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Facile Preparation Of Quantum Cutting Gdf3 : Eu3+ Nanoparticles From Ionic Liquids, Chantal Lorbeer, Joanna Cybinska, Anja V. Mudring 2010 Iowa State University

Facile Preparation Of Quantum Cutting Gdf3 : Eu3+ Nanoparticles From Ionic Liquids, Chantal Lorbeer, Joanna Cybinska, Anja V. Mudring

Anja V. Mudring

Microwave reaction of Ln(OAc)3·xH2O, Ln = Gd, Eu; OAc = acetate) with and in the ionic liquid [C4mim][BF4] (C4mim = 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium) allows the fast and efficient synthesis of small, uniform, oxygen-free lanthanide nanofluorides with excellent photophysical behaviour. For GdF3 : Eu3+ nanoparticles a quantum efficiency of up to 145% was determined.


On The Dissolution Of Non-Metallic Solid Elements (Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium And Phosphorus) In Ionic Liquids, Eva Boros, Martyn J. Earle, Manuela A. Gilea, Andreas Metlen, Anja V. Mudring, Franziska Rieger, Allan J. Robertson, Kenneth R. Seddon, Alina A. Tomaszowska, Lev Trusov, Joseph S. Vyle 2010 Iowa State University

On The Dissolution Of Non-Metallic Solid Elements (Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium And Phosphorus) In Ionic Liquids, Eva Boros, Martyn J. Earle, Manuela A. Gilea, Andreas Metlen, Anja V. Mudring, Franziska Rieger, Allan J. Robertson, Kenneth R. Seddon, Alina A. Tomaszowska, Lev Trusov, Joseph S. Vyle

Anja V. Mudring

Ionic liquids are shown to be good solvents for elemental sulfur, selenium, phosphorus and tellurium, and can be designed to maximise the solubility of these elements. The presence of the [S3]˙− radical anion in diluted solutions of sulfur in some ionic liquids has been confirmed, and is the origin of their intense blue colour (cf. lapis lazuli).


Optical Basicity Of Ionic Liquids, Slawomir Pitula, Anja V. Mudring 2010 Iowa State University

Optical Basicity Of Ionic Liquids, Slawomir Pitula, Anja V. Mudring

Anja V. Mudring

The concept of optical basicities initially developed by Duffy for solid oxides was successfully transferred to low melting salts such as ionic liquids (ILs). Several ionic liquids (ILs) were doped with Mn(NTf2)2 (NTf2 = bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide) as a probe to investigate the IL anion basicity by means of UV-Vis spectroscopy. The 6A1 → 4A, 4E(G) transition band of Mn2+ is influenced by the electron donor properties, i.e., Lewis basicity, of the coordinating ligands but remains—to the first order—independent from the ligand field. The change in the optical spectra for various Mn(NTf2)2 doped ILs ...


Communication Prev. Article Next Article Table Of Contents Chains Of Face-Sharing {Zpr6} Octahedra With Alternating Endohedral Iridium Atoms And Chloride Ions In {(Ir,Cl)Pr6}Cl10, Nina Herzmann, Matthias Bruhmann, Anja V. Mudring, Gerd Meyer 2010 Iowa State University

Communication Prev. Article Next Article Table Of Contents Chains Of Face-Sharing {Zpr6} Octahedra With Alternating Endohedral Iridium Atoms And Chloride Ions In {(Ir,Cl)Pr6}Cl10, Nina Herzmann, Matthias Bruhmann, Anja V. Mudring, Gerd Meyer

Anja V. Mudring

The most impressive feature of the crystal structure of IrPr6Cl11 is chains of face-sharing {Pr6} octahedra that encapsulate, alternatingly, iridium atoms and chloride ions, according to the formulation {(Ir,Cl)Pr6}Cl10. An alternative description of the structure is the connection of isolated {IrPr6} clusters that are surrounded in a mixed {ZR6}Xi12/{ZR6}Xi8 type by chlorido ligands with a rather complex connectivity, {IrPr6}(Cli−a−a4/3Cla−i−a8/3Cli−a6/2Cla−i6/2)e(Cli−i2/2)f, to a three-dimensional structure of tetragonally packed cluster-complex chains.


Preparation And Characterization Of Pt/Γ-Al2o3 Model Catalyst On Nial Alloy, Zhongfan Zhang, Long Li, Lin-Lin Wang, Sergio I. Sanchez, Ross V. Grieshaber, Qi Wang, Duane D. Johnson, Anatoly I. Frenkel, Ralph G. Nuzzo, Judith C. Yang 2010 University of Pittsburgh

Preparation And Characterization Of Pt/Γ-Al2o3 Model Catalyst On Nial Alloy, Zhongfan Zhang, Long Li, Lin-Lin Wang, Sergio I. Sanchez, Ross V. Grieshaber, Qi Wang, Duane D. Johnson, Anatoly I. Frenkel, Ralph G. Nuzzo, Judith C. Yang

Duane D. Johnson

Numerous studies of heterogeneous catalysis systems clearly demonstrate that the metal nanoparticle (NPs)/support interaction is significant in determining the catalytic chemistry. Theoretical simulations have been performed to understand the metal/support interactions [1,2]. For example, theorists discovered that electronic and oxygen defects of γ-Al2O3 anchor the active particles [1]. Platinum NPs dispersed on γ-alumina is one of the most widely used heterogeneous catalysts and Pt performs extremely well as a catalyst for the oxygen-reduction reaction used in fuel cell industries. Hence, we chose Pt/γ-Al2O3 as a model heterogeneous catalyst system to investigate the metal NPs/support interface ...


Electronic And Magnetic Structure Of (Crcl 3 ) 3, M. Grodzicki, B. Mallick, Anja V. Mudring 2010 Iowa State University

Electronic And Magnetic Structure Of (Crcl 3 ) 3, M. Grodzicki, B. Mallick, Anja V. Mudring

Anja V. Mudring

Electronic structure calculations in the local spin-density approximation have been carried out on the recently synthesized trimer (CrCl 3 ) 3 exhibiting antiferromagnetic ordering below T N =55 K. The calculated magnetic coupling constant, the paramagnetic Curie temperature, and the decrease of the magnetic moment below T N are well reproduced by the calculations. An interpretation of the spin structure is given that is consistent with all experimental data currently available.


Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson 2010 United States Naval Academy

Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of interphase boundary energies relevant to hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) γ-precipitate formation were performed within approximate unit cells that mirror the experimental conditions in face-centered-cubic (fcc) Al-Ag solid solutions. In Al-rich, fcc Al-Ag, γ precipitates are observed to form rapidly with large (300+) aspect ratios even though the Al stacking-fault energy is high (approximately 130 mJ/m2), which should suppress hcp ribbon formation according to standard arguments. Our DFT results show why high-aspect ratio plates occur and why previous estimates based on Wulff construction were orders of magnitude less than observed values. Using DFT, we obtain a Gibbs ...


Liquid Crystals For Functional Nanomaterials: Electroclinic Artificial Muscle Polymers, Nanorods From Achiral Bent-Core Mesogens, And Thiophenic Photovoltaics, Jacqueline Mae Richardson 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Liquid Crystals For Functional Nanomaterials: Electroclinic Artificial Muscle Polymers, Nanorods From Achiral Bent-Core Mesogens, And Thiophenic Photovoltaics, Jacqueline Mae Richardson

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Three different projects are described, in which target molecules are synthesized based on specific functional goals: electromechanical response, bent-core phase formation, and charge transport behavior. The bulk properties of these materials are then characterized with respect to these goals.

The first project entails the synthesis and characterization of several variations on W317, a calamitic liquid crystal with a strong electroclinic effect. Alpha, omega-diene analogues of this molecule were synthesized and reacted via ADMET into a main-chain polymer, with the goal of creating electromechanical actuators. To improve the bulk strength and macroscopic response of the polymers, attempts were made at cross-linking ...


Application Of Self-Determination And Self-Regulation Theories To Course Design: Planting The Seeds For Adaptive Expertise, Linda Vanasupa, Jonathan Stolk, Trevor Harding 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Application Of Self-Determination And Self-Regulation Theories To Course Design: Planting The Seeds For Adaptive Expertise, Linda Vanasupa, Jonathan Stolk, Trevor Harding

Materials Engineering

The paper is grounded in the premise that learning occurs within a dynamic system of social and ecological interactions in the learning environment. Our intent is to open the conversation about hose ac, as engineering educators, design effective learning experiences for this dynamic system, particularly in light of the deeply ethical, adaptive expertise required of today's graduates. Drawing from two well-researched theories of psychological development (self-determination and self-regulation), we assert that fostering the engagement and positive growth required for adaptive expertise necessitates a holistic educational approach. This approach requires us to consider both the psychological needs of the learner ...


