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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti) Feb 2019

Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti)

International Journal of Business and Technology

This paper traces the evolution of housing typologies, focusing in Tirana, Albania. The study reviews the fundamentals of housing throughout the two historical periods, 1929-1932 and 1939-1943. The housing projects analysed are designed mostly by Austrian and Italian architects. The methodological approach is based on reviewing a number of case studies starting from one-family house to multi-family housing typology. The main purpose of this paper is to identify the process of transformation and development of housing based on the typologies, functionality, and occupancy. Also, particular elements of asthetics are analyzed and compared. This study highlights that the improvement of living ...


Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Feb 2019

Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

International Journal of Business and Technology

Austria has a very long tradition in monument protection. Already in 1853, the central commission to research and preserve the built historic monuments started to operate. The current law on monument protection is from the year 1923. Hence, the most successful steps to secure the country’s built cultural heritage date back to a new provincial legislation, administration and finance system implemented in the early 70ies of the 19th century based on so-called Old-City Preservation Acts. By this sensitive approach, Austria safeguarded the most important historic city centers of Austria like Salzburg, Graz and Vienna vividly in their traditional characteristics ...


Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi Feb 2019

Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi

International Journal of Business and Technology

Rapid urbanization as a process of societal transformation and intensive architectural developments in urban areas in Tirana and Prishtina, as capital cities of Countries in transition in sense of achievements for community living there and their urban qualitative life. Considering the planning process and role of different partners towards urban prosperity, the urban developments during the last ten years in both capital cities, based on research done and presented in this paper, using comparison methodology on some contextual bases:

  • Policy context
  • Physical space context
  • Site landscape context

With analyses aiming to explain which are effects of three-dimensional mentioned above “contexts ...


Cultural Spaces Research On Architecture And Identity, Ulrike Herbig Feb 2019

Cultural Spaces Research On Architecture And Identity, Ulrike Herbig

International Journal of Business and Technology

Architecture is the result of a multilayered process influenced by numerous factors. Thus, comprehensive architectural research can only be achieved through a holistic approach and in collaboration with experts from different disciplines. Although interdisciplinary research is a common framework for architectural studies and should be an integral part of the education for future architects, yet, this is not usually the case. With its module entitled “Cultural Spaces – Research on Architecture and Identity” at the TU Wien, a set of courses has been developed to arouse the interest of students of architecture in setting up their own research project. This paper ...


Unesco World Heritage And Kosovo Towards A Tentative List For Kosovo, Caroline Jaeger Klein Feb 2019

Unesco World Heritage And Kosovo Towards A Tentative List For Kosovo, Caroline Jaeger Klein

International Journal of Business and Technology

In 2015, Kosovo tried to join UNESCO and failed by three quotes. Is Kosovo ready for its UNESCO membership? At least for its national architectural heritage, this question is to answer with no. The intensively discussed issue of the medieval monuments of Kosovo inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage by Serbia and Montenegro before the declaration of independency in 2008 and their further management through Kosovo is just one aspect. More troubling is that the rather young state not yet could establish sufficient structures to gain a systematic inventory of its monuments, sites and historic ensembles, nor to extract a tentative ...


Can A New Railway Track Be Used To Foster Smart Urban And Regional Development?, Thomas Dillinger, Markus Neuhaus Feb 2019

Can A New Railway Track Be Used To Foster Smart Urban And Regional Development?, Thomas Dillinger, Markus Neuhaus

International Journal of Business and Technology

The future Smart City Ebreichsdorf (SMCE) is a fast growing municipality in the area of the metropolitan region of Vienna, Lower Austria and Burgenland. The expansion to a double track railroad of the „Pottendorfer Linie“and the thereby even better connexion to Ebreichsdorf will strengthen this growing process even more. A new train station is built, located on a greenfield site, between the city districts Ebreichsdorf and Unterwaltersdorf. The existing railway track is going to be abandoned. In spatial planning approaches, it’s goal leading to locate future growth in the area of the new train station. Action options, how ...


Managing The Rapid Urban Growth For Cities In Transition Countries, Binak Beqaj, Ylber Limani, Driton R. Kryeziu Nov 2018

Managing The Rapid Urban Growth For Cities In Transition Countries, Binak Beqaj, Ylber Limani, Driton R. Kryeziu

International Journal of Business and Technology

Through political transition, socio-economical trends of cities as urban areas contributed to huge movements of population from rural to urban areas or from small urban areas toward big urban areas, making them bigger, under the rapid growth. Those cities have faced:

  • Overloads with number of citizens,
  • Lack of adequate infrastructure and
  • Creativity deficiency for drafting and implementing urban development vision.

