces (Sites of Community Importance (SCIs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs)) as well as the Green Belt and other natural spaces of municipal interest to be considered of great uniqueness on European scale due to both its contiguity and proximity to a large city and its extraordinary ...


Assessing The Economic Benefits Of Multi-Use Trails And Greenways: A Case Study Into The Tammany Trace Rail-Trail In St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, U.S.A., Hagen Thames Hammons Jan 2016

Assessing The Economic Benefits Of Multi-Use Trails And Greenways: A Case Study Into The Tammany Trace Rail-Trail In St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, U.S.A., Hagen Thames Hammons

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Multi-use trails are becoming an economic catalyst and vital contributor to the quality of life for communities all across the world. This paper takes these factors as a basis into a case study on the Tammany Trace (herafter, ’the Trace’), rail-to-trail conversion in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, U.S.A. The study looks into how the region and local communities have benefited from the facility by collecting and presenting the data from the following objectives:

⎯ Present the existing conditions and perceptions of the Trace through mapping techniques and feedback from interviews with local leaders.

⎯ Conduct an intercept survey on Trace ...


Sustainable Management Of Urban Green Infrastructure – The Challenge Of Providing High-Quality Green In Multi-Storey Residential Construction, Christina Czachs, Christiane Brandenburg, Birgit Gantner, Julia Hupka, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Ulrich Morawetz Jan 2016

Sustainable Management Of Urban Green Infrastructure – The Challenge Of Providing High-Quality Green In Multi-Storey Residential Construction, Christina Czachs, Christiane Brandenburg, Birgit Gantner, Julia Hupka, Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Ulrich Morawetz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Vienna is known as one of the most liveable cities worldwide (Mercer, 2015), not least because of Vienna’s green infrastructure (GI). These qualities of life and the trend of urbanisation lead to strong population growth in Vienna. It is predicted that the Viennese population will grow from 1.8 million (2015) to 2 million in 2029 (MA 23, 2014); to offer living space, the creation of up to 120,000 new homes is planned until 2050 (MA 18, 2014). The growth and the resulting exploitation pressure on the (green) areas pose a major challenge for the City of Vienna ...


Exploring Preferences For Urban Greening In Association With Learning About Sustainability In A Museum-Based Urban Ecology Exhibit, Jane A. Buxton, Robert L. Ryan Jan 2016

Exploring Preferences For Urban Greening In Association With Learning About Sustainability In A Museum-Based Urban Ecology Exhibit, Jane A. Buxton, Robert L. Ryan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Sustainable urban design and planning is grounded in understanding complex interconnecting relationships between human and ecological processes (Alberti & Marzluff, 2004). While compulsory education may provide an introduction to this subject, supplementary means are necessary in order to support citizen knowledge, interest and understanding of these complex relationships. Informal learning settings, such as museums, create opportunities for lifelong learning (Falk and Dierking, 2010) and can introduce, incorporate and link urban sustainability issues to provide an accessible and engaging introduction to the subject. Sustainable responses to urban development point to the need for higher density neighbourhoods coupled with extensive urban tree canopy ...


The Role Of The Greenways In The Harmonization Of Urban-Rural Relation In Hungary, Edina Dancsokné Fóris, Ágnes Sallay Jan 2016

The Role Of The Greenways In The Harmonization Of Urban-Rural Relation In Hungary, Edina Dancsokné Fóris, Ágnes Sallay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The decrease in the population of villages and the growth of cities is a global phenomenon, also present in Hungary. In inner peripheries, regions that most often lack cities, the ageing of the population and the emptying of the villages has begun. These regions are uniquely affected by regional development and rural development in terms of both economics and demographics. A significant step in creating cohesion between the advanced urban areas and the declining rural areas is the improvement of infrastructure (Csatári). We believe that greenways, as parts of the networks of infrastructure and green infrastructure, may play a significant ...


Greenways To Health: The Links Between Access To Green Space And Healthy Communities, Catharine Ward Thompson Jan 2016

Greenways To Health: The Links Between Access To Green Space And Healthy Communities, Catharine Ward Thompson

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The European Landscape Convention stresses the significance of “everyday” landscapes in which people live and go about their daily activities; it identifies such landscapes as important for people’s quality of life, their wellbeing and their individual and cultural identity (Council of Europe, 2000, pp 8-11, 23). As we reach the point, globally, where more people live in towns and cities than in rural locations, new questions are being raised about how well such environments serve as human habitat. There is a new impetus to interest in links between environment, health and quality of life, and greenways and green spaces ...


