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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Walkability Of Suburban Retrofits Of The Washington Dc Area: Immersion Into Qualitative Constructs, David Sweere May 2020

Walkability Of Suburban Retrofits Of The Washington Dc Area: Immersion Into Qualitative Constructs, David Sweere

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

The majority of the United States population is living in the suburbs, and yet the suburban built fabric has developed with spatial conditions that have failed to prove their efficacy on environmental, social or economic terms. Most contemporary architectural and urban theorists agree that the suburban condition is inherently problematic. In a 2010 Ted Talk, architect and urban designer Ellen Dunham-Jones discusses the problematic state of the suburban built condition, citing dependence on the vehicle, sparseness of built form, environmental costs, transportation costs, and even increased obesity rates (Dunham-Jones 2010). Because the suburbs comprise the majority of our “urbanized” areas ...


Mandela Splash Pad Pre-Construction Plan, Levi Sandbulte Dec 2019

Mandela Splash Pad Pre-Construction Plan, Levi Sandbulte

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

In the construction industry, it is the responsibility of the general contractor to take the architect’s ideas and turn it into a real building. Many times this requires ample communication and several drafts. This efficient execution of this process is vital to the completion of a successful project. In this project, I practice this communication process. The challenge presented by the owner is to build an affordable splash pad, and without impacting the construction schedule of the Early Childhood Development Center (ECDC) that is being built on the same property at the same time. This proposal gives the owner ...


Panel 4 Paper 4.2: Resiliency Of Rural Socio-Ecological Landscapes: Case Study Of The Black Volta And Weto Landscapes Of Ghana, George Ortsin Oct 2019

Panel 4 Paper 4.2: Resiliency Of Rural Socio-Ecological Landscapes: Case Study Of The Black Volta And Weto Landscapes Of Ghana, George Ortsin

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

In response to Ghana’s obligations under the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Global Environmental Fund Small Grants Program (SGP) adopted a resilience approach to sustainability, focusing on how to build local capacity to deal with unexpected landscape change. This paper will: (1) share experience from Ghana in restoring landscapes for resilient livelihoods, (2) present methodologies on how rural landscapes can be managed to ensure a sustainable and resilient supply of essential ecosystem services, and (3) discuss the challenges that are associated with these approaches. The paper will also discuss how Ghana’s Weto and Black Volta socio-ecological production ...


Light Rail In Phoenix, Arizona: Increasing Economic, Environmental, And Social Sustainability, Patrick Thomas Mcdaniel, Denise Keele Oct 2019

Light Rail In Phoenix, Arizona: Increasing Economic, Environmental, And Social Sustainability, Patrick Thomas Mcdaniel, Denise Keele

Journal of Environmental Sustainability

In an effort to increase sustainability, reduce vehicular congestion, revitalize neighborhoods, and lower pollution from automobiles, Phoenix, Arizona launched the Valley Metro Light Rail system in December of 2008. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the environmental, social, and economic impacts as related to sustainability of the Valley Metro Light Rail system. In this qualitative case study of Phoenix sustainability and light rail policy subsystem, the researchers conducted semi-structured expert interviews with government officials and other policy-makers, non-government organizations, neighborhood and citizen associations, and other advisory bodies to understand and analyze the communities served by the light rail ...


Panel 4 Paper 4.1: Icomos Perspective On Addressing Culturenature Integration In The Implementation Of The Sdgs, Ege Yildirim Oct 2019

Panel 4 Paper 4.1: Icomos Perspective On Addressing Culturenature Integration In The Implementation Of The Sdgs, Ege Yildirim

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural landscapes with interconnected CultureNature heritage value have much to contribute to the resilience and sustainability of food production, use of renewable natural resources and overall well-being of communities. Rural landscapes are addressed in the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in SDG 11 as a type of ‘human settlement’ and Target 11.4 calls for 'strengthening efforts ‘to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.’ Even so, to date, the contributions of rural landscapes have had limited recognition within the global framework for the UN SDGs and some reference in the UN-Habitat New Urban Agenda.

This paper ...


