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Arctic Lawe: An Upper-Body Exoskeleton For Firearm Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein 2017 Iowa State University

Arctic Lawe: An Upper-Body Exoskeleton For Firearm Training, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone, Tyler Oviatt, Eric Danford-Klein

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The Armed Robotic Control for Training in Civilian Law Enforcement, or ARCTiC LawE, is an upper-body exoskeleton designed to assist civilian, military, and law enforcement personnel in accurate, precise, and reliable handgun techniques. This exoskeleton training utilizes a laser-based handgun with similar dimensions, trigger pull, and break action to a Glock® 19 pistol, common to both public and private security sectors. The paper aims to train and test subjects with no handgun training/experience both with and without the ARCTiC LawE and compare the results of accuracy, precision, and speed. Ultimately, the exoskeleton greatly impacts sensory motor learning, and the ...


A Comprehensive End-Of-Life Strategy Decision Making Approach To Handle Uncertainty In The Product Design Stage, Junfeng Ma, Gul E. Okudan-Kremer, Charles David Ray 2017 Mississippi State University

A Comprehensive End-Of-Life Strategy Decision Making Approach To Handle Uncertainty In The Product Design Stage, Junfeng Ma, Gul E. Okudan-Kremer, Charles David Ray

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This study employs fuzzy logic to evaluate uncertain component end-of-life (EOL) options in the design stage. Determining EOL strategies during the product design stage can be complex. For example, EOL strategies for retired bicycle components are various and may change with geographic location. Thus, adopting fixed EOL strategies in the product design stage may not always be appropriate; the element of uncertainty should be considered. Limited research has examined uncertainty of EOL strategies during the design stage. Moreover, the evaluation of EOL strategies in a comprehensive manner has not been shown in a realistic case study. These facts motivate this ...


Modular Hopping And Running Via Parallel Composition, Avik De 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Modular Hopping And Running Via Parallel Composition, Avik De

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Though multi-functional robot hardware has been created, the complexity in its functionality has been constrained by a lack of algorithms that appropriately manage flexible and autonomous reconfiguration of interconnections to physical and behavioral components.

Raibert pioneered a paradigm for the synthesis of planar hopping using a composition of ``parts'': controlled vertical hopping, controlled forward speed, and controlled body attitude. Such reduced degree-of-freedom compositions also seem to appear in running animals across several orders of magnitude of scale. Dynamical systems theory can offer a formal representation of such reductions in terms of ``anchored templates,'' respecting which Raibert's empirical synthesis (and ...


Technical Report On: Towards Reactive Control Of Simplified Legged Robotics Maneuvers, Jeff Duperret, D. E. Koditschek 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Technical Report On: Towards Reactive Control Of Simplified Legged Robotics Maneuvers, Jeff Duperret, D. E. Koditschek

Technical Reports (ESE)

This technical report provides proofs and calculations for the paper "Towards Reactive Control of Simplified Legged Robotics Maneuvers," as well as implementation notes and a discussion on robustness.


Answering Food Insecurity: Serving The Community With Food And Knowledge Using Technology, Courtney Simpson 2017 Purdue University

Answering Food Insecurity: Serving The Community With Food And Knowledge Using Technology, Courtney Simpson

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The courses of Tech120, CGT110, and ENGT 180/181 and Red Gold at Purdue collaborated to design a robot that would plant and water a garden for a local community charter school. The students centered the project on the users’ needs for fresh food, nutrition education, and early exposure to STEM for children. The school, Anderson Preparatory Academy (APA), is comprised of many children who come from low-income families and are in the free or reduced lunch program. Inspired from “Farm Bot,” a similar system that allows for almost hands-free gardening, the “Boiler Bot” is designed to be scalable so ...