Greenbelts – Planning Instruments And Landscape Structure – A European Perspective, Agata Cieszewska, Joanna Adamczyk Jan 2016

Greenbelts – Planning Instruments And Landscape Structure – A European Perspective, Agata Cieszewska, Joanna Adamczyk

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Since 100 years the concept of planning tools addressed to control the urban sprawl has concentrated on open space protection around metropolitan cities. This has been applied using various green structures i.e.: belts, hearts, wedges or system of protected open spaces. The common element of these tools to control the urban sprawl is open spaces protection. Numerous applications in different natural and economic conditions create great potential for planners to adapt the concept (Cieszewska 2012, Cieszewska, Adamczyk 2014). Open spaces that preserve unbuilt part of metropolis fulfil four main functions: productive, environmental, recreational and ecological. The main question posed ...


Greenway Planning: Recreational Corridors Within Ljubljana Urban Region, Mojca Golobič, Nadja Penko Seidl Jan 2016

Greenway Planning: Recreational Corridors Within Ljubljana Urban Region, Mojca Golobič, Nadja Penko Seidl

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Regular physical activity is an important element of healthy lifestyle, which has proven positive impacts on human health (Bedimo-Rung et al., 2005, Telama et al., 2005). Due to the increasing number of sedentary jobs and increased reliance on motorized transport, leisure time physical activity is becoming more and more important in fulfilling recommended physical activity levels (Bedimo-Rung et al., 2005: 159).

Accessible green open spaces encourage physical activity. Several studies have shown that people of all age and social groups, who have access to green open space, are physically more active and consequently, healthier (Abraham et al., 2010, Ward Thompson ...


Impacts Of Highways On Rural Landscapes In Turkey, Sibel Mansuroglu, Tanay Birisci, Ruya Yilmaz Jan 2016

Impacts Of Highways On Rural Landscapes In Turkey, Sibel Mansuroglu, Tanay Birisci, Ruya Yilmaz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

After being settled, human being developed road networks to provide connection between settlements. Roads are developed with the automobile industry at the beginning of the 20th century. New roads may induce development in previously undeveloped areas, sometimes significantly affecting sensitive environments and the lifestyles of indigenous people. Motor vehicle use has increased rapidly with the result that transportation is now a major source of environmental problems. Human activities within a landscape often result in loss of land cover types, fragmentation of habitats, remaining land cover into smaller and more isolated, disturbing wildlife movements and plants. Transportation decisions affect land use ...


Riverside Parks As A Tool Of Landscape Transformation And Reconnecting People With Urban Nature, Kasper Jakubowski Jan 2016

Riverside Parks As A Tool Of Landscape Transformation And Reconnecting People With Urban Nature, Kasper Jakubowski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The author presents the synthesis of his latest research results regarding the new concepts of urban green spaces, so called “ecology parks” or “naturalized parks” designed in many European cities since the beginning of 1990s. These relatively new types of parks (Cranz, Boland, 2004) have been created also in the immediate neighbourhood of urban riversides include reclaimed brownfield sites, restored floodplains and the remnants of semi-natural riparian vegetation in a city (urban wilds) (Jakubowski, 2015). The paper identifies what contribution the sustainable models of riverine parks can make to ecological balance of modern cities and solving environmental problems while enhancing ...


Greenways As Resilient Infrastructure: The Brooklyn Greenway Case Study, Tricia Martin Jan 2016

Greenways As Resilient Infrastructure: The Brooklyn Greenway Case Study, Tricia Martin

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways as resilient infrastructure illuminates the recent global progress in redefining and reimagining the possibilities for greenway planning and design. New greenways are highly ambitious as they are planned and designed to address a multiplicity of environmental and social challenges (Searns, R. M, 1995). Urban areas all over the world are experiencing temperature increases, severe rain events (and longer droughts), and sea-level rise while simultaneously impacted by population growth in cities (Cheng, Chingwen, et al., 2013). These environmental and social forces add strain to our urban areas and city leaders are looking for multi-objective strategies that can mitigate these strains ...