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Electro-Mechanical Systems Commons

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Effects Of Inlet Conditions On Diffuser Outlet Performance, Zaccary A. Poots 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Effects Of Inlet Conditions On Diffuser Outlet Performance, Zaccary A. Poots

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Building air distribution terminal system designers and system installers require accurate quantitative information on the performance of the installed system to achieve optimum efficiency and levels of human comfort. This requires field installation adjustment values from published ideal pressure loss, air distribution and sound generation installation performance. This study documents the air output performance of different installation configurations of six types of ceiling diffusers and compares the results to performance when installed according to ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 70-2006. A diffuser inlet supply plenum was designed for optimum flow and used to acquire a baseline set of data covering the six ...


Geomagnetic Compensation For Low-Cost Crash Avoidance Project, John C. Torres 2011 California Polytechnic State University – San Luis Obispo

Geomagnetic Compensation For Low-Cost Crash Avoidance Project, John C. Torres

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The goal of this work was to compensate for the effects of the Earth’s magnetic field in a vector field magnetic sensor. The magnetic sensor is a part of a low-cost crash avoidance system by Stephane Roussel where the magnetic sensor was used to detect cars passing when it was mounted to a test vehicle. However, the magnetic sensor’s output voltage varied when it changed orientation with respect to the Earth’s magnetic field. This limited the previous work to only analyze detection rates when the test vehicle travelled a single heading. Since one of the goals of ...


Development Of A Novel Methodology For Indoor Emission Source Identification, Kwanghoon Han 2011 BEESL Lab., Syracuse University

Development Of A Novel Methodology For Indoor Emission Source Identification, Kwanghoon Han

Kwanghoon Han

The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a methodology to identify individual sources of emissions based on the measurements of mixed air samples and the emission signatures of individual materials previously determined by Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS), an on-line analytical device. The methodology based on signal processing principles was developed by employing the method of multiple regression least squares (MRLS) and a normalization technique. Samples of nine typical building materials were tested individually and in combination, including carpet, ceiling material, gypsum board, linoleum, two paints, polyolefine, PVC and wood. Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions from each ...


High-Resolution, Non-Contact Angular Measurement System For Psa/Rsa, Ronald D. Sloat 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

High-Resolution, Non-Contact Angular Measurement System For Psa/Rsa, Ronald D. Sloat

Master's Theses and Project Reports

A non-contact angular measurement system for Pitch Static Attitude (PSA) and Roll Static Attitude (RSA) of hard disk drive sliders is designed and built. Real-time sampling at over 15 KHz is achieved with accuracy of +/- 0.05 degrees over a range of approximately 2-3 degrees. Measuring the PSA and RSA is critical for hard drive manufacturers to control and improve the quality and reliability of hard drives. Although the hard drive industry is able to measure the PSA and RSA at the subassembly level at this time, there is no system available that is able to measure PSA/RSA at ...


Haptography: Capturing And Recreating The Rich Feel Of Real Surfaces, Katherine J. Kuchenbecker, Joseph Romano, William McMahan 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Haptography: Capturing And Recreating The Rich Feel Of Real Surfaces, Katherine J. Kuchenbecker, Joseph Romano, William Mcmahan

Departmental Papers (MEAM)

Haptic interfaces, which allow a user to touch virtual and remote environments through a hand-held tool, have opened up exciting new possibilities for applications such as computer-aided design and robot-assisted surgery. Unfortunately, the haptic renderings produced by these systems seldom feel like authentic re-creations of the richly varied surfaces one encounters in the real world. We have thus envisioned the new approach of haptography, or haptic photography, in which an individual quickly records a physical interaction with a real surface and then recreates that experience for a user at a different time and/or place. This paper presents an overview ...


High Conductivity Solid Oxide Electrolyte Composite-Laminates Utilizing Scandia/Ceria Co-Doped Zirconia Core With Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Outer Skins, Jay Neutzler, Xinyu Huang, Joshua Sightler, Yan Chen, Nina Orlovskaya 2011 University of South Carolina - Columbia

High Conductivity Solid Oxide Electrolyte Composite-Laminates Utilizing Scandia/Ceria Co-Doped Zirconia Core With Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Outer Skins, Jay Neutzler, Xinyu Huang, Joshua Sightler, Yan Chen, Nina Orlovskaya

Faculty Publications

Increasing the conductivity of electrolytes in lower temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) is of great importance. However, there are several challenges that are to be addressed, which include phase stability of electrolyte’s crystal structure, chemical stability in both oxidizing and reducing environments, and maintaining mechanical integrity and high ionic conductivity over time.