Development Of Design Requirements For A Cognitive Assistant In Space Missions Beyond Low Earth Orbit, Güliz Tokadl, Michael C. Dorneich 2017 Iowa State University

Development Of Design Requirements For A Cognitive Assistant In Space Missions Beyond Low Earth Orbit, Güliz Tokadl, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This study describes the development of requirements for a cognitive assistant (CA) for use onboard a space vehicle/station. For missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO), delayed communication will limit mission control’s ability to support the space crew in real time. During off-nominal situations, where no procedures have been developed prior to missions, crews must develop responses in real time and may increasingly rely on automation. A systematic approach was used to model the domain knowledge of the collaborative decision-making process of current space operations, extrapolate to missions beyond LEO, and develop the design requirements for a CA. Document ...


Using Emerging Open Source Technolgies To Foster Reproducability In Research, Joe Olson 2017 Illinois State University

Using Emerging Open Source Technolgies To Foster Reproducability In Research, Joe Olson

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Quantitative Analysis Of Regenerative Energy In Electric Rail Traction Systems, Mahmoud Saleh, Oindrilla Dutta, Yusef Esa, Ahmed Mohamed 2017 CUNY City College

Quantitative Analysis Of Regenerative Energy In Electric Rail Traction Systems, Mahmoud Saleh, Oindrilla Dutta, Yusef Esa, Ahmed Mohamed

Publications and Research

This paper aims at determining the influential factors affecting regenerative braking energy in DC rail transit systems. This has been achieved by quantitatively evaluating the dependence of regenerative energy on various parameters, such as vehicle dynamics, train scheduling, ground inclination and efficiency of the electrical devices. The recuperated power and energy have been presented by a mathematical model, comprising of a set of empirical forms, which allows for thorough analysis. A detailed simulation model of a typical DC-traction system has been developed to validate the developed empirical forms. The results verified the validity of the proposed mathematical model, and demonstrated ...


Identification Of Reverse Engineering Candidates Utilizing Machine Learning And Aircraft Cannibalization Data, Marc Banghart 2017 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University

Identification Of Reverse Engineering Candidates Utilizing Machine Learning And Aircraft Cannibalization Data, Marc Banghart

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

As military aircraft continue to remain in service and age, cannibalization of parts is increasing. Proactive identification of parts that are at high risk for cannibalization will inform engineering processes such as reverse engineering, thus allowing potentially reducing lead time to develop new parts. The research objective was to develop a causal structure that can be used for prediction of when cannibalization actions may occur. Bayesian networks allow encoding of causality between various descriptive features given a data set. The method utilized a tabu search algorithm, identified the underlying causal structure and the associated node probabilities. The method is then ...


Evaluating Process Improvement Courses Of Action Through Modeling And Simulation, Joseph R. Owens 2017 Air Force Institute of Technology

Evaluating Process Improvement Courses Of Action Through Modeling And Simulation, Joseph R. Owens

Theses and Dissertations

Quantifying an expected improvement when considering moderate-complexity changes to a process is time consuming and has potential to overlook stochastic effects. By modeling a process as a Numerical Design Structure Matrix (NDSM), simulating the proposed changes, and evaluating performance, quantification can be rapidly accomplished to understand stochastic effects. This thesis explores a method to evaluate complex process changes within Six Sigma DMAIC process improvement to identify the most desirable outcome amongst several improvement options. A tool to perform the modeling and evaluation is developed. This process evaluation tool is verified for functionality, then is demonstrated against generic processes, a case ...


A Systems-Based Framework For Design And Analysis Of An R And D Structure, Polinpapilinho F. Katina, Charles B. Keating, Luna M. Magpili 2017 Old Dominion University

A Systems-Based Framework For Design And Analysis Of An R And D Structure, Polinpapilinho F. Katina, Charles B. Keating, Luna M. Magpili

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

A critical challenge for managerial effectiveness and competitive advantage in research and development (R and D) organizations is developing an appropriate structural configuration. However, in finding an appropriate structural configuration, R and D managers are faced with unprecedented levels of uncertainty, ambiguity, and accelerating complexity, coupled with demands for increased productivity. This paper develops a systems-based framework to support rigorous design, analysis, and transformation of the structure for R and D organizations. The framework development includes: (1) a review of the literature for the nature and role of the structure in R and D management; (2) setting of the R ...


