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11,892 full-text articles. Page 5 of 339.

Disaster Resilient And Self-Assessing Multifunctional Transportation Structures, Ibrahim Karaman, Darren Hartl 2019 Texas A&M University

Disaster Resilient And Self-Assessing Multifunctional Transportation Structures, Ibrahim Karaman, Darren Hartl

Publications

This research designs and characterizes multifunctional materials, in particular inexpensive shape memory alloys, for transportation structures that possess excellent mechanical properties and self-sensing capabilities for strengthening and health monitoring. The properties are the Fe-SMAs are sensitive to part size in that the grain size of the material, which can be grown to several inches, should exceed the smallest dimension of the part. In the current work, maximum part size of the large dimension Fe-SMA rods were determined through detailed microstructural investigations. Samples were subjected to abnormal grain growth heat treatments and found out that part size be increased up to ...


Elimination Of Empirical, Ineffective And Expensive Pg Plus Tests To Characterize Modified Binders, Zahid Hossain, Ashraf Elsayed, MM Tariq Morshed, Mohammad Hassan 2019 Arkansas State University

Elimination Of Empirical, Ineffective And Expensive Pg Plus Tests To Characterize Modified Binders, Zahid Hossain, Ashraf Elsayed, Mm Tariq Morshed, Mohammad Hassan

Publications

For characterizing the polymer modified binders, different state Departments of Transportation (DOTs) use different time consuming and empirical Performance Grade (PG) Plus test methods. Furthermore, the PG Plus tests are silent when asphalt binders are modified with chemicals such as polyphosphoric acid (PPA). But, the effects of the elastomeric or plastomeric polymer are not accurately identified through these conventional tests such as Elastic Recovery (ER) and tenacity. Thus, the main research goal of this study is to recommend alternative test method(s), which can possibly be pursued by using a commonly available device, a Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR). Three PG ...


Use Of Rice Husk Ash (Rha) In Flowable Fill Concrete Mix Material, Zahid Hossain, Kazi Tamzidul Islam 2019 Arkansas State University

Use Of Rice Husk Ash (Rha) In Flowable Fill Concrete Mix Material, Zahid Hossain, Kazi Tamzidul Islam

Publications

In the way of finding sustainable development, the flowable fill is a relatively new construction technology. Flowable fill is a self-compacting material, which has been developed in recent years. Flowable fill has been used for different applications such as backfilling walls, sewer trenches, bridge abutments, conduit trenches, pile excavations, and retaining walls. This study examines the potential uses of Rice Husk Ash (RHA) as a sustainable cementitious material (SCM) in the preparation of flowable fill concrete. (RHA is an agricultural by-product of the rice milling process. This study has evaluated the usage of RHA in producing low strength and self-consolidating ...


Self-Healing Concrete Using Encapsulated Bacterial Spores In A Simulated Hot Subtropical Climate, Marwa Hassan, Jose Milla, Tyson Rupnow, Ahsennur Soysal 2019 Louisiana State University

Self-Healing Concrete Using Encapsulated Bacterial Spores In A Simulated Hot Subtropical Climate, Marwa Hassan, Jose Milla, Tyson Rupnow, Ahsennur Soysal

Publications

Bacterial concrete has become one of the most promising self-healing alternatives due to its capability to seal crack widths through microbial induced calcite precipitation (MICP). In this study, two bacterial strains were embedded at varying dosages (by weight of cement) in concrete. Beam specimens were used to identify the maximum crack-sealing efficiency, while cylinder samples were used to determine their effects on the intrinsic mechanical properties, as well as its stiffness recovery over time after inducing damage. The concrete specimens were cured in wet-dry cycles to determine their feasibility in Region 6. The results showed that the specimen groups with ...


Uhpc Shear Keys In Concrete Bridge Superstructures, Craig Newtson, Brad Weldon, Elsy Flores, Jordan Varbel, William Toledo 2019 New Mexico State University

Uhpc Shear Keys In Concrete Bridge Superstructures, Craig Newtson, Brad Weldon, Elsy Flores, Jordan Varbel, William Toledo

Publications

This research investigated the use of locally produced ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) as a grouting material to repair deteriorated shear keys. Shear keys are used in adjacent girder superstructures to produce monolithic behavior and load transfer across the structure. Shear key durability is a concern since shear key degradation can jeopardize the integrity of the structure. Transportation agencies have reported that 75% of distress in adjacent girder bridges is due to cracking and de-bonding along shear keys. Previous research has shown that locally produced UHPC has excellent mechanical and durability properties. UHPC has also been shown to have good bonding ...