Panel 3 Paper 3.2: Nature, Agriculture And Rural Resilience: Interdependencies Between Natural Protected Areas And Rural Landscapes In Satoyama/Satoumi In Japan, Maya N. Ishizawa Oct 2019

Panel 3 Paper 3.2: Nature, Agriculture And Rural Resilience: Interdependencies Between Natural Protected Areas And Rural Landscapes In Satoyama/Satoumi In Japan, Maya N. Ishizawa

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The Capacity Building Workshops on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation (CBWNCL), held at the University of Tsukuba in Japan, gather Asia-Pacific heritage professionals with the aim of creating a platform of mutual-learning and exchange between the culture and nature sectors. In the first workshop on Agricultural Landscapes, from 14 case studies, 5 showed natural protected areas in tense relations with their rural landscape surroundings. However, these agricultural landscapes are essential for protecting natural values, as they form part of their larger ecosystems. In the second workshop on Sacred Landscapes, from 16 case studies, 5 case studies were also agricultural landscapes ...


Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson Sep 2019

Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson

Ulrike Passe

Building energy simulation is of considerable interest and benefit for architects, engineers, and urban planners. Only recently has it become possible to develop integrated energy models for clusters of buildings in urban areas. Simulating energy consumption of the built environment on a relatively large scale (e.g., such as a neighborhood) will be necessary to obtain more reliable results, since building energy parameters are influenced by characteristics of the nearby environment. Therefore, the construction of a 3-D model of urban built areas with detail of the near-building environment should enhance simulation approaches and provide more accurate results. This paper describes ...


A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe Sep 2019

A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe

Ulrike Passe

Occupants’ presence and activity schedules directly influence residential energy consumption loads. Regardless of their widely acknowledged importance, developing proper representative occupancy inputs for urban energy use studies of residential neighborhoods remains to be a challenge to overcome. The presented work aims to balance between accuracy and complexity of such occupancy models by developing a technique that takes advantage of a previously proposed sophisticated method for schedule generation and attempts to refine and simplify its results for practicality purposes.

Here, we used a Markov chain transition probability matrix based on the American Time-Use Survey (ATUS) database and selectively refined its outputs ...


Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera Sep 2019

Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera

Sara Hamideh

Puerto Rico was devastated by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017. Due to a delayed and insufficient official response from the local and federal governments and other aid agencies, the effects are still crippling more than a year after the event. When official response networks failed, communities often engaged in informal reconstruction processes to facilitate their recovery. This research seeks to explain why certain communities were effective in reconstructing on their own and uses social capital theory as the theoretical framework. This study was conducted in four municipalities in Puerto Rico (Adjuntas, Barranquitas, Loíza, and Utuado). A mixed methods approach ...


Digitally-Mediated Practices Of Geospatial Archaeological Data: Transformation, Integration, & Interpretation, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Kristin Landau Aug 2019

Digitally-Mediated Practices Of Geospatial Archaeological Data: Transformation, Integration, & Interpretation, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Kristin Landau

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Digitally-mediated practices of archaeological data require reflexive thinking about where archaeology stands as a discipline in regard to the ‘digital,’ and where we want to go. To move toward this goal, we advocate a historical approach that emphasizes contextual source-side criticism and data intimacy—scrutinizing maps and 3D data as we do artifacts by analyzing position, form, material and context of analog and digital sources. Applying this approach, we reflect on what we have learned from processes of digitally-mediated data. We ask: What can we learn as we convert analog data to digital data? And, how does digital data transformation ...


A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe Aug 2019

A Technique For Developing High-Resolution Residential Occupancy Schedules For Urban Energy Models, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Farzad Hashemi, Vinciane Tabard-Fortecoëf, Ulrike Passe

Diba Malekpour Koupaei

Occupants’ presence and activity schedules directly influence residential energy consumption loads. Regardless of their widely acknowledged importance, developing proper representative occupancy inputs for urban energy use studies of residential neighborhoods remains to be a challenge to overcome. The presented work aims to balance between accuracy and complexity of such occupancy models by developing a technique that takes advantage of a previously proposed sophisticated method for schedule generation and attempts to refine and simplify its results for practicality purposes.

Here, we used a Markov chain transition probability matrix based on the American Time-Use Survey (ATUS) database and selectively refined its outputs ...


Análisis Del Servicio Público Domiciliario De Energía Eléctrica En El Departamento Del Cesar: Capital E Innovación Social Desde La Economía Institucional Y Del Desarrollo Humano, Aura Maria Garcerant Muñoz Aug 2019

Análisis Del Servicio Público Domiciliario De Energía Eléctrica En El Departamento Del Cesar: Capital E Innovación Social Desde La Economía Institucional Y Del Desarrollo Humano, Aura Maria Garcerant Muñoz

Economía

Una de las preocupaciones de la ciencia económica es reflexionar sobre el capital e innovación sociales para que los individuos desarrollen libremente sus oportunidades y capacidades como sujetos de derechos. Para el análisis de la participación ciudadana en la prestación del servicio público domiciliario de energía eléctrica en el departamento del Cesar en términos del desempeño económico y social, es necesario develar la relación que existe entre la economía institucional y el desarrollo humano. A partir del giro ontológico de la economía de Lawson y las teorías planteadas en el marco teórico y conceptual interdisciplinar, se estudian las interacciones del ...


Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing At The Local Level : A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Practices In Louisville, Kentucky., Steven P. Sizemore Aug 2019

Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing At The Local Level : A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Practices In Louisville, Kentucky., Steven P. Sizemore

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative research project is an immersion into the beliefs, ideas, meanings, values, and feelings of actors engaged in shaping local housing policies. The dissertation examines how discourse constitutes and shapes the knowledge of policy actors engaged in fair housing policies and practices in Louisville, Kentucky. I argue that policy discourse is the site where social problems become framed, bounded, and transformed into action. Therefore, if the objective of the Fair Housing Act’s mandate for HUD and its recipients is to operate programs in a manner that “affirmatively furthers fair housing” (AFFH), it is essential to understand the discursive ...


Book Review: Placemaking With Children And Youth: Participatory Strategies For Planning Sustainable Communities, Brandy C. Judkins Jul 2019

Book Review: Placemaking With Children And Youth: Participatory Strategies For Planning Sustainable Communities, Brandy C. Judkins

eJournal of Public Affairs

This review discusses Derr, Chawla, and Mintzer's Placemaking with children and youth: Participatory strategies for planning sustainable communities. The text sheds light into a gap in urban and community planning---inclusion of children and youths in the design of their built environment. The text seeks to change discourse by instructing current and future city planners, architects, industrial and interior designers, interior decorators, landscape architects, contractors, government officials, and educators in engaging the children and youths of their communities in design, decision-making, and development to create truly sustainable communities that meet the needs of all who live within them. Divided into ...


Research: Planning And Provision Of Public Infrastructure. A Case Study Of Drainage Canals In Tema, Ghana.Pdf, Kwadwo Gyan Jul 2019

Research: Planning And Provision Of Public Infrastructure. A Case Study Of Drainage Canals In Tema, Ghana.Pdf, Kwadwo Gyan

Kwadwo Gyan

Rapid urbanization is a threat to the efficient and proactive provision of basic urban infrastructure. Nonetheless, existing formal regulations and design standards in Ghanaian cities are often outmoded, too expensive, cumbersome to implement and inconsistent with the incremental urban development practices that are prevalent. In response to this, many urban residents have resorted to self-financing and -provision of their basic infrastructure based on their resource capacities- time, money, and labor. The report explores this situation in Tema, a Ghanaian city with both planned and unplanned neighborhoods, with a focus on its drainage systems. The study addresses the broader question: How ...


Leadership Behaviour And Worker Performance In The Nigerian Construction Industry, Abiodun Kolawole Oyetunji, John Adebiyi, Nathaniel Ayinde Olatunde Jul 2019

Leadership Behaviour And Worker Performance In The Nigerian Construction Industry, Abiodun Kolawole Oyetunji, John Adebiyi, Nathaniel Ayinde Olatunde

The Journal of Values-Based Leadership

Leadership is a dynamic process in which an individual influence other to contribute to the achievement of an assigned task. This paper investigates leadership behaviour and its impact on construction workers’ performance in Lagos, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was adopted to select 50 site-supervisors and 250 construction-workers involved in simple construction works. An investigation was carried out using a questionnaire survey method. The leadership variables investigated were ranked, regressed and correlated to workers performance. From the primary data analysis, leadership behaviour exhibited by supervisors were found to influence the site workers commitment to achieving the goal of the construction projects ...


Urban Tree Survival And Stewardship In A State-Managed Planting Initiative: A Case Study In Holyoke, Massachusetts, Benjamin S. Breger, Theodore S. Eisenman, Madison E. Kremer, Lara A. Roman, Deborah G. Martin, John Rogan Jul 2019

Urban Tree Survival And Stewardship In A State-Managed Planting Initiative: A Case Study In Holyoke, Massachusetts, Benjamin S. Breger, Theodore S. Eisenman, Madison E. Kremer, Lara A. Roman, Deborah G. Martin, John Rogan

Theodore S. Eisenman

Stewardship is essential for the survival of trees planted in challenging urban conditions and for reaching canopy
cover goals and anticipated benefits. The governance structure of the stewardship network can dictate stewardship
efficacy and ultimately, tree survival. While many planting initiatives are managed locally, the stewardship
network and survival rates of a state-managed initiative are not commonly addressed in scholarly literature.
The Greening the Gateway Cities Program (GGCP) in Massachusetts is planting thousands of trees in
post-industrial cities around the state. We carried out a mixed-methods case study of 2014 to 2016 tree planting
in Holyoke, a GGCP pilot city ...


