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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt May 2019

Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper presents a novel approach to modeling housing recovery through the formulation of recovery-based fragility functions built on empirical data collected longitudinally after a recent flood disaster. Previous community resilience frameworks have not addressed social and economic considerations in engineering-based recovery modeling. In doing so, this work takes an important step forward, advancing the use of probability and statistics in civil engineering applications and facilitating their role in interdisciplinary analysis of post-disaster recovery. To address community housing recovery after a flood event, two recovery-based limit states were analyzed: repair completion and re-occupancy. Two least squares regression models identified the ...


Engaging Youth Rights To The City Through Diy Skateparks, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff May 2017

Engaging Youth Rights To The City Through Diy Skateparks, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Concrete is plastic when wet, brittle before it cures, course without polishing or wax, cheap, readily available, easy to mix, and easily demolished. The paper presentation will unveil how a group of skaters and non-skaters, young people and young adults, failed and eventually triumphed to create the first public skate park in the City of New Orleans.


Simulation-Based Sensitivity Analysis Of Future Climate Scenario Impact On Residential Weatherization Initiatives In The Us Midwest, Charvi Jagani, Ulrike Passe May 2017

Simulation-Based Sensitivity Analysis Of Future Climate Scenario Impact On Residential Weatherization Initiatives In The Us Midwest, Charvi Jagani, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The existing building stock in countries across the world is designed to shelter against the current typical climate conditions. It may not be prepared to counter the possible extreme climate conditions of the 21st century. Based on the projections for the typical climatic conditions in the future, this project is simulating the energy consumption of a neighborhood in the US Midwest that is scalable to a city. Traditional building energy simulation programs mostly take into consideration – the location, weather, construction materials, type of use and occupancy. They do not, however, effectively simulate group of buildings or a neighborhood altogether. We ...


Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jan 2017

Book Review Of Píchová, Hana: The Case Of The Missing Statue: A Historical And Literary Study Of The Stalin Monument In Prague, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In this intriguing and at times frustrating study, Hana Píchová makes a compelling case for the Stalin Monument in Prague as both an object and an idea in physical space and cultural consciousness. The book came about with Píchová’s unexpected acquisition of a cache of unpublished photographs of the 1955 monument as it was slowly being demolished in 1962. Taken secretly by Josef Klimeš, the last surviving sculptor to have worked on the project, he hid them for decades since photography had been banned during the year-long demolition process. He gave them to Píchová after an interview in 2012 ...


An Integrated Experimental-Computational Investigation Of Connected Spaces As Natural Ventilation Typologies, Ulrike Passe, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Shan He, Kyle Vansice, Songzhe Xu May 2016

An Integrated Experimental-Computational Investigation Of Connected Spaces As Natural Ventilation Typologies, Ulrike Passe, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Shan He, Kyle Vansice, Songzhe Xu

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper investigates the impact of spatial composition on the effectiveness of passive cooling by natural ventilation in a comparative study of the conical roofed Harran houses in Turkey and a passive solar home in the Midwest of the United States. While the projects are distinct and are situated in two extreme climate zones (hot and arid and continental humid) both projects have in common open variable configurations of multiple interconnected spaces. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations using OpenFoam were used to investigate the fundamental airflow characteristics and the resulting interior temperature and velocity profiles. The simulations were initialized as ...


Making Room For Risk In Play Environments And Play Standards, Daniel Jost, Bambi L. Yost, Shannon M. Mikus, Mohsen Ghiasi Ghorveh Mar 2016

Making Room For Risk In Play Environments And Play Standards, Daniel Jost, Bambi L. Yost, Shannon M. Mikus, Mohsen Ghiasi Ghorveh

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

Over the past few decades, concerns about safety and liability have led to the elimination of features considered to be “risky” from many play environments. In response to this trend, some researchers are using a mix of a priori reasoning and empirical studies to make the case that risk is an integral part of challenging play, and that certain types of risky play are associated with health benefits and learning. New research and criticism of existing standards and research has encouraged the adoption of new regulatory language in the United Kingdom that acknowledges the value of risk in children’s ...


