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Similarity-Based Chained Transfer Learning For Energy Forecasting With Big Data, Yifang Tian, Ljubisa Sehovac, Katarina Grolinger 2019 Western University

Similarity-Based Chained Transfer Learning For Energy Forecasting With Big Data, Yifang Tian, Ljubisa Sehovac, Katarina Grolinger

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Smart meter popularity has resulted in the ability to collect big energy data and has created opportunities for large-scale energy forecasting. Machine Learning (ML) techniques commonly used for forecasting, such as neural networks, involve computationally intensive training typically with data from a single building or a single aggregated load to predict future consumption for that same building or aggregated load. With hundreds of thousands of meters, it becomes impractical or even infeasible to individually train a model for each meter. Consequently, this paper proposes Similarity-Based Chained Transfer Learning (SBCTL), an approach for building neural network-based models for many meters by ...


Systems Approach To Evaluating Mih-Cp (Mobile Integrated Healthcare – Community Paramedicine): A Case Study Of East Baton Rouge Parish (Ebrp) Emergency Medical Services (Ems) Community Paramedicine Program Initiative, Oluwakemi Aiyedun 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Systems Approach To Evaluating Mih-Cp (Mobile Integrated Healthcare – Community Paramedicine): A Case Study Of East Baton Rouge Parish (Ebrp) Emergency Medical Services (Ems) Community Paramedicine Program Initiative, Oluwakemi Aiyedun

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study applied a holistic method of healthcare program assessment, known as systems approach, to evaluate the efficacy of the East Baton Rouge Parish (EBRP) EMS Community-integrated Health Program (CIHP). The author developed assessment metrics following the Quadruple Aim Framework: IHI (Institute for Healthcare Improvement) Triple Aim + Provider Experience.

Results showed that the CP program in this study delivers high ratings on patient experience and provided a 51% return on investment (ROI) through reduced emergency service utilization, ED visits and inpatient hospital admissions. However, findings did not demonstrate meaningful improvement in patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and self-efficacy (SE ...


Comparing Record Linkage Software Programs And Algorithms Using Real-World Data., Alan F. Karr, Matthew T. Taylor, Suzanne L. West, Soko Setoguchi, Tzuyung D. Kou, Tobias Gerhard, Daniel B. Horton 2019 RTI International

Comparing Record Linkage Software Programs And Algorithms Using Real-World Data., Alan F. Karr, Matthew T. Taylor, Suzanne L. West, Soko Setoguchi, Tzuyung D. Kou, Tobias Gerhard, Daniel B. Horton

Student Papers & Posters

Linkage of medical databases, including insurer claims and electronic health records (EHRs), is increasingly common. However, few studies have investigated the behavior and output of linkage software. To determine how linkage quality is affected by different algorithms, blocking variables, methods for string matching and weight determination, and decision rules, we compared the performance of 4 nonproprietary linkage software packages linking patient identifiers from noninteroperable inpatient and outpatient EHRs. We linked datasets using first and last name, gender, and date of birth (DOB). We evaluated DOB and year of birth (YOB) as blocking variables and used exact and inexact matching methods ...


Investigating The Dispersal Of Antibiotic Resistance Associated Genes From Manure Application To Soil And Drainage Waters In Simulated Agricultural Farmland Systems, Schuyler D. Smith, Phillip Colgan, Fan Yang, Elizabeth L. Rieke, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Heather K. Allen, Adina Howe 2019 Iowa State University

Investigating The Dispersal Of Antibiotic Resistance Associated Genes From Manure Application To Soil And Drainage Waters In Simulated Agricultural Farmland Systems, Schuyler D. Smith, Phillip Colgan, Fan Yang, Elizabeth L. Rieke, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Heather K. Allen, Adina Howe

Michelle L. Soupir

Manure from animals that have been treated with antibiotics is often used to fertilize agricultural soils and its application has previously been shown to enrich for genes associated with antibiotic resistance in agroecosystems. To investigate the magnitude of this effect, we designed a column experiment simulating manure-treated agricultural soil that utilizes artificial subsurface drainage to determine the duration and extent which this type of manure fertilization impacts the set of genes associated with antibiotic resistance in drainage water. We classified ARGs in manure-treated drainage effluent water by its source of origin. Overall, we found that 61% and 7% of the ...