Consequently, the question is what qualitative life do cities offer when considering abovementioned suppositions related to rapid urban growth?

In general, for cities under rapid development, experts and authorities have not sufficiently succeeded to develop proper methodologies to neutralize chaotically ...


Urban Heat Islands (Uhi) Mitigation In Densely Urban City Of Tirana, Albania: Materials, Energy, Comfort, Sokol Dervishi, Eltjona Lacaj, Regina Vathi Nov 2018

Urban Heat Islands (Uhi) Mitigation In Densely Urban City Of Tirana, Albania: Materials, Energy, Comfort, Sokol Dervishi, Eltjona Lacaj, Regina Vathi

International Journal of Business and Technology

Urban Heat Island (UHI) is considered as one of the major problems in the 21st century as a result of urbanization and industrialization of human civilization. The urban structures generate a large amount of heat from solar radiations and other sources (i.e. anthropogenic heat). This situation is even worse in cities with high density and large population and extensive economic activities, Tirana, a densely urbanized city, is seriously facing this problem. In this context, the present paper is a review article aiming to present the actual state of the art on the development and the assessment of potential benefits ...


Territorial Planning Policy For Sustainable Development, Gjergj Thomai Nov 2018

Territorial Planning Policy For Sustainable Development, Gjergj Thomai

International Journal of Business and Technology

Urban planning in Albania, has been promoted in various forms of organization. Ultimately Territorial Planning Law represents another form of policies on the territory that is closely linked to the decentralization of control of the territory.

Up to now, four developments has been particularly important:

  • European approach, which gave an increase in economic and social cohesion policy;
  • Decentralization in the early 2000s, which has made local governments full participants in the process of territorial planning;
  • The emergence of the notion of sustainable development;
  • Initiation of international economic relations after the nineties.
Territorial planning policy for sustainable development requires meeting the ...


The Analysis Of Interface Of Social-Technical Aspects Within Transport Planning And Urban Design, Ylber Limani, Binak Beqaj, Vlora Aliu Nov 2018

The Analysis Of Interface Of Social-Technical Aspects Within Transport Planning And Urban Design, Ylber Limani, Binak Beqaj, Vlora Aliu

International Journal of Business and Technology

This paper discusses the essentials of social-technical aspects of urban development and transport planning. It describes the role and position of human factor in urban development and transport planning and its interface with technical elements. The paper argues the possibilities of optimization of the correlation between human factors and technical elements using the social-technical insights related turban design and transport planning. The research methodology has been based on qualitative empirical and theoretical approaches using the methods of combination the direct observation and the analysis of documents, and the literature. The working methodology has been based on the concept of organizational ...


Analogy In Elements: Breaking The National Identity, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu Nov 2018

Analogy In Elements: Breaking The National Identity, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu

International Journal of Business and Technology

The first aim of this paper is to present the after W.W.II temptation of the Macedonian authors to identify national elements that is Macedonian elements in houses build in Macedonia. After identifying them, the same elements (now national) will be used to declare the national heritage in Macedonian houses. Secondly, we would like to compare the same elements found as Macedonian with other places, like Turkey (involving Bursa, Istanbul and other cities), to see if they really are different as those from houses in Turkey, or there is a similarity between them.


The Socio-Cultural And Political Significance Of Coffeehouses And Coffee Culture During The Independence Processes Of Kosovo, Ajhan Bajmaku, Çınar Nartar Nov 2018

The Socio-Cultural And Political Significance Of Coffeehouses And Coffee Culture During The Independence Processes Of Kosovo, Ajhan Bajmaku, Çınar Nartar

International Journal of Business and Technology

The coffee culture in the Balkans spread and developed as the Ottoman Empire began using the region as a base that opened into Europe. This region with great strategic significance draws attention not only because it functioned as a bridge between the East and the West but also because of cultural and political values in perspective of the process of changes and developments that have taken place throughout time. As an establishment the coffeehouse is a vital concept for society. Beside their fundamental functions, coffeehouses have gained additional functions over the course of history. These additional functions are directed by ...