Advances And Development Of All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries, James Edward Trevey 2011 University of Colorado at Boulder

Advances And Development Of All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries, James Edward Trevey

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Lithium-ion battery technologies have always been accompanied by severe safety issues; therefore recent research efforts have focused on improving battery safety. In large part, the hazardous nature of lithium-ion batteries stems from the high flammability of liquid electrolytes. Consequently, numerous researchers have attempted to replace liquid electrolytes with nonflammable solid electrolytes in order to avoid potential safety problems. Unfortunately, current solid electrolytes are incapable of performing as effectively as liquid electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries due to inferior electrochemical capabilities. While some "all-solid-state" batteries have found niche application, further technological advancement is required for large scale replacement of liquid-based batteries. The ...


Voltage Impulse Induced Bistable Magnetization Switching In Multiferroic Heterostructures, Tianxiang Nan 2010 Northeastern University

Voltage Impulse Induced Bistable Magnetization Switching In Multiferroic Heterostructures, Tianxiang Nan

Tianxiang Nan

We report on voltage impulse induced reversible bistable magnetization switching in FeGaB/lead zirconate titanate (PZT) multiferroic heterostructures at room temperature. This was realized through strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling between ferroelectric PZT and ferromagnetic FeGaB layer. Two reversible and stable voltage-impulse induced mechanical strain states were obtained in the PZT by applying an electric field impulse with its amplitude smaller than the electric coercive field, which led to reversible voltage impulse induced bistable magnetization switching. These voltage impulse induced bistable magnetization switching in multiferroic heterostructures provides a promising approach to power efficient bistable magnetization switching that is crucial for information storage.


Optimization Design Of Electrodes For Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Via Genetic Algorithm, Junxiang Shi, Xingjian Xue 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Optimization Design Of Electrodes For Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Via Genetic Algorithm, Junxiang Shi, Xingjian Xue

Faculty Publications

Porous electrode is the critical component of solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and provides a functional material backbone for multi-physicochemical processes. Model based electrode designs could significantly improve SOFC performance. This task is usually performed via parameter studies for simple case and assumed property distributions for graded electrodes. When nonlinearly coupled multiparameters of electrodes are considered, it could be very difficult for the model based parameter study method to effectively and systematically search the design space. In this research, the optimization approach with a genetic algorithm is demonstrated for this purpose. An anode-supported proton conducting SOFC integrated with a fuel supply ...


Mobility Aid: A Dual Purpose Walker And Scooter, Zack Blois, Robia Choi, Kristin Dills 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Mobility Aid: A Dual Purpose Walker And Scooter, Zack Blois, Robia Choi, Kristin Dills

Mechanical Engineering

The Mobility Aid project was proposed by Theresa Mortilla and Idee Shapiro. The goal of the project was to design and build a device that can quickly and easily transform between a mobility walker and an electric scooter to allow for more freedom of mobility. The inspiration for this project arose from the fact that Theresa suffers from multiple sclerosis in her legs and can only walk for about thirty minutes at a time until she gets too fatigued and must sit down and rest. This device would provide her with the ability to continue moving while giving her legs ...


Cal Poly Rose Float Electric Vehicle, Jennifer Slone, Jason Sherrett, Dionysios Pettas, Timothy Baldwin 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Cal Poly Rose Float Electric Vehicle, Jennifer Slone, Jason Sherrett, Dionysios Pettas, Timothy Baldwin

Mechanical Engineering

(1) Background:

The Cal Poly Rose Float is currently powered by a pair of V-8 internal combustion engines. This is the second project in a three phase effort to replace the existing drive engine with an electric motor powered by a DC bus. The main goal of this phase of the project is to get the motor selected in phase one spinning.

(2) Results:

Originally, the project involved programming a microcontroller to achieve motor control. The decision was made, early on, to approach this task in a different manner due to the team’s minimal background in programming and mechatronics ...


Artificial Skin Tactile Sensor For Prosthetic And Robotic Applications, Ross James Miller 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Artificial Skin Tactile Sensor For Prosthetic And Robotic Applications, Ross James Miller

Master's Theses and Project Reports

To solve the problem of limited tactile sensing in humanoid robotics as well as provide for future planned mechanical prostheses, an innovative tactile sensor system was created and embedded into two realistic-looking artificial skin gloves. These artificial skin tactile sensors used small piezoelectric ceramic disks to measure applied force at multiple points on each glove. The gloves were created using silicone rubber to simulate both the texture and look of human skin, while maintaining both flexibility and durability. The sensor outputs were buffered by high-impedance voltage-following operational amplifiers, and then read sequentially using a multiplexing scheme by a microcontroller. Sensor ...


Sprawl Angle In Simplified Models Of Vertical Climbing: Implications For Robots And Roaches, Goran A. Lynch, Lawrence Rome, Daniel E. Koditschek 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Sprawl Angle In Simplified Models Of Vertical Climbing: Implications For Robots And Roaches, Goran A. Lynch, Lawrence Rome, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Empirical data taken from fast climbing sprawled posture animals reveals the presence of strong lateral forces with significant pendulous swaying of the mass center trajectory in a manner captured by a recently proposed dynamical template. In this simulation study we explore the potential benefits of pendulous dynamical climbing in animals and in robots by examining the stability and power advantages of variously more and less sprawled limb morphologies when driven by conventional motors in contrast with animal-like muscles. For open loop models of gait generation inspired by the neural-deprived regimes of high stride-frequency animal climbing, our results corroborate earlier hypotheses ...