A Model For Sustaining New Technology Based On Government Incentives, Girish Upreti 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Model For Sustaining New Technology Based On Government Incentives, Girish Upreti

Doctoral Dissertations

The diffusion of new technology that provides environmental benefits may require government incentives for a duration of time, especially when the technology is expensive. The Center of Systems Research and Education (CASRE) model is developed that analyzes the impact of incentives in sustaining new technologies to allow their social acceptance. The CASRE model includes both demand and supply variables associated with incentive policy to sustain new technology. The key to market dissemination and sustainability is the Investment Tax Credit (ITC) levels provided by the government. The level of ITC is based on the current cost to the customer and the ...


Sustainability Analysis For New Technologies Of Biofuels And Additive Manufacturing, Nelson A. Granda Marulanda 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Sustainability Analysis For New Technologies Of Biofuels And Additive Manufacturing, Nelson A. Granda Marulanda

Doctoral Dissertations

This work is a compendium of different sustainability analysis on new technologies. The first chapter performed a Life Cycle Analysis of a biofuel process where pine woodchips are used to create SynGas. The study was done using a 10 tons gasifier, the mass balance of the reaction and an input/output analysis. All the data obtained was input into a freeware LCA software and the results were compared to the use of regular produced natural gas. The second chapter creates a benchmark of energy intensity and presents a case using binder jetting technology. Different Additive Manufacturing technologies energy intensity was ...


Joint Exploration Of Local Metrics And Geometry In Sampling-Based Planning, Vincent Pacelli 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Joint Exploration Of Local Metrics And Geometry In Sampling-Based Planning, Vincent Pacelli

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This thesis addresses how the local geometry of the workspace around a system state can be combined with local metrics describing system dynamics to improve the connectivity of the graph produced by a sampling-based planner over a fixed number of configurations. This development is achieved through generalization of the concept of the local free space to inner products other than the Euclidean inner product. This new structure allows for naturally combining the local free space construction with a locally applicable metric. The combination of the local free space with two specific metrics is explored in this work. The first metric ...


Ground Robotic Measurement Of Aeolian Processes, Feifei Qian, Douglas J. Jerolmack, Nicholas Lancaster, George Nikolich, Paul B. Reverdy, Sonia F. Roberts, Thomas F. Shipley, Robert Scott Van pelt, Ted M. Zobeck, Daniel E. Koditschek 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Ground Robotic Measurement Of Aeolian Processes, Feifei Qian, Douglas J. Jerolmack, Nicholas Lancaster, George Nikolich, Paul B. Reverdy, Sonia F. Roberts, Thomas F. Shipley, Robert Scott Van Pelt, Ted M. Zobeck, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Models of aeolian processes rely on accurate measurements of the rates of sediment transport by wind, and careful evaluation of the environmental controls of these processes. Existing field approaches typically require intensive, event-based experiments involving dense arrays of instruments. These devices are often cumbersome and logistically difficult to set up and maintain, especially near steep or vegetated dune surfaces. Significant advances in instrumentation are needed to provide the datasets that are required to validate and improve mechanistic models of aeolian sediment transport. Recent advances in robotics show great promise for assisting and amplifying scientists’ efforts to increase the spatial and ...


Cyber-Physical System Characterization And Co-Regulation Of A Quadrotor Uas, Seth E. Doebbeling 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Cyber-Physical System Characterization And Co-Regulation Of A Quadrotor Uas, Seth E. Doebbeling

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

An Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) is a Cyber-Physical System (CPS) in which a host of real-time computational tasks contending for shared resources must be cooperatively managed to obtain mission objectives. Traditionally, control of the UAS is designed assuming a fixed, high sampling rate in order to maintain reliable performance and margins of stability. But emerging methods challenge this design by dynamically allocating resources to computational tasks, thereby affecting control and mission performance. To apply these emerging strategies, a characterization and understanding of the effects of timing on control and trajectory following performance is required. Going beyond traditional control evaluation techniques ...


