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Effects Of Hard-To-Soft Segment Ratios On The Synthesis And Physico-Mechanical Properties Of Polyurethane Films, Aaron C. Wilson 2020 University of Texas at Tyler

Effects Of Hard-To-Soft Segment Ratios On The Synthesis And Physico-Mechanical Properties Of Polyurethane Films, Aaron C. Wilson

Mechanical Engineering Theses

Blood-contacting cardiovascular stents often induce a secondary clotting event due to unrestricted enzymatic activities. The use of hemocompatible polyurethane coatings on these implantable devices is one of the most promising methods to reduce device rejection. In this study, four commercial polyurethane films of various thicknesses and compositions were evaluated for their anticoagulation properties. Results suggested that these films exhibited excellent thermal and physico-mechanical properties while capable of increasing contact time with blood plasma by over a thousand-fold as compared to a control surface. Due to the unknown structure and composition of these commercial films, polyurethane samples were synthesized from toluene ...


Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh 2020 Old Dominion University

Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh

College of Engineering & Technology (Batten) Posters

Natural materials are made from weak constituents, yet exhibit an excellent synergy of high stiffness, strength, and damage-tolerance. They consist of alternate layers of the hard and soft phases with a complex hierarchical structural organization. The ice-templating technique provides an approach to fabricate multilayered architectures for engineering applications. In this technique, an aqueous ceramic suspension is solidified unidirectionally leading to phase separation into alternating layers of ice-crystals and ceramic particles. Ice-crystals are sublimated by freeze-drying process and resultant ceramic foams are sintered to impart strength. The fabricated sintered ceramic foams contain alternate layers of oriented ceramic lamella walls and pores ...


Investigation On The Morphology Of Charge-Transfer Complexes In Low Density Polyethylene, Wade Korf 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Investigation On The Morphology Of Charge-Transfer Complexes In Low Density Polyethylene, Wade Korf

Master's Theses

Fillers are used ubiquitously throughout the fields of polymer and material science to overcome many inherent limitations to polymeric materials (i.e. poor stiffness or strength) and to expand their potential applications. There is a need to develop controllable particle architectures to better understand fundamental structure-property relationships in particle reinforced polymer composites. Charge-transfer complexes (CTCs) can assemble in situ into various needle and dendritic shapes via simple fabrication processes and at low loading levels. In this study, the effect of tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) and 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) CTC crystallites of various shapes and sizes on composite mechanical properties was ...


Surface Driven Flows : Liquid Bridges, Drops And Marangoni Propulsion, Samrat Sur 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Surface Driven Flows : Liquid Bridges, Drops And Marangoni Propulsion, Samrat Sur

Doctoral Dissertations

Molecules sitting at a free liquid surface against vacuum or gas have weaker binding than molecules in the bulk. The missing (negative) binding energy can therefore be viewed as a positive energy added to the surface itself. Since a larger area of the surface contains larger surface energy, external forces must perform positive work against internal surface forces to increase the total area of the surface. Mathematically, the internal surface forces are represented by surface tension, defined as the normal force per unit of length. One common manifestation of surface tension is the difference in pressure it causes across a ...


Enhancing The Conductivity Of Cell-Laden Alginate Microfibers With Aqueous Graphene For Neural Applications, Marilyn C. McNamara, Amir Ehsan Niaraki-Asli, Jingshuai Guo, Jasmin Okuzono, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi 2020 Iowa State University

Enhancing The Conductivity Of Cell-Laden Alginate Microfibers With Aqueous Graphene For Neural Applications, Marilyn C. Mcnamara, Amir Ehsan Niaraki-Asli, Jingshuai Guo, Jasmin Okuzono, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Microfluidically manufacturing graphene-alginate microfibers create possibilities for encapsulating rat neural cells within conductive 3D tissue scaffolding to enable the creation of real-time 3D sensing arrays with high physiological relavancy. Cells are encapsulated using the biopolymer alginate, which is combined with graphene to create a cell-containing hydrogel with increased electrical conductivity. Resulting novel alginate-graphene microfibers showed a 2.5-fold increase over pure alginate microfibers, but did not show significant differences in size and porosity. Cells encapsulated within the microfibers survive for up to 8 days, and maintain ~20% live cells over that duration. The biocompatible aqueous graphene suspension used in this ...