Formative Experiences: Saarinen's Shells And The Evolutionary Impact Of Construction Challenges, Rob Whitehead Jan 2015

Formative Experiences: Saarinen's Shells And The Evolutionary Impact Of Construction Challenges, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

A half-century ago, Eero Saarinen and Associates collaborated with the structural engineers of Ammann & Whitney in the design, documentation, and oversight of two very different, and completely unprecedented, concrete shell projects: Kresge Auditorium (1951-55) and TWA Terminal (1956-62). The building designs were intentionally anomalous from traditional shell projects, particularly in the manner by which they deviated from conventional structural logic of their forms-albeit in very different ways.

Unsurprisingly, the construction challenges for the projects were equally different and profound, requiring a great deal of innovation and collaboration. Design teams had to devise ways to work collaboratively to address the particular ...


Designing Digital Topography: Opportunities For Greater Efficiency With A Primitives And Operators Approach, Caroline Westort Jan 2015

Designing Digital Topography: Opportunities For Greater Efficiency With A Primitives And Operators Approach, Caroline Westort

Landscape Architecture Conference Proceedings and Papers

This paper focuses on characterizing proposed human-built topographic forms and describing them parametrically. Two basic approaches exist for characterizing shape algorithmically: parametric descriptions, which describe discrete geometries, and non-parametric methods, which for the most part work on fields. This paper offers a brief overview of the range of parametric modeling options for topography, a set of criteria that need to be fulfilled for any successful landform design system, and a primitives and operators approach that offers some specific advantages in the AMG context.


Project Complexity Mapping In Five Dimensions For Complex Transportation Projects, Douglas D. Gransberg, Jennifer S. Shane, Carla Lopez Del Puerto Oct 2013

Project Complexity Mapping In Five Dimensions For Complex Transportation Projects, Douglas D. Gransberg, Jennifer S. Shane, Carla Lopez Del Puerto

Douglas D. Gransberg

Traditional three-dimensional project management theory is based on optimizing the cost-schedule-technical dimensions. Recent studies in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia have shown that the current project management body of knowledge may not be adequate to address interrelated and dependent variables encountered on complex projects. This paper reports the findings of an international research team’s detailed study of eighteen complex projects, which confirms the findings of the previous research and proposes a framework upon which a complex transportation project’s scope of work can be better conceptualized and a methodology to graphically display a project’s complexity in order ...


Urban Skater As City Shaper, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff Mar 2011

Urban Skater As City Shaper, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Benjamin A Shirtcliff

Studies on urban adolescents (youth) and the design of the built environment often begin with a problem-based approach that attempts to resolve an adult-perceived conflict between youth in general and the greater good of society (Kelly 2003; Rogers and Coaffee 2005).


The Actual Cost Of Food Systems On Roadway Infrastructure, Omar G. Smadi, Inya Nienanya, Marwan Ghandour, Silvina Lopez Barrera Jan 2011

The Actual Cost Of Food Systems On Roadway Infrastructure, Omar G. Smadi, Inya Nienanya, Marwan Ghandour, Silvina Lopez Barrera

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The variations among transportation costs for local, regional and conventional food production and distribution systems were investigated for three Iowa counties.


Using Integrated Student Teams To Advance Education In Sustainable Design And Construction, Aaron Brncich, Jennifer S. Shane, Kelly C. Strong, Ulrike Passe Jan 2011

Using Integrated Student Teams To Advance Education In Sustainable Design And Construction, Aaron Brncich, Jennifer S. Shane, Kelly C. Strong, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

This article describes a case study involving a Midwestern public university that incorporated an integrated, cross-disciplinary project delivery activity to create an effective framework for sustainable design and construction education. The article first provides an overview of sustainable construction and its advantages, describes how sustainable design and construction requires a modernized project delivery system to work effectively, and discusses the primary impacts of sustainable design and construction on the construction industry. The article then describes how one large Midwestern university has attempted to use integrated, multidisciplinary student teams to advance the concept of sustainable design and construction in the classroom ...


