Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Heat Transfer, Combustion Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

785 Full-Text Articles 1,173 Authors 481,563 Downloads 68 Institutions

All Articles in Heat Transfer, Combustion

Faceted Search

785 full-text articles. Page 3 of 29.

Portable Thermoelectric Refrigerator, Cassandra Danielle Beck, Ryan Theodore Gelinas, Joshua Michael DiMaggio, Zachary David Wilson 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Portable Thermoelectric Refrigerator, Cassandra Danielle Beck, Ryan Theodore Gelinas, Joshua Michael Dimaggio, Zachary David Wilson

Mechanical Engineering

This project created a versatile thermoelectric refrigerator that can be used via a wall outlet. The product is durable and effective. The refrigerator is functional in any ambient temperature, and uses thermoelectric cooling, and work from a standard 120V power outlet. By understanding existing products’ limitations and strengths, this project produced a product that outperforms what’s currently on the market. Many of the existing products’ operating temperature is dependent on the ambient temperature of the surroundings, which is a large drawback. Additionally, most of them take a long time to reach their lowest temperature, around 3 hours. One team ...


Optimization Of Analytical Inverse Heat Transfer Recovery Solution, Nathan Schick 2018 Western Michigan University

Optimization Of Analytical Inverse Heat Transfer Recovery Solution, Nathan Schick

Master's Theses

This thesis describes the different methods used when trying to solve inverse heat transfer problems, particularly those involving recovering heat flux. There are currently several techniques to measure the temperature history in an object subjected to heat transfer using various temperature sensors, however these types of sensors are gradually being replaced by Temperature Sensitive Paints (TSP), a technique that is more accurate and provides a better spatial resolution. TSP is a polymer that is applied on a base object. Changes in temperature in the polymer result in variations of the luminescence intensity in the paint. These variations can be captured ...


Liquid-To-Liquid Low Grade Waste Heat Recovery Using A Two-Channel Loop, Waleed Farwana 2018 Western Michigan University

Liquid-To-Liquid Low Grade Waste Heat Recovery Using A Two-Channel Loop, Waleed Farwana

Master's Theses

The use of thermoelectric generators (TEGs) for producing electric energy from low grade “waste heat” has been theorized to provide a sustainable and low-cost energy source for electric power plants. The purpose of this study is to model and experimentally validate a TEG device that takes advantage of low grade waste heat (approximately 100-150 degrees Celsius) in liquid form in order to generate power that can be used for various applications in the surrounding environment. This research aims to demonstrate that optimized TEG designs bear the potential to compete with other methods of low grade waste heat energy harvesting in ...


Effect Of Aerogel On The Thermal Performance Of Corrugated Composite Sandwich Structures, Jacob Dillon Chess 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effect Of Aerogel On The Thermal Performance Of Corrugated Composite Sandwich Structures, Jacob Dillon Chess

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Current insulation solutions across multiple industries, especially the commercial sector, can be bulky and ineffective when considering their volume. Aerogels are excellent insulators, exhibiting low thermal conductivities and low densities with a porosity of around 95%. Such characteristics make aerogels effective in decreasing conductive heat transfer within a solid. These requirements are crucial for aerospace and spaceflight applications, where sensitive components exist among extreme temperature environments. When implemented into insulation applications, aerogel can perform better than existing technology while using less material, which limits the amount of volume allocated for insulation. The application of these materials into composites can result ...


Process-Property-Microstructure Relationships In Laser-Powder Bed Fusion Of 420 Stainless Steel., Subrata Deb Nath 2018 University of Louisville

Process-Property-Microstructure Relationships In Laser-Powder Bed Fusion Of 420 Stainless Steel., Subrata Deb Nath

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Laser-powder bed fusion (L-PBF) is an additive manufacturing technique for fabricating metal components with complex design and customized features. However, only a limited number of materials have been widely studied using L-PBF. AISI 420 stainless steel, an alloy with a useful combination of high strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance, is an example of one such material where few L-PBF investigations have emerged to date. In this dissertation, L-PBF experiments were conducted using 420 stainless steel powders to understand the effects of chemical composition, particle size distribution and processing parameters on ensuing physical, mechanical and corrosion properties and microstructure in comparison ...


