Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Iowa State University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1000

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. Van De Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh May 2019

Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. Van De Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

In order to better understand community resilience following a disaster, a multidisciplinary research team from the Center of Excellence (CoE) for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) jointly conducted a series of longitudinal field studies in the U.S. city of Lumberton, North Carolina following major flooding from Hurricane Matthew (2016). Damage surveys on structures and interviews with households were conducted during the first field study to explore physical, economic, and social impacts of major riverine flooding on this small, tri-racial community. This paper is focused on damage to housing and subsequent household ...


Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt May 2019

Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper presents a novel approach to modeling housing recovery through the formulation of recovery-based fragility functions built on empirical data collected longitudinally after a recent flood disaster. Previous community resilience frameworks have not addressed social and economic considerations in engineering-based recovery modeling. In doing so, this work takes an important step forward, advancing the use of probability and statistics in civil engineering applications and facilitating their role in interdisciplinary analysis of post-disaster recovery. To address community housing recovery after a flood event, two recovery-based limit states were analyzed: repair completion and re-occupancy. Two least squares regression models identified the ...


The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur Apr 2019

The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Communities are increasingly affected by excessive heat. The likelihood of extreme heat events is predicted to increase in the Midwest region of the United States. By mid-century (2036–2065), one year out of 10 is projected to have a 5-day period that is 13°F warmer than a comparable earlier period (1976–2005). The frequency of high humidity/dew point days (“extra moist tropical air mass days,” MT++ synoptic climate classification system) has also increased significantly during a similar period (1975–2010) and between 2010 and 2014 included 8 of 26 heat events. This impact is exacerbated by the fact ...


Plant Ethics Or An Environment For The Birth Of A New Human? An Exploration In Radical Ethics For Sustainable Architecture., Andrea S. Wheeler Mar 2019

Plant Ethics Or An Environment For The Birth Of A New Human? An Exploration In Radical Ethics For Sustainable Architecture., Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper critically examines literature concerned with an ethics in the multiplicity of different approaches to the design of sustainable architecture. Sustainable design theorists commonly argue for the need to perceive the world differently, to find new ways to live, to create new values to replace old: questions of ethics are implicit in such explorations.


Naegele's Guide To The Only Good Architecture In Iowa, Daniel Joseph Naegele Jan 2019

Naegele's Guide To The Only Good Architecture In Iowa, Daniel Joseph Naegele

Architecture Books

Naegele’s Guide to the Only Good Architecture in Iowa is a deceptive title but it is not a misnomer. Guide is accurate. Iowa is fairly accurate. Naegele’s is there because this is a personal account, one that makes no attempt to be unbiased. Naegele’s qualifies Good, “good” being not absolute but contingent and personal and therefore a very questionable qualifier. Only is the title’s difficult word. “Only Good Architecture in Iowa” suggests that architecture is a scarce commodity in Iowa, a suggestion with which Naegele would agree if by “architecture” one means high architecture.

By Architecture ...


Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl Dec 2018

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Smartphones, with their “pervasive presence” in contact with our bodies, have come to act as sensory prosthetics that mediate our experience of the city. They activate new possibilities of navigating the urban, such that we can find exactly what we want, rather than what has been placed before us. This article argues that smartphone technologies produce a more fluid engagement with urban space: where space is not so much “given” as “enacted.” In this context, notions of “legibility” take on new algorithmic and virtual forms. Thus, according to Hamilton and colleagues, where “the legible city waited to be read, the ...


Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish Sep 2018

Can Pink Really Pacify?, Julie Elaine N. Irish

Interior Design publications and other works

As an interior designer, I’ve long been interested in how different colors can affect our mood and behavior.

For example, if you’ve recently been to a fast food restaurant, you might notice that there’s a lot of red – red chairs and red signs, red trays and red cups.

When, on the other hand, was the last time you ate in a blue restaurant?

There’s a reason for this: Red, it turns out, has been shown to stimulate the appetite. Blue, on the other hand, has been shown to be an appetite suppressant.

But when it comes ...


Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Sep 2018

Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This work surveyed residents of an economically disadvantaged community on their attitudes toward weatherization and their energy use behaviors. To support urban leaders making decisions to mitigate the effects of large-scale climate change, data-driven simulation models are being developed. To ensure that these models are equitable, the needs of all citizens must be included, especially those most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The results of this survey indicate that residents are taking steps to weatherize and conserve energy, but they are hindered by a lack of resources and knowledge of available assistance programs. These results are being applied ...


Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson Jun 2018

Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Building energy simulation is of considerable interest and benefit for architects, engineers, and urban planners. Only recently has it become possible to develop integrated energy models for clusters of buildings in urban areas. Simulating energy consumption of the built environment on a relatively large scale (e.g., such as a neighborhood) will be necessary to obtain more reliable results, since building energy parameters are influenced by characteristics of the nearby environment. Therefore, the construction of a 3-D model of urban built areas with detail of the near-building environment should enhance simulation approaches and provide more accurate results. This paper describes ...


City Play: Post-Affordances And The Transformative Power Of Place, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Mahsa Adib Mar 2018

City Play: Post-Affordances And The Transformative Power Of Place, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Mahsa Adib

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Landscape architecture research and practice often focus on demand or instrumental value of the land to serve some need, like a healing garden or playground, or the intrinsic value of the land due to unique characteristics, like a protected wilderness or geological phenomenon, but rarely does the discipline concentrate on the transformative power of the environment. Sarkar (2012) suggests that transformative power refers to those unanticipated experiences with the environment that change or transform our worldview.


An Exploration Of Gentrification Of The Magic City: A Spatial Analysis Of Birmingham, Al, Antionette Fowlkes Mar 2018

An Exploration Of Gentrification Of The Magic City: A Spatial Analysis Of Birmingham, Al, Antionette Fowlkes

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Birmingham, Alabama, once the most segregated city in the nation, is now experiencing an economic revival linked to capital investments, influx of high-income groups that has caused the displacement of low-income groups as part of social upgrade and landscape change. These changes result in an ongoing gentrification of the city. To study the processes that have led to this change, I analyzed the socioeconomic characteristics and transportation trends from 1980 to 2010, and explored the impacts of changing neighborhoods on access to public transportation. Using a case study approach, I will: (1) provide historical context of the city; (2) spatially ...


Development Of K-12 Lessons Plans That Integrate Construction Engineering And Mathematics And Align With Educational Standards, Nancy Nicho Jan 2018

Development Of K-12 Lessons Plans That Integrate Construction Engineering And Mathematics And Align With Educational Standards, Nancy Nicho

Creative Components

This research project works towards the integration of the fields of (a) math education, (b) construction engineering and (c) architecture for the Interdisciplinary Graduate Study program. These three topic areas are integrated into a single project which involves the development of several lesson plans, with the goal of teaching K-12 students, through hands-on interactive activities, about the design, construction, and operation of buildings within the built environment. These lessons plans serve several purposes, specifically (1) to introduce students to the concepts of architecture and construction engineering, particularly how these fields encourage sustainability and comfort in the built environment, and (2 ...


A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam Jan 2018

A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The green and sustainable campus concept is not something new to US universities, but well-organized and coherent activities to effectively “green” campuses are not that common, and efforts are minor in comparison to the potential of these universities. This thesis investigates different approaches taken by higher education (HE) institutions that are considered successful in their objectives toward achieving a sustainable campus. It also examines the process of integration of sustainability into the higher education institution’s policy, pedagogy, and research process; approaches taken by HE institutions aim to impact students’ perceptions and their behavior toward the world that they will ...


Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni Jan 2018

Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Work homes have been used by the people since ancient times but, today people are preferring more to use work-home ideology because of technological advantages, time saving, budget savings etc. Advancements in communications have created new ideologies like work from home etc.

I believe work-homes are a broader concept than what's currently existing. Many architects have researched on integrated spaces and defined the typologies of them. That existing research was about the immobile integrated spaces, but very limited research has been done on the design elements that influence the space in these buildings and no proper research is done ...


Adapting Vernacular Strategies For The Design Of An Energy Efficient Residential Building In A Hot And Arid Climate: City Of Yazd, Iran, Farzad Hashemi Jan 2018

Adapting Vernacular Strategies For The Design Of An Energy Efficient Residential Building In A Hot And Arid Climate: City Of Yazd, Iran, Farzad Hashemi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Today, buildings consume a significant amount of primary energy, and consequently they are a major source for greenhouse gas emissions resulting in global warming. During the last decades, the concept of sustainable architecture with the major aim of diminishing negative environmental impact of the building has brought significant demands and changes to the profession of architecture. In this way, decreasing the dependency of buildings on fossil fuels and their high rate of energy consumption in underdeveloped countries like Iran is receiving more attention by architects and governments. Iran is a country with a powerful history in using vernacular solutions to ...