Validation Of Tool Mark Comparisons Obtained Using A Quantitative, Comparative, Statistical Algorithm, L. Scott Chumbley, Max D. Morris, M. James Kreiser, Charles Fisher, Jeremy Craft, Lawrence Genalo, Stephen Davis, David Faden, Julie Kidd 2010 Iowa State University

Validation Of Tool Mark Comparisons Obtained Using A Quantitative, Comparative, Statistical Algorithm, L. Scott Chumbley, Max D. Morris, M. James Kreiser, Charles Fisher, Jeremy Craft, Lawrence Genalo, Stephen Davis, David Faden, Julie Kidd

Ames Laboratory Publications

A statistical analysis and computational algorithm for comparing pairs of tool marks via profilometry data is described. Empirical validation of the method is established through experiments based on tool marks made at selected fixed angles from 50 sequentially manufactured screwdriver tips. Results obtained from three different comparison scenarios are presented and are in agreement with experiential knowledge possessed by practicing examiners. Further comparisons between scores produced by the algorithm and visual assessments of the same tool mark pairs by professional tool mark examiners in a blind study in general show good agreement between the algorithm and human experts. In specific ...


About The Chemistry Of The Terminating 5f-Planes In I-Alpdmn : A Comparison Between Models And Surface Studies, M. Quiquandon, Baris Unal, Patricia A. Thiel, D. Gratias 2010 LEM CNRS-ONERA

About The Chemistry Of The Terminating 5f-Planes In I-Alpdmn : A Comparison Between Models And Surface Studies, M. Quiquandon, Baris Unal, Patricia A. Thiel, D. Gratias

Chemistry Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Structural arguments are proposed that support the hypothesis that the equilibrium 5f-surfaces of i-AlPdMn icosahedral alloys are actual cuts of the bulk structure with almost pure Al termination planes [1, 2] corresponding to actual bulk properties with no need for possible Al segregation on the surface. Most of the 5f termination planes in i-AlPdMn are made of two close planes containing essentially Al at the upper one and Al and Pd at the second one (see for instance [3]). Here, perfect unrelaxed structural models that differ only in the chemical distribution of the atomic species are devised, close to the ...


Tunable Infrared Metamaterials, David Shelton 2010 University of Central Florida

Tunable Infrared Metamaterials, David Shelton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Metamaterials are engineered periodic composites that have unique refractive-index characteristics not available in natural materials. They have been demonstrated over a large portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, from visible to radiofrequency. For applications in the infrared, the structure of metamaterials is generally defined using electron-beam lithography. At these frequencies, the loss and dispersion of any metal included in the composite are of particular significance. In this regard, we investigate deviations from the Drude model due to the anomalous skin effect. For comparison with theoretical predictions, the optical properties of several different metals are measured, both at room temperature and at ...


Investigation Of Thermal, Elastic And Load-Biased Transformation Strains In Niti Shape Memory Alloys, Shipeng Qiu 2010 University of Central Florida

Investigation Of Thermal, Elastic And Load-Biased Transformation Strains In Niti Shape Memory Alloys, Shipeng Qiu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Polycrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys have the ability to recover their original, pre-deformed shape in the presence of external loads when heated through a solid-solid phase transformation from a lower-symmetry B19' martensite phase to a higher-symmetry B2 austenite phase. The strain associated with a shape memory alloy in an actuator application typically has thermal, elastic and inelastic contributions. The objective of this work was to investigate the aforementioned strains by recourse to in situ neutron diffraction experiments during selected combinations of heating, cooling and/or mechanical loading. The primary studies were conducted on polycrystalline Ni49.9Ti50.1 specimens on the ...


Environmental Degradation Of Oxidation Resistant And Thermal Barrier Coatings For Fuel-Flexible Gas Turbine Applications, Prabhakar Mohan 2010 University of Central Florida

Environmental Degradation Of Oxidation Resistant And Thermal Barrier Coatings For Fuel-Flexible Gas Turbine Applications, Prabhakar Mohan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The development of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) has been undoubtedly the most critical advancement in materials technology for modern gas turbine engines. TBCs are widely used in gas turbine engines for both power-generation and propulsion applications. Metallic oxidation-resistant coatings (ORCs) are also widely employed as a stand-alone protective coating or bond coat for TBCs in many high-temperature applications. Among the widely studied durability issues in these high-temperature protective coatings, one critical challenge that received greater attention in recent years is their resistance to high-temperature degradation due to corrosive deposits arising from fuel impurities and CMAS (calcium-magnesium-alumino-silicate) sand deposits from air ...


Probing The Nanoscale Interaction Forces And Elastic Properties Of Organic And Inorganic Materials Using Force-Distance (F-D) Spectroscopy, Abhilash Vincent 2010 University of Central Florida

Probing The Nanoscale Interaction Forces And Elastic Properties Of Organic And Inorganic Materials Using Force-Distance (F-D) Spectroscopy, Abhilash Vincent

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to their therapeutic applications such as radical scavenging, MRI contrast imaging, Photoluminescence imaging, drug delivery, etc., nanoparticles (NPs) have a significant importance in bio-nanotechnology. The reason that prevents the utilizing NPs for drug delivery in medical field is mostly due to their biocompatibility issues (incompatibility can lead to toxicity and cell death). Changes in the surface conditions of NPs often lead to NP cytotoxicity. Investigating the role of NP surface properties (surface charges and surface chemistry) on their interactions with biomolecules (Cells, protein and DNA) could enhance the current understanding of NP cytotoxicity. Hence, it is highly beneficial to ...