Motorcycle Data Acquisition System, Jonathan Luke Harmse 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Motorcycle Data Acquisition System, Jonathan Luke Harmse

Biomedical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Ultra-Thin-Film Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Sensing Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Ultra-Thin-Film Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Sensing Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of ultra-thin-film (250 nm) aluminum nitride (AlN) microelectromechanical system (MEMS) contour mode resonators (CMRs) suitable for the fabrication of ultra-sensitive gravimetric sensors. The device thickness was opportunely scaled in order to increase the mass sensitivity, while keeping a constant frequency of operation. In this first demonstration the resonance frequency of the device was set to 178 MHz and a mass sensitivity as high as 38.96 KHz⋅μm2/fg was attained. This device demonstrates the unique capability of the CMR-S technology to decouple resonance frequency from mass ...


Passive Variable Compliance For Dynamic Legged Robots, Kevin C. Galloway 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Passive Variable Compliance For Dynamic Legged Robots, Kevin C. Galloway

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Recent developments in legged robotics have found that constant stiffness passive compliant legs are an effective mechanism for enabling dynamic locomotion. In spite of its success, one of the limitations of this approach is reduced adaptability. The final leg mechanism usually performs optimally for a small range of conditions such as the desired speed, payload, and terrain. For many situations in which a small locomotion system experiences a change in any of these conditions, it is desirable to have a tunable stiffness leg for effective gait control.

To date, the mechanical complexities of designing usefully robust tunable passive compliance into ...


Implementation Of A Conrad Probe On A Boundary Layer Measurement System, Charles Rocky Ulk 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Implementation Of A Conrad Probe On A Boundary Layer Measurement System, Charles Rocky Ulk

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This thesis presents the design, calibration, and performance evaluation of a type of two-hole pressure probe anemometer known as a Conrad probe, as well as its subsequent implementation on an autonomous, compact boundary layer measurement device and its first application for subsonic in-flight measurements of a swept wing boundary layer. Calibration of the Conrad probe was accomplished using two calibration functions and a non-nulling method for resolving in-plane flow velocity direction and magnitude over a range of ±30 degrees. This approach to calibration and application offered the advantages of rapid data acquisition with lower energy consumption than alternative methods for ...


Medtronic Universal Crimping Machine, Justin Ginochio, Andrew Hanson, Zachary (Zach) Dieterle 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Medtronic Universal Crimping Machine, Justin Ginochio, Andrew Hanson, Zachary (Zach) Dieterle

Mechanical Engineering

This project is geared towards the redesign and implementation of a crimping tool for use in the manufacturing of catheters produced by Medtronic Inc. Catheters require two steering cables to maneuver the end of the catheter through the body. The steering cables have a sleeve that is crimped onto their end in order to hold the cable in place inside the catheter steering handle. The current crimping tool, designed by Astro Tool Corp, has a few problems associated with its design. Additionally we are trying to get rid of a step in the manufacturing process that involves the adhesive, cyanoacrylate ...


Guidable Motorcycle Headlight, Billie B. Fritz, Toby J. Lloyd 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Guidable Motorcycle Headlight, Billie B. Fritz, Toby J. Lloyd

Mechanical Engineering

Motorcycling at night is an inherently dangerous situation and is compounded by poor illumination of the roadway when cornering through a turn. Due to stationary headlamps geometry being designed for upright riding position, cornering a motorcycle causes the illumination of the forward path to be decreased significantly. The goal of this project is to develop a lighting system that will improve road illumination for riders at night using guidable lights that deflect prior to and during a turn. In addition to developing a working prototype, this project’s intent is to work in conjunction with a partner from the school ...


Evaluation Of Quasi-Static Indentation Damage In Aluminum Honeycomb Core - Graphite/Epoxy Sandwich Structures, David Eisenberg 2010 Syracuse University

Evaluation Of Quasi-Static Indentation Damage In Aluminum Honeycomb Core - Graphite/Epoxy Sandwich Structures, David Eisenberg

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Sandwich composites utilize a low density core and relatively stiff face sheets. These structures are ideal for applications that require high compressive strength, high bending stiffness, and very low weight such as aerospace vehicles. However, one problem with sandwich composites is their susceptibility to low velocity impact damage. Low velocity impacts result in both external damage, in the form of dents, and internal damage, in the form of core crushing, face sheet delaminations (two adjacent plies separating from one another), fiber fractures and matrix cracks. In general, it is assumed that visibly evident damage will be repaired. Barely visible impact ...


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