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Similarity Evaluation Of Topography Measurement Results By Different Optical Metrology Technologies For Additive Manufactured Parts, Yi Zheng, Xiao Zhang, Shaodong Wang, Qing Li, Hantang Qin, Beiwen Li 2020 Iowa State University

Similarity Evaluation Of Topography Measurement Results By Different Optical Metrology Technologies For Additive Manufactured Parts, Yi Zheng, Xiao Zhang, Shaodong Wang, Qing Li, Hantang Qin, Beiwen Li

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The surface topographic measurements can be used by the additive manufacturing (AM) industry for in-situ quality inspection. However, disagreements may arise when we use different technologies to measure the topography of the same sample surface due to noise, sampling or optical properties of the sample surface, which may cause miscommunications or confusions between manufacturers. Thus, proposing methods for rating the similarities to match surface topographic data measured by various optical techniques is of crucial importance. This research investigates similarity evaluation methods for three-dimensional point-cloud topography data acquired by different technologies. Two different optical techniques (focus variation microscopy and structured light ...


Flood Prediction And Uncertainty Estimation Using Deep Learning, Vinayaka Gude, Steven Corns, Suzanna Long 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Flood Prediction And Uncertainty Estimation Using Deep Learning, Vinayaka Gude, Steven Corns, Suzanna Long

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Floods are a complex phenomenon that are difficult to predict because of their non-linear and dynamic nature. Therefore, flood prediction has been a key research topic in the field of hydrology. Various researchers have approached this problem using different techniques ranging from physical models to image processing, but the accuracy and time steps are not sufficient for all applications. This study explores deep learning techniques for predicting gauge height and evaluating the associated uncertainty. Gauge height data for the Meramec River in Valley Park, Missouri was used to develop and validate the model. It was found that the deep learning ...


Managing Electric Vehicle Charging: An Exponential Cone Programming Approach, Li CHEN, Long HE, Helen Yangfang ZHOU 2020 National University of Singapore

Managing Electric Vehicle Charging: An Exponential Cone Programming Approach, Li Chen, Long He, Helen Yangfang Zhou

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

A key to the mass adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is ease of charging, in which public charging will play an increasingly important role. We study the EV charging management of a charging service provider, which faces uncertainty in customer arrivals (e.g., arrival/departure time and charging requirements) and a tariff structure including demand charges (costs related to the highest per-period charging quantity in a finite horizon). We formulate this problem to minimize the total expected costs as a two-stage stochastic program. A common approach to solve this program, sample average approximation, suers from its large- scale nature. Therefore ...


Precise Measuring Cells For Quantitative And Qualitative Measurement, A.A. Begunov, B.M. Akhmedov, R.A. Ibragimov 2020 Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Automation and Automation of Production Processes, St. Petersburg Institute of Management and Food Technologies, Address: nab. Griboedov Canal, 7, 191186, St. Petersburg, Russia,

Precise Measuring Cells For Quantitative And Qualitative Measurement, A.A. Begunov, B.M. Akhmedov, R.A. Ibragimov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The main provisions considered in assessing the accuracy of methods and measurement results are considered. It is shown that in the experimental assessment of various accuracy indicators, and also when analyzing the content of components in various gaseous media, the sorption-gravimetric measurement method is widely used, methods for measuring the mass of the sorbent and possible sources of error of this technique. Methods of measuring the mass of gas using specific surface areas, including taking into account the contact of gas with a solid material, and also, the amount of adsorbed gas and its pressure, temperature, type and size of ...


Techniques To Solve Decision-Making Problems, Dilnoz Tulkunovna Muhamediyeva, Bekmuratov Fayzievich Tulkun 2020 Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies at Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Address: Amir Temurstreet, 108, 100200, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan, Phone:+998-95-195-47-52

Techniques To Solve Decision-Making Problems, Dilnoz Tulkunovna Muhamediyeva, Bekmuratov Fayzievich Tulkun

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Solving decision-making problems in poorly formalized systems only with the help of deterministic and probabilistic methods is insufficient. To do this, it is necessary to widely apply the methods of hybrid intelligent systems and, especially, the methods of “soft” calculations (SoftCalculation, SoftComputing) and the directions of ComputationalIntelligence — intelligent computing technologies that are emerging on this theoretical and methodological base. An immune - fuzzy algorithm for the synthesis of fuzzy inference systems (FIS) is proposed. A two-stage adaptive FIS synthesis algorithm is described. At the first stage, the initial fuzzy parameters are clustered in order to reduce the number of input parameters ...


Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova PhD, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technogical Institute, Uzbekistan

Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova Phd, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The influence of the additive of solid waste of soda production (SWSP) on the content of -C2S and C3S in cement studied. It was found that SWSP affects the density of the aluminum-containing minerals C3A and C4AF, in addition, in the presence of gypsum, their plasticizing properties improved. The introduction of SWSP additives during grinding of clinker intensifies the grinding process and made it possible to obtain a more plastic cement. It was proved that SWSP with CaCl2 content can be used as an additive to concrete and cement mortars - this ...


Controlling And Forecasting The Reliability Of Integrated Circuits Of Radio Systems Transmitting Information, Abdulaziz M. Nazarov Prof, Dilmurod A. Davronbekov Prof. 2020 Tashkent State Technical University, Uzbekistan

Controlling And Forecasting The Reliability Of Integrated Circuits Of Radio Systems Transmitting Information, Abdulaziz M. Nazarov Prof, Dilmurod A. Davronbekov Prof.

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The issues of forecasting the reliability of integrated circuits, which are the main element base of modern radio engineering information transmission systems, are considered. Methods of parametric and functional control are described to determine the correspondence of the static and dynamic parameters of microcircuits to the required values. A combined method for determining the operating parameters of microcircuits is also described. The advantage of this method in addition to the two above methods is indicated that it combines the function of controlling the operation of the entire control system. Two approaches for predicting reliability are given, as well as mathematical ...


Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, Dildora Kabilovna Muhamediyeva 2020 Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies at Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Address: Amir Temur street, 108, 100200, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, Dildora Kabilovna Muhamediyeva

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The models of two competing populations with double nonlinear diffusion and three types of functional dependencies are considered. The first dependence corresponds to the Malthusian type, the second to the Verhühlst type (logistic population), and the third to Olli-type populations. A common element of this kind of description is the presence of a linear source. Nonlinear sinks are also present in descriptions of populations of the Verhulst and Ollie type. Suitable initial approximations for a rapidly converging iterative process are proposed. Based on a self-similar analysis and comparison of the solutions of the Cauchy problem in the domain for an ...


Steady Algorithms For Synthesis Of Multidimensional Controlling Systems With Incomplete Information About The Object State, Uktam Farkhodovich Mamirov 2020 PhD., Department Tashkent State Technical University, Tel.: (+99890) 900-56-25

Steady Algorithms For Synthesis Of Multidimensional Controlling Systems With Incomplete Information About The Object State, Uktam Farkhodovich Mamirov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

In this paper, questions of forming and creation of steady synthesis algorithms of multidimensional controlling systems at incomplete information on object status are considered. It is shown that the matrix of feedback coupling on a status at the complete information is not determined. The different algorithms of steady calculation of a matrix pseudo-inverse to the matrix of outputs using these or those decomposition of matrixes are analyzed. Algorithms of iterative specification of a required solution of "skeletal" decomposition are given. The given expressions allow synthesizing the simplified computing procedures of synthesis of multidimensional controlling systems at incomplete information on object ...


Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling For Predictive Control Systems With Complex Technological Processes And Production, Yusupbekov Nodirbek, Shukhrat Gulyamov, Malika Doshchanova 2020 Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov

Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling For Predictive Control Systems With Complex Technological Processes And Production, Yusupbekov Nodirbek, Shukhrat Gulyamov, Malika Doshchanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The paper implements a modification of a fuzzy neural network, which is suitable for predictive control purposes. Adaptation of a multidimensional programmable controller based on a neural algorithm for the back propagation of forecasting errors is proposed, as well as neural parametric identification of a fuzzy mathematical model of complex technological processes and production based on experimental data and expert estimates.


Examples Of Gibsonian Affordances In Legged Robotics Research Using An Empirical, Generative Framework, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek, Lisa J. Miracchi 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Examples Of Gibsonian Affordances In Legged Robotics Research Using An Empirical, Generative Framework, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek, Lisa J. Miracchi

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Evidence from empirical literature suggests that explainable complex behaviors can be built from structured compositions of explainable component behaviors with known properties. Such component behaviors can be built to directly perceive and exploit affordances. Using six examples of recent research in legged robot locomotion, we suggest that robots can be programmed to effectively exploit affordances without developing explicit internal models of them. We use a generative framework to discuss the examples, because it helps us to separate—and thus clarify the relationship between—description of affordance exploitation from description of the internal representations used by the robot in that exploitation ...


