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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Impact Of The Decentralization Reform On The Quality Of Local Public Services In Ukraine, Daria Kuznetsova Jan 2019

Impact Of The Decentralization Reform On The Quality Of Local Public Services In Ukraine, Daria Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Decentralization, the transfer of authorities from the central government to local governments, tends to impact the performance of local authorities. These impacts are felt through changes in the allocation of revenue patterns, improvements to the quality of, and access to, public services, and relocation of decision-making to a local level. The ongoing decentralization reform in Ukraine simultaneously features administrative, fiscal and political decentralization of power. It is expected that the reform will facilitate community development and improve quality of life by empowering the lowest levels of government. This study analyzes changes in the quality of public services in the cities ...


Recovery Challenges Of Public Housing Residents After Disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina After Hurricane Matthew, Sayma Khajehei Jan 2019

Recovery Challenges Of Public Housing Residents After Disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina After Hurricane Matthew, Sayma Khajehei

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Social vulnerability acknowledges that social structures shape disaster vulnerabilities and recovery outcomes. Public housing residents are one of the most socially vulnerable people that experience significant losses in disasters. Many factors, such as lower income and limited access to information, cause a delay in the housing recovery of public housing tenants. To explore these challenges, I examined the disaster impacts and recovery of public housing units in Lumberton, North Carolina, following the floods induced by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. This research is a part of an interdisciplinary recovery-based field study conducted by the Center of Excellence for Community Resilience Planning ...


'Implementing Street Addressing System In An Evolving Urban Center. A Case Study Of The Kumasi Metropolitan Area In Ghana', Kwasi Abebrese Jan 2019

'Implementing Street Addressing System In An Evolving Urban Center. A Case Study Of The Kumasi Metropolitan Area In Ghana', Kwasi Abebrese

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The need for a functional addressing system is increasingly becoming critical for the management of the rapid growing cities in developing countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa, where most cities lack a comprehensive and standardized addressing system. This can be attributed in part to rapid urbanization and increased globalization which has resulted in greater integration of people, cities, companies and regions. Moreover, the advancement in geo-spatial technologies and location-based applications also underscore the need for a standardized addressing system. The lack of efficient and standardized addressing system in such cities hinders urban planning as it impedes the delivery of urban ...


Transit Proximity And Affordable Housing Investments: Application Of Hedonic Model In Des Moines, Iowa, Rakibul Ahasan Jan 2019

Transit Proximity And Affordable Housing Investments: Application Of Hedonic Model In Des Moines, Iowa, Rakibul Ahasan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the relationship between investments in affordable housing by a non-profit organization (Greater Des Moines Habitat for Humanity- GDMH), proximity to public transit and housing prices in the City of Des Moines, in 2000 and 2018. The hypotheses were: the closer the residential unit is to the GDMH housing investment, the higher the housing price in the surroundings of the residential unit; and the closer the residential unit is to public transit stop, the lower the housing price in the surroundings of the residential unit. The Hedonic model was used with 2000 and 2018 housing prices as dependent ...


Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe Sep 2017

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

The main goal of this paper is to present the conceptual framework for engaging youth in urban planning activities that simultaneously create locally meaningful positive change. The framework for engaging youth interlinks the use of IT tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), agent-based modelling (ABM), online serious games, and mobile participatory geographic information systems with map-based storytelling and action projects. We summarize the elements of our framework and the first results gained in the program Community Growers established in a neighbourhood community of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, USA. We conclude the paper with a discussion and future ...


Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Jan 2017

Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

This paper presents the methods and preliminary results gained in geographic information systems (GIS)-based participatory activities designed to engage youth in urban planning. We describe our engagement framework that integrates such pervasive IT tools as GIS, online serious games, agent-based modeling, and mobile participatory GIS into engagement strategies that tap into what we see as the storytelling capabilities of these tools. We show how these methods help citizens, in our case youth, assume leadership roles and take positive, tangible actions in their communities. This paper summarizes the elements of our framework and the initial results of a program called ...


Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar Jan 2017

Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Within any urban setting, the public space has always reflected the city’s social, economic, cultural, and environmental well-being. In the broader discussion of urban environmental sustainability, however, there has been a pronounced dualism and an implicit hierarchy of value when looking at the city-ecology paradigm. This corresponds to the political-social, human- nature and especially subject-object divides within the perspectives on the sustainability of urban public spaces. I associate this divide and the subsequent domination of pedagogies that lack feminist approaches in analyzing qualitative aspects like experience, well-being, and equity. Do public spaces belong to women and nature? Do women ...


The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman Jan 2016

The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Suburbia and the American Dream have long, complex history in the United States. As the visual manifestation of the American Dream since the mid-twenty first century, suburbia has been criticized for being placeless, unhealthy, discriminatory, and wasteful. Alternative development methods have been created to combat the growth of suburban sprawl to create “places worth caring about” (Kunstler, 2007). This research study, through the methodology of oral history, uses in-depth interviews and morphological study to continue the narrative of suburbia and the American Dream as it exists in two alternative developments in Central Iowa: Prairie Trail in Ankeny and Glynn Village ...


Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage Jan 2015

Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities are increasingly responding to zoning regulations that act as a barrier to the practice of urban agriculture activities. While there has been some case-study research on municipalities engaging in large urban agriculture policy efforts, a framework for analyzing urban agriculture ordinances on a national scale has not yet been established. This research is an exploratory analysis of the motivations for urban agriculture ordinance adoption utilizing a theoretical framework of neoliberalism to understand the potential for urban agriculture to be used either as a tool to reinforce or alter neoliberal structures. Responses from 34 municipalities throughout the United States that ...


An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester Jan 2015

An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Story County, Iowa, has the highest rate of food insecurity (15.2%) in the state (12.7%). As a result of this large need, the county has responded by creating 16 private food pantries and one soup kitchen. Many people, however, require both public (e.g. SNAP, WIC, TEFAP, and School Lunch/Breakfast Program) and private assistance, indicating the depth of food insecurity is great. As a result of this growing demand for private emergency food to supplement public food assistance programming, questions emerge about the effectiveness of this approach. Thus, an exploratory case study looking at three scales of ...


Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh Jan 2015

Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Post World War II, technological and political factors prioritized economic efficiency in food production, distribution and access. Although this currently delivers benefits such as the doubling of caloric production and food availability despite geographic constraints, the food system is becoming implicated both directly and indirectly with a host of environmental and social issues.

This thesis re-frames food system issues as "wicked problems" (Buchanan, 1992, 15) and develops a framework of design tactics . The framework is used as a matrix for analyzing past and current theory and practice based design approaches that engage the food system and two university food systems ...


An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study of travel behavior is one of the key areas in the field of transportation planning. However, there is has been limited research on the travel behavior of university population. With the help of analyzing the travel behavior of university population including students and employees, this study attempts to answer the following questions: (i) what are the modal choices of the students and employees in a rural university setting? (ii) how employees and university students from the same university are different in terms of travel behavior? (iii) what are the influencing factors or determinants of the travel pattern of ...


"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson Jan 2014

"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The politics and practice of planning exurban areas in the United States has been a major focus of debate since the 1950s. Urban growth management and more recently smart growth have arisen in response to the sprawling forms of development that are characteristic of most North American cities. While these movements represent the development of a broad set of tools for directing growth and preserving agriculturally and biologically important land, political and institutional barriers to their implementation remain strong. A more robust understanding of the political environment in which plans with strong growth management are enacted and implemented is necessary ...


Implementing A Revenue Authority Model Of Tax Administration In Ghana: An Organizational Learning Perspective, Frank L. Kwaku Ohemeng, Francis Owusu May 2013

Implementing A Revenue Authority Model Of Tax Administration In Ghana: An Organizational Learning Perspective, Frank L. Kwaku Ohemeng, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The desire to increase domestic revenue mobilization has made tax reform a priority for governments in many developing countries. Addressing the tax problem, however, is often a complex process that involves reforming the tax system, as well as setting up effective administrative structures to administer that system. Many see the revenue authority (RA) model as the solution to these problems. Developing an RA model in Ghana began in the mid 1980s; it was not, however, fully operational and integrated until 2010. Using social learning theory, we argue that Ghana’s successful readoption of the RA model can be attributed to ...


