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Impact Of Chain Architecture On The Thickness Dependence Of Physical Aging Rate Of Thin Polystyrene Films, Gregory Brown, Elizabeth Lewis, Bryan D. Vogt 2020 University of Akron

Impact Of Chain Architecture On The Thickness Dependence Of Physical Aging Rate Of Thin Polystyrene Films, Gregory Brown, Elizabeth Lewis, Bryan D. Vogt

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The dynamics of polymer thin films have been demonstrated to be significantly altered from the bulk, but the origins of such differences are not well defined. In this work, we seek to understand the differences in the structural dynamics (or physical aging) of polystyrene (PS) through branching and other well defined architectures (comb and centipede). The aging dynamics of ultrathin films (< 30 nm) differ from relatively thick films (100-150nm) with linear PS thin films aging more rapidly than the relatively “bulk-like” thick films. Ellipsometric measurements are used to characterize the physical aging rate of the films. The change in film thickness and refractive index as the films are held below the glass transition temperature (Tg) provides a simple measure of the physical aging. In this study, four different architectures (linear, comb, 4 arm star, and centipede) will be investigated. For each PS architecture, the aging rate will be determined for film thickness ranging ...


Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated With Platinum Nano-Urchins As Catalysts For Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Bolin Chen, Ahmed Gsalla, Anand Gaur, Yu Hui Lui, Xiaohui Tang, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Igor L. Medintz, Behrouz Shafei, Shan Hu, Jonathan C. Claussen 2019 Iowa State University

Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated With Platinum Nano-Urchins As Catalysts For Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Bolin Chen, Ahmed Gsalla, Anand Gaur, Yu Hui Lui, Xiaohui Tang, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Igor L. Medintz, Behrouz Shafei, Shan Hu, Jonathan C. Claussen

Jonathan C. Claussen

Porous carbon is becoming an important and promising high-surface area scaffold material for various energy-based applications including catalysis. Here we demonstrate the growth of urchin-like platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on carbon monoliths derived from basswood that work as catalysts for micro underwater vehicle (MUV) propulsion via H2O2 decomposition. The carbon monoliths were constructed of natural basswood that was carbonized in argon (Ar) and subjected to a subsequent CO2 activation process that rendered the material into a hardened 3D porous activated carbonized wood (ACW) with inner channel voids measuring 10-70 μm in diameter. The PtNP nanourchins (500 nm or less in total ...


Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated With Platinum Nano-Urchins As Catalysts For Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Bolin Chen, Ahmed Gsalla, Anand Gaur, Yu Hui Lui, Xiaohui Tang, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Igor L. Medintz, Behrouz Shafei, Shan Hu, Jonathan C. Claussen 2019 Iowa State University

Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated With Platinum Nano-Urchins As Catalysts For Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Bolin Chen, Ahmed Gsalla, Anand Gaur, Yu Hui Lui, Xiaohui Tang, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Igor L. Medintz, Behrouz Shafei, Shan Hu, Jonathan C. Claussen

Shan Hu

Porous carbon is becoming an important and promising high-surface area scaffold material for various energy-based applications including catalysis. Here we demonstrate the growth of urchin-like platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on carbon monoliths derived from basswood that work as catalysts for micro underwater vehicle (MUV) propulsion via H2O2 decomposition. The carbon monoliths were constructed of natural basswood that was carbonized in argon (Ar) and subjected to a subsequent CO2 activation process that rendered the material into a hardened 3D porous activated carbonized wood (ACW) with inner channel voids measuring 10-70 μm in diameter. The PtNP nanourchins (500 nm or less in total ...


Dropwise Condensation On Multi-Scale Bioinspired Metallic Surfaces With Nano-Features, Daniel Orejon, Alexandros Askounis, Yasuyuki Takata, Daniel Attinger 2019 The University of Edinburgh and Kyushu University

Dropwise Condensation On Multi-Scale Bioinspired Metallic Surfaces With Nano-Features, Daniel Orejon, Alexandros Askounis, Yasuyuki Takata, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

Non-wetting surfaces engineered from intrinsically hydrophilic metallic materials are promising for self-cleaning, anti-icing and/or condensation heat transfer applications where the durability of the coating is an issue. In this work, we fabricate and study the wetting behaviour and the condensation performance on two metallic non-wetting surfaces with varying number and size of the roughness tiers without further hydrophobic coating procedure. On one hand, the surface resembling a rose petal exhibits a sticky non-wetting behaviour as drops wet the microscopic roughness features with the consequent enhanced drop adhesion, which leads to filmwise condensation. On the other hand, the surface resembling ...