Understanding Rural Water Services As A Complex System: An Assessment Of Key Factors As Potential Leverage Points For Improved Service Sustainability, Nicholas Valcourt, Jeffrey P. Walters, Amy Javernick-Will, Karl Linden, Betelhem Hailegiorgis 2020 University of Colorado Boulder

Understanding Rural Water Services As A Complex System: An Assessment Of Key Factors As Potential Leverage Points For Improved Service Sustainability, Nicholas Valcourt, Jeffrey P. Walters, Amy Javernick-Will, Karl Linden, Betelhem Hailegiorgis

Faculty Publications - Biomedical, Mechanical, and Civil Engineering

Rural water supply services worldwide consistently fail to deliver full public health impacts as intended due to a low service sustainability. This failure is increasingly attributed to weak local systems composed of social, financial and environmental factors. Current approaches in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector for understanding and improving these systems typically focus on the strength and capacity of these factors, but not the interactions between them. We contend that these approaches overlook the inherent complexity and context-specific nature of each local system. To assess this complexity, we conducted four participatory factor mapping workshops with local stakeholders across ...


Modulation Of Robot Orientation Via Leg-Obstacle Contact Positions, Divya Ramesh, Anmol Kathail, Daniel E. Koditschek, Feifei Qian 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Modulation Of Robot Orientation Via Leg-Obstacle Contact Positions, Divya Ramesh, Anmol Kathail, Daniel E. Koditschek, Feifei Qian

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We study a quadrupedal robot traversing a structured (i.e., periodically spaced) obstacle field driven by an open-loop quasi-static trotting walk. Despite complex, repeated collisions and slippage between robot legs and obstacles, the robot’s horizontal plane body orientation (yaw) trajectory can converge in the absence of any body level feedback to stable steady state patterns. We classify these patterns into a series of “types” ranging from stable locked equilibria, to stable periodic oscillations, to unstable or mixed period oscillations. We observe that the stable equilibria can bifurcate to stable periodic oscillations and then to mixed period oscillations as the ...


Development And Experimental Investigation Of Modular Crates For Industrial Packaging Applications, Marshal Louie, Kumar B 2020 College of Engineering, Guindy Campus, Anna University

Development And Experimental Investigation Of Modular Crates For Industrial Packaging Applications, Marshal Louie, Kumar B

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

For the increased product varieties, engineered plywood crate production technique could not facilitate box size optimization. This paper investigates the implementation of modularity function onto the plywood crate to resize the pack cube volume on customer requirement and to reduce space wastage inside the box. This is achieved by using a new joint technique called “Flat- Post Tongue Joint”. The full-sized experimental work is carried out comprising Flexural test analysis on Flat-Post Tongue joint, Tensile test analysis on tongue joint and Box Compression Test analysis on the two developed models of modular crates namely Modifiable Reinforced Plywood Crate (MRPC) and ...


Retrospective Study Of Fmol Health System Utilization Using Geospatial Information, Deekshith Mandala 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Retrospective Study Of Fmol Health System Utilization Using Geospatial Information, Deekshith Mandala

LSU Master's Theses

Medicaid Expansion and closing of Emergency Departments (ED) like Earl K. Long, Baton Rouge General Mid-City ED, and Champion Medical Center changed the health care landscape in East Baton Rouge Parish (EBRP). In this research study, a Geographical Information System (GIS) is used to analyze the impact of the expansion of Medicaid and the inauguration of Our Lady of the Lake North Baton Rouge ED (OLOL NBR ED) over the utilization of Franciscan Missionaries of our Lady Health System (FMOLHS) for both emergency and non-emergency health care services. This study is performed across the 58 neighborhoods of EBRP. Overutilization of ...


