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Articles 1 - 30 of 974

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Making Nature Present: Frank Lloyd Wright’S Magazine House In Iowa, Daniel J. Naegele Oct 2019

Making Nature Present: Frank Lloyd Wright’S Magazine House In Iowa, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

In 1945, as the war in Europe came to an end, popular press journals throughout America featured designs for houses to be built rapidly and inexpensively for returning solider and their future families. Frank Lloyd Wright, at the time seventy-eight years old, understood this need as an opportunity to populate the nation with his novel design for what he called "the little American house". Wright believed the domestic environment should be "organic" and "natural" and that each house, no matter how small, should be custom-fitted to its site. But the great demand for houses suggested they not be custom-fitted to ...


Trumping Development: Selective Delinking And Coercive Governmentality In Us–Africa Relations, Francis Owusu, Ricardo Reboredo, Padraig Carmody Oct 2019

Trumping Development: Selective Delinking And Coercive Governmentality In Us–Africa Relations, Francis Owusu, Ricardo Reboredo, Padraig Carmody

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Globalization is one of the most important socioeconomic processes of recent decades, but it has elicited a reactionary backlash in some countries, leading to calls for reform. President Trump's rise to power in the United States and his determination to rewrite his country's involvement in globalization have brought substantial changes to foreign policy, including the US–Africa relationship. His administration's policies appear undeveloped, but we can determine distinct trends and tendencies. This article examines the effects of these policies on Africa to argue that they go beyond a return to the benign neglect shown by many US ...


Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera Jun 2019

Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

Puerto Rico was devastated by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017. Due to a delayed and insufficient official response from the local and federal governments and other aid agencies, the effects are still crippling more than a year after the event. When official response networks failed, communities often engaged in informal reconstruction processes to facilitate their recovery. This research seeks to explain why certain communities were effective in reconstructing on their own and uses social capital theory as the theoretical framework. This study was conducted in four municipalities in Puerto Rico (Adjuntas, Barranquitas, Loíza, and Utuado). A mixed methods approach ...


Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt May 2019

Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper presents a novel approach to modeling housing recovery through the formulation of recovery-based fragility functions built on empirical data collected longitudinally after a recent flood disaster. Previous community resilience frameworks have not addressed social and economic considerations in engineering-based recovery modeling. In doing so, this work takes an important step forward, advancing the use of probability and statistics in civil engineering applications and facilitating their role in interdisciplinary analysis of post-disaster recovery. To address community housing recovery after a flood event, two recovery-based limit states were analyzed: repair completion and re-occupancy. Two least squares regression models identified the ...


Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. Van De Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh May 2019

Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. Van De Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

In order to better understand community resilience following a disaster, a multidisciplinary research team from the Center of Excellence (CoE) for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) jointly conducted a series of longitudinal field studies in the U.S. city of Lumberton, North Carolina following major flooding from Hurricane Matthew (2016). Damage surveys on structures and interviews with households were conducted during the first field study to explore physical, economic, and social impacts of major riverine flooding on this small, tri-racial community. This paper is focused on damage to housing and subsequent household ...


The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur Apr 2019

The Impact Of Trees On Passive Survivability During Extreme Heat Events In Warm And Humid Regions, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Boshun Gao, Breanna L. Marmur

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Communities are increasingly affected by excessive heat. The likelihood of extreme heat events is predicted to increase in the Midwest region of the United States. By mid-century (2036–2065), one year out of 10 is projected to have a 5-day period that is 13°F warmer than a comparable earlier period (1976–2005). The frequency of high humidity/dew point days (“extra moist tropical air mass days,” MT++ synoptic climate classification system) has also increased significantly during a similar period (1975–2010) and between 2010 and 2014 included 8 of 26 heat events. This impact is exacerbated by the fact ...


Plant Ethics Or An Environment For The Birth Of A New Human? An Exploration In Radical Ethics For Sustainable Architecture., Andrea S. Wheeler Mar 2019

Plant Ethics Or An Environment For The Birth Of A New Human? An Exploration In Radical Ethics For Sustainable Architecture., Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper critically examines literature concerned with an ethics in the multiplicity of different approaches to the design of sustainable architecture. Sustainable design theorists commonly argue for the need to perceive the world differently, to find new ways to live, to create new values to replace old: questions of ethics are implicit in such explorations.


