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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Impact Of The Decentralization Reform On The Quality Of Local Public Services In Ukraine, Daria Kuznetsova Jan 2019

Impact Of The Decentralization Reform On The Quality Of Local Public Services In Ukraine, Daria Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Decentralization, the transfer of authorities from the central government to local governments, tends to impact the performance of local authorities. These impacts are felt through changes in the allocation of revenue patterns, improvements to the quality of, and access to, public services, and relocation of decision-making to a local level. The ongoing decentralization reform in Ukraine simultaneously features administrative, fiscal and political decentralization of power. It is expected that the reform will facilitate community development and improve quality of life by empowering the lowest levels of government. This study analyzes changes in the quality of public services in the cities ...


Recovery Challenges Of Public Housing Residents After Disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina After Hurricane Matthew, Sayma Khajehei Jan 2019

Recovery Challenges Of Public Housing Residents After Disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina After Hurricane Matthew, Sayma Khajehei

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Social vulnerability acknowledges that social structures shape disaster vulnerabilities and recovery outcomes. Public housing residents are one of the most socially vulnerable people that experience significant losses in disasters. Many factors, such as lower income and limited access to information, cause a delay in the housing recovery of public housing tenants. To explore these challenges, I examined the disaster impacts and recovery of public housing units in Lumberton, North Carolina, following the floods induced by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. This research is a part of an interdisciplinary recovery-based field study conducted by the Center of Excellence for Community Resilience Planning ...


'Implementing Street Addressing System In An Evolving Urban Center. A Case Study Of The Kumasi Metropolitan Area In Ghana', Kwasi Abebrese Jan 2019

'Implementing Street Addressing System In An Evolving Urban Center. A Case Study Of The Kumasi Metropolitan Area In Ghana', Kwasi Abebrese

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The need for a functional addressing system is increasingly becoming critical for the management of the rapid growing cities in developing countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa, where most cities lack a comprehensive and standardized addressing system. This can be attributed in part to rapid urbanization and increased globalization which has resulted in greater integration of people, cities, companies and regions. Moreover, the advancement in geo-spatial technologies and location-based applications also underscore the need for a standardized addressing system. The lack of efficient and standardized addressing system in such cities hinders urban planning as it impedes the delivery of urban ...


Transit Proximity And Affordable Housing Investments: Application Of Hedonic Model In Des Moines, Iowa, Rakibul Ahasan Jan 2019

Transit Proximity And Affordable Housing Investments: Application Of Hedonic Model In Des Moines, Iowa, Rakibul Ahasan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the relationship between investments in affordable housing by a non-profit organization (Greater Des Moines Habitat for Humanity- GDMH), proximity to public transit and housing prices in the City of Des Moines, in 2000 and 2018. The hypotheses were: the closer the residential unit is to the GDMH housing investment, the higher the housing price in the surroundings of the residential unit; and the closer the residential unit is to public transit stop, the lower the housing price in the surroundings of the residential unit. The Hedonic model was used with 2000 and 2018 housing prices as dependent ...


Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar Jan 2017

Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Within any urban setting, the public space has always reflected the city’s social, economic, cultural, and environmental well-being. In the broader discussion of urban environmental sustainability, however, there has been a pronounced dualism and an implicit hierarchy of value when looking at the city-ecology paradigm. This corresponds to the political-social, human- nature and especially subject-object divides within the perspectives on the sustainability of urban public spaces. I associate this divide and the subsequent domination of pedagogies that lack feminist approaches in analyzing qualitative aspects like experience, well-being, and equity. Do public spaces belong to women and nature? Do women ...


The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman Jan 2016

The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Suburbia and the American Dream have long, complex history in the United States. As the visual manifestation of the American Dream since the mid-twenty first century, suburbia has been criticized for being placeless, unhealthy, discriminatory, and wasteful. Alternative development methods have been created to combat the growth of suburban sprawl to create “places worth caring about” (Kunstler, 2007). This research study, through the methodology of oral history, uses in-depth interviews and morphological study to continue the narrative of suburbia and the American Dream as it exists in two alternative developments in Central Iowa: Prairie Trail in Ankeny and Glynn Village ...


Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage Jan 2015

Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities are increasingly responding to zoning regulations that act as a barrier to the practice of urban agriculture activities. While there has been some case-study research on municipalities engaging in large urban agriculture policy efforts, a framework for analyzing urban agriculture ordinances on a national scale has not yet been established. This research is an exploratory analysis of the motivations for urban agriculture ordinance adoption utilizing a theoretical framework of neoliberalism to understand the potential for urban agriculture to be used either as a tool to reinforce or alter neoliberal structures. Responses from 34 municipalities throughout the United States that ...


An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester Jan 2015

An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Story County, Iowa, has the highest rate of food insecurity (15.2%) in the state (12.7%). As a result of this large need, the county has responded by creating 16 private food pantries and one soup kitchen. Many people, however, require both public (e.g. SNAP, WIC, TEFAP, and School Lunch/Breakfast Program) and private assistance, indicating the depth of food insecurity is great. As a result of this growing demand for private emergency food to supplement public food assistance programming, questions emerge about the effectiveness of this approach. Thus, an exploratory case study looking at three scales of ...


Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh Jan 2015

Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Post World War II, technological and political factors prioritized economic efficiency in food production, distribution and access. Although this currently delivers benefits such as the doubling of caloric production and food availability despite geographic constraints, the food system is becoming implicated both directly and indirectly with a host of environmental and social issues.