Steering Spatial Development In The Vienna Agglomeration, Thomas Dillinger Nov 2018

Steering Spatial Development In The Vienna Agglomeration, Thomas Dillinger

International Journal of Business and Technology

After the falling down of the “iron curtain” Vienna starts to grow again. It is now a metropolitan area with about 2.6 Mio. inhabitants. Vienna is surrounded by Lower Austria, which is one of the nine countries (Bundesländer) of Austria. Spatial Planning is based on the Austrian Constitution a complex matter. The Federal State, the Countries and the Municipalities have competences in Spatial Planning. Thus, in the agglomeration we are confronted with different spatial planning legislation, instruments and institution.In this situation basically three instruments have been developed to steer spatial development in the Vienna agglomeration: Lower Austria has ...


Elements Of Sustainable Architecture In Vernacular Architecture: The Case Of 19 Th Century Urban Dwellings Of Kosovo, Arbër Sadiki, Arnia Kryeziu Oct 2018

Elements Of Sustainable Architecture In Vernacular Architecture: The Case Of 19 Th Century Urban Dwellings Of Kosovo, Arbër Sadiki, Arnia Kryeziu

UBT International Conference

The paper presents a research on parameters of sustainable architecture identified in the vernacular architecture of Kosovo, specifically in the urban dwelling constructed during the 19 th century. Main principles of sustainable architecture in general were initially evaluated and elaborated in order to identify and compare to the study cases included in this research. Analyzes have shown characteristic architectural elements of this typologies such as: extended eaves, open end closed çardak (garret, balcony), window wooden shutters, natural building materials, vegetation and etcetera, to be part of the conscious design with sustainable approach. As conclusion, these models illustrate an excellent example ...


Urban Heritage And Place-Making: Preservation Through Mobility Enhancement In The Historic Centre Of Prizren, Lorika Hisari Oct 2018

Urban Heritage And Place-Making: Preservation Through Mobility Enhancement In The Historic Centre Of Prizren, Lorika Hisari

UBT International Conference

Since the armed conflict ended and during a decade of state building Kosovo has gone through substantial reforms required for its European Union integration. This was reflected into its built environment including the historic areas and cultural heritage preservation. Legislation, plans, policy documents and strategies foresee an all-inclusive and a balanced way of development. Practice, however, informs the opposite as the drafted documents are hardly implemented. This paper discusses and examines the mobility in a public space in the Historic Centre of Prizren in relation to the preservation of urban heritage. The paper reveals how the institutional (non)action and ...


The Traditional Tower Houses Of Kosovo And Albania -Origin, Development And Influences, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Oct 2018

The Traditional Tower Houses Of Kosovo And Albania -Origin, Development And Influences, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

UBT International Conference

Gheg-Albanians as well as Tosk-Albanians consider a distinct tower-house type of their traditional cultural heritage. Hence the closer look upon the structures in their geographical distribution from the Dukajin plains in nowadays Kosovo to the Dropull valley close to the Greek border provides a wide range of variations. Generally those structures serve as impressive residential houses (banesa) for rich landlords, warlords, tax collectors and merchants performing a rural-urban lifestyle. Therefore, a sophisticated blend of the all-time defendable Albanian tower house (kulla), still existing quite intact in the western Kosovo plains, and the comfortable Turkish life-style influenced residence was developed during ...


Understanding Of Modern Movement In Kayseri By Using Oral History Methods: A Case On Akdamar Apartment, 1960’S, Filiz Sönmez, Semra Arslan Selçuk Oct 2018

Understanding Of Modern Movement In Kayseri By Using Oral History Methods: A Case On Akdamar Apartment, 1960’S, Filiz Sönmez, Semra Arslan Selçuk

UBT International Conference

In the recent history of the modernization of dwelling and housing culture, much attention has been given to oral history methodology. However, less research has been done on 1960’s houses and very little on actual homeowners’ firsthand experiences in their homes in Kayseri, Turkey. For this reason, this study attempts to use oral history as a way to critically understand how the modern home was built and how residents lived in the space in the 1960’s. In this context, the Akdamar Family Apartment is assumed to provide a large corpus of data, documenting the living, subjective, social, cultural ...


Underground House As A New Concept Of Housing, Zana Prelvukaj, Lulzim Beqiri, Rineta Jashari, Faton Spahiu Oct 2018

Underground House As A New Concept Of Housing, Zana Prelvukaj, Lulzim Beqiri, Rineta Jashari, Faton Spahiu

UBT International Conference

Since the beginning of human existence, housing is considered one of the basic elements for survival and protection from difficult natural conditions. The purpose of this research is to treat underground homes, as a new form of residence. In addition, the study will seek to discover the underground houses that were developed in Switzerland, China and Greece as constructions and that have gained good results in the field of housing, integration of outdoor construction, design and saving energy. The research is intended to serve as a basic, basis for informing the typologies, advantages, and disadvantages of the underground houses. Kosovo ...