Green Roof Biodiversity In Design: Influence Of Local And Contextual Attributes On Bird Usage, Henry Narigon Jan 2013

Green Roof Biodiversity In Design: Influence Of Local And Contextual Attributes On Bird Usage, Henry Narigon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This purpose of this research is to identify how species of birds use urban green roofs in Iowa with the intent to eventually develop a set of guidelines for optimizing habitat on green roofs. Ten green roofs were observed for bird usage five times each between May to August, 2013 for a total of fifty observations. Birds were identified by species and their behavior was recorded during the duration of the observations. Data shows that birds use green roofs for a number of uses including foraging and gathering nest material. Bird diversity data was then compared with both green roof ...


Beyond The ‘Posts’ In African Development Discourse: Exploring Real Solutions To Africa’S Problems, B. Ikubolajeh Logan, Francis Owusu, Ezekiel Kalipeni Jan 2012

Beyond The ‘Posts’ In African Development Discourse: Exploring Real Solutions To Africa’S Problems, B. Ikubolajeh Logan, Francis Owusu, Ezekiel Kalipeni

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This special issue attempts to further a line of critical inquiry in African politics, administration and development discourse, which we refer to here as the ‘posts’. In our terminology, the ‘posts’ constitute a body of narratives, which critique the heterogeneous assortment of orthodoxies in the mainstream African development discourse. The ‘posts’, although part of the mainstream thinking, interrogate themes within that discourse for their disingenuous intellectual and policy approaches to African problems (see Bourdieu and Wacquant, 1999 for a general discussion of the subject). The ‘posts’ charge that mainstream discourses, far from being beacons of enlightenment about Africa, often reflect ...


Local Food Access In Inner Cities: Integrated Research Through: Comparison Study, Literature Review, Case Studies And Design Implementation, Courtney Allison Long Jan 2012

Local Food Access In Inner Cities: Integrated Research Through: Comparison Study, Literature Review, Case Studies And Design Implementation, Courtney Allison Long

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research suggests a strategy to address a difficult challenge: self-sustainability and the promotion of increasing the availability and accessibility of local food. This strategy has the opportunity to bring nutritious meals into our homes, place money into our local economies and promote self-sustaining communities. This study examines literature and case studies involving both primary and secondary sources. Cities and their local food programs were examined by travel within Havana, Cuba, and Kansas City, Missouri, and a field research study in Des Moines, Iowa. The study presents models that address urban agriculture, food accessibility, and design implementations to improve local ...


Benefits Of Gardening For Children, Bambi L. Yost, Louise Chawla Jan 2009

Benefits Of Gardening For Children, Bambi L. Yost, Louise Chawla

Bambi L Yost

Gardening provides different forms of engagement for children, including designing, planting, and maintaining gardens; harvesting, preparing, and sharing food; working cooperatively in groups; learning about science and nutrition; and creating art and stories inspired by gardens. The studies summarized below have been selected because they include control groups, pre- and post-measures, well controlled correlations, or in-depth qualitative analyses. For more studies and an analysis of this research, see Blair (2009), “The child in the garden: An evaluative review of the benefits of school gardening.” Available online at http://www.colorado.edu/cye/sites/default/files/attached-files/Gardening_factsheet_2011.pdf


Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm Jan 2008

Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities in Iowa are heavily reliant upon property tax revenue as a means of finance; a phenomenon which many feel has negative implications for local governance. A frequently cited remedy for this is the diversification of municipal revenue sources by enabling municipalities to collect income tax. Proponents claim that doing so would allow municipal governments to become less dependent upon property tax revenue, as well as provide relief to property taxpayers in the form of lower rates and collections. The purpose of this thesis is to explore those claims by examining whether municipalities with income tax exhibit lower property taxes ...