"Its Cargo Is People": Repositioning Commuter Rail As Public Transit To Save The New York–New Haven Line, 1960–1990, Seamus C. Joyce-Johnson Jul 2019

"Its Cargo Is People": Repositioning Commuter Rail As Public Transit To Save The New York–New Haven Line, 1960–1990, Seamus C. Joyce-Johnson

Harvey M. Applebaum ’59 Award

This essay explores the creation of the Metro-North Railroad in 1983 as a public agency to provide commuter train services on the New York–New Haven Line. The essay begins by bringing out the central role commuter rail services played in the negotiations over the New Haven Railroad’s bankruptcy in the 1960s. I argue that New Haven Line’s near liquidation during the bankruptcy prompted advocacy from commuters, urban planners, and politicians that pushed back against the trend towards automobile-centric urban transportation planning. In the next section, I use the New Haven Line’s subsequent operation in the 1970s ...


The Reconstruction Of Haret Hriek: Design Options For Improving The Livability Of The Neighborhood / إعادة إعمار حارة حريك, Mona Fawaz, Marwan Ghandour Jul 2019

The Reconstruction Of Haret Hriek: Design Options For Improving The Livability Of The Neighborhood / إعادة إعمار حارة حريك, Mona Fawaz, Marwan Ghandour

Marwan Ghandour

The residential and commercial fabric of the southern suburbs of Beirut was severely damaged by the Israeli war on Lebanon in July and August of 2006. Most of the destruction in Beirut was concentrated within the municipal district of Haret Hreik where about 265 residential, commercial, and office buildings were razed to the ground or severely damaged. The municipality reported that 3,119 housing units and 1,610 commercial units (stores and offices) were completely demolished. In total , at least 20,000 residents of Haret Hreik lost their homes.


Spatial Erasure: Reconstruction Projects In Beirut, Marwan Ghandour, Mona Fawaz Jul 2019

Spatial Erasure: Reconstruction Projects In Beirut, Marwan Ghandour, Mona Fawaz

Marwan Ghandour

Often associated with processes of healing, postwar re-construction projects may be less related to the pre-destruction phase than to the actual act of destruction. This, at least, is what the Lebanese case suggests. In this essay, we argue that the spatial erasure initiated by war destruction is consolidated during postwar reconstruction. We developed this argument by analyzing two of the main postwar reconstruction projects that have marked Beirut’s urbanization since the end of its civil war in 1990. The first project, the reconstruction of Beirut’s downtown, was undertaken starting 1994 by a private real-estate company, Solidere [1], extends ...


Urban Trees And Asthma: A Call For Epidemiological Research, Theodore S. Eisenman, Sunit P. Jariwala, Gina S. Lovasi Jun 2019

Urban Trees And Asthma: A Call For Epidemiological Research, Theodore S. Eisenman, Sunit P. Jariwala, Gina S. Lovasi

Theodore S. Eisenman

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine is the 2018 top-ranked Respiratory System medical journal (1/63) by Journal Citation Reports.


Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson Jun 2019

Developing A Workflow To Integrate Tree Inventory Data Into Urban Energy Models, Farzad Hashemi, Breanna L. Marmur, Ulrike Passe, Janette R. Thompson

Farzad Hashemi

Building energy simulation is of considerable interest and benefit for architects, engineers, and urban planners. Only recently has it become possible to develop integrated energy models for clusters of buildings in urban areas. Simulating energy consumption of the built environment on a relatively large scale (e.g., such as a neighborhood) will be necessary to obtain more reliable results, since building energy parameters are influenced by characteristics of the nearby environment. Therefore, the construction of a 3-D model of urban built areas with detail of the near-building environment should enhance simulation approaches and provide more accurate results. This paper describes ...


Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera Jun 2019

Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

Puerto Rico was devastated by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017. Due to a delayed and insufficient official response from the local and federal governments and other aid agencies, the effects are still crippling more than a year after the event. When official response networks failed, communities often engaged in informal reconstruction processes to facilitate their recovery. This research seeks to explain why certain communities were effective in reconstructing on their own and uses social capital theory as the theoretical framework. This study was conducted in four municipalities in Puerto Rico (Adjuntas, Barranquitas, Loíza, and Utuado). A mixed methods approach ...