Initial Field Testing Results From Building-Integrated Solar Energy Harvesting Windows Installation In Perth, Australia, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Kamal Alameh 2019 Edith Cowan University

Initial Field Testing Results From Building-Integrated Solar Energy Harvesting Windows Installation In Perth, Australia, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Kamal Alameh

Mikhail Vasiliev

We report on the field testing datasets and performance evaluation results obtained
from a commercial property-based visually-clear solar window installation site in Perth-Australia.
This installation was fitted into a refurbished shopping center entrance porch and showcases the
potential of glass curtain wall-based solar energy harvesting in built environments. In particular,
we focus on photovoltaic (PV) performance characteristics such as the electric power output, specific
yield, day-to-day consistency of peak output power, and the amounts of energy generated and stored
daily. The dependencies of the generated electric power and stored energy on multiple environmental
and geometric parameters are also studied. An ...


Investigating The Dispersal Of Antibiotic Resistance Associated Genes From Manure Application To Soil And Drainage Waters In Simulated Agricultural Farmland Systems, Schuyler D. Smith, Phillip Colgan, Fan Yang, Elizabeth L. Rieke, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Heather K. Allen, Adina Howe 2019 Iowa State University

Investigating The Dispersal Of Antibiotic Resistance Associated Genes From Manure Application To Soil And Drainage Waters In Simulated Agricultural Farmland Systems, Schuyler D. Smith, Phillip Colgan, Fan Yang, Elizabeth L. Rieke, Michelle L. Soupir, Thomas B. Moorman, Heather K. Allen, Adina Howe

Adina Howe

Manure from animals that have been treated with antibiotics is often used to fertilize agricultural soils and its application has previously been shown to enrich for genes associated with antibiotic resistance in agroecosystems. To investigate the magnitude of this effect, we designed a column experiment simulating manure-treated agricultural soil that utilizes artificial subsurface drainage to determine the duration and extent which this type of manure fertilization impacts the set of genes associated with antibiotic resistance in drainage water. We classified ARGs in manure-treated drainage effluent water by its source of origin. Overall, we found that 61% and 7% of the ...


Hybrid Superhydrophilic–Superhydrophobic Micro/ Nanostructures Fabricated By Femtosecond Laserinduced Forward Transfer For Sub-Femtomolar Raman Detection, Xiaodan Ma, Lan Jiang, Xiaowei Li, Bohong Li, Ji Huang, Jiaxing Sun, Zhi Wang, Zhijie Xu, Liangti Qu, Yongfeng Lu, Tianhong Cui 2019 Beijing Institute of Technology

Hybrid Superhydrophilic–Superhydrophobic Micro/ Nanostructures Fabricated By Femtosecond Laserinduced Forward Transfer For Sub-Femtomolar Raman Detection, Xiaodan Ma, Lan Jiang, Xiaowei Li, Bohong Li, Ji Huang, Jiaxing Sun, Zhi Wang, Zhijie Xu, Liangti Qu, Yongfeng Lu, Tianhong Cui

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Raman spectroscopy plays a crucial role in biochemical analysis. Recently, superhydrophobic surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates have enhanced detection limits by concentrating target molecules into small areas. However, due to the wet transition phenomenon, further reduction of the droplet contact area is prevented, and the detection limit is restricted. This paper proposes a simple method involving femtosecond laser-induced forward transfer for preparing a hybrid superhydrophilic–superhydrophobic SERS (HS-SERS) substrate by introducing a superhydrophilic pattern to promote the target molecules to concentrate on it for ultratrace detection. Furthermore, the HS-SERS substrate is heated to promote a smaller concentrated area. The water ...


The Improvement Of The Solar Air Heater Duct By Wired Ribs Utilization, Osamah Raad skheel/alkhafaji 2019 Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq

The Improvement Of The Solar Air Heater Duct By Wired Ribs Utilization, Osamah Raad Skheel/Alkhafaji

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Abstract Heat transfer coefficient of the solar air heater duct (SAH) is low due increasing the thermal performance of its absorber. The present study tends to enhance the thermal characteristics of the SAH by adopting the wired ribs on the absorber under different ribs dimensions and arrangements. A rectangular duct is used to form the SAH with length L=1500mm, width w=100mm and height H=30mm. The used heat fluxes over the absorber are 1000W/m2 and 500W/m2 while the operated Reynolds number range is 708 ~ 6375. The utilized wired ribs are arranged over the absorber so as ...


Analytical Approach To Investigation Of Free Vibration Of Thin Rectangular Plate Immersed In Fluid, Resting On Winkler And Pasternak Foundations, Obanishola Sadiq, Gbeminiyi Sobamowo, Saheed Salawu 2019 University of Lagos

Analytical Approach To Investigation Of Free Vibration Of Thin Rectangular Plate Immersed In Fluid, Resting On Winkler And Pasternak Foundations, Obanishola Sadiq, Gbeminiyi Sobamowo, Saheed Salawu

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Dynamic behaviour of free vibration of rectangular plate is investigated. This study considered an analytical approach to investigation of free vibration of thin rectangular plate immersed in fluid, resting on Winkler and Pasternak foundations.The governing nonlinear partial differential equation is analyzed using two-dimensional differential transform method. The accuracy of the analytical solutions obtained is verified with existing results in literature and confirmed in excellent agreement. Thereafter, the analytical solutions are used for investigation of effect of elastic foundation, fluid and aspect ratio on vibrating plate.From the result, it is observed that, increase elastic foundation parameters increases natural frequency ...