Interdisciplinary Research Into Architecture And Music: An Evaluation Of Acoustic Performance Of A Selection Of Spaces And Of Materials, Boram Kim Jan 2019

Interdisciplinary Research Into Architecture And Music: An Evaluation Of Acoustic Performance Of A Selection Of Spaces And Of Materials, Boram Kim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the acoustic comforts of different occupational building types and investigates the combination of building elements, especially focusing on building layout and materials that are considered significant sources of unwanted sound. A major part of the thesis relies on a series of sound pressure (decibel) measurements in three distinctive occupational types: residential, educational, and theater buildings on the Iowa State University campus, and evaluates them with the current standard of allowable sound levels. In addition, this thesis analyzes the existing spatial and material strategies of the three types. The selected materials and their acoustic qualities will be investigated ...


Transit Proximity And Affordable Housing Investments: Application Of Hedonic Model In Des Moines, Iowa, Rakibul Ahasan Jan 2019

Transit Proximity And Affordable Housing Investments: Application Of Hedonic Model In Des Moines, Iowa, Rakibul Ahasan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the relationship between investments in affordable housing by a non-profit organization (Greater Des Moines Habitat for Humanity- GDMH), proximity to public transit and housing prices in the City of Des Moines, in 2000 and 2018. The hypotheses were: the closer the residential unit is to the GDMH housing investment, the higher the housing price in the surroundings of the residential unit; and the closer the residential unit is to public transit stop, the lower the housing price in the surroundings of the residential unit. The Hedonic model was used with 2000 and 2018 housing prices as dependent ...


Recovery Challenges Of Public Housing Residents After Disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina After Hurricane Matthew, Sayma Khajehei Jan 2019

Recovery Challenges Of Public Housing Residents After Disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina After Hurricane Matthew, Sayma Khajehei

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Social vulnerability acknowledges that social structures shape disaster vulnerabilities and recovery outcomes. Public housing residents are one of the most socially vulnerable people that experience significant losses in disasters. Many factors, such as lower income and limited access to information, cause a delay in the housing recovery of public housing tenants. To explore these challenges, I examined the disaster impacts and recovery of public housing units in Lumberton, North Carolina, following the floods induced by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. This research is a part of an interdisciplinary recovery-based field study conducted by the Center of Excellence for Community Resilience Planning ...


A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe Jan 2019

A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Occupants’ presence and activity schedules directly influence residential energy consumption loads. Regardless of their widely acknowledged importance, developing proper representative occupancy inputs for urban energy use studies of residential neighborhoods remains to be a challenge to overcome. The presented work aims to balance between accuracy and complexity of such occupancy models by developing a technique that takes advantage of a previously proposed sophisticated method for schedule generation and attempts to refine and simplify its results for practicality purposes.

Here, we used a Markov chain transition probability matrix based on the American Time-Use Survey (ATUS) database and selectively refined its outputs ...


Naegele's Guide To The Only Good Architecture In Iowa, Daniel Joseph Naegele Jan 2019

Naegele's Guide To The Only Good Architecture In Iowa, Daniel Joseph Naegele

Architecture Books

Naegele’s Guide to the Only Good Architecture in Iowa is a deceptive title but it is not a misnomer. Guide is accurate. Iowa is fairly accurate. Naegele’s is there because this is a personal account, one that makes no attempt to be unbiased. Naegele’s qualifies Good, “good” being not absolute but contingent and personal and therefore a very questionable qualifier. Only is the title’s difficult word. “Only Good Architecture in Iowa” suggests that architecture is a scarce commodity in Iowa, a suggestion with which Naegele would agree if by “architecture” one means high architecture.

By Architecture ...


Domesticity + Queer Semiotics In The Aesthetic Movement, Collin Douglas Powell Jan 2019

Domesticity + Queer Semiotics In The Aesthetic Movement, Collin Douglas Powell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the economic, social, and semiotic landscape surrounding the Aesthetic Movement in Britain that aided in the birth of what may be one of the first expressions of a recognizable queer sub-culture: namely a culture of queer domesticity in the nascent modern movement. This research argue that this queer expression was hidden in plain sight, deftly embedded into the complex construction of the late nineteenth-century interior, in a meta-language of objects and materiality that was symbolic and readable. Erwin Panofsky’s studies of iconography and iconology, as well as Pierre Bourdieu’s theories of taste and social class-stratification ...


Design And Development Of Cellulose Based Composites For The Built Environment, Melvin Glenn Veigas Jan 2019

Design And Development Of Cellulose Based Composites For The Built Environment, Melvin Glenn Veigas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cellulose is a versatile material with numerous contemporary applications in textiles, food, and biomaterials. Contemporary research is focused on modifying the structural and thermal properties of cellulose to create novel composites with cellulose nano-crystals, lignocellulosic pulp, and foamed cellulose to name a few. Significant advances have been made in improving the properties of cellulose. Adding aligned cellulose nano-fibers to concrete to improve its mechanical properties or combining with polymers for better durability can lead to new applications specifically in design and construction. These new forms of cellulose through optimization and combination with other materials provide opportunities for reducing material usage ...