James Joyce Run: Why Are We On The Move Again If It's A Fair Question?, Barry Sheehan Jun 2019

James Joyce Run: Why Are We On The Move Again If It's A Fair Question?, Barry Sheehan

Academic Articles

I write a blog www.jj21k.com which looks at the works of James Joyce, the environment which he wrote about and changes that have taken place since he wrote about them. The blog posts are predominantly about Dublin.

During a time of injury, instead of running I was able to cycle. This blogpost describes the journey James Joyce made through houses in Dublin that he lived in whilst growing up. This is paralleled with a cycle I made and narrative I wrote.

You can see more background information and other posts on www.jj21k.com.


Changing Urban Form In A Shrinking City, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Rachel B. Drew Jun 2019

Changing Urban Form In A Shrinking City, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This paper uses building footprint data in a shrinking city, Baltimore, MD, in 1972 and 2010 to achieve two primary research objectives. The first is to understand the historical patterns of housing construction and demolition in selected row house neighborhoods in Baltimore between 1972 and 2010. The second is to understand changes in housing footprints, and associations between these changes and physical and socio-economic characteristics in selected neighborhoods. We find that housing losses and associated changes in building footprints have shown substantial variation across our study area and exhibit clustering within our study area. Moreover, while housing loss is strongly ...


How Grants Improve Public Health In Sanger, California, Emily A. Rudger, Tabitha J. Tolsma, Jamie L. Mosler Jun 2019

How Grants Improve Public Health In Sanger, California, Emily A. Rudger, Tabitha J. Tolsma, Jamie L. Mosler

City and Regional Planning

This report analyzes public health needs in Sanger, California. Gathering research from the community and generating a background using Healthy People 2020, the project outlines potential grants the community could benefit from, now and in the future. The grant chosen focuses on parks, as physical activity is an important factor and need for the community.


Carousel Mall Redevelopment, Marissa E. Tietz Jun 2019

Carousel Mall Redevelopment, Marissa E. Tietz

City and Regional Planning

The purpose of this project is to design a successful plan for the redevelopment of Carousel Mall in San Bernardino, California. In order for this project’s outcome to be successful, there are several aspects that need to be considered. Since Carousel Mall is an abandoned mall it is essential that we understand how it got to that place. To best gain that understanding, the first chapter of this project will look at the history of mall form and how it shaped the malls we know today. This chapter will also help understand why malls in America began falling and ...


Proposal For A Signage And Wayfinding System For The City Of Parlier, Alejandra Janeth Alvarez Jun 2019

Proposal For A Signage And Wayfinding System For The City Of Parlier, Alejandra Janeth Alvarez

City and Regional Planning

Signage and wayfinding is a system of visuals that guide people throughout a built environment in a concise manner. It also adds to people’s understanding and experiences of the space they are in. As stated by the name, Signage and Wayfinding is comprised of two parts, physical signage and wayfinding system. Signage is the physical visuals you see on buildings and the side of streets. Whereas, wayfinding is the systematic way that these signs are placed in order to follow human intuition of following a route to a destination.


Haiti Transitional Home: Solar Panel System Design, Kasey Riese Hetzel Jun 2019

Haiti Transitional Home: Solar Panel System Design, Kasey Riese Hetzel

Construction Management

Haiti is located in a region with optimal access to the sun’s rays, but not enough resources to make use of them. While the country is known for its limited access to electricity and unreliable power quality, it has the potential to become a renewable energy powerhouse. Providing a safe place for families to reunite under one roof, that runs solely on solar power is the ultimate goal of this project. Not only designing the most efficient system, but finding which products are available in country, and which products would be more cost effective to ship internationally was the ...


Planning For Affordable Housing-A Suitability Analysis For Affordable Multifamily Housing In Hayward, Ca, Christian Manuel Montoya, Krystal Sanchez Jun 2019

Planning For Affordable Housing-A Suitability Analysis For Affordable Multifamily Housing In Hayward, Ca, Christian Manuel Montoya, Krystal Sanchez

City and Regional Planning

The City of Hayward’s General Plan indicates that affordable housing for people of all socioeconomic incomes is essential to the health and well-being of the community. The City has continued to assist and make efforts in supporting the building of affordable housing. However, this project seeks to support the City’s goal of building affordable housing by recommending the locations for appropriate developments. Therefore, this project intends to provide research and investigate vacants lots that should be prioritized for multifamily affordable housing within the City of Hayward.