Development Of A Technology For Producing A Gel Composition For The Treat-Ment Of An Allergy Complicated By Fungal Infection, Filatova Albina Vasilevna, Turaev Abbaskhan Sabirkhanovich, Djurabaev Djalol Turgunbaevich 2020 Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Development Of A Technology For Producing A Gel Composition For The Treat-Ment Of An Allergy Complicated By Fungal Infection, Filatova Albina Vasilevna, Turaev Abbaskhan Sabirkhanovich, Djurabaev Djalol Turgunbaevich

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The results of the development of the technology of the combined external drug for the treatment of allergies compli-cated by fungal infection are given. The rheological properties of the gel composition were studied in comparison with the similar preparation Fenistil gel, it was shown that the dynamic viscosity of the drug is 4.1 Pa·s, the active components (diphenylhydramine, fluconazole, Timoptin) do not destroy the structure of the gel base. A technological and instrumental scheme for the production of the drug has been developed.


Properties Of Model Rubber Compounds With Modified Angren Kaolin, Vapaev Murodjon Dusummatovih, Teshabaeva Elmira Ubaydullaevna, Ibadullaev Ahmadjon 2020 Tashkent Chemiсal-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Properties Of Model Rubber Compounds With Modified Angren Kaolin, Vapaev Murodjon Dusummatovih, Teshabaeva Elmira Ubaydullaevna, Ibadullaev Ahmadjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

As a result of studies, the effect of modified Angren kaolin on the properties of elastomeric compositions based on synthetic polyisoprene and oil-filled styrene-butadiene rubbers were revealed. Plastoelastic and relaxation properties, as well as resistance to scorching and vulcanization kinetics of rubber compounds with traditional and modified Angren kaolin, were determined. The relationship of the elastic-strength properties of vulcanizates with the type and quantitative content of the modified Angren kaolin used is established.


Impact Of Chain Architecture On The Thickness Dependence Of Physical Aging Rate Of Thin Polystyrene Films, Gregory Brown, Elizabeth Lewis, Bryan D. Vogt 2020 University of Akron

Impact Of Chain Architecture On The Thickness Dependence Of Physical Aging Rate Of Thin Polystyrene Films, Gregory Brown, Elizabeth Lewis, Bryan D. Vogt

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The dynamics of polymer thin films have been demonstrated to be significantly altered from the bulk, but the origins of such differences are not well defined. In this work, we seek to understand the differences in the structural dynamics (or physical aging) of polystyrene (PS) through branching and other well defined architectures (comb and centipede). The aging dynamics of ultrathin films (< 30 nm) differ from relatively thick films (100-150nm) with linear PS thin films aging more rapidly than the relatively “bulk-like” thick films. Ellipsometric measurements are used to characterize the physical aging rate of the films. The change in film thickness and refractive index as the films are held below the glass transition temperature (Tg) provides a simple measure of the physical aging. In this study, four different architectures (linear, comb, 4 arm star, and centipede) will be investigated. For each PS architecture, the aging rate will be determined for film thickness ranging ...


Solvent-Free Coating Using Maco Bio-Based Reactive Diluent, Ryder James 2020 The University of Akron

Solvent-Free Coating Using Maco Bio-Based Reactive Diluent, Ryder James

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The project performed utilizes methacrylated cardanol (MACO) and a linseed oil resin to test how different weight percentages of MACO affect coating performance. MACO is synthesized from a phenolic lipid extracted from cashew nut shells, which are a cashew industry waste product. Not only does it utilize a waste product, but being a bio-based reactive diluent means it can replace the use of volatile organic solvents that are harmful to both humans and the environment. Weight percentage samples of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% were used. Coatings were applied using a 6-mil drawn down bar, with samples being prepared ...


Enhanced Fatigue And Durability Of Carbon Black/Natural Rubber Composites Reinforced With Graphene Oxide And Carbon Nanotubes, Hao Guo, Stephen Jerrams, Zongchao Xu, Yanfen Shou, Liang Jiang, Liqun Zhang, Li Liu, Shipeng Wen 2020 Beijing University of Chemical Technology

Enhanced Fatigue And Durability Of Carbon Black/Natural Rubber Composites Reinforced With Graphene Oxide And Carbon Nanotubes, Hao Guo, Stephen Jerrams, Zongchao Xu, Yanfen Shou, Liang Jiang, Liqun Zhang, Li Liu, Shipeng Wen

Articles

Graphene oxide (GO) sheets and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are of nanometer size and offer large shape factors which are beneficial in reducing crack propagation rates of composites when used in carbon black (CB) reinforced natural rubber (NR), thereby prolonging the service lives of rubber composites. In this research, CNT-CB/NR and GO-CB/NR composites were prepared by partially replacing CB with one-dimensional CNTs and two-dimensional flaky graphene oxide GO, respectively. The results showed that the complex filler dispersion in NR matrices was improved due to the isolation effect between the different fillers. The strain-induced crystallization (SIC) ability of CB/NR ...