Low Temperature Desiccants In Atmospheric Water Generation., Sunil Gupta 2018 University of Louisville

Low Temperature Desiccants In Atmospheric Water Generation., Sunil Gupta

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Surging global water demand as well as changes to weather patterns and over exploitation of natural water sources, such as ground water, has made potable water a critical resource in many parts of the World already – one rapidly heading towards a crisis situation. Desalination has been adopted as a solution – this is however energy intensive and impractical for most of the developing countries - those most in need of water. A renewable source of energy is solar thermal and solar photovoltaic. A plentiful source of water is the humidity in the atmosphere. This research is to push the envelope in pairing ...


Experimental Investigation Of The Heat Source Orientation On The Transient Flow And Thermal Behaviour Of Phase Change Material During Phase Transition, Steven Jevnikar 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Experimental Investigation Of The Heat Source Orientation On The Transient Flow And Thermal Behaviour Of Phase Change Material During Phase Transition, Steven Jevnikar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The present study reports the characterization of transient flow and transient thermal behavior of phase change material (PCM) during solid-liquid phase change (melting) through experimental investigation. Two specific aspects of the current work, both important in the field of latent heat thermal energy storage, are to investigate the influence of the flow behavior within liquid PCM on the melting and heat transfer processes, and the impact of heat source orientation on the underlying melting and heat transfer processes. A relationship between heat source orientation and the Nusselt number was discussed. The results show that the fluid velocity is critical for ...


A Systematic Investigation Of Condensation Heat Transfer Using Asymmetric Micro-Scale Surfaces, Emily Brown 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Systematic Investigation Of Condensation Heat Transfer Using Asymmetric Micro-Scale Surfaces, Emily Brown

LSU Master's Theses

Asymmetric surfaces been shown to inducing unidirectional motion in the Leidenfrost regime; however, very minimal research has been conducted to investigate whether these surface can enhance condensation through the same means. The investigation of heat transfer of ratchets in condensation is a relatively untapped area of study, specifically ratchets with superhydrophobic properties. Anticipated difficulty lies in creating surfaces features or coatings that retain the ratchets and can adequately sustain optimal wetting state of Cassie-Baxter required to improve heat transfer performance during condensation. This study serves to investigate whether ratchets are a feasible surface feature to enhance condensation heat transfer. First ...


7 - Transient Conductive Heat Transfer Analysis Of Materials Subjected To Rapid Heating Or Cooling, Lucas Jackson 2018 Valdosta State University

7 - Transient Conductive Heat Transfer Analysis Of Materials Subjected To Rapid Heating Or Cooling, Lucas Jackson

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The purpose of this project is to explore the transient heat transfer behavior of various materials subjected to rapid heating or cooling and analytically as well as experimentally verify the governing equations used for prediction of heating profiles (e.g., temperature as a function of time) of these materials. The experimental process begins with an understanding of analog-to-digital data conversion methods and, through the use of MATLAB programming software, the ability to find methods for interpreting the raw data. The concepts of Fourier’s Law related to conductive heat transfer and analytical models that relate an object’s internal temperature ...


Thermal Transport Study On Actinide Oxides Using Phonon Density Of States Calculation, Alex Resnick, Katherine Mitchell 2018 Kennesaw State University

Thermal Transport Study On Actinide Oxides Using Phonon Density Of States Calculation, Alex Resnick, Katherine Mitchell

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The thermophysical properties of nuclear fuels being developed in generation IV nuclear reactors are still being widely examined since the reactor’s operating performance is strongly correlated to the thermal transport properties of the fuel source. In this research, phonon density of states (DOS) are estimated for uranium dioxide (UO2), thorium dioxide (ThO2), and plutonium dioxide (PuO2) as these are all significant representations of the actinide oxide family. The crystalline structures of these fuels are altered to contain point defects in the form of primary atom vacancies, oxygen vacancies, and uranium substitution. Primary atom and oxygen vacancies ...