Structural Characterization Of Sputter-Deposited Ss304+Xal (X = 0, 4, 7 And 10 Wt.%) Coatings And Mechanically Milled Ti, Zr And, Uma Maheswara Seelam 2010 University of Central Florida

Structural Characterization Of Sputter-Deposited Ss304+Xal (X = 0, 4, 7 And 10 Wt.%) Coatings And Mechanically Milled Ti, Zr And, Uma Maheswara Seelam

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Study of the metastable phases obtained by non-equilibrium processing techniques has come a long way during the past five decades. New metastable phases have often given new perspectives to the research on synthesis of novel materials systems. Metastable materials produced by two non-equilibrium processing methods were studied for this dissertation- 304-type austenitic stainless steel (SS304 or Fe-18Cr-8Ni)+aluminum coatings produced by plasma enhanced magnetron sputter-deposition (PEMS) and nanocrystalline Ti, Zr and Hf powders processed by mechanical milling (MM). The objective of the study was to understand the crystallographic and microstructural aspects of these materials. Four SS304+Al coatings with a ...


Isogeometric Shell Analysis: The Reissner–Mindlin Shell, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes 2010 University of California, San Diego

Isogeometric Shell Analysis: The Reissner–Mindlin Shell, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes

Ming-Chen Hsu

A Reissner–Mindlin shell formulation based on a degenerated solid is implemented for NURBS-based isogeometric analysis. The performance of the approach is examined on a set of linear elastic and nonlinear elasto-plastic benchmark examples. The analyses were performed with LS-DYNA, an industrial, general-purpose finite element code, for which a user-defined shell element capability was implemented. This new feature, to be reported on in subsequent work, allows for the use of NURBS and other non-standard discretizations in a sophisticated nonlinear analysis framework.


Localized Mechanical Deformation And Dissolution Of 45s5 Bioglass, Ding Li 2010 University of Kentucky

Localized Mechanical Deformation And Dissolution Of 45s5 Bioglass, Ding Li

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Bioactive glasses react with the human physiological solution in control of their biofunctionality. The stress state in bioactive glasses determines the chemomechanical reaction and their biofunctionality. Using the microindentation technique, the effect of the indentation deformation on the surface damage and material dissolution of 45S5 bioglass was investigated.

The indentation-induced residual stresses were calculated. Complete anelastic recoveries of the indentation depths and the impression marks were observed for the first time, which was likely driven by the stored strain energy over the anelastic deformation zone. The indentation-induced local surface damages were revealed before and after the immersion tests in phosphate ...


Giant Raman Enhancement On Nanoporous Gold Film By Conjugating With Nanoparticles For Single-Molecule Detection, Lihua Qian, Biswajit Das, Yan Li, Zhilin Yang 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Giant Raman Enhancement On Nanoporous Gold Film By Conjugating With Nanoparticles For Single-Molecule Detection, Lihua Qian, Biswajit Das, Yan Li, Zhilin Yang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Hot spots have the contradictively geometrical requirements for both the narrowest interstices to provide strong near-field coupling, and sufficient space to allow entrance of the analytes. Herein, a two-step method is employed to create hot spots within hybrid nanostructures, which consist of self-supported nanoporous gold films with the absorbed probes and subsequent nanoparticle conjugates without surface agents or mechanical motion. The molecules confined into 1 nm interstice exhibit 2.9 × 107 times enhancement in Raman scattering compared to pure nanoporous gold. Giant enhancement primarily results from strong near-field coupling between nanopore and nanoparticle, which is theoretically confirmed by finite-difference ...


Electro-Optic And Magneto-Dielectric Properties Of Multifunctional Nitride And Oxide Materials, Ambesh Dixit 2010 Wayne State University

Electro-Optic And Magneto-Dielectric Properties Of Multifunctional Nitride And Oxide Materials, Ambesh Dixit

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Materials that simultaneously exhibit different physical properties provide a rich area of research leading to the development of new devices. For example, materials having a strong coupling between charge and spin degrees of freedom are essential to realizing a new class of devices referred to generally as spintronics. However, these multifunctional systems pose new scientific challenges in understanding the origin and mechanisms for cross-control of different functionalities. The core of this Ph.D. dissertation deals with multifunctional nitride and oxide compound semiconductors as well as multiferroic magnetic oxide systems by investigating structural, optical, electrical, magnetic, magnetodielectric and magnetoelectric properties ...


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