Impact Of The Decentralization Reform On The Quality Of Local Public Services In Ukraine, Daria Kuznetsova Jan 2019

Impact Of The Decentralization Reform On The Quality Of Local Public Services In Ukraine, Daria Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Decentralization, the transfer of authorities from the central government to local governments, tends to impact the performance of local authorities. These impacts are felt through changes in the allocation of revenue patterns, improvements to the quality of, and access to, public services, and relocation of decision-making to a local level. The ongoing decentralization reform in Ukraine simultaneously features administrative, fiscal and political decentralization of power. It is expected that the reform will facilitate community development and improve quality of life by empowering the lowest levels of government. This study analyzes changes in the quality of public services in the cities ...


Planning And Provision Of Public Infrastructure: A Case Study Of Drainage Canals In Tema, Ghana, Kwadwo Gyan Jan 2019

Planning And Provision Of Public Infrastructure: A Case Study Of Drainage Canals In Tema, Ghana, Kwadwo Gyan

Creative Components

Rapid urbanization is a threat to the efficient and proactive provision of basic urban infrastructure. Nonetheless, existing formal regulations and design standards in Ghanaian cities are often outmoded, too expensive, cumbersome to implement and inconsistent with the incremental urban development practices that are prevalent. In response, many urban residents have resorted to self-financing and -provision of their basic infrastructure based on their resource capacities- time, money, and labor. The report explores this situation in Tema, a Ghanaian city with both planned and unplanned neighborhoods, with a focus on its drainage systems. The study addresses the broader question: How are drainage ...


For Sale Or Rent: Preventing Demolition By Neglect In Iowa's Downtowns, Dustin Lee Ingram Jan 2019

For Sale Or Rent: Preventing Demolition By Neglect In Iowa's Downtowns, Dustin Lee Ingram

Creative Components

The National Trust for Historic Preservation describes demolition by neglect as “an epidemic within historic areas and a challenging issue for state and local authorities.” For small towns in social and economic distress, downtown buildings present opportunities for community renewal given their historic and cultural importance, yet it is in these towns where building neglect often results in nuisance-laden commercial districts and the demolition of built assets. The State of Iowa recognized the pervasiveness of this problem by offering financial assistance to cities with competitive applications, but this alone is not a remedy. Through participant observation and the Community Capitals ...


Leave Your Trace: A Community Approach To Artistic Placemaking On Trails, Rosie M. Manzo Jan 2019

Leave Your Trace: A Community Approach To Artistic Placemaking On Trails, Rosie M. Manzo

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Impacts Of The Ywca Wausau Using Ripple Effects Mapping, Brittany Vanden Langenberg Jan 2019

Evaluating The Impacts Of The Ywca Wausau Using Ripple Effects Mapping, Brittany Vanden Langenberg

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Fostering Sustainable Communities Through Community Engagement; A Template For Community Engaged Green Stormwater Infrastructure Planning, Mahsa Adib Jan 2019

Fostering Sustainable Communities Through Community Engagement; A Template For Community Engaged Green Stormwater Infrastructure Planning, Mahsa Adib

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Connecting The Nodes: A Better Relationship Between Transit-Oriented Development And Pedestrian Connectivity, Tanvi Halde Jan 2019

Connecting The Nodes: A Better Relationship Between Transit-Oriented Development And Pedestrian Connectivity, Tanvi Halde

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of The Main Street 4-Point Approach In The Community Of Marion, Alabama, John C. Joiner Jan 2019

Evaluation Of The Main Street 4-Point Approach In The Community Of Marion, Alabama, John C. Joiner

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Community-Based Museum Ecologies: Public Doors And Windows And Les Nouveaux Commanditaires (‘The New Patrons’), Mark W. Rectanus Jan 2019

Community-Based Museum Ecologies: Public Doors And Windows And Les Nouveaux Commanditaires (‘The New Patrons’), Mark W. Rectanus

World Languages and Cultures Publications

A growing number of artist-led initiatives and para-institutional organizations are creating community-based projects that signal the emergence of alternative museum ecologies. This article will examine two initiatives, Public Doors and Windows (PDW) and Les Nouveaux Commanditaires (NC) (‘The New Patrons’) that reflect a diverse range of practices that contribute to, or create, museum ecologies outside the physical and conceptual spaces of museums. These museum ecologies also contribute to discourses on the participatory museum and intersect with experiments in community engagement and social practice. Although they may have distinct conceptual points of departure, the diverse institutional platforms and initiatives of PDW ...


Investigating The Relationship Between Built Environment Infrastructure (Sidewalks) And Community Physical Activity And Health In A Small Town In Rural Iowa, Linda Johanson Jan 2019

Investigating The Relationship Between Built Environment Infrastructure (Sidewalks) And Community Physical Activity And Health In A Small Town In Rural Iowa, Linda Johanson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The major chronic diseases, cardiovascular disease (heart attack and stroke), diabetes, arthritis, and some cancers, are the leading cause of disability and death in the United States (U.S.). Overweight and obesity, highest in the U.S. South and Midwest, the location of this study, are the primary risk factors for the two most prevalent chronic diseases, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which along with the other chronic diseases generate 75% to 85% of the nation’s health care costs each year.

Studies have found people who engage in regular physical activity report reduced incidence of overweight and obesity and ...


Brewing Up Community: Exploring The Potential Of Cooperative Breweries For Community Development, Lindsay Henderson Jan 2019

Brewing Up Community: Exploring The Potential Of Cooperative Breweries For Community Development, Lindsay Henderson

Creative Components

This report considers a simple question: Can a cooperatively-owned brewery help build local social infrastructure and contribute to economic resiliency? As microbreweries continue to grow in popularity and take an increasing total market share of the beer industry in the U.S., more communities are seeking to attract this amenity, not just for the economic boost, but because breweries serve as symbols for vital communities both large and small. Rural communities enjoy substantial benefits from breweries, which provide a basis for tourism and a desirable amenity that helps to attract potential residents. The cooperative model offers the potential for more ...


Development Of A Modelling Framework For Refined Residential Occupancy Schedules, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe Jan 2019

Development Of A Modelling Framework For Refined Residential Occupancy Schedules, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Occupancy schedules are a leading source of uncertainty in building energy simulations. This uncertainty often results in an undesired gap between actual performance and predictions. Past efforts to develop more proper occupancy behavioural models have often been either oversimplified and hence underestimating or more precise but simply too complicated to become common practice. This study is an effort to find a balance between complexity and accuracy among the aforementioned models for the sole purpose of energy use studies in the context of residential neighbourhoods. We start with a probabilistic occupancy model based on the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) and ...


'Implementing Street Addressing System In An Evolving Urban Center. A Case Study Of The Kumasi Metropolitan Area In Ghana', Kwasi Abebrese Jan 2019

'Implementing Street Addressing System In An Evolving Urban Center. A Case Study Of The Kumasi Metropolitan Area In Ghana', Kwasi Abebrese

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The need for a functional addressing system is increasingly becoming critical for the management of the rapid growing cities in developing countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa, where most cities lack a comprehensive and standardized addressing system. This can be attributed in part to rapid urbanization and increased globalization which has resulted in greater integration of people, cities, companies and regions. Moreover, the advancement in geo-spatial technologies and location-based applications also underscore the need for a standardized addressing system. The lack of efficient and standardized addressing system in such cities hinders urban planning as it impedes the delivery of urban ...


Residential Biophilia: Creating A Nature Based Home For Better Psychological Health, Laura Ann Dammarell Jan 2019

Residential Biophilia: Creating A Nature Based Home For Better Psychological Health, Laura Ann Dammarell

Creative Components

There is a rise in stress in the modern world and therefore a rise in anxiety and depression. We evolved in nature but as we further evolve so does technology that is taking over our lives. Using nature in interior design can give us a link back to nature and a bridge back to better psychological health. Through combining research and studies that focus on the effects of nature, natural light, vistas, plants, smells, sound as well as color texture and finishes we can have a positive and lasing effect on individuals in the home suffering from anxiety and depression ...


Walkability And The Aging Population: A Best Practice Manual For Small Community, Jaydevsinh Kiritsinh Atodaria Jan 2019

Walkability And The Aging Population: A Best Practice Manual For Small Community, Jaydevsinh Kiritsinh Atodaria

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl Dec 2018

Sensing The City: Legibility In The Context Of Mediated Spatial Terrains, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Smartphones, with their “pervasive presence” in contact with our bodies, have come to act as sensory prosthetics that mediate our experience of the city. They activate new possibilities of navigating the urban, such that we can find exactly what we want, rather than what has been placed before us. This article argues that smartphone technologies produce a more fluid engagement with urban space: where space is not so much “given” as “enacted.” In this context, notions of “legibility” take on new algorithmic and virtual forms. Thus, according to Hamilton and colleagues, where “the legible city waited to be read, the ...