An Aplication Of Mcda Method To Evaluate And Select The Most Suitable Landfill Sites For Urban Waste. A Project Case Study For Berat County. Albania, Robert Kosova, Fabiana Cullhaj, Teuta Thanasi, Arben Reka, Taulant Jullolli, Gjergji Thanasi Oct 2018

An Aplication Of Mcda Method To Evaluate And Select The Most Suitable Landfill Sites For Urban Waste. A Project Case Study For Berat County. Albania, Robert Kosova, Fabiana Cullhaj, Teuta Thanasi, Arben Reka, Taulant Jullolli, Gjergji Thanasi

UBT International Conference

Waste management system needs clear and strict management policy. They also need a process of evaluating and selecting the most appropriate landfill sites that respect the restrictions and constraints dictated by the presence of the population in that area, with respect to ecological ecosystems and other factors. In addition to the geographical and geological criteria and other specifications that are defined by traditional selection procedures, there are new factors adding to the old constraints and limitations. Urban waste is produced in large quantities in our cities, every year. As a result, the number of sites should increase with the population ...


Statistical Control Of Mutual Exchange Of Details (Tenon -Mortise ) From Beechwood, In Some Of Manufacturing Factories Of Chairs In Region Of Ferizaj, Blertë Sylejmani, Rrahim Sejdiu, Agron Bajraktari Oct 2018

Statistical Control Of Mutual Exchange Of Details (Tenon -Mortise ) From Beechwood, In Some Of Manufacturing Factories Of Chairs In Region Of Ferizaj, Blertë Sylejmani, Rrahim Sejdiu, Agron Bajraktari

UBT International Conference

Like every manufacturing industry, the wood industry also faces with many challenges. For responding to these challenges, companies need to improve constantly the quality of their products, by using scientific analysis and putting them into use. This study presents statistical process control of the elements of tenon and mortise, based on data analysis, obtained from production. On the basis of data processing, conclusions are given by regarding the possibility of cooperation of companies and their mutual exchange. Regular application of control charts, reduces defects and production costs, and keeps open possibilities for collaboration between enterprises, by exchanging certain parts (concrete ...


Living Spaces At Multi-Family Apartments In Republic Of Kosovo, Mimoza Sylejmani, Lulzim Beqiri, Besian Sinani Oct 2018

Living Spaces At Multi-Family Apartments In Republic Of Kosovo, Mimoza Sylejmani, Lulzim Beqiri, Besian Sinani

UBT International Conference

Based on the research that was performed at the multi-family apartments generally built in Republic of Kosovo, it was observed that these types of buildings underwent several transformations that can be classified in two groups. The manner of organization of living space at multi-family apartments differs in the buildings constructed before 1999 and those constructed since that year up to present time. Due to the various changes, be it political, the manner of construction of the buildings after 1999 and other issues of this nature, the living spaces started to shrink, in some cases to such a degree that they ...


The Role Of Community In Urban Regeneration Case Study City Of Skenderaj, Rineta Jashari, Safete Veliu, Valdrin Tahiri Oct 2018

The Role Of Community In Urban Regeneration Case Study City Of Skenderaj, Rineta Jashari, Safete Veliu, Valdrin Tahiri

UBT International Conference

The essence of the research is to study whether the role of community opinion within the decision-making process is a fundamental and essential factor to ensure the enhancement of the quality of urban regeneration activities. Various international research shows that community involvement can have an impact on quality improvement during the sustainable planning process and can lead to successful urban regeneration initiatives. Also, it emphasizes the need to integrate social elements in the urban regeneration practices in order to have a different approach by socio- economic changes, and socio spatial planning and community. Case study was taken city of Skenderaj ...


Development Of Policies For Acquiring Municipal Land, Through Planning Mechanisms To Achieve The Defined Goals In Prishtina, Burbuqe Hydaverdi Oct 2018

Development Of Policies For Acquiring Municipal Land, Through Planning Mechanisms To Achieve The Defined Goals In Prishtina, Burbuqe Hydaverdi

UBT International Conference

Prishtina and other capitals in the region are daily facing enormous applications to access public utilities. The development of construction trend that is still ongoing, with a combined architecture between the traditional and the modern, on one hand is contributing and generating revues to the budget of the capital city, and on the other hand is creating difficulties in providing infrastructural, social and public services. Spatial planning documents not always reflect the reality, because urban development is taking place rapidly in spite of legal capabilities to amend the development plans. The areas for public and social infrastructure have been defined ...