Tech Report: Tunercar: A Superoptimization Toolchain For Autonomous Racing, Matthew O'Kelly, Hongrui Zheng, Achin Jain, Joseph Auckley, Kim Luong, Rahul Mangharam 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Tech Report: Tunercar: A Superoptimization Toolchain For Autonomous Racing, Matthew O'Kelly, Hongrui Zheng, Achin Jain, Joseph Auckley, Kim Luong, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Outdoor Air Pollution On Indoor Air Quality In Low-Income Homes During Wildfire Seasons, Prateek Man Shrestha, Jamie L. Humphrey, Elizabeth J Carlton, John L Adgate, Kelsey Barton, Elisabeth Root, Shelly L. Miller 2019 University of Colorado Boulder

Impact Of Outdoor Air Pollution On Indoor Air Quality In Low-Income Homes During Wildfire Seasons, Prateek Man Shrestha, Jamie L. Humphrey, Elizabeth J Carlton, John L Adgate, Kelsey Barton, Elisabeth Root, Shelly L. Miller

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

Indoor and outdoor number concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon (BC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were monitored continuously for two to seven days in 28 low-income homes in Denver, Colorado, during the 2016 and 2017 wildfire seasons. In the absence of indoor sources, all outdoor pollutant concentrations were higher than indoors except for CO. Results showed that long-range wildfire plumes elevated median indoor PM2.5 concentrations by up to 4.6 times higher than outdoors. BC, CO, and NO2 mass concentrations were higher indoors in homes closer to roadways compared to those further away ...


An Integrated Framework To Assess Compound Flood Risks For Interdependent Critical Infrastructure In A Coastal Environment, Ying Zhang 2019 The University of Western Ontario

An Integrated Framework To Assess Compound Flood Risks For Interdependent Critical Infrastructure In A Coastal Environment, Ying Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Compound flooding refers to flood events caused by multiple factors, including marine processes (e.g. storm tides and waves), hydrometeorological signals (e.g. rainfall and river flows) among others. Saint Lucia is a tropical island in eastern Caribbean Sea, which is frequently affected by weather-related extreme events such as tropical storms and the associated risks are exacerbated due to its mountainous topography and high concentrations of infrastructure and human communities close to the coast. At the southern coast of Saint Lucia, significant infrastructures such as Hewanorra International Airport and Vieux Fort Seaport, and human settlements such as towns of Vieux ...


Hawaii Muon Beamline Scintillating Tracker Plane Data Acquisition System, Nathan K. Park 2019 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Hawaii Muon Beamline Scintillating Tracker Plane Data Acquisition System, Nathan K. Park

Mānoa Horizons

UH Mānoa’s High Energy Physics Group Instrumentation Development Lab is developing a particle detection system for groundbreaking physics research. They are involved in several international initiatives that require highly specialized devices. Due to this, they often must travel overseas to onsite facilities to evaluate their new devices. The high cost and limited availability of using the facilities motivated the lab to build a local facility for evaluating their devices. The Hawaii Muon Beamline is a testbed for new particle detectors being developed inside the lab. It features several particle detectors whose measurements are used as benchmarks for newer detectors ...


Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann 2019 Iowa State University

Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann

David Eisenmann

Planting depth (PD) plays an essential role in crop production by substantially impacting germination rates and yield potential. However, techniques to measure PD nondestructively have not been developed. A two-dimensional gprMax simulation study was conducted to investigate the effects of soil electromagnetic properties on ground-penetrating radar (GPR) waves. The primary objective was to examine the possibility of using GPR as a nondestructive sensor to detect subsurface corn seeds with the goal of measuring PD. A conventional fixed-offset gprMax antenna in contact with the soil surface was used in the simulations. Corn seed models of different materials and sizes were simulated ...


Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann 2019 Iowa State University

Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann

Brian L. Steward

Planting depth (PD) plays an essential role in crop production by substantially impacting germination rates and yield potential. However, techniques to measure PD nondestructively have not been developed. A two-dimensional gprMax simulation study was conducted to investigate the effects of soil electromagnetic properties on ground-penetrating radar (GPR) waves. The primary objective was to examine the possibility of using GPR as a nondestructive sensor to detect subsurface corn seeds with the goal of measuring PD. A conventional fixed-offset gprMax antenna in contact with the soil surface was used in the simulations. Corn seed models of different materials and sizes were simulated ...


Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann 2019 Iowa State University

Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann

Stuart J. Birrell

Planting depth (PD) plays an essential role in crop production by substantially impacting germination rates and yield potential. However, techniques to measure PD nondestructively have not been developed. A two-dimensional gprMax simulation study was conducted to investigate the effects of soil electromagnetic properties on ground-penetrating radar (GPR) waves. The primary objective was to examine the possibility of using GPR as a nondestructive sensor to detect subsurface corn seeds with the goal of measuring PD. A conventional fixed-offset gprMax antenna in contact with the soil surface was used in the simulations. Corn seed models of different materials and sizes were simulated ...


Discrete Element Modeling Of Cultivator Sweep-To-Soil Interaction: Worn And Hardened Edges Effects On Soil-Tool Forces And Soil Flow, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Loran R. Balvanz, Jerry L. Hatfield, Sadaf Ghorbani 2019 Iowa State University

Discrete Element Modeling Of Cultivator Sweep-To-Soil Interaction: Worn And Hardened Edges Effects On Soil-Tool Forces And Soil Flow, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Loran R. Balvanz, Jerry L. Hatfield, Sadaf Ghorbani

Mehari Tekeste

Simulation of tool-to-soil interaction provides opportunities to accelerate new equipment design and evaluate performance of tillage tools. Simulation based evaluation of worn tillage tools performance on soil flow has not been done. Discrete Element Modelling (DEM) has a potential to simulate worn tool to soil interaction problems, where worn tools CAD can be generated using 3D scanning. The DEM parameters of Hertz-Mindlin with Parallel Bond model were calibrated to match draft force and soil failure zone measured from a tool bar moving at 0.22 m/s and 38 mm cutting depth. The draft force and soil forward failure zone ...


Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann 2019 Iowa State University

Using Gprmax To Model Ground-Penetrating Radar (Gpr) To Locate Corn Seed As An Attempt To Measure Planting Depth, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Stuart J. Birrell, Mehari Z. Tekeste, Brian L. Steward, David J. Eisenmann

Mehari Tekeste

Planting depth (PD) plays an essential role in crop production by substantially impacting germination rates and yield potential. However, techniques to measure PD nondestructively have not been developed. A two-dimensional gprMax simulation study was conducted to investigate the effects of soil electromagnetic properties on ground-penetrating radar (GPR) waves. The primary objective was to examine the possibility of using GPR as a nondestructive sensor to detect subsurface corn seeds with the goal of measuring PD. A conventional fixed-offset gprMax antenna in contact with the soil surface was used in the simulations. Corn seed models of different materials and sizes were simulated ...


Parameter Determination And Modeling Of Transformer Windings For Fast Transients Including Frequency Dependent Effects, Yazid Al-Kraimeen 2019 Western Michigan University

Parameter Determination And Modeling Of Transformer Windings For Fast Transients Including Frequency Dependent Effects, Yazid Al-Kraimeen

Yazid Al-Kraimeen

Power transformers are static devices capable of transferring energy from one electrical circuit to another by means of electromagnetic induction at the same frequency. The most common application of transformers in an electric power system is to step up or down the voltage level of an electric grid. This is essential for the efficient transmission and distribution of electricity from generating plants to different types of consumers. Electrical energy used in residential, commercial and industrial settings is delivered to consumers by means of transformers, which normally operate 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Therefore, design improvements that result ...


An Under-Hand Steering Wheel Grasp Produces Significant Risk To The Upper Extremity During Airbag Deployment, Patrick J. Atkinson, Prem Hariharan, Shresta Mari-Gowda, Paul Telehowski, Sidney Martin, Jack Van Hoof, Cynthia Bir, Theresa Atkinson 2019 Kettering University

An Under-Hand Steering Wheel Grasp Produces Significant Risk To The Upper Extremity During Airbag Deployment, Patrick J. Atkinson, Prem Hariharan, Shresta Mari-Gowda, Paul Telehowski, Sidney Martin, Jack Van Hoof, Cynthia Bir, Theresa Atkinson

Theresa Atkinson

Recent laboratory investigations suggest that a deploying airbag may fracture the forearm. These studies positioned the arm in an overhand grasp placing the forearm over the airbag module. However, there is little published data on how drivers grip the steering wheel and the general proximity of the upper extremity to the airbag module. The objective of the current study was to identify 'real world' upper extremity positions and to correlate these with accident and experimental data. A survey of the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) for the years 1995-99 revealed an increase in the number of forearm fractures due to ...


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