Enhancing Sidewalk Connectivity Within The Dart Public Transportation System, Daniel Dvorjak Jan 2018

Enhancing Sidewalk Connectivity Within The Dart Public Transportation System, Daniel Dvorjak

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Supportive Housing On Neighborhood Property Values: A Study Of Two Campuses, William Bleckwenn Jan 2018

Impact Of Supportive Housing On Neighborhood Property Values: A Study Of Two Campuses, William Bleckwenn

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Examining The Complexities Of Urban Water And Sanitation In Latin America, Kelly Naumann Dec 2017

Examining The Complexities Of Urban Water And Sanitation In Latin America, Kelly Naumann

Honors Projects and Posters

Climate change continues to exacerbate water and sanitation issues in Latin America, as water scarcity and natural disasters threaten water supply and infrastructure. My research explores the role that gender dimension plays in urban water and sanitation projects in Latin America, and examines strategies used to improve urban water and sanitation for low-income dwellers in Lima, Peru and Cochabamba, Bolivia. Both objectives were accomplished based on an extensive literature review. I argue that gender specific data is vital to collect, in that women face significant disparities in treatment and exclusion from policy. I also examined the sustainable solutions introduced by ...


An Interview With Luce Irigaray On Through Vegetal Being: Two Philosophical Perspectives And Sexuate Difference, Andrea S. Wheeler Dec 2017

An Interview With Luce Irigaray On Through Vegetal Being: Two Philosophical Perspectives And Sexuate Difference, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

In this interview the philosopher Luce Irigaray discusses her book Through Vegetal Being. In response to questions, she distinguishes the human relationship to the environment and to other human beings. She describes how we must change our manner of relating to nature, beginning with our own: to learning how to coexist as a natural being among others instead of dominating the natural world. We must cultivate our instincts, free ourselves from traditions and elaborate a new education and sociocultural order and it is then that we will perceive that we cannot share with plants and animals all that we can ...


From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl Nov 2017

From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

New Urbanism’s disposition towards urban design emphasizes creating places that, in part, derive structure and meaning from ‘imageable’ components. These components resonate with the formal categories articulated by Kevin Lynch. That is to say, New Urbanist projects emphasize defined streets (edges) neighborhood coherence (districts) civic buildings (landmarks) connective public open spaces (nodes) and gridiron street networks (paths). Lynch, however, deemed that such urban features arose from dynamic processes, whereas New Urbanists pre-designate formal features without full consideration of their functional dynamics. In order to better situate this notion of ‘functional dynamics’, this paper argues that urban settings can be ...


Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler Nov 2017

Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

If we feel our lived environment, if we feel the reality of our existence in relation to our environment, can we also feel nature’s destruction? Understanding of our own nature in relation to nature, has been described as an aesthetic discourse, or eco-aesthetics (ökologische Naturästhetik) by Gernot Böhme, a philosopher more currently popular among architects for his theory of architectural atmosphere. According to Böhme, nature must be recognized as our partner and we should gradually adapt to such a partner relationship. Nature is not something we have left behind in our becoming civilized; nature is us and is not ...


Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez Sep 2017

Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper concentrates on power places as perceived by the students in a 60,000 people college town in the United States. Power places are favourite outdoor locations that evoke positive emotions, and are conducive to relaxation and reduction of stress. Further understanding how location affects those places and the feelings of students will help planners and designers be more intentional as they create conditions favourable to the development of cities that are healthy, sustainable, resilient and smart. Research methodologies used in this paper include empirical cartography, mapping and space syntax. We conclude the paper with a discussion of the ...


Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe Sep 2017

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

The main goal of this paper is to present the conceptual framework for engaging youth in urban planning activities that simultaneously create locally meaningful positive change. The framework for engaging youth interlinks the use of IT tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), agent-based modelling (ABM), online serious games, and mobile participatory geographic information systems with map-based storytelling and action projects. We summarize the elements of our framework and the first results gained in the program Community Growers established in a neighbourhood community of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, USA. We conclude the paper with a discussion and future ...


Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl Aug 2017

Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Too often, master planning strategies have failed to produce spaces responding to the social, cultural, and economic needs of their inhabitants. Accordingly, many planners have turned to relational strategies to redefine their practices. These tend toward methodologies that explore relational forces preceding design interventions rather than unfolding by means of design interventions. This article considers an alternative mode of understanding relational processes: one that considers tactical urban strategies theorized through the lens of complexity theory. This article argues that tactical approaches harness relational junctures in situ, effectively exploring relational configurations of cohesive urban environments. A design competition entry provides an ...