Drawing As An Advent To Design Studio Education, Carl A. Rogers Jan 2007

Drawing As An Advent To Design Studio Education, Carl A. Rogers

Landscape Architecture Publications

Design studio education separates design and visual representation as individual subjects requiring different educational objectives. Each subject employs distinct skills such as line and value for visual representation or form and experience for design. The potential of design decisions should be based upon integration creative ideas with observation and representation skills. This paper describes a drawing process conceived by the author which considers issues of drawing including i) the pictorial function of drawing, ii) the ability of drawing to illuminate ideas, and iii) the relationship between seeing and imagining when drawing. The goal is to consider the intrinsic relationship between ...


Professional Virtue And Citizenship: An Ethical Framing Of The Aia, Gregory S. Palermo Mar 2000

Professional Virtue And Citizenship: An Ethical Framing Of The Aia, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper proposes that the American Institute of Architects (AIA), a corporate collective of the architectural profession, if it wishes to be more than a professional trade organization speaking to the economic self-interest of its members (and being perceived as such), has available to it two ethical courses to pursue: 1) That of improving the knowledge, skills and judgment of architects – defining and working on the virtues of the architect; and 2) That of participating in public policy decision-making and speaking out with regard to environmental design, whether proposals be public or private. Both of these concepts are embedded in ...


The Garden In The Machine The Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park, Miriam Engler Jan 2000

The Garden In The Machine The Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

One hundred and fifty years after the sound of the machine broke the silence of the garden, as examined in Leo Marx's seminal book, The Machine in the Garden, the gardens of Latz-Partner at the defunct steel plant in Duisburg-Nord Landscape park just north of Duisburg, German, sound a new note in the silenced machine of the postindustrial landscape. The gardens, each with its own unique character and color-a bright green spiral fern garden, a pink-green parterre garden, a silver-gold roof garden, a climbing rose garden, and a tranquil water lily garden-set within obsolete coal and ore bunkers and ...


Ambient Excitation For Detection Of Damage In Timber Bridges, J. A. Kainz, Xiaobin Le, M. L. Peterson Jan 1999

Ambient Excitation For Detection Of Damage In Timber Bridges, J. A. Kainz, Xiaobin Le, M. L. Peterson

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

As the needs for transportation systems change, the loading requirements and demands on the transportation infrastructure also change. This has resulted in increased number of bridges that are labeled structurally deficient or functionally obsolete since many of the bridges were built prior to present loading requirements [1]. Many of these bridges are open to vehicular and railroad traffic but only at posted loading limits or at reduced speed limits. In order to best use the existing bridge resource and/or schedule repair or replacement strategies, methods need to be developed to assess the actual condition of these transportation structures.


Application Of One-Sided Stress Wave Velocity Measurement Technique To Evaluate Freeze-Thaw Damage In Concrete, Joon-Hyun Lee, Won-Su Park, J. S. Popovics, Jan D. Achenbach Jan 1999

Application Of One-Sided Stress Wave Velocity Measurement Technique To Evaluate Freeze-Thaw Damage In Concrete, Joon-Hyun Lee, Won-Su Park, J. S. Popovics, Jan D. Achenbach

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

It is well recognized that damage resulting from freeze-thaw cycles is a serious problem causing deterioration and degradation of concrete[1–2]. In general, freeze-thaw cycles change the microstructure of the concrete ultimately leading to internal stresses and cracking. Freeze-thaw damage progress at earlier stage is initiated on surface and near surface of concrete mainly due to the onset of ice forming in capillary pores which expands n volume of concrete[3]. Therefore utilizing stress waves propagating along near surface of concrete is expected to be effective to monitor the damage progress caused by repeated cycles of freeze-thaw in concrete.


Measurement Of Rayleigh Wave Attenuation In Granite Using Laser Ultrasonics, Joseph O. Owino, Laurence J. Jacobs Jan 1999

Measurement Of Rayleigh Wave Attenuation In Granite Using Laser Ultrasonics, Joseph O. Owino, Laurence J. Jacobs

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

The use of ultrasonic waves to characterize a material requires the measurement of a variety of wave attributes such as phase velocity and attenuation. For example, experimentally measured phase velocities can be used to calculate elastic constants (such as the Lame constants λ and μ), while attenuation results can be used to characterize the distribution).