A Foundational Approach To Extrusion And Compounding, David Frankart 2020 The University of Akron

A Foundational Approach To Extrusion And Compounding, David Frankart

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

With a history of nearly 200 years, polymer processing and compounding is constantly changing to fit the material science needs of the era. Exposure of undergraduate students to the technology and practices used in industry today in a lab setting would create new opportunities for experiential learning and growth. The objective was to set up a 0.75”, 25 L/D Thermo Haake single screw extruder for lab use and run trials of material in a single screw extruder to set up a basis for experiments. Trials were run of co-polyester resin through a single screw extruder with carbon fiber ...


Fabrication, Characterization And Applications Of Highly Conductive Wet-Spun Pedot:Pss Fibers, Ruben Sarabia Riquelme 2020 University of Kentucky

Fabrication, Characterization And Applications Of Highly Conductive Wet-Spun Pedot:Pss Fibers, Ruben Sarabia Riquelme

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Smart electronic textiles cross conventional uses to include functionalities such as light emission, health monitoring, climate control, sensing, storage and conversion of energy, etc. New fibers and yarns that are electrically conductive and mechanically robust are needed as fundamental building blocks for these next generation textiles.

Conjugated polymers are promising candidates in the field of electronic textiles because they are made of earth-abundant, inexpensive elements, have good mechanical properties and flexibility, and can be processed using low-cost large-scale solution processing methods. Currently, the main method to fabricate electrically conductive fibers or yarns from conjugated polymers is the deposition of the ...


Electrophoresis In Heterogeneous Hydrogels And Applications In Surface Patterning, Ning Ge 2020 University of Kentucky

Electrophoresis In Heterogeneous Hydrogels And Applications In Surface Patterning, Ning Ge

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

The creation of chemical micropatterns on surfaces makes it possible to add unique chemical functionality to surfaces, modifying properties such as wettability, or even adding the ability to selectively bind other molecules. The creation of biochemical surface patterning in particular is useful in a variety of fields including tissue engineering and highthroughput drug screening. There are many existing surface patterning techniques which focus on precise control over the patterned geometry, even down to submicron scale features, but they do not allow local control over chemical concentration. So the results are high resolution patterns with binary concentration. There are also existing ...


Ab Initio Investigation On The Surface Chemistry Of Functionalized Titania Membranes, Evan Hyde 2020 University of Kentucky

Ab Initio Investigation On The Surface Chemistry Of Functionalized Titania Membranes, Evan Hyde

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Titania (titanium dioxide) is a metal oxide which has recently been investigated as a photocatalyst, most commonly for use in hydrolysis, which absorbs mostly in the UV range. However, the range of absorption can be shifted to fall within the visible light range either by doping or by functionalizing the surface with atomic or molecular adsorbates. Over the course of this research, a series of Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations are performed to ascertain the effects of these different methods on the photocatalytic performance of titania. While the effects of nitrogen doping and oxygen vacancies are well known, more recent ...


Multiscale Modeling Of Carbon Fibers/Graphene Nanoplatelets/Epoxy Hybrid Composites For Aerospace Applications, Hashim Al Mahmud 2020 Michigan Technological University

Multiscale Modeling Of Carbon Fibers/Graphene Nanoplatelets/Epoxy Hybrid Composites For Aerospace Applications, Hashim Al Mahmud

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Significant research effort has been dedicated for decades to improve the mechanical properties of aerospace polymer-based composite materials. Lightweight epoxy-based composite materials have increasingly replaced the comparatively heavy and expensive metal alloys used in aeronautical and aerospace structural components. In particular, carbon fibers (CF)/graphene nanoplatelets (GNP)/epoxy hybrid composites can be used for this purpose owing to their high specific stiffness and strength. Therefore, this work has been completed to design, predict, and optimize the effective mechanical properties of CF/GNP/epoxy composite materials at different length scales using a multiscale modeling approach. The work-flow of modeling involves a ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Rapidly-Degrading Polyanhydrides As Vaccine Adjuvants, Sean M. Kelly, Akash Mitra, Srishti Mathur, Balaji Narasimhan 2019 Iowa State University