System Approaches To Water, Sanitation, And Hygiene: A Systematic Literature Review, Nicholas Valcourt, Amy Javernick-Will, Jeffrey P. Walters, Karl Linden 2020 University of Colorado Boulder

System Approaches To Water, Sanitation, And Hygiene: A Systematic Literature Review, Nicholas Valcourt, Amy Javernick-Will, Jeffrey P. Walters, Karl Linden

Faculty Publications - Biomedical, Mechanical, and Civil Engineering

Endemic issues of sustainability in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sector have led to the rapid expansion of ‘system approaches’ for assessing the multitude of interconnected factors that affect WASH outcomes. However, the sector lacks a systematic analysis and characterization of the knowledge base for systems approaches, in particular how and where they are being implemented and what outcomes have resulted from their application. To address this need, we conducted a wide-ranging systematic literature review of systems approaches for WASH across peer-reviewed, grey, and organizational literature. Our results show a myriad of methods, scopes, and applications within the sector ...


A Programmably Compliant Origami Mechanism For Dynamically Dexterous Robots, Wei-Hsi Chen, Shivangi Mishra, Yuchong Gao, Young-Joo Lee, Daniel Koditschek, Shu Yang, Cynthia R. Sung 2020 University of Pennsylvania

A Programmably Compliant Origami Mechanism For Dynamically Dexterous Robots, Wei-Hsi Chen, Shivangi Mishra, Yuchong Gao, Young-Joo Lee, Daniel Koditschek, Shu Yang, Cynthia R. Sung

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We present an approach to overcoming challenges in dynamical dexterity for robots through programmably compliant origami mechanisms. Our work leverages a one-parameter family of flat sheet crease patterns that folds into origami bellows, whose axial compliance can be tuned to select desired stiffness. Concentrically arranged cylinder pairs reliably manifest additive stiffness, extending the programmable range by nearly an order of magnitude and achieving bulk axial stiffness spanning 200–1500 N/m using 8 mil thick polyester-coated paper. Accordingly, we design origami energy-storing springs with a stiffness of 1035 N/m each and incorporate them into a three degree-of-freedom (DOF) tendon-driven ...


Understanding And Measuring Net Positive Business Strategies, Luke Ruffner Robinson 2020 University of Montana

Understanding And Measuring Net Positive Business Strategies, Luke Ruffner Robinson

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Despite their attempts to mitigate ecological impacts through sustainability initiatives, businesses are a major cause of the world's ecological problems. Some progressive businesses are attempting to move beyond “net zero” in terms of achieving neutral environmental impacts and instead are now pursuing a goal of net positive. Net positive refers to the idea that business activities could contribute value-added benefits to earth’s ecological systems, for example, by using technologies that sequester and store carbon. However, except for a handful of high-profile corporate case studies, little is known about how companies are developing their strategies to become net positive ...


Uas For Public Safety Operations: A Comparison Of Uas Point Clouds To Terrestrial Lidar Point Cloud Data Using A Faro Scanner, Joseph S. Cerreta, Scott S. Burgess, Jeremy Coleman 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Uas For Public Safety Operations: A Comparison Of Uas Point Clouds To Terrestrial Lidar Point Cloud Data Using A Faro Scanner, Joseph S. Cerreta, Scott S. Burgess, Jeremy Coleman

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) can be useful tools for public safety agencies during crime or vehicle accident scene investigations if it can provide value to the resource-constrained agency. The speed of data collection, while minimizing first responder risk, while sustaining an acceptable level of accuracy and precision compared to other tools is where the agency may find value. During a recent homicide investigation in Florida, a UAS provided saved 81% in law enforcement labor hours with an acceptable level of accuracy compared to traditional methods. The purpose of this research was to compare UAS to determine if there were differences ...


Achieving Consistency With Cutting Planes, Danial Davarnia, Atefeh Rajabalizadeh, John Hooker 2020 Iowa State University

Achieving Consistency With Cutting Planes, Danial Davarnia, Atefeh Rajabalizadeh, John Hooker

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Cutting planes accelerate branch-and-bound search primarily by cutting off fractional solutions of the linearprogramming (LP) relaxation, resulting in tighter bounds for pruning the search tree. Yet cutting planes canalso reduce backtracking by excluding inconsistent partial assignments that occur in the course of branching.A partial assignment is inconsistent with a constraint set when it cannot be extended to a full feasibleassignment. The constraint programming community has studied consistency extensively and used it as aneffective tool for the reduction of backtracking. We extend this approach to integer programming (IP) bydefining concepts of consistency that are useful in a branch-and-bound context. We ...


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