“Circular Economy” As An Imperative Indicator Of A Sustainable Urban Development Derived By Construction Industry – Case Study Pristina, Binak Beqaj, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli Oct 2018

“Circular Economy” As An Imperative Indicator Of A Sustainable Urban Development Derived By Construction Industry – Case Study Pristina, Binak Beqaj, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli

UBT International Conference

Construction field is an important industry for improving resource productivity and with impact on urban development and GDP of the Country (actually in Kosova, as calculated on the level of 15.76%). The intention of the system promoted by the European Union as “Circular Economy” is to keep the added value of the products for as long as possible and virtually eliminate waste from urban spaces as a fundamental guide of urban sustainability. The process of turning waste into a resource of new modes seems to reshape the development of construction industries, especially now when the need for building materials ...


Urban Sprawl And Its Impact On Economic, Social And Environmental Factors Qstudy Case –Suburban Neighborhood Of Pristina (International Village, Neighborhood Qershia, Swiss Village), Fjolla Abazi, Elvida Pallaska Oct 2018

Urban Sprawl And Its Impact On Economic, Social And Environmental Factors Qstudy Case –Suburban Neighborhood Of Pristina (International Village, Neighborhood Qershia, Swiss Village), Fjolla Abazi, Elvida Pallaska

UBT International Conference

The impact of Urban Sprawl in economic, social and environmental factors is the subject to this research paper. Measurement of Urban Sprawl in cadastral zone Caglavica is one of the main objectives of this research Based on data provided by the Kosovo Agency of Statistics regarding the increase of the number of collective residence in Prishtina, based on cartographies that show how Pristina was in the prewar period and how it was extended today, the cartographies that were presented in Pristina's municipal development plan, we understand that Pristina has increased in recent years by the number of constructions. Also ...


Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Oct 2017

Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

UBT International Conference

Austria has a very long tradition in monument protection. Already in 1853, the central commission to research and preserve the built historic monuments started to operate. The current law on monument protection is from the year 1923. Hence, the most successful steps to secure the country’s built cultural heritage date back to a new provincial legislation, administration and finance system implemented in the early 70ies of the 19th century based on so-called Old-City Preservation Acts. By this sensitive approach, Austria safeguarded the most important historic city centers of Austria like Salzburg, Graz and Vienna vividly in their traditional characteristics ...


Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck Oct 2017

Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck

UBT International Conference

In the historic center of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Gjirokastra lie the remains of one of the town’s most notable family-residences. Built in 1883, the edifice owns an extraordinary composition for the late Ottoman period. Today the ruin is a memorial site dedicated to Musine Kokalari, who spent her youth in Gjirokastra. She was declared a “National Heroine” years after her death in 1983 for her defiant stand against the totalitarian regime. This paper exposes the factors, which endanger the monument and explicates the necessary operations for a successful revitalization following the ideas of Arjeta Kokalari, curator ...


Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani Oct 2017

Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani

UBT International Conference

This research aims to present a clear picture of existing situation of the residential building stock, their adaptation and transformation during years, which can serve as bases for the needed strategy of future retrofitting. It will be evidenced the importance of tools and procedures for environmental regeneration and architectural retrofitting of residential buildings blocks, in the frame of energy efficiency. The research aims, although, to provide building researchers and practitioners with a better understanding of how to effectively conduct a building retrofit to promote energy conservation and sustainability.

The methodology used for this research will be based on a phenomenological ...


Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku Oct 2017

Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku

UBT International Conference

The design case is applied to make a difference in living and to facilitate people's life, from product scale, architectural design to urban scale. A design practice should be able to respond to the user's cognitive and behavioral needs. Today, design solutions that can not respond to these needs are confronted as bad design.

Today, when the habits of consumer society and the low expectations of users are combined, it is inevitable to encounter kitsch phenomenon in design solutions. Kitsch is a term used to refer to banal, rugged, and boring design solutions made with sharps and commercial ...


Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi Oct 2017

Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi

UBT International Conference

Now days, technology is everywhere, in our homes and working areas, we even carry a lot of electronic technology with us. It is one of the most used notions and a part of life. Ourhouses also have a lot of electronic technology, it relieves our lives. Technology can also make our space more comfortable, saves our time in many ways. However, technology can not physically enlarge or replace our spaces. Flexibility is an essential component of our lives, increases our space and allows the most possibilities through the changes of our lives. It remains a part of our lives and ...