Synthesis And Characterization Of Rapidly-Degrading Polyanhydrides As Vaccine Adjuvants, Sean M. Kelly, Akash Mitra, Srishti Mathur, Balaji Narasimhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

There is a currently a need to develop adjuvants that are best suited to simultaneously enhance immune responses, induce immunologic memory, improve patient compliance (i.e., reduce doses and inflammation), and provide vaccine shelf stability for stockpiling and global deployment to challenging environments. Biodegradable polyanhydrides have been investigated extensively to overcome such challenges. It has been shown that controlling copolymer composition can result in chemistry-dependent immunomodulatory capabilities. These studies have revealed that copolymers rich in sebacic acid (SA) are highly internalized by antigen presenting cells and confer improved shelf stability of encapsulated proteins, while copolymers rich in 1,8-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy ...


Strengthening Of Corroded Steel Structures Using Cfrp – An Experimental Review, Ghada El-Mahdy Ph.D., P.Eng, Abdallah H. Yassin, Abdel El Rahman Khaled 2019 Arab Contractors

Strengthening Of Corroded Steel Structures Using Cfrp – An Experimental Review, Ghada El-Mahdy Ph.D., P.Eng, Abdallah H. Yassin, Abdel El Rahman Khaled

Civil Engineering

Fibre reinforced polymers (FRP) have been widely used to strengthen reinforced concrete structures, however, nowadays their use to strengthen steel structures is under investigation. In particular, the need to strengthen corroded steel structures found in aggressive environments, such as marine environments, which have undergone a reduction in cross-sectional area and hence a reduction in their load-carrying capacity is in need of studying. The main problems that arise when using carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets to strengthen steel structures is the weakness in the interfacial bond between the CFRP and the steel surface, the thinness of CFRP sheet, and the ...


Effect Of Incorporating Pottery And Bottom Ash As Partial Replacement Of Cement, Bassam A. Tayeh, Doha M. AlSaffar, Lawend K. Askar, Asmahan Issa Jubeh 2019 The Islamic University of Gaza

Effect Of Incorporating Pottery And Bottom Ash As Partial Replacement Of Cement, Bassam A. Tayeh, Doha M. Alsaffar, Lawend K. Askar, Asmahan Issa Jubeh

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

This study addressed the environmental constraints in cement produc­tion. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) was replaced with pottery powder (PP, produced by grinding locally available pottery) and bottom ash (BA) at 10%, 20% and 30% of cement mass. Moreover, 4% calcium chloride solution (CaCl2.2H2O) was used as mixing water. Material properties, such as standard consistency, setting time and compressive strength, were measured with different percentages of OPC replacement with PP and BA. Results indicated that the replacement with PP and BA increased the water demand to achieve the standard consistency. These results revealed that the strength ...


Damage Resistance And Tolerance Of 3d Woven Composites, Justin T. McDermott 2019 University of Maine

Damage Resistance And Tolerance Of 3d Woven Composites, Justin T. Mcdermott

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Composite materials have been adopted into primary aircraft structures by virtue of their great strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios, fatigue insensitivity, and corrosion resistance. These characteristics are leveraged by aircraft designers to deliver improved fuel effciency and reduced scheduled maintenance burdens for their customers. These benefits have been impressively realized in the Boeing 787 and Airbus A350 XWB, with airframes utilizing about 50% composites by weight. Tempering these successes, however, are the inherent vulnerabilities of carbon-fiber reinforced composites. When compared to conventional metallic structure, composite laminates are more sensitive to stress concentrations at mechanical fastenings and damage due to low-velocity impact ...


Sorbents For Cleaning Of Vegetable Oils, Ikromov Oybek, Suvanova Fayoza, Farmonov Jasur 2019 Karshi Engineering Economic Institute, Uzbekistan

Sorbents For Cleaning Of Vegetable Oils, Ikromov Oybek, Suvanova Fayoza, Farmonov Jasur

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article presents the results of the study of adsorbents obtained from rice husk. To increase the sorption capacity of the raw material is treated with hydrogen peroxide for 30 minutes and subjected to roasting. Before thermal activation, the resulting mass was treated with a 30% alumium calcium alum solution. Reagent consumption is 20% of the mass of the adsorbent. The alum-enriched adsorbent is thermally activated at a temperature of 300-800 °C without oxygen access for two hours. According to the results of laboratory tests, the adsorbents that have undergone thermal activation at a temperature of 500-800 °C have the ...


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