Determination Of The Equation Of State Of Concrete By Ultrasonic Methods, Eric A. Lindgren, L. Peter Martin, Moshe Rosen Jan 1999

Determination Of The Equation Of State Of Concrete By Ultrasonic Methods, Eric A. Lindgren, L. Peter Martin, Moshe Rosen

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

The development of modeling efforts to simulate the high strain, high strain rate events that occur as a structure is impacted by a projectile requires a large number of variables to accurately determine the behavior of a material under such physical conditions. Amongst the parameters that must be included in such a model is the equation of state, which describes the change in material properties as a function of pressure. For many materials, the equation of state can be obtained by using a shock wave method which requires that the material be subjected to an impact by a metallic plate ...


Ultrasonic Characterization Of Cement And Concrete, H. M. Tavossi, B. R. Tittmann, F. Cohen-Tenoudji Jan 1999

Ultrasonic Characterization Of Cement And Concrete, H. M. Tavossi, B. R. Tittmann, F. Cohen-Tenoudji

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Ultrasonic velocity measurements are used to control the quality of fresh Concrete and to monitor the concrete mixtures during hardening or curing process. The goal of this research is to determine the time required for a given mixture of Concrete to be hard enough for form removal in a construction site. Currently the concrete form removal time is not accurately known. The early removals of the concrete forms results in weaker concrete and the late removal of the concrete forms prolong the construction time. The shear and rigidity moduli of freshly mixed concrete increases with time and this change can ...


Meditations On The Metaphysics Of The (Extra)Ordinary Brick, Gregory S. Palermo May 1994

Meditations On The Metaphysics Of The (Extra)Ordinary Brick, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper considers brick -- (extra)ordinary brick -- and its metaphysics. How can a brick, a material object, have a metaphysics? The singular 'brick' is arguably the most ubiquitous of construction materials, modest in its earth and fire roots, fitted to the hand, a utilitarian artifact habitually assembled into a myriad of constructions. Yet embedded, presupposed, potentially, within each brick are: a technological society with labor organization; conceptions of fabricating structure, skin, and illusion; temporality; and the creation of place, transparency, and motion. Louis I. Kahn, when discussing architectural materials, specifically brick and arches, speaks in Platonic terms of material construction ...


Accelerated Aging Of Fiber Composite Bars And Dowels, Eric A. Lorenz Jan 1993

Accelerated Aging Of Fiber Composite Bars And Dowels, Eric A. Lorenz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Married Student Housing Development: Redevelopment Of West Pammel Court Married Student Housing Iowa State University, Jeffrey William Henneman Jan 1980

A Married Student Housing Development: Redevelopment Of West Pammel Court Married Student Housing Iowa State University, Jeffrey William Henneman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Factors Affecting The Strength Of Glued Gusset Plates For Timber Frames, Donald George Jedele Jan 1954

Analysis Of Factors Affecting The Strength Of Glued Gusset Plates For Timber Frames, Donald George Jedele

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Certain Nail Characteristics Upon Rupture Resistance Of Sheet Aluminum, Connayil Mani Jacob Jan 1952

Effect Of Certain Nail Characteristics Upon Rupture Resistance Of Sheet Aluminum, Connayil Mani Jacob

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Flexural Properties Of Corrugated Aluminum Roofing, Ernest Wilfred Walpole Jan 1952

Flexural Properties Of Corrugated Aluminum Roofing, Ernest Wilfred Walpole

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Settlement Of Terraces Constructed On Two Iowa Soils, Absalom West Snell Jan 1952

Settlement Of Terraces Constructed On Two Iowa Soils, Absalom West Snell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Plate-Type Heat Exchanger For Use In Animal Shelter Ventilation, Theodore E. Bond Jan 1951

Development Of A Plate-Type Heat Exchanger For Use In Animal Shelter Ventilation, Theodore E. Bond

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Effectiveness Of Clips, Staples And Cement As Fasteners For Asphalt-Shingle Tabs, Leroy Wayne Bonnicksen Jan 1951

Effectiveness Of Clips, Staples And Cement As Fasteners For Asphalt-Shingle Tabs, Leroy Wayne Bonnicksen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Resistance Of Sheet Aluminum To Rupture By The Heads Of Various Types Of Roofing Nails, Otto Robert Kunze Jan 1951

Resistance Of Sheet Aluminum To Rupture By The Heads Of Various Types Of Roofing Nails, Otto Robert Kunze

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.