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Waterjet Injection Of Powdered Activated Carbon For Sediment Remediation, Chris J. Redell 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Waterjet Injection Of Powdered Activated Carbon For Sediment Remediation, Chris J. Redell

Masters Theses

"In situ sediment remediation through waterjet-activated carbon amendment delivery is an innovative means to mitigate the dangers posed by hydrophobic organic compounds. Ease of use and applicability to inundated environments makes this technique valuable. This work made feasible low-pressure injections of a 15% (by dry weight) carbon/water slurry through a pulsating piston pump waterjet. The project fabricated nozzle tips and a unique injection apparatus comprising a quantitative system for the evaluation of bench scale models. Based on a series of iterative processes, injections of carbon were analyzed for depth and concentration. Injections varied in duration and they were made ...


Grid Frequency And Voltage Support Using Photovoltaic Systems With Energy Storage Assist, Ravi Bhatt 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Grid Frequency And Voltage Support Using Photovoltaic Systems With Energy Storage Assist, Ravi Bhatt

Masters Theses

"An optimized operating scheme for a grid-connected community based photovoltaic (PV) system is described. The system can participate in grid ancillary services like frequency and voltage regulation functions based on the Smart Grid framework. The proposed model comprises of a PV plant with Li-ion batteries coupled to the grid by means of a three-phase inverter. A two-way communication between the PV plant and the grid is assumed. The PV/storage plant provides constant updates on its current kW/kVar capability and the grid transmits the demand for specific amounts of power and for specific lengths of time. The battery charging ...


Magnetometer-Only Attitude Determination With Application To The M-Sat Mission, Jason D. Searcy 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Magnetometer-Only Attitude Determination With Application To The M-Sat Mission, Jason D. Searcy

Masters Theses

"The topic of this thesis focuses on attitude determination for small satellites. The method described uses only a magnetometer to resolve the three-axis attitude of the satellite. The primary challenge is that magnetometers only instantaneously resolve two axes of a satellite's attitude. Typically, magnetometers are used in conjunction with other sensors to resolve all three axes. However, by using a filter over an adequately long orbit arc, the magnetometer data can yield all the information necessary. The magnetic field data are filtered to obtain the magnetic field derivative vector, which are combined with the magnetic field vector to fully ...


Educational Robotics: Using The Lego Mindstorms Nxt Platform For Increasing High School Stem Education, Matthew Aaron Strautmann 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Educational Robotics: Using The Lego Mindstorms Nxt Platform For Increasing High School Stem Education, Matthew Aaron Strautmann

Masters Theses

"The field of educational robotics (ER) seeks to use the building and programming of robots to engage and educate the next generation of college freshman entering science and engineering majors. To increase the rate of application to science and engineering degree programs as well as the rate of retention, students must be engaged in high school. They must acquire the knowledge and interest to pursue these career choices. This research explores the use of robotics to interest high school students in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) and to improve their knowledge of these subjects. The case study developed instructional ...


Design And Analysis Of A Speed-Aware Routing Protocol For Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Kirthana Akunuri 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Design And Analysis Of A Speed-Aware Routing Protocol For Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Kirthana Akunuri

Masters Theses

"The flexibility of movement for the wireless ad hoc devices, referred to as node mobility, introduces challenges such as dynamic topological changes, increased frequency of route disconnections and high packet loss rate in Mobile Ad hoc Wireless Network (MANET) routing. This research proposes a novel on-demand routing protocol, Speed-Aware Routing Protocol (SARP) to mitigate the effects of high node mobility by reducing the frequency of route disconnections in a MANET. SARP identifies a highly mobile node which forms an unstable link by predicting the link expiration time (LET) for a transmitter and receiver pair. When the nodes have high relative ...


Improved Combinatorial Algorithms For Wireless Information Flow, Cuizhu Shi, Aditya Ramamoorthy 2011 Iowa State University

Improved Combinatorial Algorithms For Wireless Information Flow, Cuizhu Shi, Aditya Ramamoorthy

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

The work of Avestimehr et al. '07 has recently proposed a deterministic model for wireless networks and characterized the unicast capacity C of such networks as the minimum rank of the adjacency matrices describing all possible source-destination cuts. Amaudruz & Fragouli first proposed a polynomial-time algorithm for finding the unicast capacity of a linear deterministic wireless network in their 2009 paper. In this work, we improve upon Amaudruz & Fragouli's work and further reduce the computational complexity of the algorithm by fully exploring the useful combinatorial features intrinsic in the problem. Our improvement applies generally with any size of finite fields ...


