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Emerging Computing Based Novel Solutions For Design Of Low Power Circuits, Azhar Mohammad 2018 University of Kentucky

Emerging Computing Based Novel Solutions For Design Of Low Power Circuits, Azhar Mohammad

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

The growing applications for IoT devices have caused an increase in the study of low power consuming circuit design to meet the requirement of devices to operate for various months without external power supply. Scaling down the conventional CMOS causes various complications to design due to CMOS properties, therefore various non-conventional CMOS design techniques are being proposed that overcome the limitations. This thesis focuses on some of those emerging and novel low power design technique namely Adiabatic logic and low power devices like Magnetic Tunnel Junction (MTJ) and Carbon Nanotube Field Effect transistor (CNFET). Circuits that are used for large ...


An Iterative Signal Fusion Method For Reconstruction Of Inplane Strain Maps From Strain Measurements By Hybrid Dense Sensor Networks, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Austin Downey, Chao Hu, Simon Laflamme 2018 Iowa State University

An Iterative Signal Fusion Method For Reconstruction Of Inplane Strain Maps From Strain Measurements By Hybrid Dense Sensor Networks, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Austin Downey, Chao Hu, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Flexible skin-like membranes have received considerable research interest for the costeffective monitoring of mesoscale (large-scale) structures. The authors have recently proposed a large-area electronic consisting of a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC) that transduces a structure's change in geometry (i.e. strain) into a measurable change in capacitance. The SEC sensor measures the summation of the orthogonal strain (i.e. εx + εy). It follows that an algorithm is required for the decomposition of the signal into unidirectional strain maps. In this study, a new method enabling such decomposition that leverages a dense sensor network of SECs and resistive strain gauges ...


Recent Advances On Shm Of Reinforced Concrete And Masonry Structures Enabled By Self-Sensing Structural Materials, Filippo Ubertini, Antonella D’Alessandro, Austin Downey, Enrique García-Macías, Simon Laflamme, Rafael Castro-Triguero 2018 University of Perugia

Recent Advances On Shm Of Reinforced Concrete And Masonry Structures Enabled By Self-Sensing Structural Materials, Filippo Ubertini, Antonella D’Alessandro, Austin Downey, Enrique García-Macías, Simon Laflamme, Rafael Castro-Triguero

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Structural Health Monitoring is aimed at transforming civil structures into self-diagnosing systems able to automatically reveal the occurrence of a fault or a damage after a critical event such as an earthquake. While data science is presently experiencing tremendous advances leading to the availability of powerful tools and algorithms for extracting relevant information by effectively fusing data provided by different types of sensors, one of the main bottlenecks still limiting the development of SHM in the field of civil engineering is the general lack of reliable sensing technologies that are scalable at the large scale. A very promising solution to ...


Skybridge-3d-Cmos: A Fine-Grained Vertical 3d-Cmos Technology Paving New Direction For 3d Ic, Jiajun Shi 2018 Electircal and Computer Engineering

Skybridge-3d-Cmos: A Fine-Grained Vertical 3d-Cmos Technology Paving New Direction For 3d Ic, Jiajun Shi

Doctoral Dissertations

2D CMOS integrated circuit (IC) technology scaling faces severe challenges that result from device scaling limitations, interconnect bottleneck that dominates power and performance, etc. 3D ICs with die-die and layer-layer stacking using Through Silicon Vias (TSVs) and Monolithic Inter-layer Vias (MIVs) have been explored in recent years to generate circuits with considerable interconnect saving for continuing technology scaling. However, these 3D IC technologies still rely on conventional 2D CMOS’s device, circuit and interconnect mindset showing only incremental benefits while adding new challenges reliability issues, robustness of power delivery network design and short-channel effects as technology node scaling.

Skybridge-3D-CMOS (S3DC ...


Analog Signal Processing Solutions And Design Of Memristor-Cmos Analog Co-Processor For Acceleration Of High-Performance Computing Applications, Nihar Athreyas 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Analog Signal Processing Solutions And Design Of Memristor-Cmos Analog Co-Processor For Acceleration Of High-Performance Computing Applications, Nihar Athreyas

Doctoral Dissertations

Emerging applications in the field of machine vision, deep learning and scientific simulation require high computational speed and are run on platforms that are size, weight and power constrained. With the transistor scaling coming to an end, existing digital hardware architectures will not be able to meet these ever-increasing demands. Analog computation with its rich set of primitives and inherent parallel architecture can be faster, more efficient and compact for some of these applications. The major contribution of this work is to show that analog processing can be a viable solution to this problem. This is demonstrated in the three ...