Combustion Dynamics And Heat Transfer In An Ultra Compact Combustor, Brian T. Bohan 2018 Air Force Institute of Technology

Combustion Dynamics And Heat Transfer In An Ultra Compact Combustor, Brian T. Bohan

Theses and Dissertations

The Ultra Compact Combustor (UCC) is an innovative combustion system alternative to a traditional turbine engine burner with the potential to improve engine efficiency with a reduced combustor volume. The UCC shortens the axial length of the combustor, and therefore reduces engine weight, by burning in an annulus and swirling the reactants in the circumferential direction. These length and weight improvements can directly lead to an increased thrust-to-weight rating of the engine. The present research included five objectives which advanced the UCC concept on four fronts; cooling UCC turbine vanes, advanced computational modeling of UCC systems, system air split control ...


Micro Combustion Of Primary Reference Fuels In Narrow Heated Channels, Veerendra Naralasetti 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Micro Combustion Of Primary Reference Fuels In Narrow Heated Channels, Veerendra Naralasetti

LSU Master's Theses

Conventional fuel testing machines like CFR engines require large quantities of fuel. The current study seeks to overcome this limitation by introducing an alternative method using a microscale combustion reactor which consumes relatively small amounts of fuel (100-250 ml). For this reason, Primary Reference Fuels (PRF’s: volumetric mixtures of n-heptane and iso-octane) which are simple surrogates of gasoline are selected to test using micro reactor. The primary goal is to determine the effectiveness of using the micro reactor setup to differentiate fuels of different octane number. Experiments with stoichiometric PRF/air mixtures are performed inside a cylindrical quartz tube ...


Study Of The Effective Thermal Conductivity Of Polymer Composites With Varying Filler Arrangements, Debraliz Isaac Aragones, Rajath Kantharaj, Aaditya Candadai, Amy Marconnet 2018 University of Central Florida

Study Of The Effective Thermal Conductivity Of Polymer Composites With Varying Filler Arrangements, Debraliz Isaac Aragones, Rajath Kantharaj, Aaditya Candadai, Amy Marconnet

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Alternative thermal management solutions for electronic devices are being widely explored due to the increasing heat concentration that results from shrinking sizes and increasing power of modern electronics. Clearly, there is a need to spread the heat effectively in these systems, and polymer composites can potentially provide high thermal conductivity at low filler fraction while maintaining desirable mechanical properties for electronic packaging. The present study aims to investigate the effective thermal conductivity of various copper filler arrangements in a polymer matrix. The polymer composites are fabricated using laser cut acrylic templates to embed aligned copper rods in epoxy and create ...


Thermophotovoltaic Devices: Combustion Chamber Optimization And Modelling To Maximize Fuel Efficiency, Arnold Chris Toppo, Ernesto Marinero, Zhaxylyk Kudyshev 2018 Purdue University

Thermophotovoltaic Devices: Combustion Chamber Optimization And Modelling To Maximize Fuel Efficiency, Arnold Chris Toppo, Ernesto Marinero, Zhaxylyk Kudyshev

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Currently, 110 billion cubic meters of natural gas (primarily methane), a potent greenhouse gas, are flared off for environmental and safety reasons. This process results in enough fuel to provide the combined natural gas consumption of Germany and France. The research team developed a thermophotovoltaic device to convert thermal energy to electricity at a high efficiency using proprietary emitters and combustion system. With the current focus being fuel efficiency and the combustion process, the assembly was simulated using ANSYS Fluent modelling software and the following parameters were optimized: air/fuel ratios, flow rates, and inlet sizes. Simultaneously the heat transfer ...