Gd5si4-Pvdf Nanocomposite Films And Their Potential For Triboelectric Energy Harvesting Applications, S. M. Harstad, P. Zhao, N. Soin, A. A. El-Gendy, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Luo, Ravi L. Hadimani 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Gd5si4-Pvdf Nanocomposite Films And Their Potential For Triboelectric Energy Harvesting Applications, S. M. Harstad, P. Zhao, N. Soin, A. A. El-Gendy, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Luo, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ravi L. Hadimani

The triboelectric energy generators prepared using the combination of self-polarized, high beta-phase nanocomposite films of Gd5Si4-PVDF and polyamide-6 (PA-6) films have generated significantly higher voltage of 425 V, short-circuit current density of 30 mA/m(2) and a charge density of similar to 116.7 C/m(2) as compared to corresponding values of 300 V, 30 mA/m(2) and 94.7 mu C/m(2), respectively for the pristine PVDF-(PA-6) combination. The magnetic measurements of the Gd5Si4-PVDF films display a ferromagnetic behavior as compared to diamagnetic nature of pristine PVDF. The presence of magnetic nanoparticles in the ...


Design, Construction, And Preliminary Investigations Of Otta Seal In Iowa, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Charles T. Jahren, Charles Øverby 2019 Iowa State University

Design, Construction, And Preliminary Investigations Of Otta Seal In Iowa, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Charles T. Jahren, Charles Øverby

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Faced with limited financial resources, pavement engineers constantly seek more durable and economical technologies for road preservations and rehabilitations. Consequently, there have been many efforts to study resurfacing strategies, including various types of sealing for local roads. Among different sealing methodologies, Otta seal is a technique that has not yet been sufficiently studied in the U.S.A. For this investigation, the first Otta seal site in the state of Iowa was constructed using a double-layer Otta seal design over 6.4 km of cracked asphalt pavement. Otta seal design and construction details are documented and discussed, and test sections ...


Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated With Platinum Nano-Urchins As Catalysts For Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Bolin Chen, Ahmed Gsalla, Anand Gaur, Yu Hui Lui, Xiaohui Tang, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Igor L. Medintz, Behrouz Shafei, Shan Hu, Jonathan C. Claussen 2019 Iowa State University

Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated With Platinum Nano-Urchins As Catalysts For Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Bolin Chen, Ahmed Gsalla, Anand Gaur, Yu Hui Lui, Xiaohui Tang, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Igor L. Medintz, Behrouz Shafei, Shan Hu, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Porous carbon is becoming an important and promising high-surface area scaffold material for various energy-based applications including catalysis. Here we demonstrate the growth of urchin-like platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on carbon monoliths derived from basswood that work as catalysts for micro underwater vehicle (MUV) propulsion via H2O2 decomposition. The carbon monoliths were constructed of natural basswood that was carbonized in argon (Ar) and subjected to a subsequent CO2 activation process that rendered the material into a hardened 3D porous activated carbonized wood (ACW) with inner channel voids measuring 10-70 μm in diameter. The PtNP nanourchins (500 nm or less in total ...


Permeability Of Oxygen And Carbon Dioxide Through Pinholes In Barrier Coatings, Petri Johansson, Johanna Lahti, Jorma Vihinen, Jurkka Kuusipalo 2019 Tampere University

Permeability Of Oxygen And Carbon Dioxide Through Pinholes In Barrier Coatings, Petri Johansson, Johanna Lahti, Jorma Vihinen, Jurkka Kuusipalo

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Abstract

Packaging materials are typically made of multilayer structures combining polymers, metals and inorganic materials. Multilayer structures are selected in order to optimize the thickness and performance in packaging applications. Atomic layer deposited (ALD) aluminium oxide (Al2O3) layer provides good barrier properties against oxygen and carbon dioxide gases i.e. permeation of gases through ALD coated polymer films will reduce remarkably. The target was to study the effect of pinholes on the oxygen and carbon dioxide permeability of ALD coated extrusion-coated packaging paper. Pinholes were artificially generated by ultra violet (UV) laser drilling through the polymer layer ...


Dropwise Condensation On Multi-Scale Bioinspired Metallic Surfaces With Nano-Features, Daniel Orejon, Alexandros Askounis, Yasuyuki Takata, Daniel Attinger 2019 The University of Edinburgh and Kyushu University

Dropwise Condensation On Multi-Scale Bioinspired Metallic Surfaces With Nano-Features, Daniel Orejon, Alexandros Askounis, Yasuyuki Takata, Daniel Attinger

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Non-wetting surfaces engineered from intrinsically hydrophilic metallic materials are promising for self-cleaning, anti-icing and/or condensation heat transfer applications where the durability of the coating is an issue. In this work, we fabricate and study the wetting behaviour and the condensation performance on two metallic non-wetting surfaces with varying number and size of the roughness tiers without further hydrophobic coating procedure. On one hand, the surface resembling a rose petal exhibits a sticky non-wetting behaviour as drops wet the microscopic roughness features with the consequent enhanced drop adhesion, which leads to filmwise condensation. On the other hand, the surface resembling ...