Chip: Clustering Hotspots In Layout Using Integer Programming, Rohit Reddy Takkala 2018 Iowa State University

Chip: Clustering Hotspots In Layout Using Integer Programming, Rohit Reddy Takkala

Creative Components

Clustering algorithms have been explored in recent years to solve hotspot clustering problem in Integrated Circuit design. With various applications in Design for Manufacturability flow such as hotspot library generation, systematic yield optimization and design space exploration, generating good quality clusters along with their representative clips is of utmost importance. With several generic clustering algorithms at our disposal, hotspots can be clustered based on the distance metric defined while satisfying some tolerance conditions. However, the clusters generated from generic clustering algorithms need not achieve optimal results. In this paper, we introduce two optimal integer linear programming formulations based on triangle ...


General Design Procedure For Free And Open-Source Hardware For Scientific Equipment, Shane W. Oberloier, Joshua M. Pearce 2017 Michigan Technological University

General Design Procedure For Free And Open-Source Hardware For Scientific Equipment, Shane W. Oberloier, Joshua M. Pearce

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Distributed digital manufacturing of free and open-source scientific hardware (FOSH) used for scientific experiments has been shown to in general reduce the costs of scientific hardware by 90–99%. In part due to these cost savings, the manufacturing of scientific equipment is beginning to move away from a central paradigm of purchasing proprietary equipment to one in which scientists themselves download open-source designs, fabricate components with digital manufacturing technology, and then assemble the equipment themselves. This trend introduces a need for new formal design procedures that designers can follow when targeting this scientific audience. This study provides five steps in ...


Algorithm For Computational Imaging On A Real-Time Hardware, Manish Bhattarai 2017 University of New Mexico

Algorithm For Computational Imaging On A Real-Time Hardware, Manish Bhattarai

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

DRAMATIC advances in the field of computational and medical imaging over the past decades have enabled many critical applications such as night vision, medical diagnosis, quality control, and remote sensing. The increasing demand for image quality and its fidelity requires an increase in pixel count and a sophisticated post-processing mechanism to efficiently store, transmit, and analyze this massive data. There is an inherent trade-off between the generation of big data by such imaging systems and efficiency in extraction of useful information within real-time constraints, limiting the efficacy of such sensors in real-time decision-making systems. The traditional imaging system gets burdened ...


Asynchronous 3d (Async3d): Design Methodology And Analysis Of 3d Asynchronous Circuits, Francis Corpuz Sabado 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Asynchronous 3d (Async3d): Design Methodology And Analysis Of 3d Asynchronous Circuits, Francis Corpuz Sabado

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the application of 3D integrated circuit (IC) technology on asynchronous logic paradigms, mainly NULL Convention Logic (NCL) and Multi-Threshold NCL (MTNCL). It presents the Async3D tool flow and library for NCL and MTNCL 3D ICs. It also analyzes NCL and MTNCL circuits in 3D IC. Several FIR filter designs were implement in NCL, MTNCL, and synchronous architecture to compare synchronous and asynchronous circuits in 2D and 3D ICs. The designs were normalized based on performance and several metrics were measured for comparison. Area, interconnect length, power consumption, and power density were compared among NCL, MTNCL, and ...


Design And Evaluation Of A Sub-1-Volt Read Flash Memory In A Standard 130 Nanometer Cmos Process, David Andrew Basford 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Design And Evaluation Of A Sub-1-Volt Read Flash Memory In A Standard 130 Nanometer Cmos Process, David Andrew Basford

Masters Theses

Nonvolatile memory design is a discipline that employs digital and analog circuit design techniques and requires knowledge of semiconductor physics and quantum mechanics. Methods for programming and erasing memory are discussed here, and simulation models are provided for Impact Hot Electron Injection (IHEI), Fowler-Nordheim (FN) tunneling, and direct tunneling. Extensive testing of analog memory cells was used to derive a set of equations that describe the oating-gate characteristics. Measurements of charge retention also revealed several leakage mechanisms, and methods for mitigating leakage are presented.

Fabrication of ash memory in a standard CMOS process presents significant design challenges. The absence of ...


An Analog Cmos Particle Filter, Trevor Watson 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

An Analog Cmos Particle Filter, Trevor Watson

Masters Theses

Particle filters are used in a variety of image processing and machine learning applications. Their main use in these applications is to gather information about a system of objects, by using partial or noisy observations collected from sensors. These observations are used to associate points of interest in the observations with objects and maintain this association through a series of observations.

In this paper I will investigate the performance of a particle filter implemented in 130nm analog CMOS hardware. The design goal of the particle filter is low-microwatt power consumption. Using analog hardware, rather than digital ASICs or CPUs I ...


Smart Bricks For Strain Sensing And Crack Detection In Masonry Structures, Austin Downey, Antonella D'Alessandro, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini 2017 Iowa State University

Smart Bricks For Strain Sensing And Crack Detection In Masonry Structures, Austin Downey, Antonella D'Alessandro, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

The paper proposes the novel concept of smart bricks as a durable sensing solution for structural health monitoring of masonry structures. The term smart bricks denotes piezoresistive clay bricks with suitable electronics capable of outputting measurable changes in their electrical properties under changes in their state of strain. This feature can be exploited to evaluate stress at critical locations inside a masonry wall and to detect changes in loading paths associated with structural damage, for instance following an earthquake. Results from an experimental campaign show that normal clay bricks, fabricated in the laboratory with embedded electrodes made of a special ...


Design And Simulation Of An 8-Bit Successive Approximation Register Charge-Redistribution Analog-To-Digital Converter, Sumit K. Verma 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

Design And Simulation Of An 8-Bit Successive Approximation Register Charge-Redistribution Analog-To-Digital Converter, Sumit K. Verma

Electrical Engineering Theses

The thesis initially investigates the history of the monolithic ADCs. The next chapter explores the different types of ADCs available in the market today. Next, the operation of a 4-bit SAR ADC has been studied. Based on this analysis, an 8-bit charge-redistribution SAR ADC has been designed and simulated with Multisim (National Instruments, Austin, TX). The design is divided into different blocks which are individually implemented and tested. Level-1 SPICE MOSFET models representative of 5μm devices were used wherever individual MOSFETs were used in the design. Finally, the power dissipation during the conversion period was also estimated. The supply voltage ...


Experimental Wind Tunnel Study Of A Smart Sensing Skin For Condition Evaluation Of A Wind Turbine Blade, Austin Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini 2017 Iowa State University

Experimental Wind Tunnel Study Of A Smart Sensing Skin For Condition Evaluation Of A Wind Turbine Blade, Austin Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Condition evaluation of wind turbine blades is difficult due to their large size, complex geometry and lack of economic and scalable sensing technologies capable of detecting, localizing, and quantifying faults over a blade's global area. A solution is to deploy inexpensive large area electronics over strategic areas of the monitored component, analogous to sensing skin. The authors have previously proposed a large area electronic consisting of a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC). The SEC is highly scalable due to its low cost and ease of fabrication, and can, therefore, be used for monitoring large-scale components. A single SEC is a ...


Algorithm For Damage Detection In Wind Turbine Blades Using A Hybrid Dense Sensor Network With Feature Level Data Fusion, Austin Downey, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme 2017 Iowa State University

Algorithm For Damage Detection In Wind Turbine Blades Using A Hybrid Dense Sensor Network With Feature Level Data Fusion, Austin Downey, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Damage detection in wind turbine blades requires the ability to distinguish local faults over a global area. The implementation of dense sensor networks provides a solution to this local-global monitoring challenge. Here the authors propose a hybrid dense sensor network consisting of capacitive-based thin-film sensors for monitoring the additive strain over large areas and fiber Bragg grating sensors for enforcing boundary conditions. This hybrid dense sensor network is leveraged to derive a data-driven damage detection and localization method for wind turbine blades. In the proposed method, the blade's complex geometry is divided into less geometrically complex sections. Orthogonal strain ...


Static And Dynamic Strain Monitoring Of Reinforced Concrete Components Through Embedded Carbon Nanotube Cement-Based Sensors, Antonella D’Alessandro, Filippo Ubertini, Enrique García-Macías, Rafael Castro-Triguero, Austin Downey, Simon Laflamme, Andrea Meoni, Annibale Luigi Materazzi 2017 University of Perugia

Static And Dynamic Strain Monitoring Of Reinforced Concrete Components Through Embedded Carbon Nanotube Cement-Based Sensors, Antonella D’Alessandro, Filippo Ubertini, Enrique García-Macías, Rafael Castro-Triguero, Austin Downey, Simon Laflamme, Andrea Meoni, Annibale Luigi Materazzi

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

The paper presents a study on the use of cement-based sensors doped with carbon nanotubes as embedded smart sensors for static and dynamic strain monitoring of reinforced concrete (RC) elements. Such novel sensors can be used for the monitoring of civil infrastructures. Because they are fabricated from a structural material and are easy to utilize, these sensors can be integrated into structural elements for monitoring of different types of constructions during their service life. Despite the scientific attention that such sensors have received in recent years, further research is needed to understand (i) the repeatability and accuracy of sensors’ behavior ...


Virtual-Source Based Accurate Model For Predicting Noise Behavior At High Frequencies In Nanoscale Pmos Soi Transistors, Vaibhav R. Ramachandran, Saeed Mohammadi, Sutton Hathorn 2017 Purdue University

Virtual-Source Based Accurate Model For Predicting Noise Behavior At High Frequencies In Nanoscale Pmos Soi Transistors, Vaibhav R. Ramachandran, Saeed Mohammadi, Sutton Hathorn

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology at the nanometre scale is an excellent platform to implement monolithically integratedsystems because of the low cost of manufacturing and ease of integration. Newly developed CMOS Silicon on Insulator (SOI) transistors that are currentlydeveloped are suitable for use in radio frequency circuits. They find applications in many areas such as 5G telecommunication systems, high speed Wi-Fi andairport body-scanners. Unfortunately, the models for CMOS SOI transistors that are currently used in these circuits are inaccurate because of their complexity.The models currently used require the optimization of more than 200 variables. This paper aims to ...


Laser As A Tool To Study Radiation Effects In Cmos, Bahar Ajdari 2017 Portland State University

Laser As A Tool To Study Radiation Effects In Cmos, Bahar Ajdari

Dissertations and Theses

Energetic particles from cosmic ray or terrestrial sources can strike sensitive areas of CMOS devices and cause soft errors. Understanding the effects of such interactions is crucial as the device technology advances, and chip reliability has become more important than ever. Particle accelerator testing has been the standard method to characterize the sensitivity of chips to single event upsets (SEUs). However, because of their costs and availability limitations, other techniques have been explored. Pulsed laser has been a successful tool for characterization of SEU behavior, but to this day, laser has not been recognized as a comparable method to beam ...


Synthesis Of Linear Reversible Circuits And Exor-And-Based Circuits For Incompletely Specified Multi-Output Functions, Ben Schaeffer 2017 Portland State University

Synthesis Of Linear Reversible Circuits And Exor-And-Based Circuits For Incompletely Specified Multi-Output Functions, Ben Schaeffer

Dissertations and Theses

At this time the synthesis of reversible circuits for quantum computing is an active area of research. In the most restrictive quantum computing models there are no ancilla lines and the quantum cost, or latency, of performing a reversible form of the AND gate, or Toffoli gate, increases exponentially with the number of input variables. In contrast, the quantum cost of performing any combination of reversible EXOR gates, or CNOT gates, on n input variables requires at most O(n2/log2n) gates. It was under these conditions that EXOR-AND-EXOR, or EPOE, synthesis was developed.

In this work ...


Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey 2017 University of Perugia

Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

The monitoring of civil structures is critical in ensuring users' safety. Structural health monitoring (SHM) is the automation of this monitoring task. It is typically used to identify incipient damages through a spatio-temporal comparison in structural behaviors. Traditional sensors exhibit mechanical characteristics that are usually very different from those of the structures they monitor, which is a factor limiting their durability. Ideally, the material of a sensor would share the same mechanical characteristics as the material onto or into which it is installed. A solution is to fabricate multifunctional materials, capable of serving both structural and sensing functions, also known ...


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