Development And Implementation Of Optimized Energy-Delay Sub-Network Routing Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks, Maciej Jan Zawodniok, Jagannathan Sarangapani, Steve Eugene Watkins, James W. Fonda 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Development And Implementation Of Optimized Energy-Delay Sub-Network Routing Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks, Maciej Jan Zawodniok, Jagannathan Sarangapani, Steve Eugene Watkins, James W. Fonda

Steve Eugene Watkins

The development and implementation of the optimized energy-delay sub-network routing (OEDSR) protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSN) is presented. This ondemand routing protocol minimizes a novel link cost factor which is defined using available energy, end-to-end (E2E) delay and distance from a node to the base station (BS), along with clustering, to effectively route information to the BS. Initially, the nodes are either in idle or sleep mode, but once an event is detected, the nodes near the event become active and start forming sub-networks. Formation of the inactive network into a sub-network saves energy because only a portion of ...


Shop Floor Lot-Sizing And Scheduling With A Two-Stage Stochastic Programming Model Considering Uncertain Demand And Workforce Efficiency, Yihua Li, Guiping Hu 2017 Iowa State University

Shop Floor Lot-Sizing And Scheduling With A Two-Stage Stochastic Programming Model Considering Uncertain Demand And Workforce Efficiency, Yihua Li, Guiping Hu

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Efficient and flexible production planning is necessary for the manufacturing industry to stay competitive in today’s global market. Shop floor lot-sizing and scheduling is one of the most challenging and rewarding subjects for the management. In this study, a two-stage stochastic programming model is proposed to solve a single-machine, multi-product shop floor lot-sizing and scheduling problem. Two sources of uncertainties are considered simultaneously: product demand from the market, and workforce efficiency, which is the major contribution of this study. The workforce efficiency affects the system productivity, and we propose different distributions to model its uncertainty with insufficient information.The ...


Interaction Of Automation Visibility And Information Quality In Flight Deck Information Automation View Document, Michael C. Dorneich, Rachel Dudley, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Erik Nelson 2017 Iowa State University

Interaction Of Automation Visibility And Information Quality In Flight Deck Information Automation View Document, Michael C. Dorneich, Rachel Dudley, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Erik Nelson

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

An empirical study evaluated key human factors issues related to automation visibility and information quality, based on a refined definition of information automation. Next-generation air transportation system operational concepts will dramatically affect the types and amount of information available on flight decks. Information automation systems collect, process, and present information to support pilot tasks and awareness. The definition of flight deck information automation was refined to differentiate it from other types of automation. Pilots interacted with an example information automation system to investigate the premise that automation visibility will have an impact on the ability of pilots to detect problems ...


Sequential Exploration-Exploitation With Dynamic Trade-Off For Efficient Reliability Analysis Of Complex Engineered Systems, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Chao Hu, Cameron A. MacKenzie, Amin Toghi Eshghi, Soobum Lee 2017 Iowa State University

Sequential Exploration-Exploitation With Dynamic Trade-Off For Efficient Reliability Analysis Of Complex Engineered Systems, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Chao Hu, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Amin Toghi Eshghi, Soobum Lee

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

A new sequential sampling method, named sequential exploration-exploitation with dynamic trade-off (SEEDT), is proposed for reliability analysis of complex engineered systems involving high dimensionality and a wide range of reliability levels. The proposed SEEDT method is built based on the ideas of two previously developed sequential Kriging reliability methods, namely efficient global reliability analysis (EGRA) and maximum confidence enhancement (MCE) methods. It employs Kriging-based sequential sampling to build a surrogate model (i.e., Kriging model) that approximates the performance function of an engineered system, and performs Monte Carlo simulation on the surrogate model for reliability analysis. A new acquisition function ...


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