This thesis re-frames food system issues as "wicked problems" (Buchanan, 1992, 15) and develops a framework of design tactics . The framework is used as a matrix for analyzing past and current theory and practice based design approaches that engage the food system and two university food systems ...


An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study of travel behavior is one of the key areas in the field of transportation planning. However, there is has been limited research on the travel behavior of university population. With the help of analyzing the travel behavior of university population including students and employees, this study attempts to answer the following questions: (i) what are the modal choices of the students and employees in a rural university setting? (ii) how employees and university students from the same university are different in terms of travel behavior? (iii) what are the influencing factors or determinants of the travel pattern of ...


"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson Jan 2014

"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The politics and practice of planning exurban areas in the United States has been a major focus of debate since the 1950s. Urban growth management and more recently smart growth have arisen in response to the sprawling forms of development that are characteristic of most North American cities. While these movements represent the development of a broad set of tools for directing growth and preserving agriculturally and biologically important land, political and institutional barriers to their implementation remain strong. A more robust understanding of the political environment in which plans with strong growth management are enacted and implemented is necessary ...


Green Roof Biodiversity In Design: Influence Of Local And Contextual Attributes On Bird Usage, Henry Narigon Jan 2013

Green Roof Biodiversity In Design: Influence Of Local And Contextual Attributes On Bird Usage, Henry Narigon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This purpose of this research is to identify how species of birds use urban green roofs in Iowa with the intent to eventually develop a set of guidelines for optimizing habitat on green roofs. Ten green roofs were observed for bird usage five times each between May to August, 2013 for a total of fifty observations. Birds were identified by species and their behavior was recorded during the duration of the observations. Data shows that birds use green roofs for a number of uses including foraging and gathering nest material. Bird diversity data was then compared with both green roof ...


Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling Jan 2012

Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Analyses of traffic accidents are often focused on the characteristics of the accident event and hence do not take into account the broader neighborhood contexts in which accidents are located. This thesis seeks to extend empirical analyses of accidents by understanding the link between accidents and their surroundings. The case study for this thesis is Hillsborough County, Florida, within which the city of Tampa is located. The Tampa Bay region ranks very high in terms of accident rates within U.S. metropolitan areas and is also characterized by transport policies which favor private automobiles over mass transit options, making it ...


Local Food Access In Inner Cities: Integrated Research Through: Comparison Study, Literature Review, Case Studies And Design Implementation, Courtney Allison Long Jan 2012

Local Food Access In Inner Cities: Integrated Research Through: Comparison Study, Literature Review, Case Studies And Design Implementation, Courtney Allison Long

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research suggests a strategy to address a difficult challenge: self-sustainability and the promotion of increasing the availability and accessibility of local food. This strategy has the opportunity to bring nutritious meals into our homes, place money into our local economies and promote self-sustaining communities. This study examines literature and case studies involving both primary and secondary sources. Cities and their local food programs were examined by travel within Havana, Cuba, and Kansas City, Missouri, and a field research study in Des Moines, Iowa. The study presents models that address urban agriculture, food accessibility, and design implementations to improve local ...


Emergent Morphogenetic Design Strategies, Dawn Gunter May 2010

Emergent Morphogenetic Design Strategies, Dawn Gunter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Emergent morphogenetic designs provide a superior architectural response to programmatic, technical, structural, environmental and spatial requirements that conventional unit based architectural forms are too inflexible to fully address.

Architecture has reached an exciting stage in its development, where structures are attempting to behave more like nature, which does not function as a static state, but as a complex grouping of symbiotic processes which are constantly evolving to adapt to environmental changes.

Digital fabrication and materials engineering have promoted an explosion in formal architectural typologies. By utilizing these digital tools and enhanced materials to embrace a morphogenetic design strategy, architecture can ...


Ac/Dc: Let There Be Hybrid Cooling, Christopher Podes May 2010

Ac/Dc: Let There Be Hybrid Cooling, Christopher Podes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In today’s increasingly energy conscious society, the methods of providing thermal comfort to humans are constantly under scrutiny. Depending on the climate, and the comfort requirements of the occupants, buildings can be designed to heat and cool occupants with passive methods, as well as mechanical methods. In the subtropics, where buildings often need to be heated in the winter and cooled in the summer, a synthesis of these two methods would be ideal. However, there is a disconnect between the integration of passive cooling and mechanical air conditioning, in subtropical architecture.

A study of user attitudes, based out of ...


Wayfinding In Architecture, Jason Brandon Abrams Apr 2010

Wayfinding In Architecture, Jason Brandon Abrams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In many of today’s modern educational institutions, architects have designed spaces that are disconnected and difficult for users to navigate. The underdevelopment of directional guides more accurately describes common issues of wayfinding. Wayfinding is a term used to describe user experience and orientation within an environmental context. When accomplished successfully, wayfinding contains order and simplicity achieved through five hierarchical components including; point of reference, location of information, determining a path to take, maintaining that path, and access or denial of the path chosen.

Currently, the Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam, a design institution of higher learning, lacks the components necessary ...


Livable Streets: Establishing Social Place Through A Walkable Intervention, Jeffrey T. Flositz Feb 2010

Livable Streets: Establishing Social Place Through A Walkable Intervention, Jeffrey T. Flositz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Some streets tend to lack a social sense of place. Since the invention of the automotive assembly line and post World War II development, street designs have shifted from centering around people and social situations to vehicular traffi c solutions. Streets are typically not thought of as social places, but rather as a means to effi ciently move automotive traffi c. The environment of these unlivable streets discourages social interaction. The majority of buildings are disconnected from the street with often nothing more than a parking lot.

A new model of streets is necessary, one that transforms streets into places ...