A Note On The Multiple Unicast Capacity Of Directed Acyclic Networks, Shurui Huang, Aditya Ramamoorthy 2011 Iowa State University

A Note On The Multiple Unicast Capacity Of Directed Acyclic Networks, Shurui Huang, Aditya Ramamoorthy

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

We consider the multiple unicast problem under network coding over directed acyclic networks with unit capacity edges. There is a set of n source-terminal (si-ti) pairs that wish to communicate at unit rate over this network. The connectivity between the si-ti pairs is quantified by means of a connectivity level vector, [k1 k2 ... kn] such that there exist ki edge-disjoint paths between si and ti. Our main aim is to characterize the feasibility of achieving this for different values of n and [k1 ... kn]. For 3 unicast connections (n = 3), we characterize several achievable and unachievable values of the connectivity ...


Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin 2011 Qualcomm, Inc.

Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

We consider a single hop interference network with K transmitters, each with an independent message and J receivers, all having the same number (M) of antennas. Each receiver requests an arbitrary subset of the messages. This generalizes the well-known K user M antenna interference channel, where each message is requested by a unique receiver. For this setup, we derive the exact degrees of freedom (DoF) region. Our achievability scheme generalizes the interference alignment scheme proposed by Cadambe and Jafar '08. In particular, we achieve general points in the DoF region by using multiple base vectors and aligning the interference at ...


Optimal Random Sampling From Distributed Streams Revisited, Srikanta Tirthapura, IBM Almaden Research Center 2011 Iowa State University

Optimal Random Sampling From Distributed Streams Revisited, Srikanta Tirthapura, Ibm Almaden Research Center

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

We give an improved algorithm for drawing a random sample from a large data stream when the input elements are distributed across multiple sites which communicate via a central coordinator. At any point in time the set of elements held by the coordinator represent a uniform random sample from the set of all the elements observed so far. When compared with prior work, our algorithms asymptotically improve the total number of messages sent in the system as well as the computation required of the coordinator. We also present a matching lower bound, showing that our protocol sends the optimal number ...


Investigation And Experimental Measurement Of Scissor Blade Cutting Forces Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors., Dean Callaghan, Ginu Rajan, Mark McGrath, Eugene Coyle, Yuliya Semenova, Gerald Farrell 2011 Technological University Dublin

Investigation And Experimental Measurement Of Scissor Blade Cutting Forces Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors., Dean Callaghan, Ginu Rajan, Mark Mcgrath, Eugene Coyle, Yuliya Semenova, Gerald Farrell

Articles

This paper investigated the application of FBG sensors in the measurement of scissor blade–tissue interaction forces. Sensor placement at the blade–tissue interaction site provides the basis for increased force measurement accuracy, without compromising the functionality of the instrument. This increased accuracy provided the foundation for in-depth analysis of the force components generated during typical scissor cutting cycles. Theoretical analysis and experimental investigation explored the decoupling of the major forces present during cutting. The isolation of tissue-fracture forces from inter-blade friction forces was carried out. This is useful as knowledge of the fracture properties of biological tissues can be ...


Upgrade And Simulation Of The Subcritical Assembly At Missouri University Of Science And Technology, Lucas Powelson Tucker 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Upgrade And Simulation Of The Subcritical Assembly At Missouri University Of Science And Technology, Lucas Powelson Tucker

Masters Theses

"The Missouri University of Science and Technology Subcritical Assembly (S&TSub) was brought back into service and upgraded with a new neutron detection system and internet access. Before the upgrade neutron counting was only possible in one location. Using a movable detection system housed in acrylic tubes measurements can now be taken in any empty fuel location and at any height within the tube, making three dimensional flux mapping a possibility. By connecting the new detection system to a Canberra Lynx Digital Signal Analyzer, remote users can have limited data collecting capabilities. To further enhance the potential of the facility ...


3-Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling Of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using Different Fuels, Sachin Laxman Puthran 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

3-Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling Of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using Different Fuels, Sachin Laxman Puthran

Masters Theses

"Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology has been of great interest over many years due to its flexibility in using different fuels for operation; including the fundamental fuel i.e. Hydrogen. Various computational and numerical models have been developed along with experimental work to evaluate the performance as well as to identify and overcome the problems faced in the development of SOFC's. In an attempt to achieve efficient operation with respect to design and combined thermal and electrochemical perspective, the main objective of the proposed study is to present a three-dimensional computational model, which will serve as a framework ...


Design And Control Of A Multi-Axis Micro-Electro-Mechanical System Array For Coordinated Micro-Manipulation, Patrick Jesse White 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Design And Control Of A Multi-Axis Micro-Electro-Mechanical System Array For Coordinated Micro-Manipulation, Patrick Jesse White

Masters Theses

"Micro-electro-mechanical system design and implementation is a field that has received much attention over the past few decades. These robotic systems with features on the micro-scale have an unparalleled opportunity to change the way scientists interact with and understand micro and nano-scale phenomenon. Their capabilities allow experimentation that cannot be achieved with standard macro-scale equipment. Potential applications range from observing biological processes in living cells, to smart materials that automatically detect microcracks. So far, however, only a few truly successful applications have been realized. One of the most elusive goals in MEMS design is creating a system capable of coordinated ...