Waste Heat Recovery From A Vented Electric Clothes Dryer Utilizing A Finned-Tube Heat Exchanger, Abdul Raheem A. Shaik, Stephen L. Caskey, Eckhard A. Groll 2018 Purdue University

Waste Heat Recovery From A Vented Electric Clothes Dryer Utilizing A Finned-Tube Heat Exchanger, Abdul Raheem A. Shaik, Stephen L. Caskey, Eckhard A. Groll

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Conventional residential clothes dryers continuously vent moist, hot air during the drying process. The vented air leaves the home but still has useful temperature and humidity that could be recovered to offset other heating demands in the home. A study is carried out to quantify the amount of heat extracted from the waste heat stream of a conventional, vented clothes dryer. To extract the heat, a water cooled, fin-and-tube heat exchanger is located within the exhaust duct. A steady state thermodynamic dry coil and wet coil model was built in Engineering Equation Solver (EES). The model accounts for the heat ...


Selecting The Most Effective Energy Modeling Tool Based On A Project Requirement, Sodiq Akande 2018 East Tennessee State University

Selecting The Most Effective Energy Modeling Tool Based On A Project Requirement, Sodiq Akande

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Building energy usage can be derived and controlled by performing building energy modeling. BEM can be performed using numerous software tools such as DesignBuilder, OpenStudio, EnergyPlus etc. These modeling tools can be sorted into three different modeling categories: Black-box, Gray-box and White-box. It is important for a modeler to be able to quickly select the proper tool from the proper category to meet the need of the project. To validate the method of categorizing tools, the three models generated using tools from each category and the modeling outputs required were compared. Each model was designed to estimate the amount of ...


2018-19 Tla Application - Thermal Fluid Sequence, M. A. Rafe Biswas 2018 University of Texas at Tyler

2018-19 Tla Application - Thermal Fluid Sequence, M. A. Rafe Biswas

M. A. Rafe Biswas

No abstract provided.


Dynamical Thermal Conductivity Of Suspended Graphene Ribbons In The Hydrodynamic Regime, Zlatan Aksamija, Arnab K. Majee 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Dynamical Thermal Conductivity Of Suspended Graphene Ribbons In The Hydrodynamic Regime, Zlatan Aksamija, Arnab K. Majee

Zlatan Aksamija

The steady-state behavior of thermal transport in bulk and nanostructured semiconductors has been widely
studied, both theoretically and experimentally. On the other hand, fast transients and frequency dynamics of
thermal conduction has been given less attention. The frequency response of thermal conductivity has become
more crucial in recent years, especially in light of the constant rise in the clock frequencies in microprocessors
and terahertz sensing applications. Thermal conductivity in response to a time-varying temperature field starts
decaying when the frequency exceeds a cutoff frequency Omega_c, which is related to the inverse of phonon relaxation time τ, on the order of ...


Resonance Analysis Of A High Temperature Piezoelectric Disc For Sensitivity Characterization, Prathamesh N. Bilgunde, Leonard J. Bond 2018 Iowa State University

Resonance Analysis Of A High Temperature Piezoelectric Disc For Sensitivity Characterization, Prathamesh N. Bilgunde, Leonard J. Bond

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Ultrasonic transducers for high temperature (200 °C+) applications are a key enabling technology for advanced nuclear power systems and in a range of chemical and petro-chemical industries. Design, fabrication and optimization of such transducers using piezoelectric materials remains a challenge. In this work, experimental data-based analysis is performed to investigate the fundamental causal factors for the resonance characteristics of a piezoelectric disc at elevated temperatures. The effect of all ten temperature-dependent piezoelectric constants (ε33, ε11, d33, d31, d15, s11, s12, s13, s33, s44) is studied numerically on both the radial and thickness mode resonances of a piezoelectric disc. A sensitivity ...


Fundamentals Of Applied Smouldering Combustion, Marco Zanoni 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Fundamentals Of Applied Smouldering Combustion, Marco Zanoni

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Smouldering combustion is defined as a flameless oxidation reaction occurring on the surface of the condensed phase (i.e., solid or liquid). Traditional research on smouldering was related to economic damages, fire risk, and death, due to the release of toxic gases and slow propagation rates. Recently, smouldering has been applied as an intentional, engineering technology (e.g., waste and contaminant destruction). Smouldering involves the transport of heat, mass, and momentum in the solid and fluid phases along with different chemical reactions. Therefore, numerical models are essential for the fundamental understanding of the process. Smouldering models either neglected heat transfer ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress