# Engineering Science and Materials Commons™

## All Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

3,031 full-text articles. Page 4 of 95.

2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

#### About Movements Of The Carriage On The Profile Hump In A Gravity Yard, Sh.B. Djabbarov

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article noted that in the existing methods of calculation of hump in a gravity yards the speed of the car at the braking position is determined by the formula speed of free fall of bodies given the inertia in the rotating parts of the car. Thus assume that in areas of deceleration occur rotation of the wheels of the car, that is incorrect. In it mathematical expressions and examples of calculations proved that the high-speed sections slides occur the rolling of the wheels of wheel pairs without slipping.

2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

#### Calculation Of The Wagon Motion Velocation On The Whole Protection Of The Profile Of The Way With Different Clothes Of The Sorting Hill, Kh.Kh. Djalilov

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article has been calculated the velocity of the wagon’s movement in various sites of a hump yard, based on the formula led on the basis of the theorem of changing of kinetic energy for not free material point in a final form. Results of the calculations are noticed that on the intermediate site of a hump yard to a dividing arrow the relative error of calculation is equal to 10.3%, on the site of an arrow zone of a hump yard of the second dividing arrow - δv6с2 ≈ 9.0%, on the site of the first sorting ...

2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

#### To The Movement Of The Car On The Site Of The First Brake Hump Yard Of Positions, Sh.U. Saidivaliyev

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In the article using the analytical formulas derived from the application of the basic law of dynamics for non-ideal connections (Dalembert principle), the kinematic parameters of the car’s motion (acceleration, time, braking path) were calculated in the deceleration zone at the site of the first brake position of the hump yard

2019 Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

#### On The Application Of Information Technology For The Development Of Software For Automation The Modeling Process Of Wagons At Wagon Enterprises Jsc "O'Zbekiston Temir Yo'llari", V.P. Bubnov, Sh. Kh. Sultonov

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The report presents a functional diagram of the developed software for calculating the values of loads acting on the wagon body. The stages of development and the main modules of a software product that implements mathematical calculations are defined. The issues of the software implementation of the presented algorithms using the object-oriented programming language C # are discussed. The performed engineering analysis using the values of loads obtained using the developed software is given. The developed program in C # language with the use of the integrated Visual Studio environment allows to increase the accuracy and reduce the time for calculating the ...

Modeling Of Theflow Regimes Of Water-Coal Fuel Slurries With Complex Reology In Cylindrical Pipes, 2019 Physical-technical institute NGO "Physics-sun", ASUz, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

#### Modeling Of Theflow Regimes Of Water-Coal Fuel Slurries With Complex Reology In Cylindrical Pipes, Ja.D. Hodzhaev, Sh.A. Kasymov

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article deals the flow regimes with regard to the complex flow rheology of highly concentrated water-coal fuel slurries (WCS). It has been established that during the WCS flow through cylindrical pipes the flow mode is disturbed, which is due to the mutual influence of the geometric dimensions and flow parameters of the suspension when it is burned in the combustion chambers of power plants

2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

#### Research Of Surface Condition Of The Rails Rolling On Sections Of High-Speed And High-Speed Train Traffic, E.B. Abdualiyev

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article, the analysis of intensity of the pulse roughness’s arising on a surface of rolling of heads of rails on a site of high-speed movement of trains is carried out.

The Movement Of Trains As A Source Of Seismic Waves Impact On The Upper Structure Of The Track And The Roadbed Of Railways, 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

#### The Movement Of Trains As A Source Of Seismic Waves Impact On The Upper Structure Of The Track And The Roadbed Of Railways, A.H. Abdujabarov, P. A. Begmatov, M. Mehmonov

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

On the basis of theoretical and experimental scientific research, the substantiation of the similarity of the impact of seismic forces and the movement of rolling stock on the engineering structures of Railways is obtained.

2019 Russian University of Transport, Moscow, Russia

#### Boolean Complement Method For Combinational Circuits Testing Using Binary Separable Codes, A.H. Efanov

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The concurrent error-detection systems basic structural diagrams based on the check bits calculation and on the logical addition basis are described. A hybrid block diagram is presented in which the part of the diagnostics object outputs is transformed. The conditions for the use of binary separable codes for their use in the concurrent error-detection systems organization according to the method of logical addition are established.

On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

#### On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

Features Of Thermal Processing Of Instrumental Alloyed Steels, 2019 Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

#### Features Of Thermal Processing Of Instrumental Alloyed Steels, F.R. Norkhudjayev, A.A. Mukhamedov, D.M. Ergashev

##### Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In work, the most preferred heat treatment scheme has been determined on the basis of the analysis of various heat treatment schemes for alloyed tool steels, which the excludes the possibility of restoring the original grain structure and retains the possibility of studying the increased material defectiveness acquired during primary hardening.

The Linc Complex, Mechanotransduction, And Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function And Fate, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### The Linc Complex, Mechanotransduction, And Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function And Fate, Tasneem Bouzid, Eunju Kim, Brandon D. Riehl, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Jordan Rosebohm, Ruiguo Yang, Bin Duan, Jung Yul Lim

##### Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show tremendous promise as a cell source for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, and are understood to be mechanosensitive to external mechanical environments. In recent years, increasing evidence points to nuclear envelope proteins as a key player in sensing and relaying mechanical signals in MSCs to modulate cellular form, function, and differentiation. Of particular interest is the Linker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton (LINC) complex that includes nesprin and SUN. In this review, the way in which cells can sense external mechanical environments through an intact nuclear envelope and LINC complex proteins will be briefly described. Then ...

2019 University of Maine

#### Cellulose Nanofibrils (Cnf) For Textile Applications: Production Of Neat Cnf Filaments And Reinforcement Of Natural Fiber Yarns, Shokoofeh Ghasemi

##### Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Being the most abundant natural polymer on earth, cellulose materials have been used in many different applications. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are a relatively new group of lignocellulose resource-based nanomaterials and have been the topic of many research efforts in wood products and material science field over the recent years. Using CNF in textile applications is one way to diversify product portfolio of these materials as they contain nanoscale fibrils with high mechanical properties which can fulfil textile industry’s demand for strong natural fibers. Considering that CNF is a wood-based cellulosic material in the form of water suspension, in order ...

General Nonlinear-Material Elasticity In Classical One-Dimensional Solid Mechanics, 2019 University of New Orleans

#### General Nonlinear-Material Elasticity In Classical One-Dimensional Solid Mechanics, Ronald Joseph Giardina Jr

##### University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

We will create a class of generalized ellipses and explore their ability to define a distance on a space and generate continuous, periodic functions. Connections between these continuous, periodic functions and the generalizations of trigonometric functions known in the literature shall be established along with connections between these generalized ellipses and some spectrahedral projections onto the plane, more specifically the well-known multifocal ellipses. The superellipse, or Lam\'{e} curve, will be a special case of the generalized ellipse. Applications of these generalized ellipses shall be explored with regards to some one-dimensional systems of classical mechanics. We will adopt the Ramberg-Osgood ...

2019 University of Louisville

#### Optical Direct Detection Of Thermal Vibrations Of Ultralow Stiffness Micro-Nano Structures., Sri Sukanta Chowdhury

##### Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A direct detection optical vibrometer is constructed around an 850 nm laser and a quadrant photodetector (QPD). The limit of detection is 0.2 fW which corresponds to a minimum amplitude of 0.1 Å. The vibrometer is used to measure the thermal vibration spectra of low stiffness micromechanical structures have nanometer features. One structure measured is a cantilevered 30 μm diameter glass fiber. Vibration amplitudes as low as 1.1 Å are measured. The thermal vibration spectra show fundamental resonances at 80-250 Hz and a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 23-55 dB. Young’s modulus of glass in ...

On The Measurement Of Energy Dissipation Of Adhered Cells With The Quartz Microbalance With Dissipation Monitoring, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### On The Measurement Of Energy Dissipation Of Adhered Cells With The Quartz Microbalance With Dissipation Monitoring, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Weiwei Zhao, Jennifer Y. Chen, Changjin Huang, Ning Xi, Jun Xi, Ruiguo Yang

##### Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

We previously reported the finding of a linear correlation between the change of energy dissipation (ΔD) of adhered cells measured with the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) and the level of focal adhesions of the cells. To account for this correlation, we have developed a theoretical framework for assessing the ΔD-response of adhered cells. We rationalized that the mechanical energy of an oscillating QCM-D sensor coupled with a cell monolayer is dissipated through three main processes: the interfacial friction through the dynamic restructuring (formation and rupture) of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) bonds, the interfacial viscous damping by the liquid ...

Observations Of Shear Stress Effects On Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilm Formation, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Observations Of Shear Stress Effects On Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilm Formation, Erica Sherman, Kenneth W. Bayles, Derek Moormeir, Jennifer Endres, Timothy Wei

##### Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria form biofilms and distinctive microcolony or “tower” structures that facilitate their ability to tolerate antibiotic treatment and to spread within the human body. The formation of microcolonies, which break off, get carried downstream, and serve to initiate biofilms in other parts of the body, is of particular interest here. It is known that flow conditions play a role in the development, dispersion, and propagation of biofilms in general. The influence of flow on microcolony formation and, ultimately, what factors lead to microcolony development are, however, not well understood. The hypothesis being examined is that microcolony structures form ...

Modeling Thermal And Mechanical Cancellation Of Residual Stress From Hybrid Additive Manufacturing By Laser Peening, 2019 University of Nebraska- Lincoln

#### Modeling Thermal And Mechanical Cancellation Of Residual Stress From Hybrid Additive Manufacturing By Laser Peening, Guru Madireddy, Chao Li, Jingfu Liu, Michael P. Sealy

##### Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals often results in parts with unfavorable mechanical properties. Laser peening (LP) is a high strain rate mechanical surface treatment that hammers a workpiece and induces favorable mechanical properties. Peening strain hardens a surface and imparts compressive residual stresses improving the mechanical properties of a material. This work investigates the role of LP on layer-by-layer processing of 3D printed metals using finite element analysis. The objective is to understand temporal and spatial residual stress development after thermal and mechanical cancellation caused by cyclically coupling printing and peening. Results indicate layer peening frequency is a critical process ...

Method For Fabrication Of A Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board, 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Method For Fabrication Of A Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board, Carmel Majidi, Tong Lu, Eric J. Markvicka

##### Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

A fabrication process for soft - matter printed circuit boards is disclosed in which traces of liquid - phase Ga - In eutectic ( eGaIn ) are patterned with UV laser micromachining ( UVLM ) . The terminals of the elastomer - sealed LM circuit connect to the surface mounted chips through vertically aligned columns of eGaIn - coated ferromagnetic micro spheres that are embedded within an interfacial elastomer layer .

Pseudo-Spectral Method To Control Three-Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, 2019 Michigan Technological University

#### Pseudo-Spectral Method To Control Three-Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Giorgio Bacelli, Shangyan Zou, Rush D. Robinett Iii, David G. Wilson, Ryan G. Coe

##### Michigan Tech Patents

The invention provides optimal control of a three-degree-of-freedom wave energy converter using a pseudo-spectral control method. The three modes are the heave, pitch and surge. A dynamic model is characterized by a coupling between the pitch and surge modes, while the heave is decoupled. The heave, however, excites the pitch motion through nonlinear parametric excitation in the pitch mode. The invention can use a Fourier series as basis functions to approximate the states and the control. For the parametric excited case, a sequential quadratic programming approach can be implemented to numerically solve for the optimal control. The numerical results show ...

High-Performance Polyvinyl Chloride Gel Artificial Muscle Actuator With Graphene Oxide And Plasticizer, 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

#### High-Performance Polyvinyl Chloride Gel Artificial Muscle Actuator With Graphene Oxide And Plasticizer, Taeseon Hwang, Zachary Frank, Justin Neubauer, Kwang Jin Kim

##### Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

A transparent and electroactive plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gel was investigated to use as a soft actuator for artificial muscle applications. PVC gels were prepared with varying plasticizer (dibutyl adipate, DBA) content. The prepared PVC gels were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The DBA content in the PVC gel was shown to have an inverse relationship with both the storage and loss modulus. The electromechanical performance of PVC gels was demonstrated for both single-layer and stacked multi-layer actuators. When voltage was applied to a single-layer actuator and then increased, the maximum displacement of PVC ...