What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jun 2017

What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Socialist cities have most often been studied as manifestations of the socialist system itself, linked to the political fate of the Communist Parties in power during their design, construction, and expansion. This article revisits the socialist city and argues for the validity of the concept historically and in the present. Looking qualitatively at this distinct paradigm in Europe, two analytical frameworks are offered, infrastructural thinking and the socialist scaffold. The analysis shows that the universal aspiration for socialist cities was their continuous operation as synchronized instruments of economic production and social transformation in physical space. Distinct from capitalist cities, they ...


Assessing The Validity Of Facilitated-Volunteered Geographic Information: Comparisons Of Expert And Novice Ratings, Kelly Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Christopher Seeger, Gregory Welk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jon Moon, Imad Jafir, Phyllis Brown May 2017

Assessing The Validity Of Facilitated-Volunteered Geographic Information: Comparisons Of Expert And Novice Ratings, Kelly Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Christopher Seeger, Gregory Welk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jon Moon, Imad Jafir, Phyllis Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Facilitated-voluntary geographic information (f-VGI) is a promising method to enable systematic collection of data from residents about their physical and social environment. The method capitalizes on ubiquitous mobile smartphones to empower collection of geospatially-referenced data. It is important to evaluate the validity of user-generated content for use in research or program planning. The purpose of this study was to test whether the aggregated environmental (“bikeability”) ratings from novice community residents converges with ratings from experts using a robust research-based, paper audit-tool (the established Pedestrian Environment Data Scan (PEDS) tool). Equivalence testing statistically showed overall agreement between the composite ratings of ...


Big Data And Adolescent Play In Public Space, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff May 2017

Big Data And Adolescent Play In Public Space, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Significant strides have been made through design and policy on “youth rights to the city” toward improve young people’s health and wellbeing outcomes. However, adolescents, especially minorities, are frequently confronted with institutionalized disparities as they are denied access to participate in urban, public space, through policy (e.g., posted ‘no loitering’ placards), policy implementation (e.g., police profiling and monitoring), and physical barriers (e.g., skate stops). The current situation has led to a lack of adequate data to support design and policy to improve youth outcomes because: 1. only within the past decade have young people been recognized ...


Engaging Youth Rights To The City Through Diy Skateparks, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff May 2017

Engaging Youth Rights To The City Through Diy Skateparks, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Concrete is plastic when wet, brittle before it cures, course without polishing or wax, cheap, readily available, easy to mix, and easily demolished. The paper presentation will unveil how a group of skaters and non-skaters, young people and young adults, failed and eventually triumphed to create the first public skate park in the City of New Orleans.


Simulation-Based Sensitivity Analysis Of Future Climate Scenario Impact On Residential Weatherization Initiatives In The Us Midwest, Charvi Jagani, Ulrike Passe May 2017

Simulation-Based Sensitivity Analysis Of Future Climate Scenario Impact On Residential Weatherization Initiatives In The Us Midwest, Charvi Jagani, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The existing building stock in countries across the world is designed to shelter against the current typical climate conditions. It may not be prepared to counter the possible extreme climate conditions of the 21st century. Based on the projections for the typical climatic conditions in the future, this project is simulating the energy consumption of a neighborhood in the US Midwest that is scalable to a city. Traditional building energy simulation programs mostly take into consideration – the location, weather, construction materials, type of use and occupancy. They do not, however, effectively simulate group of buildings or a neighborhood altogether. We ...


Mobile Diagnostic Lab (Mdl)—Research Environment For Enhancing Energy Efficiency In Building Science, Kaylinn Taggart, Laura Michaelson Apr 2017

Mobile Diagnostic Lab (Mdl)—Research Environment For Enhancing Energy Efficiency In Building Science, Kaylinn Taggart, Laura Michaelson

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

The Mobile Diagnostic Lab is an interdisciplinary research project which will provide a space to explore energy efficiency through experimentation. With the use of the weather station, the opportunity to study micro-environments in different locations. Construction is currently taking place and is set to be completed by the end of this spring semester. The project designs allow for interchangeable materials to observe how it might affect the HVAC and other systems within the structure. The design has one experimental space separated from the mechanical space to allow for further exploration. MDL presents a unique space where researchers will be able ...