Bioretention: Evaluating Their Effectiveness For Improving Water Quality In New England Urban Environments, Mary Dehais 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Bioretention: Evaluating Their Effectiveness For Improving Water Quality In New England Urban Environments, Mary Dehais

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is one of the leading causes of water quality problems in the United States. Bioretention has become one of the more frequently used stormwater management practices for addressing NPS pollution in urbanized watersheds in New England. Yet despite increased acceptance, bioretention is not widely practiced. This study explores and evaluates the efficacy of bioretention for protecting urban water quality.

This research found that numerous monitoring methods are used by researchers and industry experts to assess the effectiveness of stormwater best management practices (BMPs) and low impact development (LID) practices that include bioretention. The two most common ...


The Effect Of External Distractions On Novice And Experienced Drivers' Anticipation Of Hazards And Vehicle Control, Gautam Divekar 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Effect Of External Distractions On Novice And Experienced Drivers' Anticipation Of Hazards And Vehicle Control, Gautam Divekar

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Out-of-vehicle distractions were identified as contributing factors to about 29.4 % of all crashes that were reported between the years 1995 to 1999 (Stutts J. K., 2005; Stutts J. R., 2001).These crash statistics are from a decade ago. With the increase of cars, pedestrians, shops,vendors, billboards and signs over the last decade it can be safely assumed that the driving environment is more complex now and has greater potential for external driver distraction. Given this, it is important to know the effects of out-of-vehicle distraction on drivers’ ability to drive safely in their presence. With this in mind ...


Testable Clock Distributions For 3d Integrated Circuits, Michael T. Buttrick 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Testable Clock Distributions For 3d Integrated Circuits, Michael T. Buttrick

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The 3D integration of dies promises to address the problem of increased die size caused by the slowing of scaling. By partitioning a design among two or more dies and stacking them vertically, the average interconnect length is greatly decreased and thus power is reduced. Also, since smaller dies will have a higher yield, 3D integration will reduce manufacturing costs. However, this increase in yield can only be seen if manufactured dies can be tested before they are stacked. If not, the overall yield for the die stack will be worse than that of the single, larger die.

One of ...


Thermomechanics Of Curves In Space, Pavan Krishna Kanchi 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Thermomechanics Of Curves In Space, Pavan Krishna Kanchi

Masters Theses

"Several biological molecules are known to form helices and coiled structures, such as DNA, collagen, bacterial flagella, and proteins. The backbones of such molecules may be modeled as a curve in three dimensions. A variational problem for the functional of the total free energy required to perturb moving curves in space is considered. The total energy of a curve in three dimensions is minimized y with a general intensive energy, which is a function of position, and the invariants, curvature and torsion. Three types of moduli are identified: stretching, bending and torsional moduli. As a result, three independent force balances ...


Hall-Effect Thruster Surface Properties Investigation, David George Zidar 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Hall-Effect Thruster Surface Properties Investigation, David George Zidar

Masters Theses

"Surface properties of Hall-effect thruster channel walls play an important role in the performance and lifetime of the device. Physical models of near-wall effects are beginning to be incorporated into thruster simulations, and these models must account for evolution of channel surface properties due to thruster operation. Results from this study show differences in boron nitride channel surface properties from beginning-of-life and after 100's of hours of operation. Two worn thruster channels of different boron nitride grades are compared with their corresponding pristine and shadow-shielded samples. Pristine HP grade boron nitride surface roughness is 9000±700 Å, while the ...


Rapid Simulation Of The Statistical Variation Of Crosstalk In Cable Harness Bundles, Xiang Li 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Rapid Simulation Of The Statistical Variation Of Crosstalk In Cable Harness Bundles, Xiang Li

Masters Theses

"Accurate assessment of crosstalk problems in cable harnesses requires simulation methods that account for the statistical variation of harness parameters. Methods are proposed to determine the influence of the statistical variation in wire positions, the rate that wires change position (i.e. "twist"), harness height, harness density (i.e. how closely wires are packed) and circuit loads. Methods use a combination of simulation and probability theory. Simulations use the T-parameter method, a rapid simulation technique for harness bundles. Simulation time is further improved by using the mean and variance of crosstalk estimated for fixed harness parameter values to estimate the ...


Thermo-Physical Properties Measurement And Steel - Ceramic Shell Interactions In Investment Casting, Chirag Mahimkar 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Thermo-Physical Properties Measurement And Steel - Ceramic Shell Interactions In Investment Casting, Chirag Mahimkar

Masters Theses

"Investment casting is a process in which a ceramic shell is prepared on a wax or foam pattern. The wax is melted out or the foam is burnt out and the shell is sintered to have sufficient strength to withstand casting conditions. The investment casting process is very important as it produces near net shape castings which reduce the need for subsequent operations of castings like machining etc. Investment casting shells are subjected to a number of heating cycles during pattern removal, firing, preheating before pouring and finally during solidification. The thermo-physical properties of the shell play an important role ...


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