Triple-Junction Solar Cells : In Parallel., Levi C Mays 2019 University of Louisville

Triple-Junction Solar Cells : In Parallel., Levi C Mays

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This paper looks into the current inefficiency of solar cells and attempts a few alternative solar cell structures in order to provide a more effective source of renewable energy. Currently, multi-junction solar cells are being developed to capture the sun’s light more efficiently. One of the ideas in this paper is to add a window to see if the addition of such a layer into a junction will increase the voltage while maintaining nearly the same current output. Central to this paper is the rearranging of the conducting layers of the multi-junction cell so that the junctions can be ...


Competing Magnetic Phases And Itinerant Magnetic Frustration In Srco2 As2, Bing Li, Benjamin G. Ueland, W. T. Jayasekara, D. L. Abernathy, N. S. Sangeetha, David C. Johnston, Qing-Ping Ding, Yuji Furukawa, Peter P. Orth, Andreas Kreyssig, Alan I. Goldman, Robert J. McQueeney 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Competing Magnetic Phases And Itinerant Magnetic Frustration In Srco2 As2, Bing Li, Benjamin G. Ueland, W. T. Jayasekara, D. L. Abernathy, N. S. Sangeetha, David C. Johnston, Qing-Ping Ding, Yuji Furukawa, Peter P. Orth, Andreas Kreyssig, Alan I. Goldman, Robert J. Mcqueeney

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Whereas magnetic frustration is typically associated with local-moment magnets in special geometric arrangements, here we show that SrCo2As2 is a candidate for frustrated itinerant magnetism. Using inelastic neutron scattering (INS), we find that antiferromagnetic (AF) spin fluctuations develop in the square Co layers of SrCo2As2 below T approximate to 100 K centered at the stripe-type AF propagation vector of (1/2, 1/2), and that their development is concomitant with a suppression of the uniform magnetic susceptibility determined via magnetization measurements. We interpret this switch in spectral weight as signaling a temperature-induced crossover from an instability toward ferromagnetism ordering to ...


Strain Phase Separation: Formation Of Ferroelastic Domain Structures, Fei Xue, Yongjun Li, Yijia Gu, Jinxing Zhang, Long-Qing Chen 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Strain Phase Separation: Formation Of Ferroelastic Domain Structures, Fei Xue, Yongjun Li, Yijia Gu, Jinxing Zhang, Long-Qing Chen

Yijia Gu

Phase decomposition is a well-known process leading to the formation of two-phase mixtures. Here we show that a strain imposed on a ferroelastic crystal promotes the formation of mixed phases and domains, i.e., strain phase separation with local strains determined by a common tangent construction on the free energy versus strain curves. It is demonstrated that a domain structure can be understood using the concepts of domain/phase rule, lever rule, and coherent and incoherent strain phase separation, in a complete analogy to phase decomposition. The proposed strain phase separation model is validated using phase-field simulations and experimental observations ...


Non-Fermi-Liquid Behaviors Associated With A Magnetic Quantum-Critical Point In Sr(Co{1-X}Ni{X})2as2 Single Crystals, Nediadath S. Sangeetha, Lin-Lin Wang, Andrei V. Smirnov, Volodymyr Smetana, A.-V. Mudring, Duane D. Johnson, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, David C. Johnston 2019 Ames Laboratory

Non-Fermi-Liquid Behaviors Associated With A Magnetic Quantum-Critical Point In Sr(Co{1-X}Ni{X})2as2 Single Crystals, Nediadath S. Sangeetha, Lin-Lin Wang, Andrei V. Smirnov, Volodymyr Smetana, A.-V. Mudring, Duane D. Johnson, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, David C. Johnston

Duane D. Johnson

Electron-doped Sr(Co{1-x}Ni{x})2As2 single crystals with compositions x = 0 to 0.9 were grown out of self-flux and SrNi2As2 single crystals out of Bi flux. The crystals were characterized using single-crystal x-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility chi(H,T), isothermal magnetization M(H,T), heat capacity Cp(H,T), and electrical resistivity ho(H,T) measurements versus applied magnetic field H and temperature T. The chi(T) data show that the crystals exhibit an antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state almost immediately upon Ni doping on the Co site. Ab-initio electronic-structure calculations for x = 0 and x = 0 ...


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Jonathan C. Claussen

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Surya K. Mallapragada

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


The Influence Of Different Packaging Materials And Atmospheric Conditions On The Properties Of Pork Rinds, Kristi Kõrge, Katrin Laos 2019 TalTech (Tallinn University of Technology)

The Influence Of Different Packaging Materials And Atmospheric Conditions On The Properties Of Pork Rinds, Kristi Kõrge, Katrin Laos

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Rancidity development in high fat content products is a common off-flavor flaw in snack foods. Packaging is often used to avoid spoilage and extend shelf-life. The properties of pork rinds packaged in four different packaging materials with and without nitrogen were studied during 120 days of storage (22 °C, RH 60%, absence of light). The influence of different packaging materials and atmospheric conditions on pork rinds’ water activity, hardness, crispness and rancidity development was determined. The PET/PE packaging material had lower barrier properties for the product in both atmospheric conditions compared with PP/metPP (40 and 50 μm) and ...


Capacitance-Based Sensor With Layered Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Polymer And Titania-Filled Epoxy, Jin Yan, Austin Downey, An Chen, Simon Laflamme, Sammy Hassan 2019 Iowa State University

Capacitance-Based Sensor With Layered Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Polymer And Titania-Filled Epoxy, Jin Yan, Austin Downey, An Chen, Simon Laflamme, Sammy Hassan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Advances in intelligent infrastructure can be achieved through the use of novel materials for increased system-level efficiency and multifunctionality. Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) has been widely used in strengthening, rehabilitating, and retrofitting of existing structures because of its speed of deployment, low maintenance requirement, and high strength-to-weight ratio. In this work, the authors propose a novel method to augment CFRP with self-sensing capabilities. The sensor consists of two CFRP layers separated by a titania-filled epoxy dielectric layer, therefore forming a parallel plate capacitor. Sensing capability can be achieved through variations in the sensor’s capacitance provoked by strain, therefore providing ...


Single Pair Of Weyl Fermions In The Half-Metallic Semimetal Eucd2as2, Lin-Lin Wang, Na Hyun Jo, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Yun Wu, Robert J. McQueeney, Adam Kaminski, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Ames Laboratory

Single Pair Of Weyl Fermions In The Half-Metallic Semimetal Eucd2as2, Lin-Lin Wang, Na Hyun Jo, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Yun Wu, Robert J. Mcqueeney, Adam Kaminski, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

Materials with the ideal case of a single pair of Weyl points (WPs) are highly desirable for elucidating the unique properties of Weyl fermions. EuC d 2 A s 2 is an antiferromagnetic topological insulator or Dirac semimetal depending on the different magnetic configurations. Using first-principles band-structure calculations, we show that inducing ferromagnetism in EuC d 2 A s 2 can generate a single pair of WPs from splitting the single pair of antiferromagnetic Dirac points due to its half-metallic nature. Analysis with a low-energy effective Hamiltonian shows that a single pair of WPs is obtained in EuC d 2 ...


Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

The response of superconductors to controlled introduction of point-like disorder is an important tool to probe their microscopic electronic collective behavior. In the case of iron-based superconductors, magnetic fluctuations presumably play an important role in inducing high-temperature superconductivity. In some cases, these two seemingly incompatible orders coexist microscopically. Therefore, understanding how this unique coexistence state is affected by disorder can provide important information about the microscopic mechanisms involved. In one of the most studied pnictide family, hole-doped Ba1−xKxFe2As2 (BaK122), this coexistence occurs over a wide range of doping levels, 0.16 ≲ x ≲ 0.25. We used ...


Thermal Interface Material, Matthew Collins Weisenberger, John Davis Craddock 2019 University of Kentucky

Thermal Interface Material, Matthew Collins Weisenberger, John Davis Craddock

Center for Applied Energy Research Faculty Patents

A flexible sheet of aligned carbon nanotubes includes an array of aligned nanotubes in a free standing film form not adhered to the synthesis substrate, with a matrix infiltrated interstitially into the nanotube array with access to the nanotube tips from both the top and bottom. That is, the infiltrant is purposely limited from over-filling or coating one or both exterior top and/or bottom surfaces of the array, blocking access to the tips. A typical matrix is a polymer material.


Functional Porous Polydimethlysiloxane As Piezoresistive And Piezoelectric Materials, Taissa Rose Michel 2019 Rowan University

Functional Porous Polydimethlysiloxane As Piezoresistive And Piezoelectric Materials, Taissa Rose Michel

Theses and Dissertations

In this paper, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and zinc oxide (ZnO) were combined to create functionalized piezoresistive and piezoelectric sensors for pressure sensing and energy harvesting. Samples were foamed to show that the increased deformability of the foam sensors makes them suitable for a range of applications including dexterous robotics, tactile sensing, energy harvesting, and biosensing. Uniform dispersion of CNTs was achieved with chloroform as the solvent. Samples were foamed using chemical blowing and scaffolding but granulated sugar at 70% porosity resulted in foamed samples with the most consistent mechanical properties. Samples underwent tensile and compressive testing for their ...


Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee 2019 University of Connecticut

Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee

Paul C. Canfield

Intermetallic compounds possess unique atomic arrangements that often lead to exceptional material properties, but their extreme brittleness usually causes fracture at a limited strain of less than 1% and prevents their practical use. Therefore, it is critical for them to exhibit either plasticity or some form of structural transition to absorb and release a sufficient amount of mechanical energy before failure occurs. This study reports that the ThCr2Si2-structured intermetallic compound (CaFe2As2) and a hybrid of its structure (CaKFe4As4) with 2 µm in diameter and 6 µm in height can exhibit superelasticity with strain up to 17% through a reversible, deformation-induced ...


Lack Of Superconductivity In The Phase Diagram Of Single-Crystalline Eu(Fe1-Xcox)(2)As-2 Grown By Transition Metal Arsenide Flux, Gang Wang, William R. Meier, Warren E. Straszheim, Joshua Slagle, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Ames Laboratory and Chinese Academy of Sciences

Lack Of Superconductivity In The Phase Diagram Of Single-Crystalline Eu(Fe1-Xcox)(2)As-2 Grown By Transition Metal Arsenide Flux, Gang Wang, William R. Meier, Warren E. Straszheim, Joshua Slagle, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

The interplay of magnetism and superconductivity (SC) has been a focus of interest in condensed matter physics for decades. EuF e 2 A s 2 has been identified as a potential platform to investigate interactions between structural, magnetic, and electronic effects as well as the coexistence of magnetism and SC with similar transition temperatures. However, there are obvious inconsistencies in the reported phase diagrams of Eu ( F e 1 − x C o x ) 2 A s 2 crystals grown by different methods. For transition metal arsenide (TMA)-flux-grown crystals, even the existence of SC is uncertain. Here we reexamine the ...


Is It Possible To Stabilize The 1144-Phase Pnictides With Tri-Valence Cations?, Boqun Song, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Paul C. Canfield, Kai-Ming Ho 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Is It Possible To Stabilize The 1144-Phase Pnictides With Tri-Valence Cations?, Boqun Song, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Paul C. Canfield, Kai-Ming Ho

Paul C. Canfield

A lately discovered 1144 phase has generated significant interest for its high superconducting temperatures, disorder-free doping, and various chemical substitutions. However, it has only been found in iron arsenides ( A B Fe 4 As 4 ), and cations are limited to +1 or +2 valence states (e.g., alkali metals, alkaline earth elements, and Eu). Whether more 1144 phases could be stabilized and whether intriguing properties exist are questions of general interest. In this work, we investigate 1144 iron and cobalt arsenides with tri-valence cations (La, Y, In, Tl, Sm, Gd). We study phase stability among other competing phases: 122 solution ...


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