Efficient Solar-To-Thermal Energy Conversion And Storage With High-Thermal-Conductivity And Form-Stabilized Phase Change Composite Based On Wood-Derived Scaffolds, Bolin Chen, Meng Han, Bowei Zhang, Gaoyuan Ouyang, Behrouz Shafei, Xinwei Wang, Shan Hu 2019 Iowa State University

Efficient Solar-To-Thermal Energy Conversion And Storage With High-Thermal-Conductivity And Form-Stabilized Phase Change Composite Based On Wood-Derived Scaffolds, Bolin Chen, Meng Han, Bowei Zhang, Gaoyuan Ouyang, Behrouz Shafei, Xinwei Wang, Shan Hu

Shan Hu

Solar-to-thermal energy conversion is one of the most efficient ways to harvest solar energy. In this study, a novel phase change composite with porous carbon monolith derived from natural wood is fabricated to harvest solar irradiation and store it as thermal energy. Organic phase change material n-octadecane is physically adsorbed inside the porous structure of the carbonized wood, and a thin graphite coating encapsulates the exterior of the wood structure to further prevent n-octadecane leakage. The carbonized wood scaffold and the graphite coating not only stabilize the form of the n-octadecane during phase change, but also enhance its thermal conductivity ...


Research Of Electro-Optical Effect In Metal Halide Perovskites By Fabry-Perot Interometer Method, Hanxiang Yin 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Research Of Electro-Optical Effect In Metal Halide Perovskites By Fabry-Perot Interometer Method, Hanxiang Yin

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Perovskites have been investigated a lot by present and reported with outstanding optoelectronic properties. However, so far there is no publications about another important property, the electro-optical (EO) effect which is related to important applications in photolithography. This thesis is mainly mean to calculate the EO constants of one kind of organic perovskite material, CH3NH3PbI3, which has been reported to have good capability of forming film by spin-coating, through the way of putting the film of CH3NH3PbI3 between two layers of metal mirrors to build a Fabry-Perot interferometer and characterizing ...


Influence Of Mechanical Properties Of Paper Coating On The Crack At The Fold Problem, Seyyed Mohammad Hashemi Najafi 2019 University of Maine

Influence Of Mechanical Properties Of Paper Coating On The Crack At The Fold Problem, Seyyed Mohammad Hashemi Najafi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Paper coating layers are subject to various stresses and deformations in many converting processes such as calendering, printing, slitting, and folding of the paper. In some cases, products may crack during folding to generate a defect called cracking at the fold (CAF). The parameters that influence these defects are not well understood. The overall goal of this thesis is to better understand the CAF behavior as related to material properties of the coating layer.

A method was developed to produce free-standing pigmented coating layers thick enough to be tested in bending as well as tension. The mechanical properties of these ...


Silicone Tadpole: Research Into Soft Bodies, Danielle Fernandez 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Silicone Tadpole: Research Into Soft Bodies, Danielle Fernandez

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, research is conducted in the area of soft robotics by building a soft tadpole that can deform with a specific air pressure. The goal is to mimic the motion of an organic tadpole in respect to its S-shaped tail movement. The angle of deformation, derived from material mechanic theories, ranges from 45 to 80 degrees for this type of movement. The design includes a head compartment which acts as a tank to transfer nitrogen pressure and a tail section that receives the said pressure and bends as a result. The tail section was designed with two rows ...


Investigation Of Critical Technologies Of Chemical Vapor Deposition For Advanced (Si)Gesn Materials, Joshua Matthew Grant 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigation Of Critical Technologies Of Chemical Vapor Deposition For Advanced (Si)Gesn Materials, Joshua Matthew Grant

Theses and Dissertations

The development of new materials for efficient optoelectronic devices from Group IV elements is the heart of Group IV photonics. This has direct ties to modern technology as the foundation for the electronics industry is silicon. This has driven the development of silicon-based optoelectronics using these other Group IV materials as silicon is a poor optical material due to its indirect band gap when compared to the III-V semiconductors that are used by most of the optoelectronics industry. While efforts have been made to integrate III-V materials onto silicon substrates, the incompatibility with the complementary metal oxide semiconductor process has ...


Application Of Computational Tools To Spaghetti-Based Truss Bridge Design, Jin Xu, Jiliang Li, Nuri Zeytinoglu, Jinyuan Zhai 2019 Purdue University Northwest

Application Of Computational Tools To Spaghetti-Based Truss Bridge Design, Jin Xu, Jiliang Li, Nuri Zeytinoglu, Jinyuan Zhai

ASEE IL-IN Section Conference

Application of Computational Tools to Spaghetti-Based Truss Design

Statics and Strength of Materials are two foundational courses for Mechanical/Civil Engineering. In order to assist students in better understanding and applying concepts to a meaningful design task, SolidWorks and theoretical calculation were used for a spaghetti-bridge design contest with the constraints of given maximum weight and allowable support-material weight. As the first step of this iterative designing process, both extrude feature and structural member were introduced to model planar bridge trusses. Then SolidWorks’ Statics module was used to run FEA analysis of the structural performance in efforts to optimize the ...


Gd5si4-Pvdf Nanocomposite Films And Their Potential For Triboelectric Energy Harvesting Applications, S. M. Harstad, P. Zhao, N. Soin, A. A. El-Gendy, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Luo, Ravi L. Hadimani 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Gd5si4-Pvdf Nanocomposite Films And Their Potential For Triboelectric Energy Harvesting Applications, S. M. Harstad, P. Zhao, N. Soin, A. A. El-Gendy, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Luo, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The triboelectric energy generators prepared using the combination of self-polarized, high beta-phase nanocomposite films of Gd5Si4-PVDF and polyamide-6 (PA-6) films have generated significantly higher voltage of 425 V, short-circuit current density of 30 mA/m(2) and a charge density of similar to 116.7 C/m(2) as compared to corresponding values of 300 V, 30 mA/m(2) and 94.7 mu C/m(2), respectively for the pristine PVDF-(PA-6) combination. The magnetic measurements of the Gd5Si4-PVDF films display a ferromagnetic behavior as compared to diamagnetic nature of pristine PVDF. The presence of magnetic nanoparticles in the ...


Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim

Tool Data

Parylene-C has been deposited on bare Si wafers by physical vapor deposition using the SCS Coating Systems. Results show a 12 µm thick Parylene-C film with 10 g of dimer and negligible thickness variation across a wafer. We find a positive linear relationship between film thickness and mass of dimer at a range of 1 g to 18 g. However, the Al boat for dimer was burnt with 18 g of dimer, suggesting multiple depositions with 1 g to 10 g of dimer are recommended to achieve the Parylene-C film thicker than 12 µm.


Development Of Functional Biomaterials Using Protein Building Blocks, Li-Sheng Wang 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Development Of Functional Biomaterials Using Protein Building Blocks, Li-Sheng Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

Proteins have intrinsic molecular properties that are highly useful for materials applications, especially for biomaterials. My research has focused on translating these molecular properties to materials surface behavior. In one approach, I developed a fluorous-based thermal treatment strategy to generate stable thin films from a variety of naturally abundant proteins. The different surface properties generated from the choice of protein were utilized to modulate cell-surface interactions, prevent bacterial adhesions, and control drug loading/release. I have used nanoimprint lithography to generate patterned protein films for cell alignment. Coupling with inkjet printing deposition, I have fabricated mixed protein films with spatial ...


Chemical Stability And Performance Influence Of Choice Substituents And Core Conjugation Of Organic Semiconductors, Jack Ly 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Chemical Stability And Performance Influence Of Choice Substituents And Core Conjugation Of Organic Semiconductors, Jack Ly

Doctoral Dissertations

Realizing organic based active materials for electronic devices, such as thin film transistors and photovoltaics, has been long sought after. Advancement in the field driven by chemists, engineers, and physicists alike have bolstered organic based semiconductor performance levels to rival those of traditional inorganic amorphous silicon-based devices. Within the field of organic semiconductors (OSC), two categories of active materials may be generalized: (1) polymer and (2) small molecule semiconductors. Each class of OSC inherently have their own advantages and disadvantages. Polymer semiconductors (PSC) allow a wide range in tunability via choice monomers and side chain engineering to illicit desirable energy ...


Compression Set Improvement Of Thermoplastic Vulcanizates For High Temperature Tubing, Mitchell Valaitis 2019 The University of Akron

Compression Set Improvement Of Thermoplastic Vulcanizates For High Temperature Tubing, Mitchell Valaitis

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

It was hypothesized that increasing the curative level of the fluorocarbon rubber (FKM) used in manufacturing of thermoplastic vulcanizate (TPV) materials would decrease the compression set values of the TPV enough for it to be suitable as a flexible, lightweight alternative to high operating temperature thermoset rubber tubing currently being used for power steering hose. First, promising TPV formulations were identified by varying the polyamide (PA) and FKM used in a Brabender mixer. Four different types of polyamide and four different types of FKM were investigated, with two of the FKM types and one polyamide type identified as being promising ...


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