An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt Jan 2008

An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creative economy concept has recently become increasingly popular. Although the concept is popular and research is being conducted on it, there has been a lack of research on the creative economy in rural communities. This thesis attempts to determine the characteristics that define the creative economy in rural communities. Previous research found that creative workers prefer communities with certain characteristics which include technology, talent, tolerance, lifestyle, and authenticity/identity (Florida 2002). The results of this study indicate that rural creative communities in the Midwest tend to have higher percentages of residents with at least a bachelor's degree, more ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson Jan 2008

Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze the factors associated with a joint planning department in Boone County, Iowa.


Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu Oct 2007

Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

President George Bush presented one of his major post-9/11 foreign aid initiatives – the Millennium Challenge Account – as a tool for counteracting both global poverty and international terrorism. The policy is based on the view that poverty and terrorism are linked and therefore alleviating poverty would help combat terrorism. The design and the implementation of the program however suggest that the U.S. government may have other intentions for the MCA, including overhauling the foreign aid regime. This paper discusses the MCA’s effectiveness in addressing both poverty and terrorism by highlighting the complex relationships between them. It also discusses ...


The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah Jan 2007

The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to provide quality and affordable housing to Ghanaian professionals, including teachers, doctors, nurses, university professors have led the government to explore different alternative investment options in the housing sector. Given the government's embrace of World Bank-supported neo-liberal economic policies, it is not surprising that it opted to shift from government-support and provision approach to a private sector-led housing policy. One visible result of this policy shift is the emergence of private real estate companies in many major cities. This study discusses the effectiveness of past housing policies and the increasing role of the private sector in the ...


A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth Jan 2007

A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The availability of tax revenue data in digital format prompted a study of Iowa communities with respect to their general property tax mill rate and the presence or absence of a hotel and motel tax. Both of these revenue sources are dispersed entirely to the local community. The revenue does not remain in the State's general fund. Alternative tax revenue sources are an important component in the decision making process of local city planners, city managers and community development administrators.;The intent of this thesis was to determine if there is an association between the general property tax mill ...


The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland Jan 2007

The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small town city administrators have the responsibility of managing all functions for the community in which they are employed, but often lack the resources of their larger counterparts to devote to specific city functions such as planning. This includes planning and development functions.;Studies show that city administrators, in all sizes of cities, have varying roles that accompany their positions. For the purpose of this study, those roles have been separated into traditional/technical roles, and contemporary/proactive roles. This study questions whether these roles impact the quality of small town planning.;Through surveys and interviews with small town Iowa ...


How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske Jan 2007

How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban form and sense of community have been explored as distinct disciplinary concepts for decades; however, often without the endorsement of a normative standard or measure. The purpose of this study was to explore the interrelationship of these concepts by comparing two Northern Virginia neighborhoods, which are in close proximity to Washington, DC. Brambleton, a traditional neighborhood development, and Stratford, a nearby conventional suburban development, were chosen as case study communities due to their physical representation of distinct urban forms and socio-demographic characteristics. Neighborhood residents were surveyed regarding the impact of their immediate built environment and their perception of physical ...


Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei Jan 2007

Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research focused on the impacts of urbanization in natural resources and land-cover changes due to urban development in Dakota County, Minnesota. An existing planning guide, the 2030 Regional Development Framework (2030 RDF) for the Twin Cities Metro Area, was analyzed and employed as a reference in this research. Geographic information systems (GIS) technology was used to help determine characteristics of urban land-cover changes, such as population change, land cover changes, and the environmental impacts on natural resources caused by urban development. Furthermore, land suitability modeling was utilized to analyze possible future development, from the perspectives of urban expansion and ...


An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore Jan 2007

An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Land use and land cover change analyses are important tools for planning and development decisions. Tropical deforestation has both local and global implications. One main reason for deforestation is the conversion of forest to agricultural land. This study explores influences and potential causes for agricultural expansion and deforestation within the Toledo District in southern Belize, Central America. Many factors play into the deforestation and degradation of tropical forests in this district, including social, cultural, political and economic issues, all of which need serious consideration if planners and politicians are to combat the problem. Understanding the reasons for deforestation goes hand ...


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...